Kamarulnizam Abdullah

Kamarulnizam Abdullah
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia | ukm · Institute of Malaysian and International Studies (IKMAS)

PhD

About

43
Publications
52,909
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188
Citations
Introduction
Dr Kamarulnizam Abdullah is Professor and Principal Fellow at the Institute for Malaysia and International Studies (IKMAS), Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). His areas of research focus on terrorism, political violence and religious militancy, and border security. He is currently an editorial member for the Scopus indexed Journal of Human Security, Journal of International Studies (JIS), and Jurnal Kinabalu (EJK)
Additional affiliations
March 2022 - present
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2015 - December 2018
Ghazali Shafei Graduate School of Government
Position
  • Head of Faculty
January 2013 - December 2015
Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok
Position
  • Director
Education
September 1994 - March 1998
Lancaster University
Field of study
  • Politics
February 1992 - August 1993
Australian National University
Field of study
  • International Relations
October 1988 - August 1990
University of Utah
Field of study
  • Political Science

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
This article argues that Salafi-Wahhabism’s political ideology has major effects on Malaysia’s socio-political orders. It also argues that the levels of resilience to the Salafi-Wahabi expansion are varied between state and society. At the level of society, resilience is weakened by multiple layers of grievances, which produced various effects brou...
Article
Professor Takeshi Kohno, from Toyo Eiwa University in Japan, has a particular interest in how an idea of Salafism can travel to South East Asia and become an important part of lives of people far from its origin. Kohno is leading a project that seeks to analyse how Salafism turns into social movement and how this social movement is institutionalise...
Article
Human trafficking has spread across the global and ASEAN regions, including Thailand as the one of members which has several forms of human trafficking. The study found that human trafficking of the Rohingya minority in the southern area has a unique aspect, from the growth of its organization, the process and the enormous volume of income it gener...
Article
Full-text available
Natuna or better known as the Natuna Islands is one of the border areas in Indonesia that has complex problems. As a cluster of islands bordering Indonesia with Malaysia and Vietnam, the Natuna Islands are also located in the South China Sea region, which is a regional dispute hot spot in East Asia. This paper will discuss the concept of border sec...
Chapter
The third chapter discusses the current discourse of political Islam in Malaysia. It analyses the complex relations between religion, ethnic identity, and politics. It also seeks to understand how domestic and regional dynamisms affect the religious and ethnic understandings in the country. After decades of economic growth coupled with the expansio...
Article
Full-text available
The issue of border security had drawn much attention for being an important part of a country's national security and sovereignty, in addition to its dynamic and complex nature. Indonesia as an archipelagic country faces many problems and challenges in its maritime border areas, in addition to the problems of unresolved state borders with its neig...
Article
Full-text available
Globalization has overwhelmed the political, economic, and cultural arenas for the last few decades. It is a Western attempt that seeks to cause serious impact on the concept and sovereignty of the national-state, leading to sectarian and ethnic conflicts and dangerous dividing as well. This impact is considered a direct threat to the national secu...
Chapter
Threats posed by the current religiously inspired terrorist groups leave Malaysia with no choice but to adapt to new strategies and approaches. Not only the threats have become more global in terms of networking and influences, but also the use of Islam to justify their attacks produces great challenges to the country and its security enforcement a...
Article
In the past decades, the Malaysia’s economy, particularly in Sabah, faced high dependence on migrant workers, predominantly Indonesian and Filipino workers. This over-reliance on migrant workers made the ruling elites in the country fear that their dominant presence would undermine the government’s policy to move Malaysia from a labor intensive to...
Article
Full-text available
Pembangunan ekonomi negeri yang pesat menyebabkan sektor ekonomi negeri Sabah bergantung kepada tenaga kerja asing dari negara Indonesia dan Filipina yang majoritinya bekerja secara tidak sah. Walau bagaimanapun, Kerajaan Persekutuan dan Negeri sejak awal lagi telah berusaha untuk mengurangkan kebergantungan tenaga kerja asing tanpa izin dengan men...
Article
Full-text available
Isu pekerja asing tanpa izin bukanlah merupakan fenomena baru di negara ini dan di negeri Sabah khususnya kerana ianya telah ia telah menjadi salah satu trend utama dalam ekonomi negara sejak awal kemerdekaan. Malangnya, walaupun isu ini telah menjadi salah satu masalah yang besar kepada negara, kerajaan tidak pernah konsisten mengenai dasarnya men...
Article
Full-text available
Although Nigeria, like most developing countries is facing various security challenges, recent media reports suggest that activities of Boko Haram insurgent group appears to be the most visible source of security threat to the country. Beginning 2009, the group launched violent attack on the Nigerian state, killing thousands of people and destroyin...
Article
Full-text available
The major argument in this article is that the contemporary concept of jihad inclines to have a heavy personal political baggage. In Southeast Asia, the talibanization and the influence of the al-Qaeda interpretation of the jihad appear to have made their inroad in regional radical salafi movements such as the Jamaah Islamiyah (JI), Jama’ah Anshoru...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
More than ten years after the invasion of Iraq by the U.S force, the country is still in total shambles. One major factor to this situation is the lack of security which is considered as an indispensable factor to the political system of Iraq as well as to the effective functioning of the Iraqi parliament. As a result, this study therefore, examine...
Article
Full-text available
Until now the adoption of consensual democracy otherwise known as power sharing by the Iraqis is still debateable. While many believe that consensual democracy is suitable for the Iraq system of government others believe that consensual democracy is a complete failure which has negatively affected the functional roles of the Iraq parliament. This s...
Article
Full-text available
The parliament in any democratic political system is the main institution that plays an important role in the expression of the citizens' wills and resolution of policy conflict. One of its main functions is to enact laws in accordance with the will of the electorate as well as ensure accountability while paying attention to the interests of divers...
Article
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This paper explicates the general development of social sciences discourses in the developing societies in general and the Malaysian experience in particular. The basic premise of this paper is that all civilizations have potential sources of social science theorizing. Developing societies have often relied on Western or Eurocentric knowledge as a...
Article
Full-text available
This study is aimed to examine and analyze public opinion on the formation of regional political and security community initiated by the Association Southeast Asian Countries (ASEAN). It has been argued that the Southeast Asian regionalism and community building initiatives need to have general public’s support and understanding as it had been show...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this research article is to examine and to ascertain whether general public in a Muslim majority country do support organized violence and terrorism. The discussion focuses on Malaysia as a case study. The study adopted a quantitative approach with questionnaires being used as the instrument for data collection. The data were analyze...
Article
Full-text available
http://hup.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/jsaa/article/view/410 The major criticism of the ASEAN Community idea is its elitist approaches. It lacks the most crucial components that have brought about the success of other similar regional organizations such as the European Union (EU): the involvement of the general public in the formation process. This stu...
Article
Terrorism is a form of violence with political objectives. The focus of the issue has so far concentrated on the political responses and reactions of individual states or the international community. Yet the third actor-the general public's reactions and perception on the issue-is also of significant importance in the formulation of effective count...
Article
Full-text available
Malaysia's security focus has progressed beyond the issues of defending sovereignty and national boundaries. Yet there are emerging security risks that could threaten the survival of the country. This article analyses Malaysia's security challenges and emerging security threats through the results of a series of semi‐structured interviews with Mala...
Article
This article analyses how the Islamic educational system in Malaysia, particularly the role played by madrasahs and pondoks,shapes its graduates' perception and mindset. The questions that will be raised are therefore: to what extent does Islamic education in Malaysia contribute to the rise of radical Muslims? What aspects of the teachings, pedagog...
Article
This article analyses to what extent links have been established between the KMM and JI. Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia (KMM) and Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) share the similar aspiration of wanting to bring a pristine form of Islam into their community. Both also blame the West for the political discrimination and economic deprivation suffered by Muslims wo...
Article
Full-text available
Concerns for regional cooperation and integration among Southeast Asian countries amid an increasing "threat" of globalization have brought about the emergence of sub-regional economic growth areas in the region. Three Growth Triangle areas have come into existence in the region since the early 1990s namely the Indonesia's Sumatera Island-Northern...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
We have little understanding of the way in which Salafism moved from its origins in the Middle East to South East Asia. It is difficult to measure the transmission and the settlement of the idea, so we are tracing key individuals – mostly Islamic preachers - who are instrumental in promoting these ideas. We focus on the concept of institutionalization to examine how ideas become laws and regulations. We have chosen to study the education sector to analyze how Salafi education curricula are subsequently drafted and implemented in schools. Henceforth the objectives of the study are: •Explore how Salafism moved from its origins in the Middle East to South East Asia •Understand how Salafism develops into social movement in Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines •Study the education sector to analyze how Salafi education curricula are drafted and implemented in schools
Project
This is a study of four Southeast Asian states (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Singapore) which responded to violent extremism in their respective countries. Violent extremism in this study refers to violent religious (Islamic) extremist actions which took place in recent years. The focus is to examine the state’s capacity to respond to violent extremism, thereby revealing the similarities and differences of the responses and relation to the state’s success
Project
This is a six-month policy impact project commissioned by the Malaysian government to ascertain the level of Malaysian support toward Daesh