Kálmán Pócza

Kálmán Pócza
Pázmány Péter Catholic University · Department of Political Science

PhD

About

38
Publications
5,175
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54
Citations

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Full-text available
By focusing on the practice of constitutional courts this paper aims to present a qualitative-analytical tool which could contribute to a better (self-)understanding and evaluation of constitutional adjudication. Since the specific nature and the very existence of constitutional review necessitates an a priori reflection on the legitimacy, exact fu...
Book
Full-text available
This book is an attempt to deliver a first draft of history on Orbán and Orbánism. The great majority of its essays are concerned with the realities of Hungarian politics in the 26 years since 1989. These include the rise of Viktor Orbán, the political experiences that shaped him and the Fidesz movement in which he was the dominant founder, their m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The methodological part of the project has two aims. First we are going to elaborate (a) an appropriate calibration or scale for the strength of the judicial decisions, and second, (b) a partly modified research approach for the analysis of the internal and external factors that could play a part in the decision making processes of the Hungarian Co...
Book
Full-text available
In konsolidierten Demokratien gilt Konstanz als ein Gütekriterium für Verfassungen. Entsprechend herrscht die Meinung vor, dass Verfassungsänderungen in etablierten Demokratien eher seltene Phänomene sind. Die Finanzkrise von 2008 hatte aber nicht nur finanzielle, sondern auch politische Konsequenzen, die in vielen Ländern mit der Veränderung der V...
Chapter
Im ungarischen politischen Denken ist zweifelsohne fast von Anbeginn an greifbar, dass es sich in Relation zu westeuropäischen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Mustern setzte und diesen folgte. Nachdem Stephan der Heilige das Land zu Beginn des 11. Jahrhunderts dem westlichen Christentum anschloss, wurde Ungarn zu einem der wichtigsten Staaten de...
Chapter
Der Beitrag verfolgt das Ziel, die Änderungen in der Struktur und Spruchpraxis der ungarischen Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit nach 2010 zu beleuchten und verbreitete Bewertungen einzuordnen. Dabei finden die Praxis des Gerichtswirkens sowie Veränderungen im internationalen politischen Kontext und in den öffentlichen Debatten über Verfassungsgerichtsbar...
Chapter
Im ungarischen politischen Denken ist zweifelsohne fast von Anbeginn an greifbar, dass es sich in Relation zu westeuropäischen politischen und gesellschaftlichen Mustern setzte und diesen folgte. Nachdem Stephan der Heilige das Land zu Beginn des 11. Jahrhunderts dem westlichen Christentum anschloss, wurde Ungarn zu einem der wichtigsten Staaten de...
Chapter
En gros betrachtet, liefern Verfassungsgerichte in den letzten Jahrzehnten ein durchwachsenes Bild: Dem Bedeutungszuwachs, nicht zuletzt auch durch Formen der Selbstermächtigung, stehen Prozesse der Beschränkungen und Selbstbeschränkungen gegenüber. Die Frage nach der realen (Kontroll-) Macht gegenüber der Politik ist daher in verstärktem Maße zu e...
Article
A Német Szövetségi Alkotmánybíróság (Bundesverfassungsgericht) kétségkívül az egyik legnagyobb tekintéllyel bíró testület Németországban, sőt szinte egész Európában. Döntései és maga az intézmény is széles körű támogatottságot élveznek a német állampolgárok körében. Ez a tekintély és a magas bizalmi index együttesen oda vezetett, hogy döntéseivel a...
Chapter
In the mid-1920s, the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) recognized the widespread discontent of the electorate with the parliamentary system of government in general and, more specifically, with the institution of parliaments in many European countries. The IPU asked some internationally renowned experts to share their views on the causes and consequ...
Chapter
Representation is one of the controversial concepts in politics and is therefore hotly debated in political science, philosophy, sociology, historiography and constitutional law. The question ‘What is representation, how should it take place and what should it bring about?’ is therefore still relevant. One of the central questions in democracy theo...
Book
Full-text available
Ranging in scope from an overview of Hungarian medieval jurisprudence to an assessment of the various criticisms levelled at the new Hungarian Basis Law of 2012, contributors assess the constitutions, their impacts and their legacies, as well as the social and cultural contexts within which they were drafted. The historical analysis is accompanied...
Chapter
The country studies of the present volume have analysed Central European constitutional adjudication from several perspectives, focusing on the data of individual countries to be able to say something about salient years or longitudinal trends in majority rulings, dissenting opinions, the role of the presidents, and diversity of ruling types or str...
Book
Recent confrontations between constitutional courts and parliamentary majorities, for example in Poland and Hungary, have attracted international interest in the relationship between the judiciary and the legislature in Central and Eastern European countries. Several political actors have argued that courts have assumed too much power after the dem...
Chapter
Following the landslide victory of the Fidesz party in 2010, the new government, backed by a two-thirds majority in the parliament, started quickly transforming politics and to some extent the polity of Hungary as well. Due to the high international reputation of the Hungarian Constitutional Court, attacks against the Court became widely followed i...
Chapter
To explore the diversity and measure the strength of judicial decisions, the JUDICON research project has elaborated a new methodology which is apt to give a more nuanced picture of the practice of constitutional adjudication in Central Europe. We present the details of this methodology in this chapter. After assessing the literature on the empiric...
Chapter
Motion of no confidence or no trust vote – today this political procedure expresses the most fundamental principle of parliamentarism according to which the government should always enjoy the trust or confidence of the parliamentary majority. This principle, however, has been developed gradually and amid harsh political conflicts and debates in alm...
Article
Full-text available
Although over the last thirty years an increasing number of scientific articles and books with divers approaches have been published on the practice of constitutional adjudication, several methodological problems still prevail. The main deficiency of the systematic empirical research on constitutional adjudication consist in an unsophisticated dich...
Article
Full-text available
Although over the last thirty years an increasing number of scientific articles and books with diverse approaches have been published on the practice of constitutional adjudication, several methodological problems still prevail. The main deficiency of the systematic empirical research on constitutional adjudication consist in an unsophisticated dic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper examines the causes of the economic recession and regression in terms of general welfare and living standards in Hungary by separating three levels of the scrutiny. Putting aside the discussions on the deficiencies and mistakes of various policy measures, which lead to a situation close to the bankruptcy and social disaster by 2008/2010,...
Conference Paper
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Chapter
Full-text available
Inhalt: Trotz der inhärenten Abneigung des Konservativismus gegen Theorien lässt sich doch ein Korpus von Werten, Einstellungen und Perzeptionen umreißen, der den Kernbestand modernen konservativen Denkens bildet. Die Beiträge des vorliegenden Buches nähern sich dem Phänomen des Konservativismus aus verschiedenen Perspektiven. Im ersten Teil werden...
Book
Full-text available
Inhalt: Im ersten Teil des Sammelbandes wird der gegenseitige Einfluss der Rechtssysteme und Rechtskulturen des Donauraumes und des ungarischen Rechtssystems aufeinander im Mittelalter und der frühen Neuzeit behandelt. Der zweite Teil des Sammelbandes widmet sich dem Rechtstrans-fer durch Übersetzung. Hier stehen die sich aus der Mehrsprachigkeit i...
Book
Full-text available
Inhalt: Die Untersuchung verfolgt ein doppeltes Ziel: Einerseits will sie die wichtigsten Elemente der Parlamentarismuskritik Carl Schmitts darlegen und die Parallelitäten zwischen dieser Kritik und der kritischen Einstellung der Wahlbürger des 21. Jahrhunderts gegenüber den Parlamenten aufzeigen. Mit der eingehenden Untersuchung der Kernelemente d...
Chapter
Full-text available
Inhalt: Der Jubiläumsband, der anlässlich des zehnjährigen Bestehens der Andrássy Universität Budapest entstanden ist, präsentiert mit den Beiträgen von Lehrenden und Studierenden die Forschungsschwer-punkte der Universität und beleuchtet den Donauraum aus verschiedenen wissenschaftlichen Perspektiven. Der Band gliedert sich in zwei Teile. Im erste...
Chapter
Full-text available
Inhalt: Im ersten Teil des Sammelbandes wird der gegenseitige Einfluss der Rechtssysteme und Rechtskulturen des Donauraumes und des ungarischen Rechtssystems aufeinander im Mittelalter und der frühen Neuzeit behandelt. Der zweite Teil des Sammelbandes widmet sich dem Rechtstrans-fer durch Übersetzung. Hier stehen die sich aus der Mehrsprachigkeit i...
Article
In this study we are going to analyse the principle of the identity in the works of Rousseau and Carl Schmitt. We will argue that the Schmittian concept of 'identity' is mostly inspired by the works of Rousseau. In this essay I try to reveal the adequacy of the Schmittian interpretation of Rousseau. A lot of the Rousseau specialist wants to see the...
Article
Full-text available
Dolgozatomban elsõsorban nem arra keresem a választ, hogy vajon a címben felve- tett három fogalom között van-e összefüggés vagy kölcsönhatás, mivel manapság egyre kevésbé kérdõjelezik meg azt, hogy van, méghozzá nem is jelentéktelen. Néha inkább már úgy tûnik, mintha a Magyarországon sokáig uralkodó reflektálat- lan pozitivista (történet)tudománys...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
JUDICON is an international research project that compares the strength of the decisions of the constitutional courts in seven European countries to assess how they constrain the legislatures. Until now, empirical analyses of judicial behavior have based their findings on a binary approach whether judges found a law constitutional or unconstitutional. JUDICON’s new methodological approach replaces the binary approach with a scale that allows for a more realistic measure of the strength of the decisions of the constitutional courts. JUDICON’s methodology breaks down the decisions of the courts and weighs the elements separately to exceed the binary approach. Our project considers the elements of a decision as options from which a judge or the constitutional court makes up a decision and a reasoning thereby adopting resolutions that constrain the freedom and the room for manoeuvre of the legislature on a different level. In a second phase, the project extends to legislative behavior to explore whether there are congruencies between the positions of the judges and their nominating parties. By this we will check whether the attitudinal model of judicial behavior is applicable on CEE constitutional courts. At the same time we will consider the wider political context and check for the external factors which might lead judges to strategic behavior. By connecting the two parts of the research, JUDICON allows for a systematic comparison of the political dynamics between constitutional courts and legislatures. JUDICON covers the following countries: Albania, the Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia. For a detailed description of the project see the section on Methodology which includes the downloadable Codebook and the Coding Scheme. JUDICON is funded by the HAS Centre for Social Sciences (total amount: 5.000.000HUF) for the time period 2015-2017.
Project
To reconstruct some of the most important constitutional moments in Hungarian political history and their relationships to the long tradition of what is called the Hungarian historical constitution, or simply the ancient constitution of Hungary.