Kalina Burnat

Kalina Burnat
Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology | NENCKI · Neuroplasticity Lab

PhD

About

24
Publications
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298
Citations

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Damage of retinal representation of the visual field affects its local features and the spared, unaffected parts. Measurements of visual deficiencies in ophthalmological patients are separated for central (shape) or peripheral (motion and space perception) properties, and acuity tasks rely on stationary stimuli. We explored the benefit of...
Chapter
A collective work of the researchers representing various academic disciplines, areas of expertise and fields of science as well as different generations, which aims to present interdisciplinarity as an essential element of research activity. The scholars share their experience and thoughts relating – directly or indirectly – to advantages and disa...
Article
Deprivation of patterned visual information, as in early onset congenital cataract patients, results in a severe impairment in global motion perception. Previously we reported a delayed maturation of the peripheral visual field representation in primary visual area 17, based on a 2-D DIGE screen for protein expression changes and in situ hybridizat...
Article
Full-text available
Induction of a central retinal lesion in both eyes of adult mammals is a model for macular degeneration and leads to retinotopic map reorganization in the primary visual cortex (V1). Here we characterized the spatiotemporal dynamics of molecular activity levels in the central and peripheral representation of five higher-order visual areas, V2/18, V...
Article
Full-text available
Binocular pattern deprivation from eye opening (early BD) delays the maturation of the primary visual cortex. This delay is more pronounced for the peripheral than the central visual field representation within area 17, particularly between the age of 2 and 4 months [Laskowska-Macios, Cereb Cortex, 2014]. In this study, we probed for related dynami...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a concept of lifelong plasticity of peripheral vision. Central vision processing is accepted as critical and irreplaceable for normal perception in humans. While peripheral processing chiefly carries information about motion stimuli features and redirects foveal attention to new objects, it can also take over functions typical fo...
Article
Full-text available
Pattern vision deprivation (BD) can induce permanent deficits in global motion perception. The impact of timing and duration of BD on the maturation of the central and peripheral visual field representa-tions in cat primary visual areas 17 and 18 remains unknown. We compared early BD, from eye opening for 2, 4, or 6 months, with late onset BD, afte...
Article
The quality of motion perception depends on visual input during early development. Even one month of binocular deprivation (BD) from birth impairs motion coherence thresholds when tested in kittens; conversely BD with a one month delayed onset does not impair it (Mitchell et al., 2009). We showed that six months of BD applied from birth induces a s...
Article
Binocular deprivation of pattern vision (BD) early in life permanently impairs global motion perception. With the SMI-32 antibody against neurofilament protein (NFP) as a marker of the motion-sensitive Y-cell pathway (Van der Gucht et al. [2001] Cereb. Cortex 17:2805-2819), we analyzed the impact of early BD on the retinal circuitry in adult, perce...
Article
Although stroke can affect cerebral structure and function, the brain has a potential for plasticity thanks to which some degree of function can be restored. The pathways of such recovery are of great interest, since the dynamics of rewiring of the injured brain may become the basis for designing appropriate strategies of rehabilitation. We investi...
Article
Full-text available
The visual cortex is vulnerable to changes in visual input, especially during the critical period when numerous molecules drive the refinement of the circuitry. From a list of potential actors identified in a recent proteomics study, we selected 2 collapsin response mediator proteins (CRMP2/CRMP4) and 2 synaptic proteins, Dynamin I (Dyn I) and Syna...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to assess the chemoarchitectural organization and extent of the mouse visual cortex. We used nonphosphorylated neurofilament protein, a neuronal marker that exhibits region-specific cellular and laminar patterns, to delineate cortical subdivisions. A comprehensive analysis demonstrated that pyramidal and nonpyramidal neurons...
Article
Dynamin I (Dyn I) and Synaptotagmin I (Syt I) are essential for endocytosis-exocytosis processes, thus for neurotransmission. Despite their related function at presynaptic terminals, Dyn I and Syt I displayed opposite expression patterns during visual cortex maturation in the cat. Dyn I was more abundantly expressed in adults, while Syt I exhibited...
Article
During early postnatal brain development, changes in visual input can lead to specific alteration of function and connectivity in mammalian visual cortex. In cat, this so-called critical period exhibits maximal sensory-driven adaptations around postnatal day 30 (P30), and ceases toward adulthood. We examined the molecular framework that directs age...
Article
We monitored the protein expression profiles of collapsin response mediator protein 2 and 4 (CRMP2 and CRMP4) throughout cat primary visual area 17 at different postnatal ages. Single immunocytochemical stainings revealed a clear effect of cortical maturation on the spatial and laminar distribution profile of CRMP2 and CRMP4. In kittens of postnata...
Article
Recently, we showed that binocularly deprived cats are not able to detect global motion in a random dot pattern (Burnat et al., 2002). Here, we examined, in these animals, a global form discrimination task, that is, distinction of a square from a rectangle, matched for total surface. In contrast to the previously tested motion task, binocularly-dep...
Article
We investigated global motion detection in binocularly deprived cats (BD cats) and control cats (C cats). The cats were trained in the two-choice free running apparatus for a food reward. The positive stimulus was a moving random-dot pattern with all dots moving in one direction, the negative stimulus was the same random-dot pattern but stationary....
Article
Ethology of Polyrhachis laboriosa, an ant species from equatorial Africa, is little known. No field observation of a nuptial flight of these ants was ever made. We describe two nuptial flights observed in a laboratory colony of P. laboriosa at a 3 days interval. They both occurred in the morning while the nest was kept in near darkness (less than 2...
Article
We used 5 binocularly deprived cats (BD cats), 4 control cats reared also in the laboratory (C cats) and 4 cats reared in a normal environment (N cats). The cats were trained to discriminate an upward or downward-moving light spot versus a stationary spot (detection task) and then an upward versus a downward spot (direction task). The N and C cats...