Kaisa Aunola

Kaisa Aunola
University of Jyväskylä | JYU · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

178
Publications
152,080
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8,188
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Introduction
Kaisa Aunola currently works at the Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä. Kaisa does research in Developmental Psychology, Educational Psychology and Psychometrics.

Publications

Publications (178)
Article
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Objective Fear of childbirth (FOC), also referred to as tokophobia, can have detrimental consequences for a woman’s well-being during pregnancy and for their subjective birth experience. However, it is unknown what role self-esteem plays in the relationship between FOC and the experience of childbirth. This study investigates the relation between F...
Article
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Research indicates that the dominant discourses of gender are ingrained in dual career (DC) practices critically influencing athletes’ motivation to construct a DC pathway. While it is important to ensure that all athletes have an equal access to construct a DC pathway despite their gender, there is a gap in the literature examining the role that c...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has affected all societies worldwide. The heightened levels of stress that accompanied the crisis were also expected to affect parenting in many families. Since it is known that high levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to a condition that has severe consequences for health and well-being, we examined whether the...
Article
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In the present study, we examined what kind of parenting style groups (defined by parental warmth, behavioral control, and psychological control) can be identified among contemporary Finnish mothers and fathers and how these parenting style groups are associated with parents’ symptoms of parental burnout. Gender differences in parenting style group...
Article
This study examined patterns of mothers' homework involvement (n = 680 in Grade 6 and 665 in Grade 7) and changes in them during 12-year-old Finnish adolescents' (n = 848; 391 boys) transition to lower secondary school. Moreover, the extent to which adolescents' motivational behavior and prior academic achievement predicted these patterns was exami...
Article
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Socially prescribed perfectionism (SPP) has been shown to be a risk factor for parental burnout (Sorkkila & Aunola, 2020). In the present study, we investigated the moderating role of self-esteem in this association. A total of 479 Finnish mothers of infants filled in questionnaires measuring their self-esteem, SPP, and symptoms of parental burnout...
Article
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The key challenges in sustainable elite sports concern young athletes´ holistic development. Consequently, preparation for dual careers has been recommended to enhance athletes’ well-being and equip them for life after sports. The aim of this study was to examine the developmental associations between self-esteem and career adaptability among adole...
Article
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Successfully integrating elite sports with education requires motivation to commit oneself to both domains. This study examines the development of and gender differences in adolescent athletes’ task values for school and sports across the upper secondary school years. A total of 391 adolescents (aged 15–16 at the beginning of the study) were follow...
Article
Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena oli tutkia 2010-luvun suomalaisten vanhempien kasvatuksellisia arvoja sekä niiden yhteyttä vanhemmuuden uupumukseen. Osallistujat olivat 1725 vanhempaa, joista 91 % oli äitejä. Tulokset analysointiin hyödyntäen faktorianalyysia, monimuuttujaista varianssianalyysia sekä lineaarista regressioanalyysia. Faktorianalyysi...
Article
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Abstract Objective: The aim of the study was to facilitate the under�standing and interpretation of multiple aspects of working with mothers by examining Finnish mothers’ mothering discourses and the interplay among these discourses. Background: According to relational dialectics theory, dis�courses are systems of meaning that are coproduced in int...
Article
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In Western countries, recent decades have witnessed a revolution toward gender equality. Inequalities have been greatly reduced in areas such as education or employment. Because inequalities lead to distress, this development has largely benefited women. One notable exception is the realm of parenting, which has remained rife with inequalities even...
Article
The purpose of the scientific research was to study the career growth and well-being of adolescent athletes in conditions of dual career growth. The study revealed the features of adaptability to a career in high school of sports school. The article presents data on the extent to which self-esteem and gender are associated with adaptability to a du...
Article
The aim of the study is to obtain information about the mental health of young Finnish athletes of high school age in terms of mood state profiles. Six different profiles were described. The overall mood score of women was higher than of men. The energy index was the highest for the men in individual sports and the lowest one was for the men in tea...
Article
The article presents the results of a study on the role of a coach in motivating athletes to build two careers, as well as their coaches' views on the dual careers of girls and boys. The results have showed that student-athletes in high school of sports schools often perceived the motivational climate created by the coach as a process aimed at achi...
Article
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To support holistic development, adolescent student-athletes are encouraged to integrate sport with education/academics (i.e., dual careers). Career adaptability, as a psychological resource, may help youth athletes cope with transitions and successfully manage their careers. Individuals with a plan and higher expectations for the future demonstrat...
Article
Vanhemmuuden uupumus on vakava oireyhtymä, joka on seurausta pitkäaikaisesta stressistä vanhemmuudessa. Uupuneille vanhemmille tarjottu tuki onkin ensiarvoisen tärkeää, sillä vanhemman hyvinvointi heijastuu koko perheen hyvinvointiin. Erityislapsen vanhemmuus on yksi riskitekijä vanhemmuuden uupumukselle, sillä se tuo mukanaan erityisiä kuormituste...
Article
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Although parental burnout has been acknowledged as a unique psychological condition that can have serious consequences to families, most research so far has been conducted with mothers. The present study investigated how the descriptions of parenting-related demands and resources differ between burned-out and non-burned-out fathers. Furthermore, we...
Article
Since parental burnout can have detrimental consequences for parents, couples, and children, easy-to-use, reliable, and valid practical tools for the early detection of parental burnout are required. We developed and validated a brief scale to identify burned-out parents and parents at burnout risk. In Study 1, we developed the 5-item Brief Parenta...
Article
Vanhemmuuden ihanteet heijastavat yksilön ja ympäröivän yhteisön normeja, ja niiden voidaan näin nähdä edustavan vanhemmuuteen ja vanhemman rooliin liittyviä odotuksia ja velvoitteita. Tässä Vanhemmuuden voimavara- ja kuormitustekijät (VoiKu) -tutkimushankkeen osatutkimuksessa kartoitettiin kyselylomakkeen avulla 1 431 vanhemman käsityksiä ihanneva...
Article
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During the COVID-19 crisis, different personality characteristics may have influenced parental wellbeing in different ways. In the present study, we combined variable and person-oriented approaches and examined relationships between resilience, parental burnout, and perfectionism during lockdown. We first used structural equation modeling (SEM) to...
Article
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Background Children’s perception of parenting is hypothesised to significantly affect their physical activity (PA). This study aimed to examine construct validity, factorial invariance and reliability of a new tool: Physical Activity Parenting questionnaire for Children (PAP-C). Methods PAP-C comprised 22 items hypothesised to cover 3 theory-guide...
Article
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High levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to parental burnout, a condition that has severe consequences for both parents and children. It is not yet clear, however, whether parental burnout varies by culture, and if so, why it might do so. In this study, we examined the prevalence of parental burnout in 42 countries (17,409 parents; 71...
Article
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This longitudinal study examined cross-lagged relations of self-concepts of ability and achievement emotions (i.e., enjoyment, boredom, anxiety) in two central school subjects (i.e., mathematics and literacy). Adolescents (N = 848) reported their achievement emotions and self-concepts of ability four times during Grades 6 and 7. The pattern of resu...
Article
This study examined three aspects of maternal homework involvement (i.e., the quantity, quality, and source of initiative) and their direct and indirect associations with adolescents ’ task-avoidant behavior in homework situations and academic achievement. The sample consisted of Finnish mothers and their adolescents who were transitioning from pri...
Article
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The European sport policy has been focused on fostering links between sport and education systems with the aim to establish an integrated dual career pathway for athletes who attempt to combine their athletic careers with education or work. Partners of the collaborative Erasmus+ sport project entitled “Ecology of Dual Career” (ECO-DC) conceptualize...
Article
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School burnout symptoms are prevalent among upper secondary education students, but thus far, very little is known about the background of these symptoms. The present study examined the extent to which school burnout symptoms (i.e., exhaustion and cynicism) among upper secondary education students have their roots in primary and lower secondary sch...
Article
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We investigated the longitudinal links between parental teaching of reading and spelling and children's word reading and spelling skills. Data of 244 Lithuanian parent-child dyads were analyzed, who were followed across three time points: end of kindergarten (T1; M age = 6.88; 116 girls), beginning of Grade 1 (T2), and end of Grade 1 (T3). The chil...
Article
This study examined adolescent and maternal factors of the quality of maternal homework involvement and the extent to which the factors predicted adolescents' subsequent achievement through adolescents' and mothers' perceptions of the quality of maternal homework involvement. The sample consisted of 847 Finnish adolescents and their 662 mothers who...
Article
Background: Student engagement denotes active participation in academic work through commitment and involvement in learning tasks (Appleton et al., 2006, Journal of School Psychology, 44, 427). This study looks at questions such as whether engagement experiences in one lesson have an effect on the next lesson. In the present study, process-oriente...
Preprint
Full-text available
High levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to parental burnout, a condition that has severe consequences for both parents and children. It is not yet clear, however, whether parental burnout varies by culture, and if so, why it might do so. In this study, we examined the prevalence of parental burnout in 42 countries (17,409 parents; 71...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine how gender functions in the narrative construction of dual career styles, and how these styles impact the (dis)continuation of a dual career pathway. Design: Longitudinal qualitative study. Method: Life story interviews with 18 talented Finnish athletes (10 cis women, 8 cis men) at four points in time – when they averaged 16...
Article
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This study focused on associations between children's socioemotional development (prosocial behaviour, internalizing and externalizing problems) and parenting styles (affection, behavioural control, and psychological control), and the moderating role of children's social withdrawal (as a temperamental characteristic) in these associations. Children...
Article
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It has repeatedly been found that temperamental inhibition and low academic achievement are associated with each other: children with cautious and wary or shy behaviour are at risk for low academic achievement. Several suggestions about the mechanism behind this association have been made, these highlighting for example, the fewer learning opportun...
Article
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A person-centered approach was used to identify the profiles of symptoms of psychological ill-being among Finnish upper secondary education students (N = 2889); to examine whether gender and educational track (i.e., academic or vocational) are associated with these profiles; and to investigate the role of profiles in school dropout intentions. Usin...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to validate the Finnish version of the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA) using data from 1688 Finnish parents (91% mothers) living in Finland with at least one child living at home. Confirmatory factor analyses supported the theoretical four-factor structure of the PBA—emotional exhaustion in one’s parental role, co...
Article
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Physical activity parenting (PAP) is consistently correlated with children’s physical activity (PA). Children’s perception of PAP has garnered little attention given that it mediates the relationship between PAP and child PA outcomes. This study aimed to examine 7–10-year-old children’s perspectives on PAP practices and how they relate to their mot...
Article
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This study examined to what extent teacher–student conflict and closeness, on the one hand, and students’ self-concepts of ability in literacy and mathematics, on the other, are related to students’ achievement emotions (enjoyment, anxiety and boredom) in mathematics and literacy among Finnish early adolescents (N = 854). We also investigated the e...
Article
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Objectives Although parental burnout can have detrimental consequences to families, the investigation of the syndrome is still in its infancy. The present study investigated what are the key family background variables that contribute to parental burnout among Finnish parents. Moreover, we investigated how self-oriented and socially prescribed perf...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the development of school and sport burnout in adolescent student-athletes (N Time 1=391, N Time 2=373) during their first year in upper secondary school by using an embedded mixed methods design. The questionnaire-based data were analyzed with growth mixture modeling and four burnout profiles were identified among student-athletes....
Article
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The present study examined the identity profiles that upper-secondary- school Finnish student-athletes show, and the extent to which these profiles are associated with their athletic and academic achievements and withdrawal from sports and school. A total of 391 adolescent athletes (51% females) completed assessments of student and athletic identit...
Conference Paper
Parental burnout has been recently acknowledged as a unique psychological phenomenon that can have serious consequences to families. Nevertheless, most research so far has been conducted among mothers and little is known about the experiences of burned out fathers. This presentation will introduce a study, which compared the descriptions of parenti...
Presentation
Although parental burnout has been shown to have serious consequences to families’ wellbeing, the wider societal impacts of parental burnout are yet relatively unknown. Our first results among Finnish parents (N = 1725) demonstrated that parental burnout may be related to decreasing national birthrates, as more than half of the participating parent...
Article
Full-text available
Background Children who are not accepted in their peer group are at risk of developing internalizing problem behaviors. It is possible, however, that supportive parenting can provide a buffer against the detrimental effects of low peer acceptance. Objective This study examined maternal and paternal affection and psychological control as moderators...
Article
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate cognitive profiles composed of skills predicting the overlap between reading and arithmetic in kindergarten (phonological awareness, letter knowledge, rapid automatized naming, and counting sequence knowledge) and the relation of these profiles to reading and arithmetic skills at Grades 1 and 7. A t...
Article
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The aim of this study was to contribute to the understanding of the reasons for low or high academic motivation among practical nursing students at risk of dropping out from vocational education and training. The research data consisted of semi-structured interviews with 14 Finnish students, which were analysed by qualitative content analysis. The...
Article
In addition to investing in athletic development, adolescent elite athletes are expected to complete their secondary education. As a result of this expectation and the demands of sport and education, they may struggle to sustain high levels of motivation for both domains. Grounded in theoretical tenets of Empowering Coaching (Duda 2013), this study...
Article
This study examined the role of verbal counting skill as an early predictor of math performance and difficulties (at or below -1.5 standard deviation in basic math skills) in middle school. The role of fourth-grade level arithmetical skills (i.e., calculation fluency, multi-digit arithmetic i.e. procedural calculation, and word problem solving) as...
Presentation
Background: Since it has been recently shown that parental can have serious consequences for families, early detection of parental burnout symptoms is essential. Based on the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA) we developed a Brief Parental Burnout (BPB)-scale which can be used in primary care settings as an early screening tool for parental burnout...
Article
Background: Since it has been recently shown that parental can have serious consequences for families, early detection of parental burnout symptoms is essential. Based on the Parental Burnout Assessment (PBA) we developed a Brief Parental Burnout (BPB)-scale which can be used in primary care settings as an early screening tool for parental burnout...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to investigate (1) what kind of coaching climates experienced by student-athletes can be found in sports high schools in Finland and (2) how these coaching climates are related to student-athletes’ symptoms of burnout in sports and in school. A total of 414 student-athletes, aged 17–18, from seven sports high sc...
Article
Full-text available
Although it has been shown that student-athletes who pursue upper secondary school alongside with an athletic career may be prone to sport and school burnout, the concrete life changes resulting from burning out, such as dropping out of sport or school, have not been investigated. Moreover, it is unknown why some student-athletes do not burn out. T...
Article
Objective To compare single and coupled mothers' experiences of time‐based work‐to‐family conflict (WFC) and work‐to‐family positive affective spillover (PAS) in the context of maternal nonstandard work hours. Background Despite having become one of the central topics of work–family research, studies examining the relationship of maternal work sch...
Article
The present study investigated the role of parenting stress in early adolescents’ externalizing and internalizing behavior and, particularly, the moderating effect of maternal affection on these associations. The data of 992 early adolescents (X¯age=12.71; 454 girls) and their mothers during the transition from primary school to lower secondary sch...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study is to examine differences in parenting styles between mothers of children with type 1 diabetes and mothers of healthy children and to explore relationships between parenting styles and glycemic control of children with diabetes. Mothers of 63 children with diabetes and mothers of 83 children without diabetes reported their...
Article
It is well-known that very preterm children perform at lower levels than full-term children in reading and arithmetic at school. Whether the lower performance levels of preterm children in these two separate domains have the same or different origins, however, is not clear. The present study examined the extent to which prematurity is associated wi...
Article
Introduction: The transition from compulsory school to upper secondary school is a challenging period for adolescents. Especially challenging it can be for adolescents who aim to integrate two domains of achievement, such as an athletic career and academic education. The pressure from two intertwined achievement domains may make student-athletes vu...
Conference Paper
The pressure of striving for success in two parallel domains, sport and school, may set some student-athletes at risk for sport and school burnout. Nevertheless, the co-developmental dynamic of sport and school burnout symptoms, namely sport- or school-related exhaustion, cynicism and inadequacy has not been examined. Furthermore, it is unknown how...
Article
The aim of this person-centered study is to identify the profiles of interest value, self-concept, and performance in the domain of mathematics among elementary school students and to examine the stability and changes in these profiles from grade 1 to grade 2. Teacher-reported evaluations of students' mathematical ability and gender were examined a...
Article
Full-text available
Shyness, feelings of uneasiness or hesitation when faced with a novel or unfamiliar social situation, in early childhood has been found to be a risk factor for social difficulties later in life. When combined with fitting parenting, however, outcomes of shyness can be less detrimental. The present study examined the joint effects of children’s shyn...
Article
Mathematical difficulties have been distinguished as mathematics learning disability (MLD) and persistent low achievement (LA). Based on 1,880 Finnish children who were followed from kindergarten (age 6) to fourth grade, this study examined the early risk factors for MLD and LA. Distinct groups of MLD (6.0% of the sample) and LA (25.7%) children we...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate whether the child-related competence beliefs of mothers are associated with the development of Finnish adolescents’ self-concept of mathematics and literacy ability during their transition from primary to lower secondary school and whether these associations depend on adolescents’ level of performance. The r...
Article
Full-text available
In the study, the ability of Finnish high-school athletes to combine studies and sports was examined from the point of view of identity. We were particularly interested in the identity profiles that would emerge from combining measures of athletic identity and student identity, and to what extent gender, type of sports, and both athletic and academ...
Article
Work–family balance is often defined as the extent to which individuals are satisfied and functioning well, both in work and family domains, with the lowest level of role conflict (Clark, 2000). In the present study, we sought to identify longitudinal profiles of work–family balance and examine their mediating roles in the relationship between job...
Article
The present study examined the stability and change in task value patterns that Finnish student-athletes (n = 391) show during their first two years in upper secondary sport school and the extent to which these patterns, and changes in them, are associated with students’ future educational and athletic career aspirations. By using latent profile an...
Article
Latent profile analysis (LPA) is a person-centered method commonly used in organizational research to identify homogeneous subpopulations of employees within a heterogeneous population. However, in the case of nested data structures, such as employees nested in work departments, multilevel techniques are needed. Multilevel LPA (MLPA) enables adequa...