Kaire Põder

Kaire Põder
Estonian Business School | EBS · Methods Lab

PhD in Economics

About

34
Publications
17,008
Reads
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199
Citations
Introduction
Causal estimation techniques in policy analysis
Skills and Expertise
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
Estonian Business School
Position
  • Professor (Full)
September 2008 - August 2016
Tallinn University of Technology
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Given the expected advantages for individuals and societies, financial literacy is high on the policy agenda in many countries. This paper reports the results from a unique survey conducted on a sample of 13–16-year-old students in five European countries, aimed at measuring and comparing their level of financial literacy skills. The results indica...
Article
Full-text available
Contrary to the overall tendency to increase student participation in the financing of higher education, Estonia abolished student tuition fees in 2013. We study the effects of this reform on the students’ access to and progress in higher education, concentrating mostly on the changes in probabilities of rural and remote students being admitted (ex...
Article
External supervision is an expanding practice among social workers noted by many authors. However, the empirical evidence of its impact on work efficiency is mixed at best. In the current study, we empirically test the effect of external supervision on social workers’ work engagement and perceived self‐efficacy. Our treatment consists of five exter...
Article
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This study investigates civic and citizenship education in a unique post-Communist context–in the bilingual education system of Estonia. Estonia continues to have a bilingual school system where there are Estonian and Russian language schools in parallel. While Estonian language school students are ranked very high in international comparisons, the...
Chapter
We analysed financial literacy levels among Estonian students and adults, mapped the financial education resources available and provided policy recommendations for increasing financial well-being in in Estonia. It is part of a three-year Erasmus+ project EUFin.
Article
The ability to produce desired outcomes represents an important basis of the legitimacy of social policies. Nonetheless, policy outcomes have not systematically figured in the analysis of childcare regimes despite growing political interest in issues such as female employment, gender wage gap, and men's involvement in childcare. In this article, we...
Article
Full-text available
Economists and philosophers disagree about the concept of choice used in economics. Some behavioural economists argue that economic models of choice will improve as they become more and more psychologically realistic. Don Ross argues that this argument fails because its hidden assumption – that the economic concept of choice is the same as the psyc...
Article
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This paper identifies the relationship between pupils' Family Background, their mathematics scores, and school-level policies, using the 2012 Programme of International Student Assessment for Italy and multilevel modelling. School-level policies have played a leading role in recent school reforms in many countries, but there is no straightforward e...
Article
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We study a simple agent-based model of a decentralized matching market game in which agents (workers or job seekers) make proposals to other agents (firms) in order to be matched to a position within the firm. The aggregate result of agents interactions can be summarised in the form of a Beveridge curve, which determines the relationship between un...
Preprint
Full-text available
Economists and philosophers disagree about the concept of choice used in economics. Some behavioural economists argue that economic models of choice will improve as they become more and more psychologically realistic. Don Ross argues that this argument fails because its hidden assumption---that the economic concept of choice is the same as the psyc...
Article
Full-text available
We examine Kindergarten allocation practices in an Estonian municipality, Harku. Based on our recommendations, the allocation mechanism in Harku was redesigned in 2016. The new mechanism produces a child-optimal stable matching, with priorities primarily based on siblings and distance. We evaluate seven policy designs based on 2016 admission da...
Article
Financial literacy has been recognised as a vital life skill, but there is little evidence of the factors behind the differences in managing personal finance. Socio-economic factors and the provision of financial education do explain the variance in financial literacy in some countries, but not in all. In the PISA 2012 financial literacy test, Esto...
Article
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We indicate the size of family background effects in Sweden, Finland, and Estonia – countries that differ in both the rhetoric and extensiveness of the system-level school choice policies. Family background effect is defined as the dependence of student achievement on family background characteristics, such as parental education, income, and social...
Article
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In the first 20 years of the market economy in Estonia, the public school market was decentralised in Tallinn. Recently, a hybrid market was established by centralising the school allocations to comprehensive schools and also allowing some selective schools to autonomously select students for some groups. We contribute to mechanism design literatur...
Article
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In this article, we demonstrate the size of family background eff ects in various regions of Russia and Estonia, concentrating on urban and rural diff erences, addressing the idea that the family background eff ect is moderated by school level admission policies. Having common path-dependent educational institutions from the communist period, the coun...
Article
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This article presents the empirical analysis of the effects of a school choice policy in Estonia. The article shows that relying on markets and giving autonomy to the schools over student selection will produce admission tests, even at the elementary school level. This article’s contribution is to show that a school choice policy experiment with sc...
Article
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wwwords.eu/EERJ 220 http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/eerj.2014.13.2.220 ABSTRACT This article aims to show the segregating effect of the market-like matching of students and schools at the basic school level. The natural experiment case is Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. The current school choice mechanism applied in this case is based on entrance tests....
Article
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534 http://dx.doi.org/10.2304/eerj.2013.12.4.534 ABSTRACT In recent years, the degree of choice in education systems has increased in most countries. Still, the variation of choice policies across countries is substantial. The authors ask under what combinations of conditions (i.e. institutional features of education systems) choice policy succeeds...
Article
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We seek out the good institutional features of the European choice policies that can enhance both equity and efficiency at the system level. For causality analysis we construct the typology of 28 European educational systems by using fuzzy-set analysis. We combine five independent variables to indicate institutional features of school choice policy...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to discuss the incentive structure or the mechanism that defines the private and public provision of public goods. Analytic narratives are used based on historical studies of the provision of lighthouse services in Estonia. The latter allows a theoretical discussion over the boundaries of private initiatives in public g...
Article
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The article discusses latent school choice developments in the two neighboring countries, Finland and Estonia, investigating the impact of school choice regime on educational returns. To support the discussion we conducted a comparative study of 21 education systems in Europe and explored whether there might be an association between educational re...
Article
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We show that principal component analysis enables the construction of geographic divisions of European social models —Nordic, Anglo-Saxon, Mediterranean, Continental, and Postcommunist, that basically follow Esping-Andersen's (1990) welfare regime typology. Instead of Esping-Andersen's criteria of "decommodification "and "stratification," which cre...
Article
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This paper contributes to the ongoing debate of institutional research in economics and the methodological debate over the plausibility of using analytic narratives, in social sciences in particular. Using a single historical case we argue that in Tallinn by and large the merchant guild solved a commitment problem in the Hanseatic League and the or...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explain the emergence of non-cooperative behaviour after the economic transition in Estonia. Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a combined research design, in that evolutionary game theory and network segregation models are enriched with semi-structured interviews. Simulations are used to deal wit...
Article
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The evolutionary game theory and network segregation models are used for explaining strategic changes in micro behaviour. Simulations are used for modelling strategic responses based on interviews. Prisoners’ dilemma situation is used in infinitely iterated games, where randomness is created through exogenous shock of opening the network to “aliens...
Article
This paper states that small communities are able to solve the tragedy of the commons by consent over social norms which change the structure of social trap games. I argue that social traps, which are caused by rational human behaviour, have informal institutional solutions. I show that individual benefits from cooperation and costs of enforcement...
Article
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Transition is not just transition of formal institutions, convergence of price levels and living standards. The closure or the gap in formal institutions is probably less time demanding than the closure of ideological or mental gap, created in many fields in academy or social life. Social sciences have been erased during half a century and post-sov...
Article
We argue that in Reval (Tallinn) by and large merchant guilds were solving a commitment problem in Hansa and organisational form of guild was ment for efficient enforcement of inter-city trade. We show that this argument holds in late-medieval period by using extended form punishment and sanctioning game. Second we show that graft-guilds were initi...
Article
Full-text available
We show that recent geographical divisions of the European Social Model (ESM) – Nordic, Anglo-Saxon, Mediterranean and Continental – basically follow the Esping-Andersen's (1990) welfare regime typology. Esping-Andersen's criteria of decommidification and stratification create the following typologies of the welfare states: – liberal, conservative-...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
The aim is to develop teaching resources for schools and universities that enable to increase financial literacy across Europe.
Archived project
Our aim is to work out measures within the framework of modern family policies and interrelate labour market political measures. The result would be a mechanism that allows transparent and equal distribution of publicly provided nursery and kindergarten places. Positive discrimination of less-advantaged families and other political priorities (e.g. minimal walking distance or siblings) are worked out together with experts and partners and implemented as inputs for technical solution. Designed matching mechanism will consider both political priorities and intrinsic features of the mechanism, such as efficiency, equity, strategy-proofness and envy-freeness.