Kai Pervölz

Kai Pervölz
Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems IAIS | IAIS · Adaptive Reflective Teams (ART)

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24
Publications
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313
Citations

Publications

Publications (24)
Chapter
Der zunehmende Einsatz digitaler Technologien stellt viele Unternehmen vor dem Hintergrund einer angespannten IT-Sicherheitslage vor große Herausforderungen. Das Bewusstsein für Anforderungen und Maßnahmen im Kontext Informationssicherheit wächst zwar kontinuierlich, es besteht jedoch weiter Handlungsbedarf bei den Unternehmen, insbesondere bei kle...
Chapter
Die Digitalisierung und der stark zunehmende Einsatz digitaler Technologien liefern derzeit einen großen Beitrag bei der Umstrukturierung der Unternehmensprozesse. Die stark zunehmende Vernetzung stellt die Unternehmen jedoch wiederum vor zusätzliche Herausforderungen. Das Bewusstsein für Anforderungen und Maßnahmen im Kontext Informationssicherhei...
Article
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The last few years have seen a dramatic increase in the capabilities of artificial intelligence (AI) systems, introducing new risks and potential benefits at the same time. In the military context, these are discussed as enablers of a new generation of »autonomous« weapons systems and the related concept of a future »hyper-war«. Especially in Germa...
Article
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We describe the development of an architecture for the DESIRE tech-nology demonstrator based on principles of classical component based software en-gineering. The architecture is directly derived from the project requirements and resides on the concept of an Autonomous Component utilizing a smart feedback value called WishLists. This return type is...
Chapter
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First of all, a short comparison of range sensors and their underlying principles was given. The chapter further focused on 3D cameras. The latest innovations have given a significant improvement for the measurement accuracy, wherefore this technology has attracted attention in the robotics community. This was also the motivation for the examinatio...
Conference Paper
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Mobile Roboter finden immer weiteren Einsatz für verschiedenartige Erkundungsaufgaben. Diese Systeme werden meist von einem Bediener ferngesteuert. Auf der anderen Seite werden ständig bessere Verfahren entwickelt, um mobile Roboter autonom operieren zu lassen. Die am Fraunhofer IAIS entwickelten Schlüsselkomponenten 3D-Sensorik und Hybrid-Steuerun...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recently developed 3D time-of-flight cameras have an enormous potential for mobile robotic applications in particular for mapping and navigation tasks. This paper presents a new approach for online adaptation of different camera parameters to environment dynamics. These adaptations allow the usage of state-of-the-art 3D cameras reliably in real wor...
Conference Paper
Recently developed 3D time-of-flight cameras have an enormous potential for mobile robotic applications in particular for 3D mapping and D navigation tasks. But similar to passive visual sensors, this type of camera is very fragile to changing lighting conditions and environment dynamics, which make it not applicable for mobile robots. The video sh...
Conference Paper
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Automatic sensing of the environment is a fundamental scientific issue in robotics, since it is essential for autonomous mobile robot systems. In previous works, we presented a 6D SLAM algorithm which is based on the spatial data from the AIS 3D laser scanner and a variant of the iterative closest points algorithm (ICP). In this paper we focused on...
Article
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After scoring second in RoboCup Rescue 2004 with Kurt3D and participating in 2005 with two robots, namely Kurt3D and RTS Crawler, we concentrated on the development of interaction between both vehicles. Kurt3D is able to autonomously explore and map the en- vironment in 3D and search for victims. The RTS Crawler is designed to access more demanding...
Article
Full-text available
After the second place in RoboCup Rescue 2004, a new version of the mobile robot Kurt3D was developed,in our groupsduring the last year [1]. The key innovation of this system lies in the capab ility for autonomous,or op- erator-assisted 6D SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping) and 3D map generation of natural scenes. Hence, Kurt3D already me...
Article
Full-text available
Much work has been done on the development of sophisticated sensors for mobile robotics but in the field of tele-exploration simple camera based systems are dominating. Therefore we developed a continuous rotating 3D laser scanner with a camera which fits the requirements of this field very well. Due to its design concept it is easy to integrate on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we present a new combination of a biologically inspired attention system (VOCUS – Visual Object detection with a CompUtational attention System) with a robust object detection method. As an application, we built a reliable system for ball recognition in the RoboCup context. Firstly, VOCUS finds regions of interest generating a hypoth...
Article
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Deploying rescue workers in an urban setting is often a perilous, time-, power-, and force-consuming job, and robot systems to assist in this effort are needed. A fundamen-tal task for rescuer is to localize and salvage injured persons. To this end, robotic systems are used for mapping a site and for re-mote inspection of suspicious objects. The mo...
Article
Full-text available
A mobile robot named KURT3D was developed at the Fraunhofer Institute for Autonomous Intelligent Systems during the last three years. The key innovation of this system lies in the capability for autonomous or operator- assisted 6D SLAM (simultaneous localization and mapping) and 3D map gen- eration of natural scenes. Hence, KURT3D already meets the...
Article
Full-text available
A basic issue of mobile robotics is the automatic generation of environment maps. This paper presents novel results for the reconstruction of textured 3D maps with an autonomous mobile robot, a 3D laser range finder and two pan-tilt color cameras. Building 3D maps involves a number of fundamental scientific issues. This paper adresses the issue of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a novel scheme for fast color invariant ball detection in the RoboCup context. Edge filtered camera images serve as an input for an Ada Boost learning procedure that constructs a cascade of classification and regression trees (CARTs). Our system is capable to detect different soccer balls in the RoboCup and other environments. The...

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Project (1)
Project
The world is changing at an unprecedented rate, and AI is at the forefront of this change. While providing numerous benefits, many have raised concerns over the impact AI has or will have on matters such as security. The EU-funded ALIGNER project aims to unite European actors who have concerns about AI, law enforcement and policing to jointly identify and discuss how to enhance Europe’s security whereby AI strengthens law enforcement agencies while providing benefits to the public. The project’s work will help pave the way for an AI research roadmap. This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement no. 101020574.