Kai Kaspar

Kai Kaspar
University of Cologne | UOC · Department of Psychology

About

114
Publications
44,767
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1,808
Citations
Citations since 2017
67 Research Items
1513 Citations
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Publications

Publications (114)
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures to prevent its spread have had a negative impact on substance use behaviour. It is likely that social distancing and lockdown measures have also altered gambling behaviour, for instance shifting from land-based to online gambling. We used large-scale web scraping to analyse posting behaviour on a major German...
Preprint
Full-text available
Internationale Forschungsergebnisse bestätigen, dass Classroom Management (CM) Unterrichtsstörungen effektiv reduzieren kann. Wie CM in der Forschungsliteratur konkret definiert wird, variiert jedoch sehr stark. Grundsätzlich lassen sich eine traditionelle, lehrkraftzentrierte Perspektive von einer erweiterten Perspektive, bei der Schüler*innen stä...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures to prevent its spread have had a negative impact on substance use behaviour and posed a special threat for individuals at risk. Problem gambling is a major public health concern, and it is likely that the lockdown and social distancing measures have altered gambling behaviour, for instance shifting from land-b...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation is about "Exergaming at home and in formal education: How can it become (more) effective?". This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation is about "How pre-service teachers’ intentions to teach with games relate to their personal characteristics". This work is licensed under a CC BY-NC 4.0 license (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/).
Article
Full-text available
Due to its prominent role in online social networks, avatar creation has become an important research topic in the field of computer-mediated communication. One main motive for creating avatars is the representation of one’s own identity. Previous research indicates that avatar creation depends on the activity context for which the avatar is create...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic strains the healthcare systems, economy, education, and social life. Governments took several protective measures and formulated behavioral guidelines to prevent individual diseases and the collapse of healthcare systems. However, individual differences in the extent of compliance with the measures are apparent. To shed more l...
Book
Full-text available
Die Analyse von Unterrichtsvideos ist zu einer erfolgreich und vielfältig genutzten Methode in der Lehrkräftebildung geworden. Sie vermag wie keine andere Methode die Unterrichtspraxis in ihrer Authentizität zu veranschaulichen und zugleich in ihrer Komplexität zu untersuchen. Dazu sind in den letzten Jahren innovative Videoportale mit Lehrkonzepte...
Article
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Im vorliegenden Beitrag wird das Fortbildungskonzept des Projekts „Partizipation in einem Response-to-Intervention-Modell“ (PARTI) für den Förderschwerpunkt emotional-soziale Entwicklung beschrieben. Aus den Professionalisierungserfordernissen der inklusiven Praxis ergibt sich, dass sich Fortbildungskonzepte nicht an einzelne Lehrkräfte richten, so...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic forced German universities to adjust their established operations quickly during the first nationwide lockdown in spring 2020. Lecturers and students were confronted with a sudden transition to remote teaching and learning. The present study examined students’ preparedness for and perspective on this new situation. In March an...
Article
Full-text available
Das hier vorgestellte Projekt widmet sich den Bedarfen von Lehrkräften der Primarstufe im Rahmen der Inklusion von Kindern mit externalisierenden Verhaltensproblemen. Die Verknüpfung von Diagnostik und Förderung, die sich im Response-to-Intervention-Ansatz als vielversprechend erwiesen hat, wird in diesem Projekt mit dem Ziel der Partizipation alle...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic poses great challenges to higher education. Universities had to change their infrastructure to full remote teaching and learning environments in a very short time. Lecturers and students were forced to adjust their established routines and concepts of teaching and learning. During the first nationwide lockdown in Germany, we e...
Article
Full-text available
Facebook started as a platform intended for connecting people but it has developed into a rich information source. Based on the uses-and-gratification approach, we examined to what extent censorship endorsement and personality factors can explain information seeking behavior on Facebook. 1525 German-speaking Facebook users participated in a cross-s...
Article
Schüler*innen mit externalisierenden Verhaltensproblemen im inklusiven Unterricht stellen ihre Lehrkräfte und Mitschüler*innen vor große Herausforderungen. Damit Lehrkräfte diesen Herausforderungen adaptiv begegnen können, benötigen sie umfassendes und spezifisches pädagogisches Wissen. Bislang existiert jedoch kein spezifisches Testinstrument zur...
Article
Full-text available
In spring 2020, the COVID-19 outbreak was declared a global pandemic and several lockdowns were followed in Germany. To weaken the spread of the virus, SARS-CoV-2, people were required to reduce their face-to-face contact with others. Computer-mediated communication (CMC) offers opportunities to stay in touch with important people and still meets s...
Article
Full-text available
Holding companies accountable for their decisions’ environmental side effects becomes increasingly important in the light of current debates on the climate crisis. The present study investigated a young sample’s ( n = 925) causal and moral responsibility attributions to a company’s manager and their subordinate employee, who were either young or mi...
Article
Full-text available
Testing is an effective learning method, and it is the basis of mobile quiz apps. Quiz apps have the potential to facilitate remote and self-regulated learning. In this context, automatized feedback plays a crucial role. In two experimental studies, we examined the effects of two feedback types of quiz apps on performance, namely, the standard corr...
Article
Full-text available
Physical inactivity and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) signify two pandemics with negative physical, mental, and economic consequences. Younger and older people have not reached the recommended physical activity level for years. Societal restrictions due to COVID-19 additionally reduce opportunities for physical activity, and they increase soc...
Data
With reference to our concept of Educational and Social Exergaming (EASE) at home, we would like to suggest several directions for future research. All directions refer to previous conceptual and empirical works. We focus on possible research approaches (Table S1), the measurement of dependent variables (Table S2), and effects of exergaming element...
Article
Full-text available
Commercial video games are popular entertainment media and part of students' media reality. While commercial video games' main purpose is not learning, they nonetheless could and should serve as objects of reflection in formal educational settings. Teachers could guide student learning and reflection as well as motivate students with commercial vid...
Article
Full-text available
Stimulated by the uses-and-gratification approach, this study examined the joint relation of several consumer characteristics to news interest. In total, 1,546 German-speaking participants rated their interest in 15 major news categories and several personal characteristics, including gender, age, the Big Five personality traits, self-esteem, as we...
Chapter
Full-text available
Die Ganztagsschule stellt einen „blinden Fleck“ in der Forschung über digitale Medien an Schulen dar. Bis heute fehlt ein genaues, empirisch gestütztes Verständnis der Rolle von digitalen Medien im wechselseitigen Verhältnis formaler, non-formaler und informeller Bildung in und außerhalb der Schule. Der Beitrag skizziert in einem erweiterten Blickw...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Der digitale Wandel stellt veränderte Anforderungen an Lehrende. Die Bildungs-und Professionsforschung ist daher mit der Frage konfrontiert, welche Kompetenzen Lehrpersonen für einen effektiven Einsatz und Umgang mit digitalen Technologien im Unterricht benötigen und wie diese im Rahmen ihrer Ausbildung erworben werden können. Diese...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dieser Beitrag untersucht, inwiefern ein digitales Quizspiel in (hoch)schulischen Unterrichtskontexten eine lernförderliche Wirkung entfalten kann und welche Rolle dabei verschiedene Arten des Feedbacks spielen. In einer experimentellen Studie zeigte sich ein Lerneffekt unabhängig von der Feedbackart. Die Ergebnisse legen nahe, dass digitale Quizsp...
Chapter
Full-text available
Videoaufnahmen von (Hoch-)Schulunterricht bieten Lehrpersonen wichtige Lerngelegenheiten zur Förderung ihrer professionellen Unterrichtswahrnehmung. Herkömmliche Videografie aus der Außenperspektive ermöglicht jedoch keine direkten Einblicke in das visuelle Aufmerksamkeitsverhalten. Die dafür notwendige Ich-Perspektive mit eingeblendeten Blickbeweg...
Article
Full-text available
The roles of YouTube videos and YouTubers for getting information about political and societal topics are becoming gradually more important to young people. Quantitative research about young people’s use and perception of YouTube-videos and their potential effects on opinion formation is sparse though. This cross-sectional quantitative study addres...
Chapter
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Das Kölner Projekt DiSK ist Teil der „Qualitätsoffensive Lehrerbildung“ von Bund und Ländern und zielt auf die Förderung digitalisierungsbezogener Kompetenzen angehender Lehrer*innen durch innovative Lehr-/Lernformate ab. Arbeitsgrundlage ist ein Modell mit drei Kompetenzbereichen: Professioneller Umgang, Pädagogische Inwertsetzung und Unterrichtli...
Chapter
Full-text available
Das Kölner Projekt DiSK ist Teil der „Qualitätsoffensive Lehrerbildung“ von Bund und Ländern und zielt auf die Förderung digitalisierungsbezogener Kompetenzen ange- hender Lehrer*innen durch innovative Lehr-/Lernformate ab. Arbeitsgrundlage ist ein Modell mit drei Kompetenzbereichen: Professioneller Umgang, Pädagogische Inwert- setzung und Unterric...
Book
Full-text available
https://www.waxmann.com/?eID=texte&pdf=4246.pdf&typ=inhalt
Article
Background: The current COVID-19 pandemic shows negative effects on health as well as social and economic life. The most critical and challenging task is to revive public life while minimizing the risk of an infection. Reducing interactions between people by means of social distancing is an effective and prevalent measure to reduce the risk of an...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The current COVID-19 pandemic is showing negative effects on human health as well as on social and economic life. It is a critical and challenging task to revive public life while minimizing the risk of infection. Reducing interactions between people by social distancing is an effective and prevalent measure to reduce the risk of infecti...
Article
Full-text available
Commercial exergames are popular entertainment games and beneficial for health and motivation. However, more evidence on their effectiveness in learning contexts is needed. The present pre-post longitudinal field study focused on whether and how a commercial dance exergame promotes student learning and on several experience factors when being integ...
Article
Full-text available
While the acquisition of three or more languages becomes steadily more important in modern societies, the underlying cognitive and linguistic processes of multi-linguistic language acquisition are not well understood. This study investigates how a formerly acquired second language (L2) can facilitate the acquisition of a third language (L3). Thirty...
Chapter
Obwohl Forschendes Lernen immer mehr Einzug in die Lehrerinnen- und Lehrerbildung erhält, gibt es bislang kaum Befunde zur Struktur der Forschendem Lernen zugrunde liegenden Kompetenzen. Der vorliegende Beitrag setzt an diesem Desiderat an, indem er ein Testinstrument vorstellt, das anwendungsbezogenes Methodenwissen als Teil studentischer Forschun...
Article
To overcome the separation of theory and practice in teacher education, media-based learning has moved into focus. We examined whether a training with video-based, transcript-based, or media-combined learning cases show different effects on the promotion of situation-specific skills of classroom management. 162 pre-service teachers were assigned to...
Chapter
Um Einblicke in den Status quo der Implementation von Lerngelegenheiten zum Er-werb digitalisierungsbezogener Medienkompetenzen zu erhalten, werden Daten der Universität zu Köln ausgewertet. Es werden die Ankündigungen der Vorlesungsver-zeichnisse und die durch die Lehramtsstudierenden wahrgenommenen Lerngelegenhei-ten zum Erwerb digitalisierungsbe...
Article
Full-text available
Der Beitrag untersucht, 1) inwiefern der Erwerb von pädagogischem Wissen für inklusiven Unterricht bei Lehramtsstudierenden im Bachelor durch den Einsatz eines rollenspielgestützten Lehr-Lernformats zu herausfordernden Situationen im inklusiven Unterricht gefördert werden kann und 2) wie wirksam inklusionsorientierte Lerngelegenheiten im Hinblick a...
Presentation
Bildungsprozesse angehender Lehrkräfte werden durch bildungspolitische Vorgaben gestaltet. In Deutschland sind die Vorgaben der Kultusministerkonferenz maßgebend: Selbstorganisiertes Lernen der Schüler*innen sowie der Umgang mit Vielfalt sind u.a. dort formulierte Ziele. Dies entspricht einer der vier in der Bildungsforschung diskutierten Dimension...
Article
Full-text available
Global investments in online advertising rise quickly but internet users often avoid looking at ads due to established banner blindness. Demographic targeting is expected to overcome this tendency by attracting users’ attention to more self-relevant ad content. However, little is known about the effect of demographically targeted versus non-targete...
Data
The SPSS statistics data document (.sav) with eye tracking data, brand evaluation data, and website evaluation data. (SAV)
Article
General pedagogical knowledge (GPK) and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) are central cognitive elements in the professional competence of teachers. Thus initial teacher education aims at the acquisition of this relevant knowledge. However, the question how GPK and PCK are related to each other or can be separated from each other has not yet been...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies showed that physical cleansing affects moral judgments and that even the activation of cleanliness-related cognitions is sufficient to produce such effects. We investigated whether hand cleansing (Study 1, n = 119) or a cleanliness visualization task (Study 2, n = 683) affect the self-assessed likelihood of committing morally good...
Article
What are the main features that influence our attribution of moral responsibility? It is widely accepted that there are various factors which strongly influence our moral judgments, such as the agent’s intentions, the consequences of the action, the causal involvement of the agent, and the agent’s freedom and ability to do otherwise. In this paper,...
Chapter
Das Internet ist heute omnipräsent. Entgrenzung von Raum und Zeit sowie von formalen und informellen Kontexten führen dazu, dass universitäres Wissen nicht nur in der Hochschule, sondern an vielen Orten und zu jeder Tageszeit erworben bzw. vertieft werden kann. Dennoch bedarf es eines geeigneten mediendidaktischen Settings, um Inhalte angemessen un...
Article
New tasks in the area of inclusive education extend the challeng of teaching. To master those challenges succesfully, teachers need specific cognitive dispositions. This article focuses on the question which professional knowledge teachers need and approaches this research problems from the perspective of research on general pedagogical knowledge....
Article
Individuals who are high, relative to low, in mindfulness are more open when ascribing meanings to new experiences and more resilient under stress, suggesting that mindfulness may play an important role in cross-cultural adaptation. In contrast, those high in need for cognitive closure (NCC) seem to close one’s mind to new cross-cultural experience...
Article
Full-text available
Many eye-tracking studies investigate visual behavior with a focus on image features and the semantic content of a scene. A wealth of results on these aspects is available, and our understanding of the decision process where to look has reached a mature stage. However, the temporal aspect, whether to stay and further scrutinize a region (exploitati...
Article
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E‑learning projects and related research generate an increasing amount of evidence within and across various disciplines and contexts. The field is very heterogeneous as e‑learning approaches are often characterized by rather unique combinations of situational factors that guide the design and realization of e‑learning in a bottom‑up fashion. Compr...
Technical Report
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Die vorliegende Dokumentation ist Teil eines Bildungsmonitorings, das im Rahmen des an der Universität zu Köln durchgeführten Projekts „Zukunftsstrategie Lehrer*innenbildung Köln – Heterogenität und Inklusion gestalten“ (ZuS) im Teilprojekt Qualitätssicherung (QS) während des Sommersemesters 2016 durchgeführt wurde. Das Bildungsmonitoring soll auf...
Article
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We present a dataset of free-viewing eye-movement recordings that contains more than 2.7 million fixation locations from 949 observers on more than 1000 images from different categories. This dataset aggregates and harmonizes data from 23 different studies conducted at the Institute of Cognitive Science at Osnabrück University and the University Me...
Article
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Unproctored, web-based assessments supposedly reduce social desirability distortions in self-report questionnaires because of an increased sense of privacy amongst participants. Three random-effects meta-analyses focusing either on social desirability (k = 30, total N = 3,746), the Big Five of personality (k = 66, total N = 2,951), or psychopatholo...
Poster
The poster is addressing the promotion of situation-specific skills of students who are in they teacher training at universities. To emphasize these situation-specific skills, working with lesson videos gets more and more popular. But different approaches of situated learning, especially working with lesson transcripts, also seem to be a viable op...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing a company's short-term profit seems to be still the primary responsibility of business leaders, but profit-oriented decision strategies may also elicit long-term side effects. While positive side effects might be considered as an additional benefit, negative side effects are a crucial problem calling for social responsibility. One centra...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research on news perception has been dominated by a cognitively oriented perspective on reception processes, whereas emotions have been widely neglected. Consequently, it has remained open which features of a news story might elicit affective responses and hence modulate news perception, shifting the focus to the emotional potential of the...
Article
Full-text available
Theories of embodied cognition propose that perception is shaped by sensory stimuli and by the actions of the organism. Following sensorimotor contingency theory, the mastery of lawful relations between own behavior and resulting changes in sensory signals, called sensorimotor contingencies, is constitutive of conscious perception. Sensorimotor con...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the assumption that physical purity is associated with a clean slate impression, we examined how cognitions about bodily cleanliness modulate stress perception. Participants visualized themselves in a clean or dirty state before reporting the frequency of stress-related situations experienced in the past. In Study 1 (n = 519) and Study 2 (...
Article
Full-text available
Eye movement research is a highly active and productive research field. Here we focus on how the embodied nature of eye movements can act as a window to the brain and the mind. In particular, we discuss how conscious perception depends on the trajectory of fixated locations and consequently address how fixation locations are selected. Specifically,...
Article
Full-text available
Literature reports that same-race faces are better recognized than cross-race faces. This cross-race effect has been observed, inter alia, in European Americans (MacLin et al., 2004) as well as in Asian Americans and East Asians (Michel et al., 2006; Hayward et al., 2008). Although research showed that cross-race effects reflect a superiority in th...
Article
Politicians' characteristics attract voters' attention and dominate impression formation. Thereby, social judgements are deduced from different information being available in a certain situation. The literature suggests that incidental bodily sensations can influence judgement processes. Here, two bodily treatments—the haptic sensation of weight an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nonverbal expressions of emotions play an important role in social interactions. Regarding virtual environments (VEs) and the transmission of nonverbal cues in avatar-mediated communication, knowledge of the contribution of nonverbal channels to emotion recognition is essential. This study analyzed the impact of emotional expressions in faces and b...
Article
Full-text available
Casual sex such as spontaneous sexual interactions with strangers (i.e., one-night stands) represents a common sexual experience for many young adults. Previous research focused either on individual differences or on cross-cultural effects that predict the engagement in one-night stands. This study integrates both lines of research and examines the...
Article
Full-text available
Using a minimal group paradigm, the current study investigated the influence of group membership on the detection of negative and positive emotions from body movement. Computer animations of movement behavior expressing happiness or anger served as experimental stimuli. A pre-study served to generate and validate the stimuli. Observers were able to...
Article
Full-text available
Previous research showed that physical cleansing can affect moral judgements, indicating a functional link between the concepts of physical and moral purity. The act of cleansing one's own hands was also found to influence cognitive processes beyond the moral domain. Overall, research suggests that physical cleansing can bias cognitive information...
Article
I argue that the GANE (glutamate amplifies noradrenergic effects) model basically explains an arousal-based amplification of emotional stimuli, whereas effects on neutral stimuli indicate a contextualization process aiming to reduce stimulus ambiguity. To extend the model's validity, I suggest distinguishing between internal and external emotional...
Article
Full-text available
In surveys, individuals tend to misreport behaviors being in contrast to prevalent social norms or regulations. Several design features of the survey procedure have been suggested to counteract this problem; particularly, computerized surveys are supposed to elicit more truthful responding. This assumption was tested in a meta-analysis of survey ex...
Article
Research across different fields of psychology has reported effects of colour cues on a variety of cognitive processes. Especially, the colour red has been shown to have striking influences. In the context of media reception, however, colour effects have been widely neglected so far. This study made a first step in this direction by investigating t...
Article
Full-text available
Research in the field of embodied cognition showed that incidental weight sensations influence peoples' judgments about a variety of issues and objects. Most studies found that heaviness compared to lightness increases the perception of importance, seriousness, and potency. In two experiments, we broadened this scope by investigating the impact of...
Poster
Full-text available
Nonverbal expressions of emotions in the human face and body play an important role in social interactions. Regarding affective human-computer interfaces and the use of nonverbal cues in computer-mediated communication, knowledge about the contribution of different nonverbal channels to emotion recognition is essential. The current study analyzed t...