K. V. Petrides

K. V. Petrides
University College London | UCL · Department of Clinical, Educational and Health Psychology

PhD

About

382
Publications
246,598
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19,608
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Introduction
K. V. Petrides is Professor of Psychology and Psychometrics at University College London (UCL) and founding director of the London Psychometric Laboratory. He is the developer of the major system of Psychobionomy as well as of trait emotional intelligence theory and of the suite of Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaires (TEIQue), used in commercial and research settings globally. For more information, including a downloadable list of publications, see www.psychometriclab.com.

Publications

Publications (382)
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has shown that cultural, linguistic, and sociodemographic peculiarities influence the measurement of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI). Assessing trait EI in different populations fosters cross-cultural research and expands the construct's nomological network. In mental health, the trait EI of clinical populations has been sca...
Article
Full-text available
Trait emotional intelligence (trait EI or trait emotional self-efficacy) concerns people’s perceptions of their emotional functioning. Two studies investigated this construct in surgeons and comparison occupations. We hypothesized that trait EI profiles would differ both within surgical specialties as well as between them and other professions. Stu...
Article
Full-text available
The study of the relationship between reasoning and emotional processes is not new in Psychology. There are currently two main approaches to understanding the aspects related to these processes called emotional intelligence: the ability model and the trait model. This study focuses on the latter, analyzing the factor structure, reliability, and val...
Article
Full-text available
In Western countries, recent decades have witnessed a revolution toward gender equality. Inequalities have been greatly reduced in areas such as education or employment. Because inequalities lead to distress, this development has largely benefited women. One notable exception is the realm of parenting, which has remained rife with inequalities even...
Article
Full-text available
High levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to parental burnout, a condition that has severe consequences for both parents and children. It is not yet clear, however, whether parental burnout varies by culture, and if so, why it might do so. In this study, we examined the prevalence of parental burnout in 42 countries (17,409 parents; 71...
Article
Full-text available
Background There is inconsistent evidence for a clear pattern of association between ‘camouflaging’ (strategies used to mask and/or compensate for autism characteristics during social interactions) and mental health. Methods This study explored the relationship between self-reported camouflaging and generalised anxiety, depression, and social anxi...
Preprint
Full-text available
High levels of stress in the parenting domain can lead to parental burnout, a condition that has severe consequences for both parents and children. It is not yet clear, however, whether parental burnout varies by culture, and if so, why it might do so. In this study, we examined the prevalence of parental burnout in 42 countries (17,409 parents; 71...
Article
Full-text available
Autism is more commonly diagnosed in males than females. One explanation is the ‘female protective effect’: there is something inherent in being female which reduces the likelihood of developing autism. However, evidence suggests that the condition is underdiagnosed in females, perhaps because females express their autism in ways which do not meet...
Article
Adrian Frank Furnham (b. 1953–) is currently adjunct professor at the BI Norwegian Business School in Oslo. Previously he was professor of psychology at University College London (2001–2018), visiting professor at the University of Hong Kong's Business School (1995–1997), and visiting professor at the Henley Management College (1999–2001). He is al...
Article
This entry presents an organizational framework for the study and measurement of motivation that distinguishes between motivational direction (motivators) and general motivational level (drive). The conceptualizations of motivators and drive are described with emphasis on psychological measurement. Measures of motivators vary from general (multiple...
Article
This entry presents an organizational framework for the study and measurement of motivation that distinguishes between motivational direction (motivators) and general motivational level (drive). The conceptualizations of motivators and drive are described with emphasis on psychological measurement. Measures of motivators vary from general (multiple...
Article
Adrian Frank Furnham (b. 1953–) is currently adjunct professor at the BI Norwegian Business School in Oslo. Previously he was professor of psychology at University College London (2001–2018), visiting professor at the University of Hong Kong's Business School (1995–1997), and visiting professor at the Henley Management College (1999–2001). He is al...
Article
The theory of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI or trait emotional self-efficacy) is summarized with illustrative applications from the domains of clinical, educational, and organizational psychology. Key limitations of the conceptualization of EI as a cognitive ability are also briefly discussed. Trait EI is offered as a preferred alternative...
Article
Full-text available
Camouflaging involves masking and/or compensating for autistic characteristics and has been identified in autistic individuals through a variety of different methods. Individual variation in the extent, processes and outcomes of camouflaging has been reported in autistic adults, and there has been some investigation of camouflaging by autistic adol...
Article
The aim of this study was to validate the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue v. 1.5) in a Lebanese sample and compare its factorial structure to that of a UK sample. There were similar gender and age distributions in both samples as well as satisfactory structural reliabilities at the global, factor, and facet levels. Results from e...
Book
Full-text available
A Multilevel Model of Teachers’ Job Performance: Understanding the Effects of Trait Emotional Intelligence, Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Trust. In Pérez-González, J.C., Saklofske, D.H., and Stella Mavroveli (Eds.), Trait Emotional Intelligence: Foundations, Assessment, and Education.Frontiers in Psychology Research Topics.
Article
Cultural, linguistic and sociodemographic peculiarities may influence trait Emotional Intelligence (trait EI). An instrument capable of assessing trait EI in different populations can foster cross-cultural research and make an important contribution to the construct's nomological network. Accordingly, the present study aimed to examine the relation...
Article
The present study aimed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brazilian adaptation of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF). In a sample of 512 participants, we tested model fit by bifactor Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM), followed by measurement invariance testing against UK and Chilean data...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of the current study was to investigate the role of trait emotional intelligence (TEI) in preventing students' school burnout directly and indirectly via anxiety and academic resilience. The data were derived from a sample of 1235 high school students (962 females and 273 males), ranging in age between 13 and 17 years (mean = 15.46; st...
Article
Background: Mental health literacy (MHL) is linked to help-seeking behaviours. Although lay people are not always well aware of mental health conditions, few international campaigns and interventions have been developed to raise awareness across cultures. Aims: To investigate MHL cross-culturally and to identify factors that are associated with MHL...
Article
This study investigated the association of the five-factor model and trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) with camouflaging behaviours (masking and compensating for autistic characteristics) in a large sample of 278 autistic and 230 typically developing (TD) participants. Participants completed questionnaires assessing autistic traits, big five...
Article
There is little doubt that currently trait EI (Trait emotional intelligence) theory and their measures have been found valid and reliable in several research and application settings. This research provides psychometric evidence of the TEIQue-SF in Chilean general and clinical population sample (n1 = 335, n2 = 120). The results confirmed the factor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Parenting within distinct cultural contexts: a comparison across two countries and continents Parental burnout is a relatively new concept that allows researchers to understand the distress that can be experienced by individuals in the role of parents. The present study reports a cross-cultural comparison of the IIPB data collected in Chile and the...
Article
This paper introduces Radix Intelligence, a new definition and integrative model of intelligence developed within the overarching system of Psychobionomy (Petrides, 2019). Following a discussion of misconceptions and pitfalls plaguing existing models of intelligence, with emphasis on the IQ literature, I point at Radix Intelligence as the primal en...
Article
This article introduces Psychobionomy as a general system seeking to explain and utilize the laws governing the mind, which it views as the source of all life. Although its remit is a great deal wider, herein, the system is discussed with particular reference to the pressing need for new paradigms in personality psychology. I describe the basics of...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster summarising the validation and adaptation of the TEIQue-SF in general and clinical Chilean population.
Article
Social camouflaging describes the use of strategies to compensate for and mask autistic characteristics during social interactions. A newly developed self-reported measure of camouflaging (Camouflaging Autistic Traits Questionnaire) was used in an online survey to measure gender differences in autistic ( n = 306) and non-autistic adults ( n = 472)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is little doubt that currently trait EI (Trait emotional intelligence) theory and their measures have been found valid and reliable in several research and application settings. This research tested the psychometric properties of the TEIQue-SF in Chilean general and clinical population sample (n₁ = 335, n₂ = 120). The results confirmed the fa...
Chapter
Book synopsis: Interest in human emotion no longer equates to unscientific speculation. 21st-century humanities scholars are paying serious attention to our capacity to express emotions and giving rigorous explanations of affect in language. We are unquestionably witnessing an ‘emotional turn’ not only in linguistics, but also in other fields of sc...
Article
Full-text available
Effective strategies for increasing work motivation will consider person factors and individual differences. This article expands on the theory and construct of drive in the context of the development of a new inventory and concurrent validation of a short form. The results support the measurement of drive, which, hitherto, had not been explicitly...
Article
Full-text available
Trait Emotional Intelligence (or trait emotional self-efficacy) is a constellation of emotional perceptions assessed through questionnaires and rating scales (Petrides et al., 2007b). This paper examined the psychometric features of the Trait Emotional Questionnaire Full Form (TEIQue-FF; Petrides, 2009b) in the Italian context. Incremental validity...
Article
In this five-study paper, we developed and validated the two-dimensional Questionnaire of ethical Leadership (QueL). Drawing on previous research, we examined the factor structure of QueL using Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis, along with Measurement Invariance techniques, to data originated from more than 1200 Greek leaders and employe...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the role of trait emotional intelligence (trait EI; Petrides, 2001) relating to teaching performance has emerged as an important topic. The present study proposes a multilevel model of teachers’ trait EI in relation to their job performance, which simultaneously addresses the mediating role of job satisfaction and the influences of scho...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines the relationship between trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) and general health (General Health; GHQ-28) in two samples of Greek parents with (n = 52; Mage = 39.78; SDage = 6.68; 41 men and 11 women) and without (n = 51; Mage = 43.53; SDage = 4.61; 40 men and 11 women) addiction problems. In addition, it compares the trait E...
Chapter
Full-text available
Trait emotional intelligence (trait EI or trait emotional self-efficacy) is formally defined as a constellation of emotional perceptions assessed through questionnaires and rating scales (Petrides et al. Br J Psychol 98:273–289, 2007). The construct describes our perceptions of our emotional world (e.g., how good we believe we are in terms of under...
Article
Full-text available
The current study evaluated the relationship between positive and negative emotions, trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) and difficulties in career decision-making. We examined whether trait EI could predict career indecisiveness, a type of career decision-making difficulty, over and above the “Big Five” personality traits. We also examined the...
Article
Full-text available
A previous meta-analysis (Van der Linden et al., Psychol Bull 143:36–52, 2017) showed that the General Factor of Personality (GFP) overlaps with ability as well as trait emotional intelligence (EI). The correlation between trait EI and the GFP was so high (ρ = 0.88) in that meta-analysis that these two may be considered virtually identical construc...
Data
...Nous posons l’hypothèse que le camouflage des caractéristiques autistiques en situation sociale est une stratégie habituelle de recherche de maîtrise des adultes avec une condition du spectre autistique (ASC). Le camouflage peut impacter le ....
Article
Full-text available
Nous posons l’hypothèse que le camouflage des caractéristiques autistiques en situation sociale est une stratégie habituelle de recherche de maîtrise des adultes avec une condition du spectre autistique (ASC). Le camouflage peut impacter le diagnostic, la qualité de la vie, et les pronostics à long terme, mais on en sait peu à son sujet. Cette étud...
Data
Nous posons l’hypothèse que le camouflage des caractéristiques autistiques en situation sociale est une stratégie habituelle de recherche de maîtrise des adultes avec une condition du spectre autistique (ASC). Le camouflage peut impacter le diagnostic, la qualité de la vie, et les pronostics à long terme, mais on en sait peu à son sujet. Cette étud...
Article
The present study tested the mediating role of career adaptability on the existing relation between trait emotional intelligence (EI) and academic engagement. The sample consisted of 590 Spanish university students with a mean age of 21.66 years. The results confirmed the positive relations of trait EI with career adaptability, as well as with acad...
Article
Camouflaging of autistic characteristics in social situations is hypothesised as a common social coping strategy for adults with an autism spectrum condition (ASC). Camouflaging may impact diagnosis, quality of life, and long-term outcomes, but little is known about it. This qualitative study examined camouflaging experiences in 92 adults with ASC,...
Article
Camouflaging of autistic characteristics in social situations is hypothesised as a common social coping strategy for adults with an autism spectrum condition (ASC). Camouflaging may impact diagnosis, quality of life, and long-term outcomes, but little is known about it. This qualitative study examined camouflaging experiences in 92 adults with ASC,...
Article
Full-text available
Camouflaging of autistic characteristics in social situations is hypothesised as a common social coping strategy for adults with autism spectrum conditions (ASC). Camouflaging may impact diagnosis, quality of life, and long-term outcomes, but little is known about it. This qualitative study examined camouflaging experiences in 92 adults with ASC, w...
Chapter
This entry presents an organisational framework for the study and measurement of motivation that distinguishes between motivational direction (motivators) and general motivational level (drive). The conceptualisations of motivators and drive are described with emphasis on psychological measurement. Measures of motivators vary from general (multiple...
Article
Key practitioners messages: Self-perception constructs concerning one's beliefs about oneself have a major impact on the likelihood of developing psychopathological symptoms. Emotional perceptions captured by trait emotional intelligence were stronger predictors of psychopathology than either or both mindfulness and irrational beliefs in a clinica...
Article
This article aims to investigate the reliability and validity of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire–Adolescent Short Form (TEIQue-ASF) score in a sample of 440 Greek adolescents. The instrument’s score demonstrated good internal consistency and was significantly correlated with core self-evaluations as well with somatic complaints, self...
Article
Studies assessing sex/gender differences in autism spectrum conditions often fail to include typically developing control groups. It is, therefore, unclear whether observed sex/gender differences reflect those found in the general population or are particular to autism spectrum conditions. A systematic search identified articles comparing behaviour...
Article
The two most prominent individual differences researchers of the twentieth century were Hans J. Eysenck and Raymond B. Cattell. Both were giants of scientific psychology, each publishing scores of books and hundreds of empirical peer-reviewed journal articles. Influenced by Hebb's distinction between physiological (Intelligence A) and experiential...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents an advanced application of Facet Benchmarking (FB), an instrument refinement method that sets out to identify redundant and extraneous facets (Siegling, Petrides, & Martskvishvili, 2015). FB uses external benchmarks to determine whether a measure's facets each occupy unique construct variance. In Study 1, three samples complet...
Article
We examine the relationship between the general factor of personality (GFP) and emotional intelligence (EI) and specifically test the hypothesis that the GFP is a social effectiveness factor overlapping conceptually with EI. Presented is an extensive meta-analysis in which the associations between the GFP, extracted from the Big Five dimensions, wi...
Article
The General Factor of Personality (GFP) is a higher-order factor causing lower-order personality traits to show consistent correlations in a socially desirable direction. The literature on the GFP reveals that there are various scientific interpretations of this construct. One interpretation is that it is a substantive factor reflecting general soc...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Cancer treatments have greatly advanced over the past two decades causing survival improvements and reduced complications from cancer surgery. However, the cancer diagnosis and the effects of treatment modalities pose a major risk to patients' psychological well-being. Given current interest and emerging evidence about the importance o...
Article
The present study compared the psychometric properties of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue) in Catalan and UK samples. The results showed similar means and standard deviations in the facets scoring higher in both languages, except for Adaptability (d: − 0.50) and emotion management (d: − 0.37). The alpha reliabilities of the T...
Article
In this brief response, I present four thoughts on trait emotional intelligence with reference to the commentaries by Laborde and Allen (2016) and Schutte and Malouff (2016).
Article
Full-text available
Trait emotional intelligence (“trait EI”) concerns our perceptions of our emotional abilities, that is, how good we believe we are in terms of understanding, regulating, and expressing emotions in order to adapt to our environment and maintain well-being. In this article, we present succinct summaries of selected findings from research on (a) the l...
Article
Full-text available
This article explicates the theory of drive and describes the development and validation of two measures. A representative set of drive facets was derived from an extensive corpus of human attributes (Study 1). Operationalised using an International Personality Item Pool version (the Drive:IPIP), a three-factor model was extracted from the facets i...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterised by profound difficulties in empathic processing and executive control. Whilst the links between these processes have been frequently investigated in populations with autism, few studies have examined them at the subclinical level. In addition, the contribution of alexithymia, a trait characterised by...
Article
In the UK, treatment recommendations for patients with cancer are routinely made by multidisciplinary teams in weekly meetings. However, their performance is variable.The aim of this study was to explore the underlying structure of multidisciplinary decision-making process, and examine how it relates to team ability to reach a decision.This is a cr...
Article
Full-text available
The field of mindfulness has seen a proliferation of psychometric measures, characterised by differences in operationalisation and conceptualisation. To illuminate the scope of, and offer insights into, the diversity apparent in the burgeoning literature, two distinct samples were used to examine the similarities, validity, and dimensionality of mi...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated trait EI in childhood in a Serbian population by validating a Serbian adaptation of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire - Child Form (TEIQue-CF). All 606 participants (Mage = 10.33, SD = 1.55) completed the TEIQue-CF, the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (revised version), and the Guess Who peer assessment. Data...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the incremental validity of the adolescent short form of the Trait Emotional Questionnaire (TEIQue-ASF) in two European secondary-school samples. The TEIQue-ASF was administered as a predictor of socioemotional or academic achievement criteria, along with measures of coping strategies or cognitive ability, respectively. In Dutch...
Article
A criticism leveled against the conceptualization of emotional intelligence (EI) as a personality trait is that it overlaps considerably with the higher order personality dimensions and, therefore, has weak utility. To investigate this criticism, a systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to synthesize the literature examining the increme...
Article
Full-text available
Belief-importance (belimp) theory hypothesizes that personality traits confer a propensity to perceive convergences or divergences between the belief that we can attain certain goals and the importance that we place on these goals. Belief and importance are conceptualized as two coordinates, together defining the belimp plane. We tested fundamental...