Jut Wynne

Jut Wynne
Northern Arizona University | NAU · Department of Biological Sciences

PhD

About

141
Publications
32,691
Reads
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1,061
Citations
Introduction
My research is focused on four areas of cave ecology: (1) modeling and understanding the biogeography, distributional patterns, and habitat selection of cave-dwelling arthropods (in particular, subterranean-restricted taxa) and bats; (2) investigating community structure and dynamics of cave-dwelling arthropods; (3) quantifying the effects of global climate change and other human-caused disturbances on cave-dwelling animal populations (in particular, short-range endemic species); and, (4) understanding the mechanisms driving subterranean restriction of a broad range of taxa. Through conservation-aimed projects, I strive to continue to improve our understanding of cave-dwelling animal communities, their habitat requirements, and the impacts human activities have on these populations.
Additional affiliations
November 2014 - present
Northern Arizona University
Position
  • Research Assistant
July 2014 - December 2017
SETI Institute
Position
  • Researcher
Education
August 2005 - August 2014
Northern Arizona University
Field of study
  • Biology (emphasis Ecology)
August 2000 - May 2003
Northern Arizona University
Field of study
  • Environmental Science and Policy

Publications

Publications (141)
Article
Full-text available
Hawaiioscia rapui Taiti & Wynne, 2015 was first described from two caves on Rapa Nui and considered a potential island endemic and disturbance relict (i.e., an organism that becomes a relict species due to anthropogenic activities). As this species was not subterranean-adapted, it may have had an island-wide distribution prior to the arrival of the...
Chapter
Preorder here: https://www.press.jhu.edu/books/title/12872/cave-biodiversity This chapter and the book It will be available in mid-2022. We examined how the environment, and particularly habitat and geologic structure, influence evolutionary pathways leading toward subterranean specialization. Through the widespread application of molecular appr...
Chapter
Preorder here: https://www.press.jhu.edu/books/title/12872/cave-biodiversity This chapter and the book It will be available in mid-2022. China supports the highest diversity of cavefishes in the world. With 148 known species, this accounts for one-third of all cavefishes globally. In this chapter, we review Chinese cavefish diversity, distributi...
Chapter
Preorder here: https://www.press.jhu.edu/books/title/12872/cave-biodiversity This chapter and the book It will be available in mid-2022. Caves are extraordinary landforms that commonly harbor communities of bizarre animals adapted to live and reproduce only underground. Although biological diversity is relatively low in comparison to overlying s...
Book
Preorder here: https://www.press.jhu.edu/books/title/12872/cave-biodiversity This book will not be available until mid-2022. The subterranean realm represents one of the most sensitive and least studied ecosystems on earth. Often harboring unique animal communities adapted to life underground, how these organisms evolve into subterranean-adapted f...
Article
Nearly half a century ago, two papers postulated the likelihood of lunar lava tube caves using mathematical models. Today, armed with an array of orbiting and fly-by satellites and survey instrumentation, we have now acquired cave data across our solar system—including the identification of potential cave entrances on the Moon, Mars, and at least n...
Article
Full-text available
Thermal response of the surface to solar insolation is a function of the topography and the thermal physical characteristics of the landscape, which include bulk density, heat capacity, thermal conductivity and surface albedo and emissivity. Thermal imaging is routinely used to constrain thermal physical properties by characterizing or modeling cha...
Article
Full-text available
Subterranean ecosystems are among the most widespread environments on Earth, yet we still have poor knowledge of their biodiversity. To raise awareness of subterranean ecosystems, the essential services they provide, and their unique conservation challenges, 2021 and 2022 were designated International Years of Caves and Karst. As these ecosystems h...
Article
Brazil’s caves, home to diverse species and minerals, were stripped of protections by a recent presidential decree.
Article
Brazil’s caves, home to diverse species and minerals, were stripped of protections by a recent presidential decree.
Article
Full-text available
Since the initial experiments nearly 50 years ago, techniques for detecting caves using airborne and spacecraft acquired thermal imagery have improved markedly. These advances are largely due to a combination of higher instrument sensitivity, modern computing systems, and processor intensive analytical techniques. Through applying these advancement...
Data
This dataset is one of many used in the development of the manuscript 'Advancing Cave Detection using Terrain Analysis and Thermal Imagery' by Wynne et al. 2021. Manuscript Abstract: Since the initial experiments nearly 50 years ago, techniques for detecting caves using airborne and spacecraft acquired thermal imagery have improved markedly. These...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A Natural Resources Condition Assessment (NRCA) was conducted for Chaco Culture National Historical Park, New Mexico, USA. Eleven natural resources (with 34 indicators) were identified and grouped into three broad categories: landscape-scale, supporting environment (i.e., physical resources), and biological integrity. This NRCA includes an assessme...
Article
Full-text available
The 15th UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (COP15) will be held in Kunming, China in October 2021. Historically, CBDs and other multilateral treaties have either alluded to or entirely overlooked the subterranean biome. A multilateral effort to robustly examine, monitor, and incorporate the subterranean biome into future conservation targ...
Article
Full-text available
The 15th UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) (COP15) will be held in Kunming, China in October 2021. Historically, CBDs and other multilateral treaties have either alluded to or entirely overlooked the subterranean biome. A multilateral effort to robustly examine, monitor, and incorporate the subterranean biome into future conservation targ...
Research
As part of a NASA-funded study of diurnal thermal imaging at a Mars analog site, we conducted simultaneous oblique thermal imaging and in situ temperature measurements within two regions of interest on the Pisgah lava field, near Ludlow, California. Both regions of interest contained either cave or cave-like alcoves. Data released in this report wa...
Article
Commentary piece discussing the importance of the Belize Maya Forest Corridor published on Mongabay. Here's the link: https://news.mongabay.com/2021/05/belizes-maya-forest-corridor-a-missing-link-to-giant-rainforest-preserve-commentary/
Preprint
Full-text available
Martian subsurface habitability and astrobiology can be evaluated via a lava tube cave, without drilling. MACIE addresses two key goals of the Decadal Survey (2013-2022) and three MEPAG goals. New advances in robotic architectures, autonomous navigation, target sample selection, and analysis will enable MACIE to explore the Martian subsurface.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Martian caves are among the best locations to search for evidence of extinct/extant life, may provide access to stable water ice deposits, and offer a protected environment for human habitation. We examined the robotic exploration potential of a subset of these features. Poster URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/349679212_Robotic_explor...
Poster
Full-text available
Refer to abstract for more detailed description: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/348404184_Robotic_Exploration_Potential_of_Martian_Caves
Article
Terrestrial caves offer scientific and engineering insights and serve as testing grounds for future forays by humans and robots into caves on other worlds. https://eos.org/science-updates/planetary-cave-exploration-progresses
Article
Five decades ago, a landmark paper in Science titled The Cave Environment heralded caves as ideal natural experimental laboratories in which to develop and address general questions in geology, ecology, biogeography, and evolutionary biology. Although the 'caves as laboratory' paradigm has since been advocated by subterranean biologists, there are...
Poster
Full-text available
Caves often support sensitive animal populations ranging from bats to subterranean-adapted invertebrates, salamanders, and fishes. Developing a framework to detect caves using GIS and remote sensing could serve as an invaluable conservation tool. Researchers could systematic identify caves on the landscape, prioritize caves for biological survey du...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Natural Resource Condition Assessment (NRCA) Program, administered by the National Park Service’s (NPS) Washington Support Office, Denver Service Center Planning Division, provides documentation about current conditions of important park natural resources through a spatially explicit, multidisciplinary synthesis of existing scientific data and...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Salas y Gómez is a small, volcanic island largely untouched by humans due to its diminutive size and remoteness. Since the waters surrounding Salas y Gómez were established as Motu Motiro Hiva Marine Park in 2010, marine investigations have been the primary research focus. Secondarily, nesting seabird communities have been censused sinc...
Poster
Full-text available
The arthropod fauna of Salas y Gómez is essentially uncharacterized. Past biological inventory work was largely centered upon marine life and pelagic birds. We present the results of the most comprehensive terrestrial arthropod inventory of Salas y Gómez island to date. At least 16 morphospecies across 11 coarse taxonomic groups are now known. We a...
Poster
Full-text available
For the video summary, please go to https://youtu.be/UwtG9OV7iXo. Two concurrent government projects are rapidly proceeding in central Belize with opposing ramifications. Paving the 37 mile Coastal Road will drastically change land use and accelerate natural resource exploitation, while the Maya Forest Corridor (MFC) aims to protect a vast swath of...
Poster
Full-text available
Precisely defining how animals disperse underground is an emerging area of cave ecology. Genetic analysis may be one of the best tools for increasing our understanding. While a species’ colonization of caves can spur allopatric speciation, mesocaverns can permit gene flow. Individuals of a subterranean-dwelling population may actively use these sma...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
MACIE, a potential New Frontiers class mission concept named after Macie Roberts one of NASA’s human computers, will address two science goals: 1) Have habitable conditions ever existed within Martian lava tubes? And 2) did life emerge or seek refuge in Martian lava tubes? We are currently evaluating the instrument and architecture trade space usin...
Poster
Full-text available
This study represents the first large scale cave biological inventory of caves in Sierra de las Nieves Natural Park, Andalucía, Spain. We sampled seven caves (three low and four high elevation caves) from 22 June through 01 July 2017. We have preliminarily identified at least 42 morphospecies and 13 coarse-level taxonomic groups (i.e., Order or hig...
Article
Full-text available
We summarize and discuss the 29 known cave-dwelling pseudoscorpion species from China. Four new troglomorphic pseudoscorpion species, Parobisium motianense sp. nov., P. qiangzhuang sp. nov., P. san- louense sp. nov., and P. tiani sp. nov., belonging to the family Neobisiidae, are described based on speci- mens collected in karst caves in Guizhou, C...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We propose a simplified process to advance martian speleology from a rudimentary understanding to acquiring the data required to evaluate and select the best candidates for astrobiological investigations and human outposts.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Caves represent one of the best localities for finding evidence of life beyond Earth. We assessed the potential science returns for a New Frontiers Mars lava tube (cave) exploration mission. The Mars Astrobiological Caves and Internal habitability Explorer (MACIE) would address a key recommendation of the 2019 National Academies’ Astrobiology Strat...
Poster
Full-text available
The Cave Invertebrate Specialist Group, an IUCN Species Survival Commission, is a group of 80 taxonomists, biospeleologists, ecologists, and conservation biologists. Since 2014, our objectives have been to: (1) conserve subterranean habitats, and address one of the largest lacunas in conservation biology – the protection of sensitive cave and subte...
Article
Full-text available
Two new troglomorphic pseudoscorpion species, Parobisium magangensis sp. n. and P. yuantongi sp. n., belonging to the family Neobisiidae, are described based on specimens collected in karst caves from Beijing, China. These are the first troglomorphic pseudoscorpions discovered from caves in northern China. Detailed diagnosis, descriptions, and illu...
Article
In light of recent alarming trends in human population growth, climate change, and other environmental modifications, a "Warning to humanity" manifesto was published in BioScience in 2017. This call reiterated most of the ideas originally expressed by the Union of Concerned Scientists in 1992, including the fear that we are "pushing Earth's ecosyst...
Preprint
Full-text available
We synthesized the current knowledge of cave-dwelling millipede diversity from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (Guangxi), South China Karst, China and described six new millipede species from four caves from the Guilin area, northeastern Guangxi. Fifty-two cave-dwelling millipedes are known for the region consisting of 38 troglobionts and 14 trogl...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo representa el primer inventario, a gran escala, de la biología de las cuevas del Parque Natural de la Sierra de las Nieves, Andalucía, España. Se han muestreado siete cavidades, de las cuales tres se localizan a cota relativamente baja, a una altura media de unos 1000 m.s.n.m., mientras las otras cuatro se localizan a una cota relativa...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract for the 2019 Astrobiology Science Conference, 24-28 June 2019, Bellevue, WA.
Article
Full-text available
Ever-increasing human pressures on cave biodiversity have amplified the need for systematic, repeatable, and intensive surveys of cave-dwelling arthropods to formulate evidence-based management decisions. We examined 110 papers (from 1967 to 2018) to: (i) understand how cave-dwelling invertebrates have been sampled; (ii) provide a summary of techni...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This work represents the first large scale cave biological inventory of caves in Sierra de las Nieves Natural Park, Andalucía, Spain. We sampled seven caves (three low and four high elevation caves) from 22 June through 01 July 2017. We have preliminarily identified at least 42 morphospecies and 13 coarse-level taxonomic groups (i.e., Order or high...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Cave Invertebrate Specialist Group, an IUCN Species Survival Commission, is a group of 80 taxonomists, biospeleologists, ecologists, and conservation biologists. Since 2014, our objectives have been to: (1) conserve subterranean habitats, and address one of the largest lacunas in conservation biology – the protection of sensitive cave and subte...
Article
Two new troglomorphic pseudoscorpion species, Bisetocreagris maomaotou sp. nov. (Family Neobisiidae) and Tyrannochthonius chixingi sp. nov. (Family Chthoniidae) are described from one cave in the tower karst of northern Guangxi Province, China. This cave is located at close proximity to a village and an adjacent urban area. As with many caves in th...
Article
Aim: Identify the optimal combination of sampling techniques to maximize the detection of diversity of cave-dwelling arthropods. Location: Central-western New Mexico; northwestern Arizona; Rapa Nui, Chile. Methods: From 26 caves across three geographically distinct areas in the Western Hemisphere, arthropods were sampled using opportunistic col...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Humans have looked for extraterrestrial biosignatures on the surfaces of other planets and moons. These surfaces are often exposed to conditions and processes that exceed the physical limits of life, e.g., intense cosmic radiation, impact events, and large thermal extremes, that would render difficult the preservation of biosignatures over geologic...
Article
Full-text available
Disparrhopalites naasaveqw n. sp. is described from a cave at Wupatki National Monument, Arizona. It differs from D. patrizii (Cassagnau & Delamare Deboutteville, 1953) in having pigment and a well-developed ungual cavity, and from D. tergestinus Fanciulli, Colla & Dallai, 2005 by having pigment, 8+8 eyes and a well-developed ungual tunica. Dieters...
Article
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/spanish-caves-reveal-a-trove-of-biological-treasures/
Article
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Article
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The spiders of Rapa Nui have not been assessed in over two decades. During this time, additional nonnative alien species introductions would be expected due to increased tourism visitation and the steady influx of commercial goods imported from mainland Chile. Prior to our work, only one endemic species (Tetragnatha paschal Berland, 1924) was known...
Article
Full-text available
the spiders of rapa nui have not been assessed in over two decades. During this time, additional nonnative alien species introductions would be expected due to increased tourism visitation and the steady influx of commercial goods imported from mainland Chile. Prior to our work, only one endemic species (Tetragnatha paschae Berland, 1924) was known...
Article
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/guest-blog/the-hunt-for-endemic-insects-on-easter-island/
Article
Full-text available
White-nose syndrome (WNS), a disease caused by the fungal pathogen Pseudogymnoascus destructans, is responsible for the population decline of at least 10 subterranean hibernating bat species in eastern North America and has recently been confirmed in the northwestern United States. The US Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS), in concert with other fed...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Rapa Nui (Easter Island) has undergone an environmental transformation over the past several hundred years. Today, no stands of native vegetation remain and all terrestrial vertebrates have gone extinct. The recent discovery of 10 endemic cave-restricted arthropods (including eight new species) prompted an island-wide search for endemic arthropods...
Article
Saturn's moon Enceladus offers a unique opportunity in the search for life and habitable environments beyond Earth, a key theme of the National Research Council's 2013-2022 Decadal Survey. A plume of water vapor and ice spews from Enceladus's south polar region. Cassini data suggest that this plume, sourced by a liquid reservoir beneath the moon's...
Article
2nd International Planetary Caves Conference; Flagstaff, Arizona, 20–23 October 2015 https://eos.org/meeting-reports/planetary-caves-role-in-astronaut-bases-and-the-search-for-life
Article
Full-text available
Austrotyla awishoshola n. sp. is described from the moss gardens of one lava tube cave in El Malpais National Monument, Cibola Co., New Mexico. Most chordeumatidans require mesic conditions, and these environments are limited to moss gardens in several cave entrances and beneath cave skylights in El Malpais. Presently, this species is known from th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Since Rinker’s [1] groundbreaking work on terrestrial cave detection nearly 50 years ago, our ability to find caves using airborne and spacecraft acquired imagery has improved considerably. Due to superior analytical techniques, improved instrument optics, and high resolution imagery, we have furthered terrestrial cave detection capab...