Justin W L Keogh

Justin W L Keogh
Bond University · Faculty of Health Sciences and Medicine

42.28
 · 
BHSc, BHMS(Hons), PHD

About

303
Publications
188,954
Reads
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5,218
Citations
Introduction
I am an exercise and sport scientist with a strong interest in two main areas. 1. The benefits, barriers, motives and facilitators to general and therapeutic physical activity in older adults and cancer patients and survivors; 2. Understanding the acute and chronic adaptations to resistance training and skills-based training in athletic populations.
Research Experience
September 2012 - present
University of the Sunshine Coast
Position
  • Adjunct Associate Professor
January 2011 - December 2012
Bond University
Position
January 2007 - present
Australian Catholic University
Position

Publications

Publications (303)
Article
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The original article [1] contained an error whereby the symbol '☼' originally included in and below Tables 2-5 did not display properly.
Article
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In the last few decades, a number of technological developments have advanced the spread of wearable sensors for the assessment of human motion. These sensors have been also developed to assess athletes’ performance, providing useful guidelines for coaching, as well as for injury prevention. The data from these sensors provides key performance outc...
Article
This is the first study to document the training and tapering practices of elite CrossFit athletes. Seventy-two CrossFit athletes (39 females, 33 males) (mean ±SD; 26.5 ± 3.6 y, 167.1 ± 9.5 cm, 74.5 ± 12.7 kg, 12.8 ± 6.5 y general training, 5.4 ± 1.7 y CrossFit training) who competed at the “Regionals” level or higher in the 2018 CrossFit Games sea...
Article
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Background Depending on the stroke and distances of the events, swim starts have been estimated to account for 0.8% to 26.1% of the overall race time, with the latter representing the percentage in a 50 m sprint front crawl event (Cossor & Mason, 2001). However, it is still somewhat unclear what are the key physiological characteristics underpinnin...
Article
This study aimed to assess the effects of jump training (JT) on the jumping performance of handball players compared with a control condition. The data sources utilised were PubMed, MEDLINE, Web of Science Core Collection, and SCOPUS. Only peer-review randomised controlled trials were included. The inclusion criteria comprised: a JT programme of at...
Article
Griffin, J, Larsen, B, Horan, S, Keogh, J, Dodd, K, Andretta, M, and Minahan, C. Title: Women's football: An examination of factors that influence movement patterns. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2020-The popularity and professionalism of women's football has increased in conjunction with participation rates over the last 10 years, with proje...
Article
Background: Acute respiratory infections (ARIs) last for less than 30 days and are the most common acute diseases affecting people. Exercise has been shown to improve health generally, but it is uncertain whether exercise may be effective in reducing the occurrence, severity, and duration of ARIs. This is an update of our review published in 2015....
Article
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INTRODUCTION The Green Prescription is a primary care programme designed to increase physical activity in individuals with low activity levels. Older adults tend to engage in insufficient physical activity to obtain health-related gain. AIM To examine participants' ratings of the Healthy Steps intervention and to assess how participants rated the u...
Article
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Background: Understanding the relationships between physical fitness attributes and sport-specific technical skills may assist with the establishment of beneficial training interventions. The aim of this systematic review was to determine if physical fitness qualities were associated with performance of sport-specific technical skills in female, te...
Article
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Background. This study aimed to determine the reliability of the velocity achieved during the last repetition of sets to failure (Vlast) and the association of Vlast with the velocity of the 1-repetition maximum (V1RM) during the paused and touch-and-go bench press (BP) exercises performed in a Smith machine. Methods. Ninety-six healthy men parti...
Article
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Introduction: Muscle wasting conditions such as sarcopenia may be highly prevalent in advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) patients (16-71%), with these prevalence rates substantially greater in those who have received chemo-radiotherapy (CRT). According to the updated European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People consensus statement, sarcop...
Article
To analyze the effects of 4 weeks of an active exergames training program on muscular fitness in older women, 2 groups of community dwelling physically active subjects were formed by block-design randomization. One was deemed the control group (CG, n 5 37; age 68.1 6 3.3 years), and a second group completed 4 weeks of an active exergames training p...
Article
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Cancer cachexia is a condition often seen at diagnosis, throughout anti‐cancer treatments and in end‐stage nonsmall‐ cell lung cancer patients. Participants with late‐stage non‐small‐cell lung cancer and cachexia (defined as ≥5% weight loss within 12 months) were randomly assigned 1:2 to 2.09 g of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 300 mg of cyclo‐oxy...
Article
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Background: A scoping review of scientific literature on the effects of kettlebell training. There are no authoritative guidelines or recommendations for using kettlebells within a primary care setting. Our review objectives were to identify the extent, range and nature of the available evidence, to report on the types of evidence currently availa...
Article
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Background: The sport of strongman is becoming increasingly popular, catering for females, lightweight, and Masters competitors, with strongman exercises also being used by strength and conditioning coaches for a range of athletic groups. Thus, a systematic review was conducted to examine researchers' current understanding of the biomechanics of s...
Article
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Background: This study sought to better understand the psychometric properties of the SARC-F, by examining the baseline and training-related relationships between the five SARC-F items and objective measures of muscle function. Each of the five items of the SARC-F are scored from 0 to 2, with total score of four or more indicative of likely sarcop...
Article
In this article, the authors assessed the cost-effectiveness of center-based exercise training for older Australians. The participants were recipients of in-home care services, and they completed 24 weeks of progressive resistance plus balance training. Transport was offered to all participants. A stepped-wedge randomized control trial produced pre...
Article
Background The swim start requires an explosive muscular response of the lower body musculature to effectively initiate movement off the starting blocks. There are currently key gaps in the literature evaluating the relationship between dry-land resistance training and swim start performance and the effects of this training on swim start performanc...
Article
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Question: Does motor imagery training improve measures of balance, mobility and falls in older adults without a neurological condition? Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Participants: Adults aged at least 60 years and without a neurological condition. Intervention: Three or more sessions of motor im...
Article
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Winwood, PW, Pritchard, HJ, Wilson, D, Dudson, M, and Keogh, JWL. The competition-day preparation strategies of strongman athletes. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-This study provides the first empirical evidence of the competition-day preparation strategies used by strongman athletes. Strongman athletes (n = 132) (mean ± SD: 33.7 ± 8.1 ye...
Article
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Background The ageing process and several health conditions may increase tremor and reduce force steadiness and dexterity, which can severely impact on function and quality of life. Resistance training can evoke a range of neuromuscular adaptions that may significantly reduce tremor and/or increase force steadiness and/or dexterity in older adults,...
Article
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Background: The feasibility and benefits of a 24-week targeted progressive supervised resistance and weight-bearing exercise programme (Group Aged Care Exercise + GAIT (GrACE + GAIT)) in the residential aged care (RAC) setting was investigated as very little peer-reviewed research has been conducted in relation to exercise programmes of this durat...
Conference Paper
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Objectives: For prostate cancer survivors, post-diagnosis quality of life can strongly be influenced by adverse prostate cancer treatment-related side effects. The aim of the present study was to identify and examine how men's perceived quality of life differed to before they were diagnosed with prostate cancer. Methods: Sixteen prostate cancer sur...
Article
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Measuring joint range of motion is an important skill for many allied health professionals. While the Universal Goniometer is the most commonly utilised clinical tool for measuring joint range of motion, the evolution of smartphone technology and applications (apps) provides the clinician with more measurement options. However, the reliability and...
Article
Background: Online cancer support group discussions enable patients to share their illness experience with others. The sharing of technical and emotional support information and the ability to ask for advice are some of the primary discussions shared online. People with bowel cancer can also use these forums to support each other by sharing inform...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Online cancer support group discussions enable patients to share their illness experience with others. The sharing of technical and emotional support information and the ability to ask for advice are some of the primary discussions shared online. People with bowel cancer can also use these forums to support each other by sharing informat...
Article
An 8-week single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted to compare the effects of separate programs of equal volume, but different intensity, plyometric jump training (PJT), on physical fitness in healthy adults. Thirty-eight physically active males (mean age: 21.8 ± 2.5 years) participated. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of 3 PJT...
Article
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Little is known about the effect of preceding endurance-exercise bouts on subsequent resistance-training (RT) performance in team-sport players. Purpose: To examine the effect of prior skills/endurance training and different recovery time periods on subsequent same-day RT performance in professional Australian football players. Methods: Sport-s...
Article
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Aim: To examine body composition of Chilean powerlifters according to body mass and sex. Methods: Male and female powerlifters were recruited from one national competition. Aside from the official weight categories, males were classified as lightweight, middleweight, and heavyweight classes. Similarly, females were classified as lightweight and a m...
Article
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Background A review of the literature has indicated that lower body stiffness, defined as the extent to which the lower extremity joints resists deformation upon contact with the ground, may be a useful measure for assessing Achilles injury risk in triathletes. The nature of overuse injuries suggests that a variety of different movement patterns co...
Article
Background Globally there are several operational definitions for sarcopenia, complicating clinical and research applications. Objective The objective of the Australian and New Zealand Society for Sarcopenia and Frailty Research (ANZSSFR) Task Force on Diagnostic Criteria for Sarcopenia was to reach consensus on the operational definition of sarco...
Presentation
Available Here: https://bit.ly/2OdCVrm DESCRIPTION In June 2017 a full day multidisciplinary Master Class on Cancer Cachexia, was held at Bond University on the Gold Coast. This event included presentations on the latest research, novel models of care, knowledge translation and implementation science, and panel discussions from local and internati...
Article
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Purpose: To investigate the effects of strength training tapers of different intensities, but equal volume reductions, on neuromuscular performance. Methods: Eleven strength-trained males (21.3±3.3 years, 92.3±17.6 kg, relative 1RM deadlift 1.9±0.2 times bodyweight) completed a crossover study. Specifically, two four-week strength training block...
Article
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Renals, L, Lake, J, Keogh, J, and Austin, K. Strongman log push press: The effect log diameter has on force-time characteristics. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-Strongman training is becoming more common in strength and conditioning practices, particularly the log press. The existing literature analyzes force characteristics of the log cl...
Article
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Background Hamstring strain injuries (HSI) are one of the most prevalent and serious injuries affecting athletes, particularly those in team ball sports or track and field. Recent evidence demonstrates that eccentric knee flexor weakness and between limb asymmetries are possible risk factors for HSIs. While eccentric hamstring resistance training,...
Article
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Background Knee osteoarthritis (OA) patients often suffer joint pain and stiffness, which contributes to negative changes in body composition, strength, physical performance (function), physical activity and health-related quality of life. To reduce these symptoms and side effects of knee OA, moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) cycling is...
Article
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Background There is convincing evidence for the benefits of resistance training on vertical jump improvements, but little evidence to guide optimal training prescription. The inability to detect small between modality effects may partially reflect the use of ANOVA statistics. This study represents the results of a sub-study from a larger project in...
Article
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Objective: To investigate the associations of balance confidence with physical and cognitive markers of wellbeing among older adults receiving government-funded aged care services, and whether progressive resistance plus balance training could positively influence change. Design: Intervention study. Setting: Community-based older-adult-specifi...
Article
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Purpose To investigate the influence of a single session of locomotor-based motor imagery training on motor learning and physical performance. Patients and methods Thirty independent adults aged >65 years took part in the randomized controlled trial. The study was conducted within an exercise science laboratory. Participants were randomly divided...
Article
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Introduction: Physical activity is beneficial for the physical and psychological health of patients with prostate cancer (PCa). Health-care practitioners are ideally positioned to promote physical activity to their patients. Aim: To identify factors that influenced health care practitioners to either promote or not promote physical activity to thei...
Article
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Background Several water-based sports (swimming, surfing and stand up paddle boarding) require adequate thoracic mobility (specifically rotation) in order to perform the appropriate activity requirements. The measurement of thoracic spine rotation is problematic for clinicians due to a lack of convenient and reliable measurement techniques. More re...
Article
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This study provides the first empirical evidence of how strongman athletes taper for strongman competitions. Strongman athletes (n=454) (mean ±SD: 33.2 ±8.0y, 178.1 ±10.6cm, 108.6 ±27.9kg, 12.6 ±8.9y general resistance training, 5.3 ±5.0y strongman implement training) completed a self-reported 4-page internet survey on tapering practices. Analysis...
Chapter
Additional resources to support the content in Best Practice Protocols for Physique Assessment in Sport are available at the J.E. Lindsay Carter Kinanthropometry Clinic and Archive (JELCKCA) website jelckca-bodycomp.com, which links you to the YouTube channel http://tinyurl.com/YouTubeChannel-ProfPatria. YouTube videos include introduction of exper...
Chapter
Physique assessment is important for many sports ergonomics applications. Examples from sports including cycling, rowing, tennis and golf and shoe and clothing design for able-bodied athletes are initially provided. The final section focuses on athletes with a disability to illustrate the use of athlete dimensions for sports ergonomics applications...
Article
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Issue addressed The aim of this study was to characterise lifestyle and training habits of a large cohort of Australian recreational runners. Understanding the health benefits of recreational running and differentiating between the habits of males and females may allow for the development of gender‐specific messaging for promoting recreational runn...
Article
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Background and purpose: Low and slowing gait speeds among nursing home residents are linked to a higher risk of disability, cognitive impairment, falls, and mortality. A better understanding of the spatiotemporal parameters of gait that influence declining mobility could lead to effective rehabilitation and preventative intervention. The aims of t...
Article
The aim of this study was to quantify the validity and intra-tester reliability of a novel method of kinematic measurement. The measurement target was the joint angles of an athlete performing a BMX Supercross (SX) gate start action through the first 1.2 s of movement in situ on a BMX SX ramp using a standard gate start procedure. The method employ...
Article
This study investigated the association of sitting time with sarcopenia and physical performance in Residential Aged Care (RAC) residents at baseline and 18-month follow-up. Measures included the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (sitting time), European Working Group definition of sarcopenia, and the Short Physical Performance Battery...
Article
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Background: Currently, little is known about the tapering practices of strongman athletes. We have developed an Internet comprehensive self-report questionnaire examining the training and tapering practices of strongman athletes. Objective: The objective of this study was to document the test-retest reliability of questions associated with the Inte...
Article
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Once the general decline in muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance falls below specific thresholds, the middle aged or older adult will be diagnosed as having sarcopenia (a loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength). Sarcopenia contributes to a range of adverse events in older age including disability, hospitalisation, institutional-...
Data
SPSS data 10 year age groups by gender female only and male only
Data
SPSS data subjects within study compared to Australian general population
Article
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Kettlebell exercises have become an increasingly popular form of resistance training and component of lower body rehabilitative training programs; despite a lack of scientific literature illustrating internal mechanisms and effectiveness of these approaches. Participants (n=14) performed three different styles of kettlebell swings (hip hinge, squat...
Article
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Training camps in the present study consisted of four sessions over two to four days, to prepare players for international competitions. Training camps focused on improving the technical and decision making skills in context with team tactics, however it is unknown if the physical demands were being developed or maintained concurrently. Due to the...