Justin Kenardy

Justin Kenardy
The University of Queensland | UQ · School of Psychology

PhD

About

296
Publications
104,918
Reads
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13,569
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2021 - January 2021
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
July 2004 - January 2005
University of Aberdeen
Position
  • Professor
January 2004 - present
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Acting Director
Education
October 1983 - October 1988
The University of Queensland
Field of study
  • Psychiatry
January 1977 - November 1981
The University of Queensland
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (296)
Article
Objectives: A comparative effectiveness trial tested 2 parent-based interventions in improving the psychosocial recovery of hospitalized injured children: (1) Link for Injured Kids (Link), a program of psychological first aid in which parents are taught motivational interviewing and stress-screening skills, and (2) Trauma Education, based on an in...
Article
Objective This paper describes the development of the third edition of the National Health and Medical Research Australian Guidelines for the Prevention and Treatment of Acute Stress Disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder and Complex posttraumatic stress disorder, highlighting key changes in scope, methodology, format and treatment recommendations...
Article
Background: Clinically significant post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) have been reported in up to a quarter of paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) survivors. Ongoing PTSS negatively impacts children's psychological development and physical recovery. However, few data regarding associations between potentially modifiable PICU treatment factors...
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Full-text available
Background The Clinical Guideline for the Diagnosis and Management of Work-related Mental Health Conditions in General Practice (the Guideline) was published in 2019. The objective of this trial is to implement the Guideline in general practice. Trial design Implementing work-related Mental health conditions in general PRacticE is a hybrid III, pa...
Article
Objective: Early childhood is a high-risk period for exposure to traumatic medical events due to injury/illness. It is also one of the most important and vulnerable periods due to rapid development in neurobiological systems, attachment relationships, cognitive and linguistic capacities, and emotion regulation. The aim of this topical review is to...
Article
Social support has long been associated with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but there is no consistent evidence on the strength and direction of this relationship. Whereas the social causation model claims that social support buffers against PTSD, the social selection model states that PTSD reduces social support resources. As the first meta...
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Background: Studies that identify children after acute trauma and prospectively track risk/protective factors and trauma responses over time are resource-intensive; small sample sizes often limit power and generalizability. The Prospective studies of Acute Child Trauma and Recovery (PACT/R) Data Archive was created to facilitate more robust integra...
Article
Objectives The objectives of this study was to explore the accuracy of the Cornell Assessment for Pediatric Delirium (CAP-D), Pediatric Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (pCAM-ICU), and Preschool Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit (psCAM-ICU) when implemented in routine care as delirium screening tools, an...
Article
Introduction: Integrated psychological and physical treatments can improve recovery for whiplash-associated disorders (WADs). Little is known about how these interventions work. Objective: To examine the mechanisms by which a physiotherapist-delivered integrated intervention for acute WAD improves health outcomes. Methods: Secondary analysis u...
Article
Purpose: To thematically describe parent-clinician communication during a child's first burn dressing change following emergency department presentation. Design and methods: An observational study of parent-clinician communication during the first burn dressing change at a tertiary children's hospital. Verbal communication between those present...
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Background: Adoption of responsive trauma-informed practices by staff in hospital-based paediatric care may help mitigate downstream costs associated with treatment delivery due to reduced pain and distress for children and care providers, improved health-related quality of life and increased satisfaction with care. A web-based education intervent...
Article
Objectives: This study investigated trauma symptom trajectories of children 2-16 years old following admission to pediatric intensive care and identified factors that predicted a child's trauma symptom trajectory. Design: Prospective longitudinal design. Setting: Two tertiary care PICUs in Brisbane, Qld, Australia. Patients: Children 2-16 ye...
Article
Background Interventions to support psychological recovery after critical illness, including information provision via an intensive care unit (ICU) diary or discharge summary, have been widely adopted in some regions, albeit without strong empirical evidence. Objective The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility and acceptability, f...
Article
Background: Young children are at particular risk for injury. Ten per cent to twenty-five per cent develop posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, no empirically supported preventive interventions exist. Therefore, this study evaluated the efficacy of a standardised targeted preventive intervention for PTSD in young injured children. Metho...
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Full-text available
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common and debilitating disorder which has a significant impact on the lives of sufferers. A number of early psychological interventions have been developed to try to prevent chronic difficulties. Objective: The objective of this study was to establish the current evidence for the effectiveness...
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Pediatric burn injuries and subsequent wound care can be painful and distressing for children and their parents. This study tested parenting behavior as a mediator for the relationship between parental acute psychological distress and child behavior during burn wound care. Eighty-seven parents of children (1–6-years-old) self-reported accident-rela...
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Background: Studies aimed at improving the provision of evidence-based care (EBC) for the management of acute whiplash injuries have been largely successful. However, whether EBC is broadly provided and whether delivery of EBC varies based on risk of non-recovery, is uncertain. Receiving EBC should improve recovery, though this relationship has ye...
Article
This study aimed to develop an industry-specific tool to identify risk of poor physical and mental recovery following minor to moderate injuries sustained in a road traffic crash (RTC). Existing tools are often designed for implementation by health professionals rather than insurer case managers who may not have a background in health. This study i...
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BACKGROUND The prevention of long-term psychological distress following traumatic events is a major concern. Systematic reviews have suggested that individual psychological debriefing is not an effective intervention at preventing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Over the past 20 years, other forms of intervention have been developed with the...
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Objectives: Following a paediatric burn, parents commonly experience high levels of acute psychological distress, which has been shown to increase child psychological distress as well as child procedural distress. The influence of psychological stress and perceived pain on wound healing has been demonstrated in several laboratory and medical popul...
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Full-text available
Introduction: In Australia, mental health conditions (MHCs) arising from workplace factors are a leading cause of long term work incapacity and absenteeism. While most patients are treated in general practice, general practitioners report several challenges associated with diagnosing and managing workplace MHCs. This guideline, approved by the Nat...
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Background: Despite increased national attention on misuse of prescription and nonprescription opioids for adolescents and children, little is known about opioid use in a pediatric population during hospitalization for injury. The purpose of this investigation is to describe opioid administration and magnitude of opioid exposure in the first 48 ho...
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Comorbidity of pain and posttraumatic stress disorder is well recognized, but the reason for this association is unclear. This study investigated the direction of the relationship between pain and traumatic stress and the role that pain-related fear plays, for patients with acute whiplash-associated disorder. Participants (n = 99) used an electroni...
Chapter
Psychological distress associated with a physical injury following a motor vehicle crash (MVC) is a common problem that has potential short, medium and long-term negative impacts. For example, elevated psychological distress can result in psychological disorder such as depression or post-traumatic stress disorder, social isolation, financial distre...
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Full-text available
Background: Young children are at increased risk of burn injury and of procedural distress during the subsequent wound care. There are currently few observational measures validated for use with young children during medical procedures. The aim of this research was to adapt the Child-Adult Medical Procedure Interaction Scale-Revised (CAMPIS-R) to...
Article
There is paucity of prospective studies that have examined rates and prognostic indicators of pain severity after a road traffic crash injury. This cohort study involved 1,854 participants aged ≥17 years with a noncatastrophic injury. Primary analyses of pain severity involved 1604 individuals who reported any pain since the injury at baseline Of t...
Article
Hospitalization for illness or injury can be experienced by children and their families as traumatic, which can impede recovery and lead to ongoing problems. The provision of quality trauma-informed or psychosocial care by hospital staff may mitigate trauma-related problems; however, there is great variability in the use of psychosocial care practi...
Article
Objective There are few effective treatments for acute whiplash-associated disorders (WAD). Early symptoms of postinjury stress predict poor recovery. This randomised controlled trial (StressModex) investigated whether physiotherapist-led stress inoculation training integrated with exercise is more effective than exercise alone for people with acut...
Article
Objective: This study aimed to explore children's experiences and memories of the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) and identify the relative importance of premorbid, trauma and cognitive/affective variables associated with acute posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Method: Participants were 95 children aged 6-16 admitted to the PICU, and their...
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Methods: A historical cohort study was conducted in the state of Victoria, Australia. People insured through the state-based compulsory third party transport accident compensation scheme were included. Inclusion criteria included date of crash between 2003 and 2012 (inclusive), age 15-70 years at the time of crash, sustained a non-catastrophic inj...
Article
Trauma-informed care or psychosocial care can prevent or reduce the long-term impacts of hospitalization on children and their families, but few hospital staff members receive formal training in the optimal delivery of this care. This study aimed to (a) identify predictors of staff knowledge, confidence, use, and barriers regarding psychosocial car...
Article
Background: Formally trained and accredited physiotherapists delivered Stress Inoculation Training (SIT) integrated with guideline-based physiotherapy management to individuals with acute whiplash associated disorders (WAD) as part of a randomised controlled trial. The delivery of SIT by physiotherapists is new. Objectives: To investigate physio...
Article
Return-to-work (RTW) after road traffic crash is an important rehabilitation and recovery step. A possible RTW pathway is to gradually return-to-work (GRTW), or return in a partial capacity before reaching full RTW goals. This study sought to identify those likely to follow a GRTW pathway, and identify factors associated with successful GRTW. Admin...
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Understanding how parents influence their child’s medical procedures can inform future work to reduce pediatric procedural distress and improve recovery outcomes. Following a pediatric injury or illness diagnosis, the associated medical procedures can be potentially traumatic events that are often painful and distressing and can lead to the child e...
Article
Objective To examine the prevalence and changing patterns of PTSD, Major Depressive Episode (MDE), and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) in adult claimants who sustained a non-catastrophic injury in a road traffic crash (RTC) in Queensland, Australia. Method Participants (N = 284) were assessed at approximately 6, 12, and 24 months post-RTC using...
Article
Background: Recovery expectations can influence outcomes after injury, but little is known about the course of expectations over time or factors predicting changes in expectations. This study aimed to describe how expectations of persistent pain change over time following a non-catastrophic injury sustained in a road traffic crash (RTC); identify...
Article
Background: Internet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (iCBT) for child and adolescent anxiety has demonstrated efficacy in randomized controlled trials, but it has not yet been examined when disseminated as a public health intervention. If effective, iCBT programs could be a promising first-step, low-intensity intervention that can be easily acce...
Article
Delirium is a common and serious neuropsychiatric complication in critically ill patients of all ages. In the context of critical illness, delirium may emerge as a result of a cascade of underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms and signals organ failure of the brain. Awareness of the clinical importance of delirium in adults is growing as emerging re...
Article
Primary Objective: Behaviours of Concern (BoC) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) have a significant negative impact on the daily functioning and quality of life for the individual and their family. However, there has been limited research examining the nature and severity of BoC beyond the acute recovery period, including the perspective of th...
Article
Background and aims: Behaviours of Concern (BoC) are a debilitating consequence of Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Whilst perspectives of clinicians, carers and family members on BoC have been previously explored, few qualitative studies have included individuals with TBI. The aim of this study was to explore the lived experience of BoC in individual...
Article
Purpose: Individuals who have sustained an injury from a road traffic crash (RTC) are at increased risk for long lasting health problems and non-return to work (NRTW). Determining the predictors of NRTW is necessary to develop screening tools to identify at-risk individuals and to provide early targeted intervention for successful return to work (...
Chapter
Prevention of psychological disorders, especially those that first emerge during childhood, has the potential to minimise human suffering and societal costs across the lifespan. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), unlike many other disorders, usually has a clear aetiology as well as a therapeutic window of opportunity (approximately 3 months) to...
Article
Background: Diminished physical and mental health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is a common consequence of road traffic crash (RTC) injury. This study aimed to (a) determine the probable recovery trajectories in physical and mental HRQoL; (b) examine the impact of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on HRQoL scores within these trajectory group...
Article
The study examined whether the efficacy of cognitive behavioral treatment for Social Anxiety Disorder for children and adolescents is increased if intervention addresses specific cognitive and behavioral factors linked to the development and maintenance of SAD in young people, over and above the traditional generic CBT approach. Participants were 1...
Article
Purpose: Diaries summarizing intensive care are routine practice in some countries, although evidence to support diary use is limited. The purpose of this study was to identify whether distress post-intensive care influences patients' and relatives' choice as to whether they would like to receive a diary and what information delivery method is pre...
Article
Objective: Various neurocognitive mechanisms have been proposed to explain the development of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms. However, the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying comorbid PTSD following Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) have not been fully investigated, especially among children. This study prospectively examined the influen...
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Full-text available
Objective The aim of this meta-analysis was to determine the psychological impact associated with motor vehicle crash (MVC)-related physical injuries. Design Systematic review and meta-analysis. Data sources Multiple search engines included MEDLINE (via OVID), PsycINFO and Embase, and studies were sourced from scientific journals, conference pape...
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Background: Accidental injury represents the most common type of traumatic event experienced by children under the age of 6 years. Around 10-30 % of young injured children will go on to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other co-morbid conditions. Parents of injured children are also at risk of PTSD, and this is associated with sho...
Article
There is growing evidence that children are vulnerable to poor psychological outcomes following exposure to a range of potentially traumatic events. Teachers are in a unique and well-placed position to provide vital support to children following potentially traumatic events and to also provide a vital role in helping to identify children who may be...
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Full-text available
Introduction Whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) are a huge worldwide health and economic burden. The propensity towards developing into chronic, disabling conditions drives the rise in health and economic costs associated with treatment, productivity loss and compulsory third party insurance claims. Current treatments fail to address the well-docu...
Article
Objective This study investigated the influence of maternal reflective functioning (RF) on 6-month-old infants’ emotional self-regulating abilities in preterm infant–mother dyads. Methods 25 preterm (gestational age 28–34.5 weeks) infants’ affect, gaze toward mother, and self-soothing behaviors (thumb-sucking and playing with clothing) were measure...
Article
Objective: Whiplash associated disorders (WAD) are common and incur substantial personal and economic costs. Research has shown that persistent posttraumatic stress reactions predict poorer functional recovery in WAD; however, the specific mechanism through which this occurs is unclear. The current study is the first to examine the direct impact o...
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Full-text available
Objective: To identify which specific aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQL) are affected by traumatic brain injury (TBI) injury severity (Severity), time since injury (Time), and the interaction between Severity and Time, in a pediatric sample. It was hypothesized that Severity would decrease HRQL, Time would increase HRQL, and time to...
Article
Objective To investigate whether a 12-week physical therapist-delivered combined pain coping skills training and exercise (PCST+EX) is more efficacious and cost-effective than either treatment alone for knee OA.Methods This was an assessor-blinded, 3-arm randomized controlled trial in 222 (73 PCST+EX, 75 EX, 74 PCST) people aged ≥50 years with knee...
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Introduction: As a consequence of a road traffic crash, persistent pain and disability following whiplash injury are common and incur substantial personal and economic costs. Up to 50% of people who experience a whiplash injury will never fully recover and up to 30% will remain moderately to severely disabled by the condition. The reason as to why...
Article
The present study explored the targeting of a preventative information provision intervention delivered to children following accidental injury by assessing the impact of initial traumatic distress on response to treatment. Analyses were based on baseline and 6-month outcome of child traumatic stress in a control (n = 28) and an intervention group...
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Objective: To assess feasibility and estimate effect size of a self-directed online intervention designed to prevent persistent posttraumatic stress after acute trauma. METHODS: Children aged 8-12 years with a recent acute medical event were randomized to the intervention (N = 36) or a 12-week wait list (N = 36). Posttraumatic stress, health-relat...
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Introduction: Whiplash associated disorders are the most common non-hospitalised injuries following a road traffic crash. Up to 50% of individuals who experience a whiplash injury will not fully recover and report ongoing pain and disability. Most recovery, if it occurs, takes place in the first 2-3 months post injury, indicating that treatment pro...
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Full-text available
The advent of eHealth interventions to address psychological concerns and health behaviors has created new opportunities, including the ability to optimize the effectiveness of intervention activities and then deliver these activities consistently to a large number of individuals in need. Given that eHealth interventions grounded in a well-delineat...