Jussi Jauhiainen

Jussi Jauhiainen
University of Turku | UTU · Department of Geography and Geology

PhD

About

180
Publications
52,728
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1,057
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2009 - present
University of Turku
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2002 - July 2009
University of Oulu
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 1999 - July 2002
University of Helsinki
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (180)
Technical Report
The report studies the two-day business and innovation event SHIFT, which took place in October 2020 and was held for the first time virtually on the VirBELA digital 3D virtual platform. The person who purchased the ticket to the event downloaded free software to their device, logged in to the SHIFT event, and created an avatar, a user-generated di...
Chapter
Undocumented migrants are among the most imperiled groups in the contemporary world as they live in a world divided into states. These migrants do not have a legal right to remain in the countries in which they currently reside. This chapter studies how undocumented migrants in Finland and Iran were affected during the COVID-19 pandemic. In particu...
Chapter
The most frequent images and symbols in a state’s iconography are its flag, national anthem, national coat of arms, and motto, all referring to the state’s identity. Also stamps contain ideas and ideologies. This chapter analyses stamps in Estonia and their themes and images over the tumultuous 100 years. Estonia became independent in 1918 but an...
Article
Full-text available
We study the Internet and social media uses and related communication by immigrants living in Finland without the permission of the authorities: which of these undocumented people had access to the Internet and social media, for what they used these and what effects the uses had on them in their country of origin (i.e. the former country of res...
Article
The studies on forced migrants’ digitally mediated communication and transnational practices have not sufficiently addressed contexts in which migrants are imposed with strong regulations on their physical mobility and information and communication technology (ICT), Internet, and social media uses. This article studied Internet and social media u...
Article
The studies on forced migrants' digitally mediated communication and transnational practices have not sufficiently addressed contexts in which migrants are imposed with strong regulations on their physical mobility and information and communication technology (ICT), Internet, and social media uses. This article studied Internet and social media use...
Article
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This article provides evidence-based results regarding current debates on transnationalism. It draws on the content analysis of the 50 most cited (according to the major academic databases and search engines in 2020) and the 50 most recent (published or forthcoming in 2019–2020) articles and/or books on transnationalism. The study analysed the main...
Article
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In the contemporary robotizing knowledge economy, robots take increasing responsibility for accomplishing knowledge-related tasks that so far have been in the human domain. This profoundly changes the knowledge-creation processes that are at the core of the knowledge economy. Knowledge creation is an interactive spatial process through which ideas...
Article
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Expanding globalization, widely spread information and communication technologies (ICT), and inexpensive transportation facilitate easy, fast, and necessary connections across borders. Many immigrants maintain transnational connections while gaining local exposure to the national social field. This article studies immigrants' language and social me...
Article
Irregular migration to, in and from Finland is the focus of this study. The empirical material consists of a survey among undocumented migrants (n=100) in Finland in 2019 and earlier surveys among all Finnish municipalities about undocumented migrants. In 2019, about 4,000–5,000 undocumented migrants were in Finland. Most current undocumented migra...
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The article explored human, social, and economic capital of Syrian refugees and other Syrian forced migrants in Jordan. Interrelations of their human, social, and economic forms of capital affected their everyday lives in Jordan as well as their future migration aspirations. The data consisted of a semi-structured survey among 408 Syrian refugees a...
Article
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The article explored human, social, and economic capital of Syrian refugees and other Syrian forced migrants in Jordan. Interrelations of their human, social, and economic forms of capital affected their everyday lives in Jordan as well as their future migration aspirations. The data consisted of a semi-structured survey among 408 Syrian refugees a...
Article
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This article studied Internet and social media uses, digital divides (access, use, and impact of the Internet and social media), and digitally mediated transnationalism in forced migration with the case of Syrians in Turkey. The mixed method analysis is based on surveys with 762 respondents, 52 interviews, and participant observations among Syria...
Article
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This study set out to establish entrepreneurship patterns in selected African universities and examine their potentials for institutional entrepreneurial transformation. The idea of the synergistic potential of entrepreneurship patterns with entrepreneurial university (EPU) concept influenced us. Our institutional sample comprised eight universitie...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Raportissa tarkastellaan tapahtumateollisuuden ja muiden tapahtumatoteuttajien kehitystä koronapandemian aikana Suomessa ja heidän näkemyksiään tapahtumien toteuttamisesta pandemian aikana ja sen jälkeen. Raportissa kiinnitetään huomiota myös tapahtumatoteuttajien kestävän kehityksen mukaisiin toimintamalleihin ja vastuullisuuteen sekä virtuaalitod...
Chapter
Full-text available
The everyday lives of undocumented migrants are littered with challenges, such as constantly having to find new places in which to live and sleep; seeking employment and a livelihood, even in the grey market; contacting families and friends, to overcome feelings of loneliness and despair; maintaining hope for the future, despite living in a country...
Chapter
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Finnish authorities provide undocumented migrants with at least emergency healthcare services, but very few (if any) undocumented migrants use these or other public healthcare services. There are challenges to accessing healthcare, including language, culture or communication, inadequate information, difficult opening times, lack of specialised ser...
Chapter
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The internet and social media are crucial tools in asylum-related journeys and the lives of undocumented migrants in their destination countries. Many use the internet and social media in the country of origin to prepare and plan the trip, and their use becomes even more common during their asylum-related journeys. In the destination country, use o...
Chapter
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The phenomenon of irregular migration is very complex in the EU, including Finland. Definitions and practices regarding asylum seekers, refugees, and undocumented migrants are blurred. The laws and immigration policies also attempt to define and enact fixed categories by which to classify undocumented migrants, but these people always escape such l...
Chapter
Conducting research about undocumented migrants is, for various reasons, always challenging. Very seldom are available accurate information and comprehensive statistical data on their demographic, economic, and social situations. Furthermore, there are many kinds of undocumented migrants, and it is often difficult for researchers to contact them. T...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic brought abrupt changes for international events that promote entrepreneurship and innovation. Usually, such events bring together thousands of participants to provide them with information about ongoing and emerging trends in their fields, to network with old and new colleagues and get ideas that can develop into innovations....
Book
High school geography textbook for first grade (in Finnish)
Technical Report
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Article
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This open access monograph provides an overview of the everyday lives of undocumented migrants, thereby focusing on housing, employment, social networks, healthcare, migration trajectories as well as their use of the internet and social media. Although the book’s empirical focus is Finland, the themes connect the latter to broader geographical scal...
Chapter
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Refugees are considered one of the most vulnerable groups in society. Accordingly, their accommodation situation is extremely precarious and, with regard to central aspects, characterized by alienation, exclusion and a lack of opportunities for participation. The anthology deals with the different accommodation contexts and realities of different g...
Article
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This article studies the self-management of guest towns (GTs) in Iran and the development of Afghan refugees' employment and entrepreneurship in these settlements. No earlier research exists on refugee entrepreneurialism in GTs in Iran. The research is based on surveys (546 refugee respondents), interviews (35 refugees) and observations in four G...
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This study explores the relationship between immigration and strategic planning in Finnish municipalities and examines how these municipalities understand and plan for pluralism. The empirical data is drawn from a comprehensive survey distributed to all the Finnish municipalities and interviews with selected key stakeholders from those municipaliti...
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In biogeopolitics, the key state stakeholders develop and aim to accomplish their geopolitical goals by (mis)management and biopolitical governance of vulnerable population. In this article, this population refers to asylum‐related migrants who use or aim to use an asylum request as their entry mechanism to the European Union. This paper explores t...
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The existing literature does not sufficiently address the context-specific aspects of talents. In this article, we study the success factors of aspiring African star scientists who outperform other scientists internationally. We focus on 35 fellows of a renowned science excellence programme for African scientists below 43 years. We conducted in-dep...
Article
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The article examines asylum-related migrants’ social-media use along their asylum journeys. In total, 2,454 migrants from 37 countries answered a semistructured survey conducted in Jordan; Turkey; Iran; and in the European “hotspots,” Lesvos, Greece, and Lampedusa, Italy. Of the respondents, 83% used at least one social-media service in their curre...
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Local governments are key actors in sustainable development. However, comprehensive achievements in relation to sustainability remain limited, even though sustainable development has been on the agenda for decades. Achieving sustainability requires future-oriented thinking, proper long-term development strategies, and concrete action. Developing st...
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People move for various purposes and lengths of time. Temporary mobilities across borders have become increasingly important but are difficult to observe. In considering temporary population mobilities between Estonia and Finland, the present focus is on the volumes of temporary mobility, characteristics of visits, visitor types, temporal rhythms,...
Book
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The research project Asylum Seekers and Migrants in Lesvos, Greece, 2019–2020 focuses on the everyday lives, migration patterns, aspirations and governance of asylum-related migrants on the Eastern Mediterranean island of Lesvos in Greece. The migrants enter the European Union (EU) for many reasons and request asylum as their entry mechanism. The m...
Book
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More than 3 million Afghans—refugees, regular migrants and irregular migrants—reside in Iran. They are a significant community whose migration and migration aspirations are of international, national and local interest and impact. The research “Afghans in Iran: Migration Patterns and Aspirations” was conducted in cooperation with the University o...
Chapter
The international development cooperation regime has undergone rapid changes in the early 21st century. The general focus of development cooperation for poverty reduction has shifted from modernization towards broader sustainable development goals, with the “beyond aid agenda” emphasising the importance of economic growth. Political and contextua...
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The private sector, especially technology enterprises, has become a key in contemporary international development cooperation. On the one hand, a vivid and strong private sector is the main engine of any economy and well-functioning innovation system. On the other hand, the private sector’s general interest is always in its own business activities,...
Chapter
Innovation for Development in Africa discusses innovation and development cooperation in Africa and beyond. In particular, it addresses changing patterns in development aid and cooperation between the Global North and South. In the era of globalisation and knowledge-based societies, innovation and innovation systems are discussed everywhere, incl...
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Innovation-focused development cooperation is increasingly important in Africa in the early 21st century. Such cooperation in Africa encompasses all policies and practices in international development aid and assistance that aim to foster systemic and interactive development, application and use of innovations to improve local socio-economic develo...
Book
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This book provides a comprehensive analysis and overview of innovation for development in Africa. In particular are addressed how international development policies, cooperation, and innovations meet and interact in the continent. Among the key themes addressed are changing development policies between the Global North and South; the role of inno...
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Universities are generally considered key actors in innovation development and innovation systems. A substantial amount of knowledge creation and basic research needed for development of science and technology are generated and conducted at universities. In Africa, there are thousands of universities, but only five rank among the global top 500 u...
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The importance of innovations for the development and well-being of local communities is unquestionable. However, the geography of innovations is very uneven and innovations and technology development also increase global inequality. Besides as consumers, the world’s poor are only little involved in innovation development and the profit sharing der...
Chapter
International development assistance is not only task of the public or private sectors but various types of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are important as well. The reach of NGOs varies from truly global large NGOs that are present in almost each of the Global South countries to local grassroots NGOs that are important for specific local as...
Chapter
Innovation and knowledge are highly relevant to socio-economic prosperity in Africa and, more broadly, in the Global South. However, the geographies of innovation and the factors shaping innovation and knowledge creation capacities are very uneven. In the Global South, many innovations that address local needs take advantage of local learning pro...
Article
This paper studies asylum‐related migrants’ Internet use and smartphone ownership. In total, 2,454 asylum‐related migrants originating from Africa, Asia, and the Middle East (37 countries) answered the surveys in the European Union migration hotspots (Lesvos in Greece and Lampedusa in Italy) and in transit/host countries (Iran, Jordan, and Turkey)....
Book
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In recent years, the Federal Republic of Germany has been the most significant destination for asylum-related migration in the European Union. Asylum-related migrants are those who left their country of origin to search for better life in a country that is safe and usually provides better economic opportunities. Most of these migrants sought asylum...
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Creativity and mobility are often connected but rarely studied from a process perspective. In this article, we study the strategies and practices of creativity-related long- and short-term mobilities during the careers of 61 artists and scientists who live and work in peripheral locations. We identified home-based visiting practices, transnational...
Conference Paper
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Innovations are considered fundamental for stimulating beneficial long-term economic and social development in Africa. Recently, the African Union launched its first ever science, technology and innovation (STI) strategy. Many African states have developed their own innovation policies and practices. However, too often innovation policies are impor...
Article
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In this article, we study the largest existing fare-free public transport (FFPT) programme, launched in 2013 in Tallinn, Estonia. Instead of focusing solely on the rationale and impact of fare-free public transport in terms of finances and travel patterns, we propose to analyse FFPT from the perspective of urban political geography, and to inquire...
Book
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Since 2010, the Republic of Turkey has been one of the most significant countries for refugees globally. The national authorities in Turkey have granted a special protection status not only for Syrians who come to Turkey because of the war in Syria but also for those who have accordingly registered themselves in Turkey. In 2018, the Syrian refugees...
Book
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This research report focuses on migrants, asylum seekers and refugees in Jordan. This research belongs to the activities of the research consortium URMI (Urbanization, Mobilities and Immigration, see www.urmi.fi), funded by the Strategic Research Council at the Academy of Finland and led by Professor Jussi S. Jauhiainen from the Division of Geograp...
Book
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Afghan immigrants – refugees and irregular immigrants – number over 3 million in Iran. They have an important impact on urbanization and rural development nationally and locally, and they are also a significant community of international interest. There are many types of Afghans in Iran. This should be taken into account when designing more special...
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Namibia, like many southern African countries, aims to become a knowledge-based society with a well-established innovation system (IS). Development based on knowledge and innovation reduces poverty and inequality, even if this causality is also contested. In this study, we analysed the development of an IS in Namibia with a particular focus on indi...
Article
As a result of the First World War several new nation-states emerged on the map of Europe. One of them was the Republic of Estonia, emerging from the ruins of the Russian Empire. As Estonians had never had their own state before, the establishment of the parliamentary republic, its institutions and a national identity was a big challenge for its sm...
Book
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UNDOCUMENTED MIGRANTS IN FINLAND IN 2017 JUSSI S. JAUHIAINEN, KATRI GADD & JUSTUS JOKELA (jusaja@utu.fi) This research studies undocumented migrants and related practices in Finland in 2017. The research questions are: Who are undocumented migrants?; How many migrants are undocumented and where were they in Finland in 2017?; What were the local au...
Book
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Lampedusa has been a significant entry point for irregular migrants and asylum seekers to the European Union. In 2017, the Italian authorities strongly regulated their arrival, so the number of migrants was substantially smaller than in 2011 or 2015. Irregular migrants and asylum seekers who arrive at Lampedusa typically leave Libya in boats facil...
Chapter
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Well-established innovation systems and knowledge-based societies are becoming significant drivers for developing countries socioeconomic development. In this context, innovation systems and policies have also become increasingly important tools for development cooperation between the Global South and the Global North. The objective of this study i...
Book
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This research is about the experiences of asylum seekers traveling from their home countries to their destination countries in the European Union. We have presented preliminary findings from a survey conducted with over 500 asylum seekers at the Moria, Kara Tepe, and PIKPA (Lesvos Solidarity) asylum seeker reception sites on the island of Lesvos, G...
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This article analyzes in-depth the development trajectory of the innovation systems (IS) in the case of Namibia. The research data consists of documents, interviews and studies related to IS development in Namibia from the 1990s until early 2016. The case study highlights the spatiotemporal challenges of creating an IS in a developing country with...
Article
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This article studies processes, policies and practices for geography and history education in Estonia. The analysis covers the societal transformation period in an ethnically divided society from the 1980s to the early 2000s characterized by Estonia’s disintegration from the Soviet Union towards the integration to the European Union and NATO. Geogr...
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Living Labs (LL) are platforms to increase innovation through the interaction of various actors. LLs are based on an open innovation process, community involvement, co-creation of products, and services or societal innovations together with users. Bottom-up approaches, such as LLs, are needed to support innovation processes in local communities. De...
Chapter
Economic geography has been for a long one of the main disciplines through which to study the innovation dynamics. During the past decades especially fruitful have been the approaches leaning on clusters and networks. Later, the scholars have identified that successful platform for innovations rise from combining local buzz and global pipelines. Ho...
Article
África subsahariana tiene algunas de las áreas de crecimiento económico más rápido en el mundo. Durante los últimos años, el desarrollo económico ha sido ayudado por el crecimiento de la población urbana – que también es uno de los más rápidos mundial¬mente. Podemos añadir todavía el hecho de que en muchas partes la mayoría de la gente tiene ya tel...
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This article studies how illegally dumped matter becomes collectively identified waste associated with broader environmental, social, economic and political issues. Spaces of visualization, embodiment and circulation play a key role in these processes. Besides theoretical discussion on the emergence of waste, this article focuses on the collective...
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This article discusses opportunities and challenges of the Baltic Sea region (BSR) through the innovation systems approach. The BSR – the areas of countries adjacent to the Baltic Sea – with over 100 million inhabitants has a potential size in the global economy. Since the early 1990’s, there have been collaboration visions and strategies throughou...
Article
This article presents a novel spatio-temporal framework for studying knowledge creation. To achieve this, we analyzed the recent literature on space, time and knowledge and conducted an empirical study. The intensive case was about four international distinguished university research groups in Finland in the fields of technology and science. Object...
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Spatial patterns and territorial–administrative structures in Eastern Europe are a mix of historical−territorial path-dependencies influenced by the current path-creating policies. Since the early 2000s, the European Union (EU) policies, practices and challenges have concerned also Eastern Europe. This article discusses spatial patterns and territo...