Junyi Ge

Junyi Ge
Chinese Academy of Sciences | CAS · Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology

Ph.D

About

109
Publications
30,214
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2,268
Citations
Citations since 2017
35 Research Items
1649 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
Full-text available
As the northernmost locality yielding one of the most representative Early Pleistocene Gigantopithecus–Sinomastodon faunas in southern China, the Longgupo site has preserved valuable geological archives that have significantly improved our understanding of Pleistocene biostratigraphy and biogeography. A convincing chronological framework of this lo...
Article
The fossil record of jaguar lineage (or jaguar-like animal), i.e., Panthera gombaszogensis and Panthera onca, is one of the best and complete among the mammals, making it one of the best-known living species with knowledge of origin, dispersal, and morphological evolution. However, a large gap is present in eastern Asia, which is the gateway for ja...
Article
As the northernmost locality yielding one of the most representative Early Pleistocene Gigantopithe-cus-Sinomastodon faunas in southern China, the Longgupo site has preserved valuable geological archives that have significantly improved our understanding of Pleistocene biostratigraphy and biogeography. A convincing chronological framework of this l...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we present initial results of a new course of research being carried out at the Moiltyn-am, Orkhon-1, and Orkhon-7 Paleolithic sites in the Orkhon River Valley, central Mongolia. Our research focuses on the Moiltyn-am site, which preserves a cultural and chronological sequence from the Final Middle to the Late Upper Paleolithic. Results from...
Article
Full-text available
As one of the most complete archaic human fossils, the Harbin cranium provides critical evidence for studying the diversification of the Homo genus and the origin of Homo sapiens. However, the unsystematic recovery of this cranium and a long and confused history since the discovery impede its accurate dating. Here, we carried out a series of geoche...
Article
The aeolian loess-paleosol sequences in the Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP) are an excellent archive of variations in atmospheric circulation in the geological past. However, there is no consensus regarding the roles of the East Asian winter monsoon and westerly winds in transporting the dust responsible for loess deposition during glacial and intersta...
Article
The Dayao Paleolithic site, located in Inner Mongolia on the eastern margin of China's vast northwestern drylands, was a lithic quarry-workshop utilized by Pleistocene human migrants through the region. Determining the age of this activity has previously yielded controversial results. Our magnetostratigraphic and OSL dating results suggest the two...
Preprint
Full-text available
Early Palaeolithic wooden implements are exceptionally rare. The best known are the spears and throwing sticks from Schöningen, Germany dated to ca. 300–330 thousand years (kyr) ago 1,2 and the 171-kyr old digging sticks from Poggetti Vecchi, Italy ³ . Here, we report a unique assemblage of 35 wooden implements from the site of Gantangqing, southwe...
Article
The rarity and poor preservation of hominin fossils from the East Asian Early Pleistocene hamper our understanding of their taxonomy and possible phylogenetic relationship with other members of the genus Homo. In the 1970s, four isolated hominin teeth were recovered from the Meipu site, southern China, which biostratigraphic analysis placed in the...
Article
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A multidisciplinary fieldwork and research project was recently begun at the Yangshang site (220-140 ka), a late Early Paleolithic locale in the western Chinese Loess Plateau. 1696 lithic artifacts and 337 faunal remains were recovered during the excavation. Sedimentological and paleoenvironmental investigations indicate the site preserves a relati...
Article
Recently, rich fossiliferous deposits dated to the late Cenozoic have been discovered from Jinyuan Cave at Luotuo Hill, an extremely large-sized cave site situated within in the Dalian Puwan Economic Zone of Dalian Municipality, Liaoning Province in Northeast China. Abundant and diverse vertebrate fossils unearthed from different fossiliferous laye...
Article
Pollen evidence from a 25.3-m-long section (~2.2–0.41 Ma) in the Jinyuan Cave, Liaodong Peninsula, indicates that from the Early–Middle Pleistocene, the climate showed a trend of gradual cooling and drying, with obvious fluctuations. The vegetation was represented by temperate broad-leaved forest from ca. 2.2 to 1.87 Ma, suggesting a relatively war...
Article
Chronological sequences of Quaternary terrestrial mammalian faunas can provide important information about the evolutionary history of mammals, regional biostratigraphy and paleoenvironmental changes. Here we report the results of studies of a thick, nearly-continuous sedimentary sequence from Jinyuan Cave, in Liaoning Province, northeast China; th...
Article
Full-text available
The Tibetan Plateau exerts a major influence on Asian climate, but its long-term environmental history remains largely unknown. We present a detailed record of vegetation and climate changes over the past 1.74 million years in a lake sediment core from the Zoige Basin, eastern Tibetan Plateau. Results show three intervals with different orbital- an...
Article
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Wheat and barley evolved from large-seeded annual grasses in the arid, low latitudes of Asia; their spread into higher elevations and northern latitudes involved corresponding evolutionary adaptations in these plants, including traits for frost tolerance and shifts in photoperiod sensitivity. The adaptation of farming populations to these northern...
Article
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A large number of hominin fossil-bearing caves in South China have yielded evidence for the occupation of early modern humans during the Middle to Late Pleistocene. However, the geology of these caves and the paleoenvironmental context of human occupation remain poorly documented and understood. In this study, we obtained new ages yielded by MC-ICP...
Article
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An evaluation of the history of anthropogenic mercury (Hg) emissions is needed to quantify total atmospheric Hg emissions since the Industrial Revolution. Thus more long-term records of Hg accumulation rate from natural archives are needed. In the present study, a sediment core from Tianchi Lake, a crater lake in northeastern China, was used to rec...
Article
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The ferrimagnetic properties of soils are used to quantitatively reconstruct paleomonsoon precipitation from Chinese loess. Numerous magneto‐climofunctions have been established based on the magnetic proxies that are selectively sensitive to neoformation of fine‐grained superparamagnetic (SP) or single‐domain (SD) ferrimagnetic particles. Accumulat...
Article
Lacustrine sediments from the Northeast Plain of China are an ideal archive for recording the climatic history and variability of the East Asian monsoon during the Quaternary in mid-latitude East Asia. However, the lack of a high-resolution stratigraphy and high-precision geochronology of these sediments has limited our understanding of the mechani...
Article
The Tibetan Plateau is the highest and one of the most demanding environments ever inhabited by humans. We investigated the timing and mechanisms of its initial colonization at the Nwya Devu site, located nearly 4600 meters above sea level. This site, dating from 40,000 to 30,000 years ago, is the highest Paleolithic archaeological site yet identif...
Article
Full-text available
As a significant component of the global climate system, the East Asian monsoon (EAM) is crucial in understanding general climate change. The response of sensitivity and extent of the EAM to orbital-timescale climate change remains controversial. The composition of oxygen isotopes of authigenic (pedogenic) carbonate in loess deposits from the North...
Article
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Intermontane basins in the southern piedmont of the Qinling Mountains are important sources of information on hominin occupation and settlement, and provide an excellent opportunity to study early human evolution and behavioral adaptation. Here, we present the results of a detailed magnetostratigraphic investigation of the sedimentary sequence of h...
Article
In recent years, increasing interest in loess studies has focused on qualitative and quantitative paleoclimatic reconstruction using the imperfect antiferromagnetic mineral hematite. However, the linkage between the hematite formation and climatic variables remains controversial. Here we present the results of a comprehensive investigation of the m...
Article
The dispersal of Neanderthals and their genetic and cultural interactions with anatomically modern humans and other hominin populations in Eurasia are critical issues in human evolution research. Neither Neanderthal fossils nor typical Mousterian assemblages have been reported in East Asia to date. Here we report on artifact assemblages comparable...
Article
The current study aims to characterise dental scratches found on an East Asian hominin upper left central incisor (I1) and lower left lateral incisor (I2) from the Early Pleistocene (Meipu site, Yunxian County), and infer the preference for handedness of these two individuals by quantifying the orientation of dental scratches. The labial surfaces o...
Conference Paper
IODP Expedition 354 drilled seven sites along an east west oriented core transect of 320 km length at 8°N in the lower Bengal Fan (France-Lanord et al., 2015). The sites were recovered to reconstruct the Himalayan uplift, the monsoonal development, and the turbiditic depositional mechanisms. Here, we concentrate on the hemipelagic sequences that r...
Article
The East Asian summer monsoon affects precipitation and hence vegetation in the densely populated Northwest Pacific region, yet a long-standing controversy exists concerning the spatial and temporal dynamics of the Holocene Optimum (HO) in the East Asian Monsoon Region. Here we use a detailed 14,000-year record reconstructing vegetation variations...
Technical Report
Full-text available
International Ocean Discovery Program Expedition 354 to 8°N in the Bay of Bengal drilled a seven-site, 320 km long transect across the Bengal Fan. Three deep-penetration and an additional four shallow holes give a spatial overview of the primarily turbiditic deposi-tional system that comprises the Bengal deep-sea fan. Sediments originate from Himal...
Article
Our understanding of the chronological sequence of Pleistocene land mammal faunas (including hominids) preserved in caves and fissures in the karstic terrain of subtropical southern China has been greatly impeded by the discontinuous nature of the strata yielding the fossils. A contributory issue is the lack of suitable elements for numerical datin...
Article
Maludong is a Terminal Pleistocene fossil-bearing cave located on the northern edge of the Southeast Asian tropical zone, southeastern Yunnan Province. Hominins from the cave include remains with affinities to archaic hominins and others with an apparent mixture of archaic and modern traits all deriving from deposits dating from the Bølling-Allerød...
Article
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The Bohai Basin was transformed to an inner shelf sea hundreds of thousands years ago. This youngest land-sea transition participated in the significant modification of the distribution of fresh water, sediment fluxes and climate in East Asia, and played an important role in the origin of the Asian marginal seas. Here we present the results of a ma...
Article
Full-text available
The origin of the Old World brevirostrine gomphotheriid taxon Sinomastodon has been debated intensively. The discovery of the oldest known Sinomastodon cranium, reported herein, supports its endemic origin and contradicts the prevalent theory of its North America origin. The new cranium was discovered from the Shuitangba locality, southwestern Chin...
Article
Full-text available
Key message Compared with annual tree-ring cellulose δ 18 O, intra-annual cellulose δ 18 O has potential to reconstruct precipitation with higher resolution and stronger signal intensity. Abstract Annual tree-ring cellulose oxygen isotope values (δ18O) of Fokienia hodginsii provide a promising proxy of monsoon-season precipitation in Southeast Chin...
Article
In this study, we investigated the interannual and intraannual variabilities in the oxygen isotope composition (δ18O) preserved in the tree ring cellulose of Pinus taiwanensis in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River, southeast China, to explore its potential utility for precipitation reconstruction over the period of 1855-2013. Intraannual variat...
Article
Full-text available
The Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) current plays a crucial role in storing and transporting heat, water, and nutrients around the world. However, it is impossible to monitor AABW in the Plio-Pleistocene by direct measurement. Hence, abyssal erosion was usually chosen as an effective indictor of the presence of the AABW in the Indian and Eastern Paci...
Conference Paper
IODP Expedition 354 set out in February to March 2015 to drill seven sites along an east west oriented core transect of 320 km length at 8°N in the Bengal Fan (France-Lanord et al., 2015). Seven sites were recovered to reconstruct the Himalayan uplift since the Oligocene and to decipher the trubiditic depositional mechanisms on the lower Bengal Fan...
Conference Paper
IODP Expedition 354 drilled a ~320 km long transect of seven sites on the Lower Bengal Fan at 8o N in the Northern Indian Ocean. The sediments cores recovered record a complex relationship between turbiditic and hemipelagic environments. This variability offers a unique opportunity to link our understanding of tectonic and terrestrial processes wit...
Article
The Quaternary loess-soil sequence in North China is of significant value for tracing variations in atmospheric circulation. In this study, we measured the anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS) of the Caotan (CT) loess-soil sequence from the northeastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau (TP) and analyzed the surface textural features of quartz g...