Junya Fujimoto

Junya Fujimoto
University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center | MD Anderson · Department of Translational Molecular Pathology

M.D., Ph.D.

About

300
Publications
47,970
Reads
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21,013
Citations
Introduction
Current Research interest is the detection of tumor origin by using single-cell sequencing.
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - present
Kameda Medical Center
Position
  • Visiting Pathologist
May 2019 - present
West Japan Oncology Group
Position
  • Consultant
August 2016 - present
Nagasaki University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
April 1996 - May 2000
Hiroshima University
Field of study
  • Pathology
April 1992 - March 1996
Hiroshima University
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (300)
Article
Full-text available
Background Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, partially owing to its extensive heterogeneity. The analysis of intertumor heterogeneity has been limited by an inability to concurrently obtain tissue from synchronous metastases unaltered by multiple prior lines of therapy. Methods In order to study the relationship between genomic, ep...
Article
Tumor-infiltrating B and plasma cells (TIBs) are prevalent in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), however they are poorly characterized. We performed paired single-cell RNA and B cell receptor (BCR) sequencing of 16 early-stage LUADs and 47 matching multi-region normal tissues. By integrative analysis of ~50,000 TIBs, we define 12 TIB subsets in the LUAD a...
Article
Objectives Pathologists have routinely observed distinct histologic patterns of growth in early-stage lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD), which have been suggested to be associated with prognosis. Herein, we investigated the relationship between LUAD patterns of growth, as defined by the updated international association for the study of lung cancer (IASLC...
Article
PURPOSE Advances in biological measurement technologies are enabling large-scale studies of patient cohorts across multiple omics platforms. Holistic analysis of these data can generate actionable insights for translational research and necessitate new approaches for data integration and mining. METHODS We present a novel approach for integrating...
Article
Patient-derived xenografts (PDXs) recapitulate intratumoral spatial heterogeneity and simulate a tumor microenvironment in which human immune and stromal cells in the PDX are replaced over passages by murine cells partially lacking immune function. Histological imaging enables exploring the spatial heterogeneity and dynamics of cancer, stromal, and...
Article
Effects of waterpipe smoking on lung pathobiology and carcinogenesis remain sparse despite the worldwide emergence of this tobacco vector as a socially acceptable form of smoking, particularly among the youth. To address this gap, we investigated the effects of chronic waterpipe smoke (WPS) exposure on lung pathobiology, host immunity, and tumorige...
Article
Lung adenocarcinomas (LUAD) represent the most common lung cancer subtype and frequently harbor somatic mutations in the KRAS oncogene (KM-LUADs). While enhanced screening has improved early diagnosis of KM-LUAD, patient prognosis remains moderate to poor. Decoding the earliest events driving KM-LUADs can inform of ideal targets for its interceptio...
Article
Background: Our understanding of the immunopathology of early-stage NSCLC is still limited. While neoadjuvant immunotherapeutic strategies have recently shown anti-tumor effects in resectable NSCLC, their mechanisms remain inadequately understood. Here, we explore immune programs that inform of tumor immunity and response to neoadjuvant chemotherap...
Article
Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths in lifetime smokers. Relative to recent advances in immunotherapy of advanced-stage LUAD, there are very limited strategies for early immune-based treatment or interception of the malignancy in its primitive stages. This is largely due to a poor understanding of the roles and...
Article
Background: High-grade lung neuroendocrine tumors are a heterogeneous group of cancers with aggressive common features and a lack of effective therapeutic options. Recently, efforts have been made to identify new targets and drugs to improve clinical outcomes in these patients. Because of its high expression in neuroendocrine tumors compared to nor...
Article
Lung adenocarcinomas (LUADs) constitute the most frequently diagnosed lung cancer subtype and are typified by poor clinical outcome and inferior response to therapy. Strategies to treat LUAD at its earliest stages heavily rely on improved understanding of its pathogenesis. Accumulating evidence shows that progression of cancers, including LUADs, is...
Article
Decoding the complex molecular and cellular processes during lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) development is needed to devise early intervention strategies. To comprehensively capture LUAD neoplastic heterogeneity and cellular plasticity, we performed single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq) of 257,481 enriched epithelial cells (EPCAM+ sorting) from 16 ear...
Article
Lung adenocarcinomas (LUADs) represent the most common lung cancer subtype and frequently harbor somatic mutations in the KRAS oncogene (KM-LUADs). While enhanced screening has improved early diagnosis of KM-LUAD, patient prognosis remains moderate to poor. Decoding the earliest events driving KM-LUADs can inform of ideal targets for its intercepti...
Preprint
Understanding cellular processes underlying early lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) development is needed to devise intervention strategies ¹ . Here, we studied 246,102 single epithelial cells from 16 early-stage LUADs and 47 matched normal lung samples. Epithelial cells comprised diverse normal alveolar and airway lineages as well as cancer cell populati...
Article
Effects of waterpipe smoking on lung pathobiology and carcinogenesis remain sparse despite the worldwide emergence of this tobacco vector. To address this gap, we investigated the effects of chronic waterpipe smoke (WPS) exposure on lung pathobiology, host immunity, and tumorigenesis using an experimental animal model that is prone to tobacco carci...
Article
Purpose: Our understanding of the immunopathology of resectable NSCLC is still limited. Here, we explore immune programs that inform of tumor immunity and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy and chemoimmunotherapy in localized NSCLC. Experimental design: Targeted immune gene sequencing using the HTG Precision Immuno-Oncology panel was performed...
Article
Introduction: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive malignancy with no established biomarkers. Schlafen 11(SLFN11), a DNA/RNA helicase that sensitises cancer cells to DNA-damaging agents, has emerged as a promising predictive biomarker for several drug classes including platinum and PARP inhibitors. Detection of SLFN11 in circulating tumo...
Preprint
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in the United States. Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most common subtype and the most epidemiologically and genetically heterogeneous. Pathologists have routinely observed phenotypic heterogeneity among LUAD primary tumors as reflected by distinct patterns of tumor growth. However, des...
Article
Full-text available
Background Adoptive cell transfer (ACT) of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) yielded clinical benefit in patients with checkpoint blockade immunotherapy-refractory non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) prompting a renewed interest in TIL-ACT. This preclinical study explores the feasibility of producing a NSCLC TIL product with sufficient numbers an...
Article
Full-text available
Histology plays an essential role in therapeutic decision-making for lung cancer patients. However, the molecular determinants of lung cancer histology are largely unknown. We conduct whole-exome sequencing and microarray profiling on 19 micro-dissected tumor regions of different histologic subtypes from 9 patients with lung cancers of mixed histol...
Conference Paper
Background: The ImmunogenomiC prOfiling of Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) Project (ICON) represents an ambitious undertaking to comprehensively characterize immuno-genomic diversity in NSCLC across diverse platforms. The depth and breadth of this cohort presented a unique opportunity to develop a specialized method for multi-platform data integ...
Article
Full-text available
Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is speculated to harbor complex genomic intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) associated with high recurrence rate and suboptimal response to immunotherapy. Here, using multi-region whole exome/T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing as well as immunohistochemistry, we reveal a rather homogeneous mutational landscape but extremely c...
Conference Paper
Background While immune checkpoint blockade is regarded as standard of care for treatment of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), up to 50% of patients with metastatic NSCLC do not achieve an optimal response. 1–3 Previous work by our group and others in adoptive cell therapy (ACT) of metastatic melanoma (MM) has shown that infusion of a CD8+-rich T...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, partially owing to its extensive heterogeneity. The analysis of intertumor heterogeneity has been limited by an inability to concurrently obtain tissue from synchronous metastases unaltered by multiple prior lines of therapy. Methods: In order to study the relationship between genomic, e...
Article
Abstract Background About 20% of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is negative for the lineage-specific oncogene Thyroid transcription factor 1 (TTF-1) and exhibits worse clinical outcome with a low frequency of actionable genomic alterations. To identify molecular features associated with TTF-1–negative LUAD, we compared the transcriptomic and proteomic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death, partially owing to its extensive heterogeneity. The analysis of intertumor heterogeneity has been limited by an inability to concurrently obtain tissue from synchronous metastases unaltered by multiple prior lines of therapy. Methods In order to study the relationship between genomic, ep...
Conference Paper
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is classified as a high-grade neuroendocrine (NE) tumor, but a subset of SCLC has been termed “variant” due to the loss of NE characteristics. In this study, we computed NE scores for patient-derived SCLC cell lines and xenografts, as well as human tumors. We aligned NE properties with transcription factor-defined mole...
Conference Paper
p>Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive form of neuroendocrine carcinoma, notable for early metastases and rapid relapse despite initial response to frontline platinum-based chemotherapy. To date, there are no validated predictive biomarkers in SCLC, hence all patients are treated the same way. Preclinical studies identified SLFN11, a puta...
Conference Paper
Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most commonly diagnosed histological subtype of lung cancer. While earlier work has underscored genomic and immune alterations in LUAD, the roles of individual cell populations in early-stage human LUAD evolution in space remain unknown. Here, we provide a detailed cellular atlas of early-stage LUAD and its spatial...
Conference Paper
p>Introduction: Differences in the host immune environment are thought to mediate heterogeneous treatment responses in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Unlike individual platform analyses, integrative analysis of multi-platform profiling allows for the discovery of novel interactions that expand our understanding of the disease. Utilizing the Im...
Conference Paper
Background Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is an aggressive neuroendocrine malignancy with dismal survival outcomes and no established predictive biomarkers. The landmark randomized, phase III IMpower133 trial established the new frontline standard of care for extensive-stage SCLC (ES-SCLC) as etoposide/platinum (EP) plus immune checkpoint blockade (...
Conference Paper
The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is the causative agent of the COVID-19 pandemic. Severely symptomatic COVID-19 is associated with lung inflammation, pneumonia, and respiratory failure, thereby raising concerns of elevated risk of COVID-19-asociated mortality among lung cancer patients. Angiotensin converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the major receptor f...
Article
DNA-damaging agents exploit increased genomic instability, a hallmark of cancer. Recently, inhibitors targeting the DNA damage response (DDR) pathways, such as PARP inhibitors, have also shown promising therapeutic potential. However, not all tumors respond well to these treatments, suggesting additional determinants of response are required. Schla...
Article
106 Background: PathR is an efficacy endpoint in Phase II and III neoadjuvant trials and is proposed as a surrogate for disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival. Machine learning (ML)–based, automated approaches standardize quantification of areas of tumor bed and residual viable tumor. Here we show that automation may provide a scalable al...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanism by which anti-cancer immunity shapes early carcinogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) is unknown. In this study, we characterize the immune contexture of invasive lung ADC and its precursors by transcriptomic immune profiling, T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing and multiplex immunofluorescence (mIF). Our results demonstrate that anti-t...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known of the geospatial architecture of individual cell populations in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) evolution. Here, we perform single-cell RNA sequencing of 186,916 cells from five early-stage LUADs and 14 multiregion normal lung tissues of defined spatial proximities from the tumors. We show that cellular lineages, states, and transcripto...
Article
Purpose: This study investigated the efficacy and safety of oral PARP inhibitor veliparib, plus carboplatin and etoposide in patients with treatment-naïve extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (ED-SCLC). Experimental design: Patients were randomized 1:1:1 to veliparib (240 mg twice daily [BID] for 14 days) plus chemotherapy followed by velipari...
Article
Full-text available
The novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 is the causative agent of the COVID-19 pandemic. Severely symptomatic COVID-19 is associated with lung inflammation, pneumonia, and respiratory failure, thereby raising concerns of elevated risk of COVID-19-associated mortality among lung cancer patients. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) is the major receptor...
Article
Full-text available
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is classified as a high-grade neuroendocrine (NE) tumor, but a subset of SCLC has been termed “variant” due to the loss of NE characteristics. In this study, we computed NE scores for patient-derived SCLC cell lines and xenografts, as well as human tumors. We aligned NE properties with transcription factor-defined mole...
Article
Full-text available
Ipilimumab improves clinical outcomes when combined with nivolumab in metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but its efficacy and impact on the immune microenvironment in operable NSCLC remain unclear. We report the results of the phase 2 randomized NEOSTAR trial (NCT03158129) of neoadjuvant nivolumab or nivolumab + ipilimumab followed by s...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution of DNA methylome and methylation intra-tumor heterogeneity (ITH) during early carcinogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma has not been systematically studied. We perform reduced representation bisulfite sequencing of invasive lung adenocarcinoma and its precursors, atypical adenomatous hyperplasia, adenocarcinoma in situ and minimally invas...
Article
Despite molecular and clinical heterogeneity, small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is treated as a single entity with predictably poor results. Using tumor expression data and non-negative matrix factorization, we identify four SCLC subtypes defined largely by differential expression of transcription factors ASCL1, NEUROD1, and POU2F3 or low expression of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is speculated to harbor complex genomic intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) associated with high recurrence rate and suboptimal response to immunotherapy. Here, using multi-region whole exome/T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing as well as immunohistochemistry (IHC), we revealed a rather homogeneous mutational landscape but ext...
Preprint
Full-text available
Histology plays an essential role in therapeutic decision-making for lung cancer patients. However, the molecular determinants of lung cancer histology are largely unknown. We conducted whole-exome sequencing(WES) and microarray profiling on 19 micro-dissected tumor regions of different histologic subtypes from 9 patients with lung cancers of mixed...
Article
Fifty-three cases of sarcomatoid pleural mesothelioma were evaluated for CDKN2A (p16) homozygous deletion and correlated with BRCA-associated protein-1 (BAP1) expression by immunohistochemistry. The patients are 45 men and 8 women between the ages of 37 and 79 years (average age: 58 years), who presented with symptoms of chest pain, cough, and weig...
Article
Full-text available
Background Metastasis is the primary cause of cancer mortality accounting for 90% of cancer deaths. Our understanding of the molecular mechanisms driving metastasis is rudimentary. Results We perform whole exome sequencing (WES), RNA sequencing, methylation microarray, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) on 8 pairs of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The combination of programmed cell death protein-1 or programmed death-ligand 1 immune checkpoint blockade and chemotherapy has revolutionized the treatment of advanced NSCLC, but the mechanisms underlying this synergy remain incompletely understood. In this study, we explored the relationships between neoadjuvant chemotherapy and the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Little is known of the geospatial architecture of individual cell populations in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) evolution. Here, we perform single-cell RNA sequencing of 186,916 cells from five early-stage LUADs and fourteen multi-region normal lung tissues of defined spatial proximities from the tumors. We show that cellular lineages, states, and tran...
Conference Paper
Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most frequently diagnosed histological subtype of lung cancer and accounts for most smoking-related cancer deaths, warranting strategies for early intervention. Earlier work revealed genome-wide aberrations in LUADs and the adjacent premalignant field, known as “field carcinogenesis”, that are pertinent to LUAD pat...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Tertiary lymphoid structures (TLS) are ectopic lymphoid structures organized in a nodular pattern secondary to chronic inflammation. The presence of TLS has been associated with efficacious response to immune checkpoint blockade in a wide array of tumor types, including Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma (NSCLC). At early stages of NSCLC,...
Conference Paper
Relative to other tumors in smokers, KRAS-mutant lung adenocarcinomas (LUADs) display dismal prognosis warranting the need for early management of this disease. Limiting these advances is our gap in knowledge of events that drive KRAS-mutant LUAD oncogenesis. Host defense systems, such as those elicited by the gut microbiome, were recently shown to...
Conference Paper
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC), the most aggressive form of lung cancer, is notable for early dissemination and impressive, yet transient, responses to frontline chemotherapy that are rapidly undone by refractory relapses. To gain a better understanding of resistance mechanisms, we generated circulating tumor cell-derived xenograft (CDX) models from...
Article
Purpose: Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is considered an orphan disease with few treatment options. Despite multimodality therapy, the majority of MPM recur and eventually become refractory to any systemic treatment. One potential mechanism underlying therapeutic resistance may be intratumor heterogeneity (ITH), making MPM challenging to era...
Article
Full-text available
Enhanced tumor glycolytic activity is a mechanism by which tumors induce an immunosuppressive environment to resist adoptive T cell therapy; therefore, methods of assessing intratumoral glycolytic activity are of considerable clinical interest. In this study, we characterized the relationships among tumor 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) retention, tum...
Article
Background: Lung adenocarcinomas (ADCs) show heterogeneous morphological patterns that are classified into five subgroups: lepidic predominant, papillary predominant, acinar predominant, micropapillary predominant and solid predominant. The morphological classification of ADCs has been reported to be associated with patient prognosis and adjuvant...
Article
Rationale: Early pathogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) remains largely unknown. We found that, relative to wild-type littermates, the innate immunomodulator lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) was increased in normal airways from mice with knockout of the airway lineage gene Gprc5a (Gprc5a-/-), and that are prone to developing inflammation and LUAD. Yet, the r...
Preprint
Full-text available
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is classified as a high-grade neuroendocrine (NE) tumor, but a subset of SCLC has been termed "variant" due to the loss of NE characteristics. In this study, we computed NE scores for patient-derived SCLC cell lines and xenografts, as well as human tumors. We aligned NE properties with transcription factor-defined mole...
Article
Objectives Women with recurrent high-grade neuroendocrine cervical cancer have few effective treatment options. The aim of this study was to identify potential therapeutic targets for women with this disease. Methods Specimens from patients with high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas of the cervix were identified from pathology files at MD Anderson...
Preprint
Full-text available
Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is classified as a high-grade neuroendocrine (NE) tumor, but a subset of SCLC has been termed “variant” due to the loss of NE characteristics. In this study, we computed NE scores for patient-derived SCLC cell lines and xenografts, as well as human tumors. We aligned NE properties with transcription factor-defined mole...
Preprint
How anti-cancer immunity shapes early carcinogenesis of lung adenocarcinoma (ADC) is unknown. We characterized immune contexture of invasive lung ADC and its precursors by transcriptomic immune profiling, T cell receptor (TCR) sequencing and multiplex immunofluorescence. Our results demonstrated that anti-tumor immunity evolved as a continuum from...
Preprint
Full-text available
The evolution of DNA methylation at genome level and methylation intra-tumor heterogeneity (ITH) during early lung carcinogenesis has not been systematically studied. We performed multiregional reduced representation bisulfite sequencing (RRBS) of 62 resected lung nodules from 39 patients including atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH, n=14), aden...
Preprint
Full-text available
Small-cell lung cancer (SCLC) is speculated to harbor complex genomic intratumor heterogeneity (ITH) associated with high recurrence rate and suboptimal response to immunotherapy. Here, we revealed a rather homogeneous mutational landscape but extremely suppressed and heterogeneous T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire in SCLCs. Higher mutational burden...
Article
Full-text available
In order to improve treatment selection for high grade neuroendocrine carcinomas of the cervix (NECC), we performed a comparative genomic analysis between this rare tumor type and other cervical cancer types, as well as extra-cervical neuroendocrine small cell carcinomas of the lung and bladder. We performed whole exome sequencing on fresh-frozen t...
Article
(233/250) Background Mutations in the serine-threonine kinase LKB1/STK11 have been implicated in mediating resistance to checkpoint blockade among patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma. We sought to examine the associations between clinicopathologic characteristics, tumor LKB1 expression, features of the immune microenvironment, and postopera...