Junji Fujimoto

Junji Fujimoto
Saitama University · Department of Electrical Engineering, Electronics, and Applied Physics

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30
Publications
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98
Citations
Introduction

Publications

Publications (30)
Preprint
The spin Hall effect of a Dirac Hamiltonian system is studied using semiclassical analyses and the Kubo formula. We find the spin Hall conductivity is dependent on the definition of spin current. All components of the spin Hall conductivity vanish when spin current is defined as the flow of spin angular momentum. In contrast, the off-diagonal compo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Spin currents proportional to the first- and second-order of the electric field are calculated in a specific tight-binding model with time-reversal symmetry. Specifically, a tight-binding model with time-reversal symmetry is constructed with chiral hopping and spin-orbit coupling. The spin conductivity of the model is calculated using the Boltzmann...
Article
Full-text available
We theoretically propose a mechanism of thermoelectric power generation via transverse thermo-spin conversions. We consider a material with strong spin–orbit coupling (the target material) and apply a temperature gradient to the target material, where the temperature gradient induces a transverse spin current. By attaching ferromagnets to the targe...
Article
Full-text available
Motivated by the recent experiment done by Yu et al. [X. Z. Yu, et. al., Sci. Adv., 6, 25, eaaz9744 (2020)] on magnetic skyrmion creation and annihilation by electric currents in FeGe devices with a notch structure, we examine the interaction between the electric current vorticity near the notch and localized spins, and obtain three effects of the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Green materials for electron spin manipulation are essential for common spintronic applications. Recent studies have documented the efficient generation of spin torque using spin-orbit interactions (SOIs); however, SOI use relies on the employment of rare metals such as platinum. Here, we demonstrate that a nanometre-thick gradient from silicon to...
Preprint
We study the Seebeck effect in the three-dimensional Dirac electron system based on the linear response theory with Luttinger's gravitational potential. The Seebeck coefficient $S$ is defined by $S = L_{12} / L_{11} T$, where $T$ is the temperature, and $L_{11}$ and $L_{12}$ are the longitudinal response coefficients of the charge current to the el...
Article
The Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, i.e., antisymmetric exchange interaction, combined with a Zeeman magnetic field gives rise to various magnetic states such as chiral, helical, and skyrmionic states. This interaction conventionally originates from spin-orbit coupling and thus needs somewhat heavy elements. In contrast, we here show a Dzyaloshi...
Article
Using response theory, we calculate the charge current vortex generated by spin pumping at a point-like contact in a system with Rashba spin–orbit coupling (SOC). We discuss the spatial profile of the current density for finite temperature and for the zero-temperature limit. The main observation is that the Rashba spin precession leads to a charge...
Article
Employing unbiased large-scale time-dependent density-matrix renormalization-group simulations, we demonstrate the generation of a charge-current vortex via spin injection in the Rashba system. The spin current is polarized perpendicular to the system plane and injected from an attached antiferromagnetic spin chain. We discuss the conversion betwee...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using response theory, we calculate the charge-current vortex generated by spin pumping at a point-like contact in a system with Rashba spin-orbit coupling. We discuss the spatial profile of the current density for finite temperature and for the zero-temperature limit. The main observation is that the Rashba spin precession leads to a charge curren...
Article
Full-text available
Electron transport in magnetic orders and the magnetic order dynamics have a mutual dependence, which provides the key mechanisms in spin-dependent phenomena. Recently, antiferromagnetic orders have been focused on as the magnetic order, where current-induced spin-transfer torques, a typical effect of electron transport on the magnetic order, have...
Preprint
Full-text available
Employing unbiased large-scale time-dependent density-matrix renormalization-group simulations, we demonstrate the generation of a charge-current vortex via spin injection in the Rashba system. The spin current is polarized perpendicular to the system plane and injected from an attached antiferromagnetic spin chain. We discuss the conversion betwee...
Preprint
Electron transport in magnetic orders and the magnetic orders dynamics have a mutual dependence, which provides the key mechanisms in spin-dependent phenomena. Recently, antiferromagnetic orders are focused on as the magnetic order, where current-induced spin-transfer torques, a typical effect of electron transport on the magnetic order, have been...
Article
The interaction between spin and nanomechanical degrees of freedom attracts interest from the viewpoint of basic science and device applications. We study the magnon current induced by the torsional oscillation of ferromagnetic nanomechanical cantilever. We find that a finite Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction emerges by the torsional oscillati...
Preprint
The interaction between spin and nanomechanical degrees of freedom attracts interest from the viewpoint of basic science and device applications. We study the magnon current induced by the torsional oscillation of ferromagnetic nanomechanical cantilever. We find that a finite Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interaction emerges by the torsional oscillati...
Article
We study valley-dependent spin transport theoretically in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides in which a variety of spin and valley physics are expected because of spin-valley coupling. The results show that the spins are valley-selectively excited with appropriate carrier doping and valley polarized spin current (VPSC) is generated. The VPS...
Preprint
We study valley-dependent spin transport theoretically in monolayer transition-metal dichalcogenides in which a variety of spin and valley physics are expected because of spin-valley coupling. The results show that the spins are valley-selectively excited with appropriate carrier doping and valley polarized spin current (VPSC) is generated. The VPS...
Article
We investigate an interfacial spin-transfer torque and β-term torque with alternating current (AC) parallel to a magnetic interface. We find that both torques are resonantly enhanced as the AC frequency approaches the exchange splitting energy. We show that this resonance allows us to estimate directly the interfacial exchange interaction strength...
Preprint
We investigate an interfacial spin-transfer torque and $\beta$-term torque with alternating current (AC) parallel to a magnetic interface. We find that both torques are resonantly enhanced as the AC frequency approaches to the exchange splitting energy. We show that this resonance allows us to estimate directly the interfacial exchange interaction...
Preprint
We theoretically investigate a manipulation method of nonequilibrium spin accumulation in the paramagnetic normal metal of a spin pumping system, by using the spin precession motion combined with the spin diffusion transport. We demonstrate based on the Bloch-Torrey equation that the direction of the nonequilibrium spin accumulation is changed by a...
Article
Full-text available
We show theoretically that conversion between spin and charge by spin-orbit interaction in metals occurs even in a nonlocal setup where magnetization and spin-orbit interaction are spatially separated if electron diffusion is taken into account. Calculation is carried out for the Rashba spin-orbit interaction treating the coupling with a ferromagne...
Preprint
We show theoretically that conversion between spin and charge by spin-orbit interaction in metals occurs even in a non-local setup where magnetization and spin-orbit interaction are spatially separated if electron diffusion is taken into account. Calculation is carried out for the Rashba spin-orbit interaction treating the coupling with a ferromagn...
Article
As a strongly spin-orbit coupled metallic model with ferromagnetism, we have considered an extended Stoner model to the relativistic regime, named Dirac ferromagnet in three dimensions. In the previous paper~[Phys. Rev. B 90, 214418 (2014)], we studied the transport properties giving rise to the anisotropic magnetoresistance~(AMR) and the anomalous...
Article
Full-text available
Torque can be provided to magnetization in nanomagnets directly by electric current and/or voltage. This technique enables electric current (voltage)-to-spin conversion without electromagnetic induction, and has been intensively studied for memory device applications. Among the various kinds of torque, torque induced by spin-orbit splitting has rec...
Article
Full-text available
We investigate the spin Hall effect (SHE) of electrons described by the Dirac equation, which is used as an effective model near the $L$-points in bismuth. By considering short-range nonmagnetic impurities, we calculate the extrinsic as well as intrinsic contributions on an equal footing. The vertex corrections are taken into account within the lad...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a model ferromagnet based on the Dirac Hamiltonian in three spatial dimensions, and study its transport properties which include anisotropic magnetoresistance (AMR) and anomalous Hall (AH) effect. This relativistic extension allows two kinds of ferromagnetic order parameters, denoted by $\bm{M}$ and $\bm{S}$, which are distinguished by t...
Article
Dirac electrons in two-dimensional continuum space subject to δ-function impurities, which have inherent ultraviolet divergence, fail to be gauge-invariant if regularized by the standard momentum (Brillouin-zone) cutoff. A regularization scheme which respects gauge invariance is proposed here based on the cutoff in the impurity-potential range. The...
Article
We study an effect of interaction in the Hubbard model with the so-called Dirac dispersion on the concept of the Landau Fermi liquid. Using perturbation theory up to the second order, we calculate the interaction function f σ σ' (χ), the interaction amplitude between the quasi-particles of the state (kF, σ) and (k'F , σ') (χ being an angle between...

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