Julio Martinez-Burnes

Julio Martinez-Burnes
Autonomous University of Tamaulipas | UAT · Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science

Doctor of Philosophy

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134
Publications
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1,253
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Publications

Publications (134)
Book
Full-text available
https://www.mdpi.com/journal/animals/special_issues/animal_perinatology Dear colleagues, The health and behavior of females during the birthing process, together with the survival of the newborn of domestic or wild animals, are important topics in this special issue. Experimental and review articles in the mothers, will be of enormous interest...
Article
Full-text available
Thermoregulation in newborn mammals is an essential species-specific mechanism of the nervous system that contributes to their survival during the first hours and days of their life. When exposed to cold weather, which is a risk factor associated with mortality in neonates, pathways such as the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal axis (HPA) are activate...
Article
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Infrared thermography (IRT) has been proposed as a method for clinical research to detect local inflammatory processes, wounds, neoplasms, pain, and neuropathies. However, evidence of the effectiveness of the thermal windows used in dogs and cats is discrepant. This review aims to analyze and discuss the usefulness of IRT in diverse body regions in...
Article
El objetivo del trabajo fue describir un caso de ataxia enzoótica en un Cervus elaphus (ciervo rojo) cautivo asociado a deficiencia de cobre, en el estado de Colima, México. En julio y octubre del 2018 dos hembras de ciervo rojo de 3 y 7 años manifestaron incoordinación con debilidad de los miembros posteriores y se estableció un diagnóstico anatom...
Article
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This review presents and analyzes recent scientific findings on the structure, physiology, and neurotransmission mechanisms of transient receptor potential (TRP) and their function in the thermoregulation of mammals. The aim is to better understand the functionality of these receptors and their role in maintaining the temperature of animals, or tho...
Article
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The invA gene of Brucella melitensis codes for a NUDIX (nucleoside diphosphate linked to moiety X) hydrolase related to invasiveness. The objective of this work was to evaluate invA transcription under acidic conditions. The invA gene transcription was up regulated at pH 3 and pH 5 observed with semiquantitative real-time PCR in B. melitensis 133 s...
Book
Full-text available
Dear Colleagues, https://www.mdpi.com/journal/animals/special_issues/animal_perinatology The health and behavior of females during the birthing process in both altricial and precocial species, together with the survival of the newborn of domestic animals and those that live freely in the wild or captivity, are important topics in this Special Iss...
Book
Full-text available
Dear colleagues, The health and behavior of females during the birthing process, together with the survival of the newborn of domestic or wild animals, are important topics in this special issue. Experimental and review articles in the mothers, will be of enormous interest due to the importance of the mother's health in the perinatal stage, which s...
Article
Full-text available
Evaluating laboratory animals’ health and thermostability are fundamental components of all experimental designs. Alterations in either one of these parameters have been shown to trigger physiological changes that can compromise the welfare of the species and the replicability and robustness of the results obtained. Due to the nature and complexity...
Article
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The objective of this review is to describe and analyze the effect of feathers, hair, and glabrous (hairless) skin on the thermoregulation of domestic and endotherm animals, especially concerning the uses and scope of infrared thermography (IRT), scientific findings on heat and cold stress, and differences among species of domestic animals. Clinica...
Article
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Animals’ facial expressions are involuntary responses that serve to communicate the emotions that individuals feel. Due to their close co-existence with humans, broad attention has been given to identifying these expressions in certain species, especially dogs. This review aims to analyze and discuss the advances in identifying the facial expressio...
Article
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https://www.mdpi.com/2076-2615/11/10/2960 Parturition is a complex physiological process and involves many hormonal, morphological, physiological, and behavioural changes. Labour is a crucial moment for numerous species and is usually the most painful experience in females. Contrary to the extensive research in humans, there are limited pain studi...
Article
Full-text available
During bullfights, bulls undergo physiometabolic responses such as glycolysis, anaerobic reactions, cellular oedema, splenic contraction, and hypovolemic shock. The objective of this review article is to present the current knowledge on the factors that cause stress in fighting bulls during bullfights, including their dying process, by discussing t...
Article
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This study aims to determine the effect of the weight of bitches on liveborn and stillbirth puppies from eutocic births, and physiological blood alterations during the first minute postpartum. A total of 52 female dogs were evaluated and distributed in four categories: C1 (4.0–8.0 kg, n = 19), C2 (8.1–16.0 kg, n = 16), C3 (16.1–32.0 kg, n = 11), an...
Article
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Abstract: Body-temperature elevations are multifactorial in origin and classified as hyperthermia as a rise in temperature due to alterations in the thermoregulation mechanism; the body loses the ability to control or regulate body temperature. In contrast, fever is a controlled state, since the body adjusts its stable temperature range to increase...
Article
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Infrared thermography is a clinically useful method for detecting physiopathological alterations in animals through microvascular changes. It has been adapted for applications with large species, as a support tool in evaluating animal welfare, and can also contribute to productive and reproductive evaluations. This review discusses the thermal wind...
Preprint
Full-text available
The invA gene of Brucella melitensis codes for a NUDIX (nucleoside diphosphate linked to moiety X) hydrolase related to invasiveness. The objective of this work was to evaluate invA transcription under acidic conditions. The invA gene transcription was up regulated at pH 3 and pH 5 observed with semiquantitative real-time PCR in B. melitensis 133 s...
Article
Full-text available
This review analyzes the main anatomical structures and neural pathways that allow the generation of autonomous and behavioral mechanisms that regulate body heat in mammals. The study of the hypothalamic neuromodulation of thermoregulation offers broad areas of opportunity with practical applications that are currently being strengthened by the ava...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this review is to analyze the cardiorespiratory and tissue-protective effects of caffeine in animal models. Peer-reviewed literature published between 1975 and 2021 was retrieved from CAB Abstracts, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus. Extracted data were analyzed to address the mechanism of action of caffeine on cardiorespiratory p...
Article
Full-text available
Adaptation to extrauterine life brings about various changes, which initially are reflected in physiological alterations in the newborn puppy. Also, the newborn puppy's thermoregulating capacity is deficient, and many of the physiological processes for survival depend on this capacity. Severe modifications in body temperature can lead to hypothermi...
Article
Full-text available
Placentophagia is a common mammalian behavior, and the first scientific study of the potential effects of human maternal placentophagia on lactation was in 1917. More recently, in the 1970s, human placentophagia was reported in North America with a trend toward increased consumption. There are different hypotheses about the women and nonhuman mamma...
Article
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ABSTRACT Purpose: The reproductive problems at parturition in buffaloes are highly important. The literature describes a high incidence of dystocia in buffalo herds as a cause of significant mortality in neonates. Therefore, understanding the physiology, behavior, and signals of calving in buffalo dams during eutocic and dystocic births will allow...
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Abstract In this article, we discuss and analyze the results of scientific studies concerning the use of appropriate, inappropriate, and painful slaughtering methods concerning the river buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and the negative consequences of poor desensitization and/or slaughtering procedures that cause animals pain and suffering. This is impor...
Article
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Labour challenges the newborn to adapt to extrauterine life and survive the troublesome neonatal period. Low vitality is a recurrent problem in veterinary perinatology, and several factors can directly or indirectly culminate in neonatal death. One prime determinant of low vitality in animals is foetal hypoxia resulting from prolonged labour or dys...
Article
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Loading, transport, unloading, lairage and stunning are the principle ante-mortem events that generate negative responses associated with stress in pigs. For this reason, it is important to verify the condition of animals throughout the supply chain in order to ensure their welfare and obtain, at the end of the slaughtering process, high-quality ca...
Article
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The science of animal welfare has evolved over the years, and recent scientific advances have enhanced our comprehension of the neurological, physiological, and ethological mechanisms of diverse animal species. Currently, the study of the affective states (emotions) of nonhuman animals is attracting great scientific interest focused primarily on ne...
Article
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Mammalian parental care, in most of the cases, is given by the female, who provides food, warmth, and protection. In domestic dogs, maternal behaviour shown by the dam mainly consists of contact, nursing, grooming/licking, play, punishment, thermoregulation, and motion. Peer-reviewed literature published between 1952 and 2018 was retrieved from CAB...
Article
One of the main functions of infrared thermography (IRT) consists in detecting temperature changes in organisms caused by variations in surface blood circulation. IRT is a useful tool that has been used mainly as a diagnostic method for various stress-causing pathologies, though recent suggestions indicate that it can be used to assess the block qu...
Article
Tail docking has been practiced on dogs for many years for various reasons, including aesthetics, breeding standards and hygiene, to facilitate reproductive handling in some dog breeds, breeders' decisions and tradition, or to prevent lesions during play or work, to name a few. Little research, however, has been done to demonstrate whether this pra...
Article
Full-text available
Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is a common obstetric and paediatric problem and is one of the most common causes of neonatal respiratory distress. The pathophysiology of MAS is complex. The underlying mechanism of MAS is fetal hypoxia which causes redistribution of fetal blood, increased intestinal peristalsis and relaxation of the anal sphinct...
Article
Full-text available
Animals’ facial expressions are widely used as a readout for emotion. Scientific interest in the facial expressions of laboratory animals has centered primarily on negative experiences, such as pain, experienced as a result of scientific research procedures. Recent attempts to standardize evaluation of facial expressions associated with pain in lab...
Article
Full-text available
Background: non-tuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infect humans and animals and have a critical confounding effect on the diagnosis of bovine tuberculosis. The Official Mexican Standard (Norma Oficial Mexicana, NOM-ZOO-031-1995) for food safety regulates Mycobacterium bovis in cattle, but not the NTM species. The study’s objective was to isolate and i...
Article
Full-text available
The facial expressions of animals constitute a means of manifesting emotions, fulfilling functions related to social interactions in several species. Interest has come to use facial expressions as a tool for predicting intentions; in the case of aggression, for example, impeding attacks between individuals prevents negative economic and emotional i...
Preprint
Full-text available
Animals’ facial expressions have been widely used as a readout for emotion. Scientific interest in the facial expressions of laboratory animals has centered primarily on negative experiences, such as pain, experienced as a result of scientific research procedures. Recent attempts to standardize evaluation of facial expressions associated with pain...
Article
Full-text available
This review aims to analyze and contrast the neurological effects associated with the use of caffeine on neurobehavior and neuroprotection in animal models. Caffeine belongs to the group of methylxanthines that exert a direct effect on adenosine receptors associated with inhibitory or excitatory G proteins, generating modification of cyclic AMP act...
Article
Full-text available
The present review aims to analyze the effect of extremely hot climates on the neurophysiological responses of thermal control and behavior in the river buffalo. Understanding thermal neuromodulation and its effects on the buffalo’s behavior is of central importance, for this will allow us to make better decisions in terms of improving the level of...
Article
Mortality in piglets during the perinatal period, especially the first days after birth, is frequently caused by noninfectious conditions, such as hypoglucemia or low birth weight, which can be associated with hypothermia experienced at birth. The thermal stability of newborn piglets is a fundamental aspect of neonatal care, so maintaining a consta...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of this review is to analyze the cardiorespiratory and tissue-protective effects of caffeine in animal models. Peer-reviewed literature published between 1975 and 2021 was retrieved from CAB Abstracts, PubMed, ISI Web of Knowledge, and Scopus. Extracted data were analyzed to address the mechanism of action of caffeine on cardior...
Article
The changes associated with condemned lungs in cattle with chronic pleural lesions of the caudal lobes were characterized by histology and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Fibroproliferative pleural lesions were microscopically confirmed. Occasionally, the pleural lesions also included adipose, chondroid, and osseous metaplasia that were covered by meso...