Julio C. de Rose

Julio C. de Rose
Universidade Federal de São Carlos | UFSCar · Department of Psychology

About

222
Publications
81,538
Reads
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3,748
Citations
Citations since 2016
95 Research Items
1902 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
Introduction
Professor of Psychology at Universidade Federal de São Carlos, Brazil. Research Director of the Brazilian National Institute for Science and Technology on Behavior, Cognition, and Teaching (INCT/ECCE), a network of researchers from several Brazilian institutions. Leader of the research group on Culture, Language, and Symbolic Behavior (Portuguese acronym: CLICS).
Additional affiliations
March 1976 - present
Universidade Federal de São Carlos
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
July 1979 - December 1981
University of São Paulo
Field of study
  • Experimental Psychology
March 1970 - December 1972
University of Brasília
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (222)
Article
Relational frame theory (RFT) has historically been considered the basic explanatory science behind acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). However, some have argued that there has been an increasing separation between the two in recent years. The primary aim of the current article is to explore the extent to which RFT concepts, particularly those...
Article
RESUMO No Brasil, um grande contingente de estudantes apresenta desempenho em leitura em níveis considerados elementares. O presente trabalho teve como objetivo ava-liar a efetividade de um módulo informatizado para o ensino de compreensão de textos com alunos da 5ª série de escolas públicas, duas da região sudeste (SP) e duas da região centro-oest...
Article
The stimulus equivalence paradigm is a behavioral model to study meaning. This study extends work that has used the equivalence paradigm to study the meaning of instructions. Our goal was to teach two sets of conditional discriminations to preschoolers, one including verbs and the other including nouns, and evaluate the formation of equivalence cla...
Article
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Resumo: Com base no conceito de extensão metafórica que foi apresentado em uma inter-pretação refinada do comportamento verbal feita por Skinner (1957/1978), o principal obje-tivo deste artigo é desenvolver um modelo experimental para estudar extensão metafórica do tato. Um segundo objetivo é verificar, utilizando o modelo, se a punição de um tato...
Article
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The argentine poet Jorge Luis Borges may have come closer than anyone else to envisioning a radical behavioristic aesthetics. What he said about poetry can be generalized to other art forms: that poetry happens when someone reads a poem. Art, therefore, is the behavioral episode in which someone responds to the stimuli arranged by the artist. Becau...
Article
This study aimed to investigate how behavior analysis can contribute to the understanding of some variables and processes involved in the acquisition and maintenance of racial aggressors' behaviors, as well as the victims' reactions. We describe how the concepts of rule-governed behavior and motivating operations may be involved in institutional ra...
Preprint
This study aimed to investigate how behavior analysis can contribute to the understanding of some variables and processes involved in the acq uisition and maintenance of racial aggressors' behaviors, as well as the victims' reactions. We describe how the concepts of rule governed behavior and motivating operations may be involved in institutional r...
Article
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Correlating eating-related words (CS) with positively valenced words (US+) may augment eating-associated motivational responses (e.g., preingestive salivation) with minimal CS knowledge. We tested this claim using a subliminal conditioning procedure, where CS and US were presented under subliminal and supraliminal visual conditions. Three groups of...
Article
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Gender stereotypes affect both women and men since childhood. While men may be more often associated with Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) careers, women tend to be associated with nurturing and caring careers. The present research used an explicit scale and an IRAP to investigate how gender-career relational patterns could vary fo...
Chapter
Under the leadership of Steven Hayes, Contextual Behavioral Science (CBS) became a vigorous field. Relational Frame Theory (RFT), Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), and CBS in general brought huge advances to our understanding of human behavior. This commentary discusses to what extent CBS, as a “distinct wing of behavioral science,” continue...
Article
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The current study investigated the dynamics of arbitrarily applicable relational responding involving emotional pictographs (emojis) used in electronic messages by means of the Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP). College students (N = 41) were trained to establish two classes of equivalent stimuli, each comprising a happy or an angry e...
Chapter
Este capítulo descreve um módulo de ensino de leitura com compreensão de pequenas histórias infantis e ilustra a sua aplicação com resultados de seis alunos do Ensino Fundamental. O módulo é parte do programa de ensino complementar para alfabetização que gerou o Programa Aprendendo a Ler e a Escrever em Pequenos Passos - ALEPP. O Módulo 3, de inter...
Article
In the current research, we aimed at extending Silveira et al. (2016) results by verifying whether the long-term maintenance of the equivalence classes is influenced by stimulus valence and MTS training procedures. The delayed and simultaneous MTS were used to train two groups of participants in series of conditional relation trials involving pictu...
Article
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We examined equivalence-based N400 effects by comparing EEG data from participants with different experiences with equivalence testing. Before a priming task used in EEG measurement, Group 1 was given only matching-to-sample training trials whereas Group 2 was exposed to matching-to-sample training and equivalence probe trials. We asked whether exp...
Article
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Rule‐governed behavior and derived stimulus relations have always shared strong conceptual links within behavior analysis. However, experimental analysis linking the two domains remains limited. The current study consisted of three experiments that aimed to continue to bridge this experimental gap. The first experiment sought to establish the exten...
Preprint
Full-text available
This brief communication reports preliminary findings of a study conducted to investigate the relationship between probability discounting and people’s adherence to preventive behaviors recommended during the COVID-19 pandemic. A sample of 112 adults living in Brazil completed an online survey composed of a Probability Discounting Questionnaire (PD...
Chapter
Este capítulo apresenta a tradução do artigo publicado no periódico The International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, que relata dados empíricos sobre a primeira avaliação experimental da introdução de emparelhamento entre sílabas ditadas e sílabas impressas no Módulo 1 do programa de ensino Aprendendo a Ler e a Escrever em Pequeno...
Article
Currently there is no clear demonstration of equivalence class formation in elderly participants with Neurocognitive Disorder (NCD). We attempted to establish equivalence classes with an Alzheimer patient, starting with relations still maintained in her repertoire, so that she could learn by exclusion. After baseline training she acquired arbitrary...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to verify the role of three parameters on the formation of equivalence classes between Black faces and a positive symbol, in children who demonstrated negative bias toward Black faces in a pretest. Maintenance was also verified six weeks after equivalence tests. Forty-six children (11 Black; 27 girls) who demonstrated racial bias i...
Article
Matching-to-sample (MTS) is a widely used instrumental procedure for teaching reading and writing skills to beginning readers, particularly across stimulus equivalence research. Recent works suggests that stimulus-stimulus (S-S) pairing procedures incorporating orienting responses (SOresp) may also establish equivalence classes effectively. Briefly...
Article
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This manuscript describes a procedure to investigate metaphorical extension of tacts, and reports preliminary data. Six college students learned to choose between four pseudo-words to tact four species (classes) of creature-like pictures. The defining properties controlling the tacts (selections) were color and shape, but two of the species, Clai,...
Article
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The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) has been successfully used to analyze the strength of symbolic relations. Taking advantage of this, Bortoloti, de Almeida, de Almeida, and de Rose (Frontiers in Psychology, 10(954), 2019) reported a higher relational strength in equivalence classes containing happy faces than in those containing n...
Book
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Latin America has increased its share of world scientific publications by nearly twofold during the last two decades (approximately from 2 to 4%). Despite this positive trend, the scholarly impact of scientific research produced in the region - measured in terms of citation rate - remains low. Two interrelated factors that contribute to this situat...
Article
Studies suggest that fear-related responses might be acquired through the facial expressions of other individuals. The present study aimed to investigate the derived transfer of aversive functions in equivalence classes comprised of facial expressions of fear and happiness. A delayed matching-to-sample task established two equivalence classes betwe...
Article
We evaluated the effects of tact and listener instruction on the emergence of bidirectional intraverbal relations with 6 typically developing Brazilian children, using an adapted alternating treatment design with pre-test and post-test probes. In listener training, participants selected pictures that corresponded to spoken foreign-language words. I...
Chapter
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O sinal servia para assinalar um ponto, mas ao mesmo tempo assinalava que ali havia um sinal, algo ainda mais importante porquanto pontos havia muitos enquanto sinal só havia aquele, e ao mesmo tempo o sinal era meu sinal, o sinal de mim, porque era o único sinal que eu já havia feito e eu o único desde sempre a fazer sinais. Era como um nome, o no...
Article
In exploring the extent to which the Implicit Relational Assessment procedure (IRAP) may function as a measure of the derived transformation of functions, it is important to determine if it is also sensitive to particular moderating variables. This was the purpose of the current study, which focused on manipulating three different motivating condit...
Research
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Extended Abstract: The movie Rashomon is based in two short stories by Ryunosuke Akutagawa, especially "In a Grove" (1922). Three man seek refuge beneath Rashomon, the ruined gate of the medieval city of Kyoto, during a torrential downpour. They remember the testimonies in a recent trial, when three persons provided contradictory accounts of the d...
Article
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Results of previous studies that modeled the influence of transfer of functions over preference for brands showed that adults and children choose more frequently a container labeled with symbols equivalent to stimuli with positive valence when containers had the same food or drink in them. The present study was conducted to verify whether such pref...
Article
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The use of verbal reports serves as an important tool for obtaining information in different contexts, such as clinical, forensic, and research. Therefore, it is important to investigate variables that interfere with the accuracy of reports, particularly when individuals report about their own behavior (self-reports). The present study investigated...
Article
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The stimulus equivalence paradigm presented operational criteria to identify symbolic functions in observable behaviors. When humans match dissimilar stimuli (e.g., words to pictures), equivalence relations between those stimuli are likely to be demonstrated through behavioral tests derived from the logical properties of reflexivity, symmetry, and...
Chapter
Este capítulo analisa as principais contribuições científicas de Murray Sidman, começando pela sua concepção de pesquisa expressa no livro Tactics of Scientific Research e, em seguida, tratando das investigações e formulações teóricas de Sidman sobre esquiva, controle de estímulos e equivalência de estímulos. *** This chapter (written in Portugues...
Article
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The N400 is defined as an event-related brain potential that is sensitive to the semantic relations between stimuli. For instance, when a pair of words belong to same semantic domain (e.g., monkey-banana) the N400 will be significantly reduced in comparison to the N400 evoked by unrelated words (e.g., monkey-carburetor). Notably, the N400 responses...
Article
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A meaningless symbol that repeatedly co-occurs with emotionally salient faces (US) can transform into a valenced symbol (CS). US-to-CS valence transformations have been observed for CS that have been directly (US>CS0) and indirectly (US>CS0>CS1>CS2) linked with face US. The structure of a US>CS0>CS1>CS2 series may be conceptualized in terms of ‘nod...
Article
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The present study aimed to verify the functional relation between accurate self-reports and differential consequences by means of a reversal design. Four children with a history of learning acquisition difficulties performed, individually, computer activities which consisted, initially, in reading a word presented on the screen, and later, in selec...
Article
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Stimulus equivalence has been adopted as a behavioral explanation for false memories. The present study aimed to test false memories using lists compound of equivalent stimuli. 10 undergraduate students learned three 4-member (Classes 1, 2, 3) and three 12-member equivalence classes (Classes 4, 5, 6). A week later these participants performed a rec...
Article
Studies on equivalence relations have suggested that abstract symbols might acquire emotional functions when related to facial expressions. The present study aimed to investigate the transformation of emotional functions from facial expressions of fear and of happiness to abstract stimuli via equivalence relations. A delayed matching-to-sample task...
Article
Full-text available
No Experimento 1, seis participantes foram treinados em um procedimento MTS de identidade (IDMTS) para estabelecer relações estímulo-estímulo A1A1, A2A2, A3A3; B1B1, B2B2, B3B3; e C1C1, C2C2, C3C3. Respostas corretas resultavam na apresentação de consequências específicas, Sr1, Sr2 e Sr3. Uma resposta de consumação às consequências específicas foi...
Article
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Dementia comprises incurable neurodegenerative disorders that mainly affect cognitive function and language. At present, pharmacological and neuropsychological rehabilitation are the interventions that are most often recommended. This paper aimed to evaluate how behavior analysis is helping in the development of nonpharmacological interventions. A...
Article
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A recent report by Amd and colleagues (2017) demonstrated that orienting towards successively presented stimulus-stimulus pairs yielded significantly more transitive relations then when those same pairs were differentially reinforced following training for three, 3-member stimulus sets. We build on that work in four important ways. First, transitiv...
Article
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This study investigated to what extent equivalence between cartoon character and brand can influence food choice. Twelve preschool children were trained to respond a cartoon character, a geometric shape, and an abstract symbol as being of the same equivalence class. One class had a liked character and the other a disliked character. Three preferenc...
Article
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Com base nas considerações do livro Verbal Behavior (Skinner, 1957), este trabalho faz uma análise funcional do humor verbal em quatro paródias decorrentes do poema "Canção do Exílio" de Gonçalves Dias (1846). A análise funcional se deu pela identificação dos prováveis estímulos antecedentes aos operantes utilizados nos textos e das consequências q...
Article
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O presente estudo teve como objetivo investigar a transformação de significado de palavras sem sentido via relações de comparação estabelecidas com faces alegres. Adultos foram expostos a um treino em que duas figuras abstratas tinham função de dicas contextuais de comparação, controlando diferencialmente a escolha de diferentes quantidades de obje...
Poster
Full-text available
Six participants were given to identity Matching-to-Sample that established the A1A1, A2A2, A3A3, B1B1, B2B2, B3B3, C1C1, C2C2 and C3C3 discriminations. Correct responses resulted in presentations of class-specific consequences, Sr1, Sr2 and Sr3. The consummatory response to the class-specific consequences was required to collect points across the...
Article
According to Relational Frame Theory (RFT) Crel denotes a contextual stimulus that controls a particular type of relational response (sameness, opposition, comparative, temporal, hierarchical etc.) in a given situation. Previous studies suggest that contextual functions may be indirectly acquired via transfer of function. The present study investig...
Article
The emergence of transitive relations between stimuli that had never appeared together is a key process underlying concept formation. An unresolved theoretical issue in relation to transitive relations has been to determine whether differential reinforcement of stimulus-stimulus (S-S) relations (Saunders & Green, 1999), or contiguous S-S correlatio...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to establish equivalence classes between musical chords, the corresponding chord grids, and the labels for each chord type (major, minor and 7th). Seven adults participated in a computerized matching-to-sample procedure. During training sessions, participants learned relations between chords of the same root note and either...
Article
Seven participants received conditional discrimination training that established the 12 conditional relations A1B1, A2B2, A3B3, A1C1, A2C2, A3C3, D1E1, D2E2, D3E3, D1F1, D2F2 and D3F3. The A stimuli were pictures of faces portraying emotional expressions; the others were arbitrary forms. Correct responses resulted in presentations of class-specific...
Article
The Behavior Analysis proposes an operant perspective of the mnemonic phenomena. According to this view, remembering is a behavior that occurs in the interaction of man with his environment and therefore can be described and studied in terms of stimulus control relations. It is noted, however, that people may remember things different of the lived...
Article
Full-text available
The Behavior Analysis proposes an operant perspective of the mnemonic phenomena. According to this view, remembering is a behavior that occurs in the interaction of man with his environment and therefore can be described and studied in terms of stimulus control relations. It is noted, however, that people may remember things different of the lived...
Method
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Esta tabela representa a sequência dos blocos de treino e testes apresentados aos participantes do Experimento 1.
Method
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Esta tabela apresenta a sequência de blocos de treino, teste e evidencia as relações entre estímulos antecedentes e consequências específicas que foram revertidas.
Presentation
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Transformation of emotional functions have been considered, by some researchers, difficult to be observed in abstract stimuli with no topographical characteristic that facilitate this procedure (e.g. it was observed for head silhouettes but not for meaningless words or pictures). The present experiment employed a complex multiple exemplar training...
Poster
Full-text available
Research regarding the use of common-pool resources can be hampered by the lack of control over several intervening variables. For example, to simulate the conflict between immediate gains and delayed adverse effects characteristic of commons dilemmas, most studies resort to the use of monetary reinforcement, which implies motivational issues that...
Article
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Esta pesquisa investigou em que medida a equivalência entre personagens e marcas pode influenciar a escolha por alimentos. Também se buscou verificar a estabilidade da formação de classes e transferência de função. 11 crianças pré-escolares foram submetidas a um procedimento de emparelhamento com o modelo para a formação de duas classes de equivalê...
Article
Full-text available
It has been pointed out that, despite the apparent power of behavior analysis as a tool to address several social problems, behavior analysts have not pursued these areas as diligently as possible. The present work sought to contribute to a behavioral analysis of racial prejudice, by relating experimental work dealing with these phenomena with theo...
Article
Full-text available
The Behavior Analysis proposes an operant perspective of the mnemonic phenomena. According to this view, remembering is a behavior that occurs in the interaction of man with his environment and therefore can be described and studied in terms of stimulus control relations. It is noted, however, that people may remember things different of the lived...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO A tecnologia comportamental utilizada para estabelecer a relação entre comportamento verbal e não-verbal tem sido denominada treino de correspondência. O presente estudo avaliou os efeitos de três diferentes tipos de treino de correspondência na manutenção de relatos correspondentes de crianças ao longo do tempo. Fazer consistiu em ler em vo...
Article
Full-text available
The behavioral technology used to establish the relationship between what someone says about what they did has been termed correspondence training. Previous research (Cortez et al., 2013; Domeniconi et al., 2014) has not identified the specific training parameters responsible for the establishment of high levels of do-say correspondence. Moreover,...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO No Experimento 1, seis participantes foram treinados em um procedimento MTS de identidade (IDMTS) para estabelecer relações estímulo-estímulo A1A1, A2A2, A3A3; B1B1, B2B2, B3B3; e C1C1, C2C2, C3C3. Respostas corretas resultavam na apresentação de consequências específicas, Sr1, Sr2 e Sr3. Uma resposta de consumação às consequências específic...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo: Estudos anteriores confirmaram a emergência de relações de equivalência a partir das discriminações condicionais treinadas no procedimento matching-to-sample (MTS). Também se verificou a emergência de classes de equivalência após o estabelecimento de discriminações condicionais entre as unidades de estímulos compostos apresentados em treino...
Article
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O estudo da inteligência iniciou-se no século XIX com a investigação da origem das diferenças individuais. Desde então, variados testes, teorias e modelos de inteligência foram criados. Durante várias décadas a utilidade do conceito “inteligência” foi questionada por analistas do comportamento, uma vez que eles buscam identificar as variáveis ambie...
Poster
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Political relation between Spain and Catalan state is delicate. Catalan politicians opted for demanding a referendum on the possible secession of Catalonia from Spain. The Spanish government deems any demands regarding such possibility illegal and does not allow any vote on that to be held. Earlier experiments investigated the effect that cultural...
Poster
Full-text available
Experimental research repeatedly has reported that once some relations among stimuli are established, other untrained relations, are derived. Researches about this topic make possible experimental explanations of different new emergent behaviours. In this experiment, 10 undergraduate students were trained aiming to stablish comparison (more than an...
Article
Delayed matching-to-sample (DMTS) training is generally found more effective than simultaneous matching-to-sample (SMTS) training in yielding equivalence class formation. In this study, we examined whether the same differential effects might result from use of these procedures to train reversals of conditional discriminations already providing the...
Article
Full-text available
Considerando a abordagem analítico-comportamental, atitudes podem ser consideradas respostas avaliativas emitidas de acordo com uma história prévia de aprendizagem. O paradigma de equivalência de estímulos, utilizando procedimentos que simulam o comportamento simbólico no laboratório, tem possibilitado entender a formação de atitudes como uma rede...
Article
Several studies used the stimulus equivalence paradigm to investigate attitudes toward socially relevant stimuli. In one of these studies, de Carvalho and de Rose (2014) used matching-to-sample (MTS) training to establish equivalence relations between a positive symbol and faces of individuals of African descent (toward which children showed negati...
Article
Full-text available
Cultura é comportamento adquirido pelos seres humanos enquanto membros de grupos sociais. Por esta razão, a análise do comportamento tem um papel fundamental para a compreensão dos fenôme- nos culturais e da grande diversidade de padrões culturais. Este artigo trata principalmente dos meios pelos quais as culturas produzem a conformidade a seus pad...