Julien Riel-Salvatore

Julien Riel-Salvatore
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Department of Anthropology

PhD

About

87
Publications
48,466
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,277
Citations
Citations since 2016
51 Research Items
1735 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - present
Université de Montréal
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2009 - July 2014
University of Colorado
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
July 2007 - July 2009
McGill University
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Full-text available
Personal ornaments are widely viewed as indicators of social identity and personhood. Ornaments are ubiquitous from the Late Pleistocene to the Holocene, but they are most often found as isolated objects within archaeological assemblages without direct evidence on how they were displayed. This article presents a detailed record of the ornaments fou...
Article
Constrained by the Maritime Alps and a steep coastal shelf, Liguria served as a biogeographic corridor linking mainland Western Europe to peninsular Italy throughout the Late Pleistocene. It may also have served as a biogeographic refugium for Neanderthals, since sites in the region have yielded some of the latest Mousterian dates in Western Europe...
Article
We present 3D electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) imaging of the archaeological deposits at Arma Veirana cave (northern Italy), to date only partially explored. The archaeological importance of the cave is due to the presence of a rich Mousterian layer, traces of Late Upper Palaeolithic (Epigravettian) temporary occupations and an Early Mesolit...
Article
Full-text available
The evolution and development of human mortuary behaviors is of enormous cultural significance. Here we report a richly-decorated young infant burial (AVH-1) from Arma Veirana (Liguria, northwestern Italy) that is directly dated to 10,211–9910 cal BP (95.4% probability), placing it within the early Holocene and therefore attributable to the early M...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropogenic activity is changing Earth's climate and ecosystems in ways that are potentially dangerous and disruptive to humans. Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere continue to rise, ensuring that these changes will be felt for centuries beyond 2100, the current benchmark for projection. Estimating the effects of past, current, and po...
Article
Full-text available
The Aceramic Neolithic site of Ganj Dareh (Kermanshah, Iran) is arguably one of the most significant sites for enhancing our understanding of goat domestication and the onset of sedentism. Despite its central importance, it has proven difficult to obtain contextually reliable data from it and integrate the site in regional syntheses because it was...
Article
The Arene Candide Cave is a renowned site on the northwestern Italian coast that has yielded numerous burials dating back to the terminal phases of the Pleistocene (Epigravettian culture). Thanks to the exceptional preservation of the remains, and to the information collected during the excavations that begun in the 1940s, researchers were able to...
Article
Full-text available
Anthropogenic climate change is currently driving environmental transformation on a scale and at a pace that exceeds historical records. This represents an undeniably serious challenge to existing social, political, and economic systems. Humans have successfully faced similar challenges in the past, however. The archaeological record and Earth arch...
Preprint
(English below) Cette étude présente une biographie de Mme Thérèse Belleau, première professeure d’archéologie à l’Université de Montréal engagée en 1958, débutant par un survol de qu’on sait sur la vie et la formation académique de Mme Belleau. S’en suit une discussion de sa formation en Europe (thèse à l’École d’Anthropologie de Paris, études pos...
Article
Faunal remains from archaeological sites allow for the identification of animal species that enables the better understanding of the relationships between humans and animals, not only from their morphological information, but also from the ancient biomolecules (lipids, proteins, and DNA) preserved in these remains for thousands and even millions of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Anthropogenic activity is changing Earth’s climate and ecosystems in ways that are potentially dangerous and disruptive to humans . Greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere continue to rise, ensuring these changes will be felt for centuries beyond 2100, the current benchmark for prediction emissions to only 2100 is therefore shortsighted. Cr...
Article
Human adaptation to climatic variations is being discussed at different scales and from diverse perspectives and specializations in Paleolithic archaeology. We suggest examining human mobility on the local scale through the faunal record to better understand human-environmental interactions during the early dispersal of anatomically modern humans a...
Article
Full-text available
Le recours aux techniques de l'imagerie 3D est devenu presque incontournable en bioarchéologie et archéologie depuis ces dernières années grâce à la réduction des coûts de l'équipement et l'optimisa tion des techniques et technologies devenues de plus en plus abordables et accessibles. Pourtant cette pratique reste encore très marginale au Québec,...
Preprint
The arrival of Modern Humans (MHs) in Europe between 50 ka and 36 ka coincides with significant changes in human behaviour, regarding the production of tools, the exploitation of resources and the systematic use of ornaments and colouring substances. The emergence of the so-called modern behaviours is usually associated with MHs, although in these...
Preprint
Defining the processes involved in the technical/cultural shifts from the Late Middle to the Early Upper Palaeolithic in Europe (~50-39 thousand years BP) is one of the most important tasks facing prehistoric studies. In this debate Italy plays a pivotal role, due to its geographical position between eastern and western Mediterranean Europe as well...
Preprint
Evidence of human activities during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition is well represented from rock_shelters, caves and open_air sites across Italy. Over the past decade, both the revision of taphonomic processes affecting archaeological faunal assemblages and new zooarchaeological studies have allowed archaeologists to better understand...
Article
Defining the processes involved in the technical/cultural shifts from the Late Middle to the Early Upper Palaeolithic in Europe (~50-39 thousand years BP) is one of the most important tasks facing prehistoric studies. Apart from the technological diversity generally recognised as belonging to the latter part of the Middle Palaeolithic, some assembl...
Article
The arrival of Modern Humans (MHs) in Europe between 50 ka and 39 ka coincides with significant changes in human behaviour, notably regarding the production of tools, the exploitation of resources and the systematic use of ornaments and colouring substances. The emergence of the so-called modern behaviour is usually associated with MHs, although cl...
Article
Evidence of human activities during the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition is well represented from rock-shelters, caves and open-air sites across Italy. Over the past decade, both the revision of taphonomic processes affecting archaeological faunal assemblages and new zooarchaeological studies have allowed archaeologists to better understand...
Article
Chemical characterization of cryptotephra is critical for temporally linking archaeological sites. Here, we describe cryptotephra investigations of two Middle–Upper Paleolithic sites from north‐west Italy, Arma Veirana and Riparo Bombrini. Cryptotephra are present as small (<100 µm) rhyolitic glass shards at both sites, with geochemical signatures...
Conference Paper
Homo sapiens is a widely distributed species able to adapt to a range of climates and environments. Nevertheless, the archaeological record indicates that climate change has caused large-scale reorganisations of human socio-ecological systems in the past. Climate change is a complex process that operates at different spatial and temporal scales. Un...
Article
Faunal remains play an important role in helping reconstruct Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer subsistence and mobility strategies. However, differential bone preservation is an issue in southern European prehistoric sites, which often makes morphological identification impossible. Zooarchaeology by Mass Spectrometry (ZooMS) is a new, low-cost method th...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study presents an analysis of two Proto-Aurignacian lithic assemblages from the site of Riparo Bombrini to test the idea that there was a correlated change in behavior and paleoenvironmental conditions at the beginning of the Upper Paleolithic in Liguria. The available data paint a picture of Level A2 being associated with colder, more open co...
Article
We report here preliminary results from four seasons of excavation at the rockshelter of Riparo Bombrini (2002–2005). Three markedly separate horizons were uncovered: the deepest, comprising Levels M1-7, yielded abundant Mousterian lithics and faunal remains. A second macro-unit, corresponding to Levels MS1-2, is only a few decimeters thick and is...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper presents preliminary results of renewed field research conducted at Caverna delle Arene Candide, with a specific focus on the implications of these new field observations for our understanding of the heretofore underappreciated richness of the funerary ritual of the cave's Epigravettian occupants. The paper begins with a review of the wo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Liguria is a coastal region in northwest Italy bordered by high mountains that descend sharply toward the Mediterranean Sea and that has very limited expanses of coastal plain. The Eastern Ligurian record is known only from open-air sites, while several deeply stratified caves and shelters exist in the Western part of the region. The Mousterian is...
Article
Full-text available
We gained new insights on Epigravettian funerary behavior at the Arene Candide cave through the osteological and spatial analysis of the burials and human bone accumulations found in the cave during past excavations. Archaeothanathological information on the human skeletal remains was recovered from diaries, field pictures and notes, and data from...
Article
Full-text available
There has been much focus on the disruptive effects of dramatic climatic shifts on Paleolithic population dynamics, but the topic of cultural continuity across such events has been less intensely investigated, despite its importance to the way archeologists think about the ways humans have interacted with their environment in the past. This paper p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cryptotephra are small glass volcanic shards (<80 micron) that occur invisibly in sediments and can be used to create precise isochrons (time datums) in archaeological sites. We identified cryptotephra at Arma Veirana (AV), a Middle and Upper Paleolithic archaeological site approximately 14 km from the Mediterranean coast in Liguria, Italy. The sha...
Article
Full-text available
Recent archaeological excavations at Riparo Bombrini, part of the renowned Balzi Rossi site complex, have revealed Protoaurignacian levels dating to between 41-36,000 years BP that overlie Late Mousterian deposits. The Protoaurignacian are divided into three macro-units (A1-A3), characterized by the presence of abundant lithic implements, bone tool...
Article
Full-text available
This research takes a multi-dimensional approach to the study of the archaeological record of Western Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM), combining two distinct components of the human adaptive system (technological organization and mobility) to test the impact of environmental variability on the mobility of Upper Palaeolithic groups. To...
Article
The period spanning the Last Glacial Maximum through early Holocene encompasses dramatic and rapid environmental changes that offered both increased risk and new opportunities to human populations of the Mediterranean zone. The regional effects of global climate change varied spatially with latitude, topography, and distance from a shifting coastli...
Article
Full-text available
http://onlinedigeditions.com/publication/?i=440506#{%22issue_id%22:440506,%22page%22:10}
Article
Full-text available
During the last decades, the importance of deriving analogies about current challenges, such as the mitigation of natural hazards, from archaeological case studies was frequently highlighted. In this context, Resilience Theory (RT) has become a potent tool to study socio-ecological systems and, thus, meet these public demands. RT facilitates how to...
Article
Full-text available
We present the analysis of 29 human-transported limestone pebbles found during recent excavations (2009–11) in the Final Epigravettian levels at the Caverna delle Arene Candide, Italy. All pebbles are oblong, most bear traces of red ochre and many appear intentionally broken. Macroscopic analyses demonstrate morphological similarity with pebbles us...
Poster
Full-text available
The Protoaurignacian is largely considered one of the first unambiguous cultural manifestations of the presence of Anatomically Modern Humans (AMH) in Europe. Its appearance in the region’s archaeological record appears to reflect a new perception of the natural world, one in which new technologies and symbolic behaviors play a key role. While it i...
Article
Full-text available
Outlines the aims, objectives and methods of a new research programme (The ‘Hidden Foods’ project) aimed at reconstructing the importance of plant foods in prehistoric forager subsistence in Southern Europe, with a particular focus on Italy and the Balkans.
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of coupled natural and human landscapes marked a transformative interval in the human past that set our species on the road to the urbanized, industrial world in which we live. This emergence enabled technologies and social institutions responsible for human-natural couplings in domains beyond rural, agricultural settings. The Mediter...
Article
Full-text available
Bulletin du Musée d'Anthropologie Préhistorique de Monaco - N.56/2016 - Abstract Book - First annual meeting of Prehistory and Protohistory - IIPP - DAFIST, Genova (italy) – 4th-5th February 2016 - The Palaeolithic and Mesolithic in Italy: new research and perspectives - pp- 93-189.
Poster
Full-text available
Located between modern-day South Africa and Tanzania, both of which have well-known and extensive Stone Age records, Mozambique and its Stone Age sequence remain largely unknown in the broader context of African Pleistocene prehistory. This is in spite of the country’s critical position linking southern and eastern Africa, and of its clear potentia...
Article
Palaeolithic archaeology and 3D visualization technology: recent developments - Volume 76 Issue 294 - Julien Riel-Salvatore, Myungsoo Bae, Peter McCartney, Anshuman Razdan
Conference Paper
Full-text available
http://eaaglasgow2015.com/session/adaptive-cycles-in-archaeology/ We are looking for contributions to our session ADAPTIVE CYCLES IN ARCHAEOLOGY This session will be held at the 21 st annual meeting of the European Association of Archaeologists (EAA) in Glasgow / Scotland in early September 2015. It is organised by We wonder: How did people live in...
Article
Full-text available
The timing of Neanderthal disappearance and the extent to which they overlapped with the earliest incoming anatomically modern humans (AMHs) in Eurasia are key questions in palaeoanthropology. Determining the spatiotemporal relationship between the two populations is crucial if we are to understand the processes, timing and reasons leading to the d...
Poster
Full-text available
Under the auspices of the Portuguese colonial government, Lereno Barradas and Santos Junior (the coordinator of the Anthropological Mission of Mozambique, with six field seasons - 1936, 1937/38, 1945, 1948, 1955/56) carried out field surveys that resulted in a data set that includes a total of more than 100 sites, mostly attributed to the Stone Age...
Article
Full-text available
Research into the processes that form the archaeological record is an important component of archaeological practice because formation processes are a key link between the materials that archaeologistsis study and prehistoric societies that they seek to understand. Computational modeling is a comparatively new technology with potential to provide n...
Article
Full-text available
a b s t r a c t The lowermost part of the stratigraphic sequence of the Arene Candide Cave, a key Upper Palaeolithic site in Italy, attests to significant climate and environmental change at the beginning of the Late Pleniglacial in coastal Liguria (Northwest Italy). These archaeological layers were studied using a suite of mineral-ogical and chemi...
Article
Full-text available
The archaeology of death and burial provides a privileged source of insight into the lives of people in the past. This kind of archaeological feature commonly includes the material remains of the dead, containing biological information of age, sex, pathologies, DNA profiles, and isotopic signals of diet and migration. The analysis of burials also p...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we review recent developments in the debate over the emer-gence of modern human behaviour (MHB) to show that despite considerable diversity among competing models, the identification of given material traits still underpins almost all current perspectives. This approach, however, allows assumptions over the biologi-cal relationship be...