Julien Rebotier

Julien Rebotier
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Institut des Sciences humaines et sociales (INSHS)

PhD Geography
Working on risk and knowledge in Latin America (Ecuador) Looking for collaboration about coastal risks in EH

About

149
Publications
8,926
Reads
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324
Citations
Citations since 2016
71 Research Items
244 Citations
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Additional affiliations
July 2021 - present
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Social and political geography of risks and the environment in latin America and cross-border european regions
September 2015 - June 2021
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Social and political geography of risks, prevention policies, and the environment
October 2010 - August 2015
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (149)
Book
L’anthropocène est désormais le temps des défis environnementaux dans lesquels les sociétés se sont récemment plongées. Pour les sciences sociales, l’anthropocène est un « moment » historique de possibles révolutions : celles des manières de voir ou de penser la condition humaine, les interactions des hommes avec le reste du vivant et avec la planè...
Article
Full-text available
Finding a holistic and integrative – yet applied and manageable - framework for both understanding and reducing disaster risk has been at the forefront of the most challenging disaster risk research for decades. Still, the search for what some consider unachievable involves multiple challenges, from institutional or cultural site-specific obstacles...
Article
As for the city of Esmeraldas, earthquake-related disasters databases are found limited and poorly consistent. This is all the more surprising that exposure is very high on the active Ecuador-Colombia margin, and strategic oil-related assets stand in or close to the city. A critical reading of those databases in the light of historical archives on...
Article
Full-text available
This paper sheds light on how the notion of resilience, in spite of its limitations, may contribute to a better understanding and management of disaster risk. The method used draws on two sites near to the Rhône, where flood hazard is similar to some extent. The first one is located in Culoz municipality, close to Lavours Swamps. The other one is s...
Article
Dans un monde globalisé, les littoraux polarisent une partie de l’activité économique et de la population. Mais ils sont aussi un espace à risque à l’heure du réchauffement climatique. La France et l’Espagne comptent des milliers de kilo- mètres de côte où s’affrontent des intérêts divers (environnementaux, économiques, stratégiques). Pour autant,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Le débat sur le réchauffement planétaire n’est plus. À la lumière du dernier rapport du groupe d’experts intergouvernemental sur l’évolution du climat (GIEC) en mars 2014, il est maintenant admis par la plupart des détracteurs des changements climatiques que notre planète se réchauffe et que la stabilité saisonnière cède sa place à l’imprévisibilit...
Book
The Anthropocene refers to all societies’ current era of environmental challenges. For the social sciences, the Anthropocene represents a historical “moment” with huge potential: it offers people new ways of considering the human condition, as well as how they interact with the rest of the living world and with the planet on all levels. At the tur...
Chapter
Starting from a reflection on the risk society, this chapter aims to highlight the objective marginalization of the social sciences and their difficulties in thinking about risk in an autonomous way. In order to understand the difficult position of social sciences around risks and the environment during the Anthropocene moment, it first unfolds the...
Chapter
Beyond the normative definitions of an all-encompassing development as a goal to achieve, exploring the diverse, complex, and sometimes contradictory relationships between development and risk leads to question both concepts, each one through the lens of the other. The present chapter represents a contribution to the so-called “risk-informed,” or “...
Article
En 2017 et 2019 ont eu lieu les deux premières éditions de l'école d'été « Autour du 2°C » consacrée aux enjeux de l'interdisciplinarité de la recherche et des parcours de formation sur le changement climatique. Nous revenons dans ce texte sur les motivations qui ont conduit au lancement de cette initiative, ainsi que sur le positionnement et le dé...
Chapter
This chapter revisits a well-known paradox in disaster studies: why does humankind suffer more losses while knowing more and in spite of innumerable existing disaster risk reduction policies? This paradox questions the ability of societies to learn from disasters, which is the issue that this chapter investigates. The first part presents the gap ex...
Article
Full-text available
Seen from Ecuador, Esmeraldas is a strategic city, yet a vulnerable one. The structure of its territory imbeds various regimes of accumulation, successively linked with the banana and the oil booms, and, more recently with tourism development. Each time, those booms framed different parts of the city: the Esmeraldas river embankments, the lower riv...
Article
Full-text available
As for the city of Esmeraldas, earthquake-related disasters databases are found limited and poorly consistent. This is all the more surprising that exposure is very high on the active Ecuador-Colombia margin, and strategic oil-related assets stand in or close to the city. A critical reading of those databases in the light of historical archives on...
Article
Full-text available
As for the city of Esmeraldas, earthquake-related disasters databases are found limited and poorly consistent. This is all the more surprising that exposure is very high on the active Ecuador-Colombia margin, and strategic oil-related assets stand in or close to the city. A critical reading of those databases in the light of historical archives on...
Article
Full-text available
Current urban transformations, especially in southern countries, turn risk into something more complex than a mere topic. “Making context” is a key point to think about risk construction in urban space, as regards both material and intangible aspects, and it is important to underline the place of urban risk in the construction of urban space. Fragm...
Article
En 2013, le programme Risques Décision Territoire du ministère français de l’Environnement de l’Énergie et de la Mer a lancé un appel à propositions de recherche pour travailler sur des approches alternatives de gestion des risques et des territoires, impliquant notamment la notion de résilience. Ce support de recherche a permis de mener une réflex...
Article
Full-text available
En 2013, le programme Risques Décision Territoire du ministère français de l’Environnement de l’Énergie et de la Mer a lancé un appel à propositions de recherche pour travailler sur des approches alternatives de gestion des risques et des territoires, impliquant notamment la notion de résilience. Ce support de recherche a permis de mener une réflex...
Preprint
Full-text available
This working paper deals with contributions and pitfalls of (earthquake related) disasters databases regarding prevention policies. It sheds light on the links between (different types of) knowledge and risk management, by analysing databases (e.g. DesInventar, EM DAT) as well as by addressing other sources of information on past events. It stresse...
Article
This paper aims at identifying how the idea of resilience could significantly contribute to disasters reduction. We argue that two elements are crucial: Questions of governance and diversity of actors. A place-based and constructivist approach of Lacq area was carried out. The development of Lacq was based on an important natural gas field discover...
Article
What can resilience bring to disaster prevention: Examples taken in Lavours and Chautagne (Ain, Savoie - France) This paper sheds light on how the notion of resilience, in spite of its limitations, may contribute to a better understanding and management of disaster risk. The method used draws on two sites close to the Rhône, where flood hazard is s...
Book
Full-text available
La mise en oeuvre d'actions publiques à l'échelle de la région et des territoires locaux, pour répondre au défi du changement climatique, implique que les populations concernées par ces projets s'en approprient les finalités et modalités. La question de la participation du public aux décisions d'aménagement et de développement durable a fait l'obje...
Technical Report
Full-text available
On September 29 th , REMAKE Research Program (or REMAKE-Website: http://remake.osug.fr/) held an international workshop called Interdisciplinarity / Transdisciplinarity: from announcement to implementation, the example of the geo-hazards in the Andes. REMAKE's WP6 aims at improving Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and Disaster Prevention Policies (DPP...
Chapter
Extrapolating this question further, we may ask whether it is possible to make a practical contribution to the prevention of disasters all the while taking into account the multiple and often structural conditionings that weigh on policies to do so. It has already been asked by several researchers working in conjunction with managers and policy mak...
Chapter
“As a result of the diverse representations, although material reality is one, its knowledge is multifaceted and nothing a priori guarantees crosscohesion…Even if each researcher may defend his preferred model’s given rationale, we should not forget the diversity of world views, and thus its potential models…and reduce geography to a dominant disci...
Chapter
Initial light may be shed by the Discourse on Method. It establishes several principles, some of which allow us to justify why defining the notion of risk, even today, involves fragmentation into several sub-notions. For risks, it is mainly a question of hazard, exposition and vulnerability. The approach is thereby systematic.
Chapter
The paradox of disaster prevention policies results from numerous elements: limits linked to measurement, conceptual frameworks, analytical capacity to access knowledge, multifaceted conditioning of this knowledge and other similar factors. Furthermore, the intensification of risk concern and the proliferation of management initiatives are insepara...
Chapter
Researchers are confronted with problems posed by the definitions and models that they use to give as much coherence and usefulness as possible to the prevention of disaster risk. However, for their part, the managers and the political decision-makers, who use the same definitions, eventually recognize the limits of actions decided in order to anti...
Chapter
We come back, therefore, to the databases, the essential components of research efforts. Indeed, they make up the foundations of the knowledge that we can have about disaster risk. The expression of the database, as such, also suggests that they play a fundamental role in analyzing problems, which are here linked to the development of disasters and...
Chapter
Reports officially presenting disasters and their development are surprising in their overwhelmingly dominant pessimism. Indeed, there is no lack of evidence attesting that prevention policies do their job, even if they encounter numerous limits. In this second chapter, as a counterpoint to the first chapter, we will present arguments that put the...
Chapter
It may seem entirely paradoxical that we have more and more knowledge about disasters, more prevention policies and more institutions dedicated to the latter, and yet the number of disasters and the associated damage is statistically increasing, at least in certain categories. The opposite can be true in some cases: according to the database of the...
Article
Full-text available
In the face of growing concerns linked to climate issue in both the scientific and the political arenas, this contribution addresses the meaning and scope of environmental change for different actors involved in pastoral and wine production sectors in the Aquitaine region of France. It states that the representations of environmental change are clo...
Article
Full-text available
In Ecuador, the debate on the future of family farming is still very important because of the high vulnerability of peasant communities, particularly in the Andean region, and of the worrying food situation in rural areas. In this context, the fight against crop pests, identified by the FAO as a priority to reduce food insecurity of farmers in the...
Article
La géographie sociale contribue de façon critique à la connaissance des risques depuis plusieurs décennies maintenant (O’Keefe et al., 1967). La nécessité de considérer d’autres ressorts dans la fabrique des situations de risque que les seuls mécanismes liés aux aléas naturels est même démontrée depuis la première moitié du xxe siècle. Pourtant, il...
Book
This book addresses disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies, focusing on reducing the paradox that exists between the compulsory implementation of DRR policies and continuing limitations The authors use their knowledge of the ever-evolving threats associated with disasters and their prevention to investigate this famous paradox and propose solutions...
Article
La littérature en sciences sociales sur l’informalité en Amérique latine permet de suivre les pulsations de l’économie politique dans la région depuis les années 1970. Il en va de même pour les recompositions de la figure de l’État. L’attention portée aux liens entre les évolutions de l’informalité et les recompositions de l’État se concentre sur l...
Article
Building on a set of semi-structured interviews, focus groups and participant observations conducted in the south-west region of France in the aftermath of two windstorms (‘Martin’ in 1999 and ‘Klaus’ in 2009) and the collapse of the natural gas industry, this paper explores how different temporal dynamics and rhythms interact in the shaping of pos...
Book
Full-text available
From the mid 2000’s on, Ecuador has been facing critical changes in both political and institutional domains. National risk management policy is consistent with a broader Latin-American trend in this area. In Ecuador, risk policy is particularly remodelled on the basis of the new Constitution. The inquiry of the politics of risk as well as the nati...
Book
Full-text available
La tercera conferencia de las Naciones Unidas sobre vivienda y desarrollo urbano sostenible (Hábitat III) se celebra en Quito en octubre de 2016. Para la comunidad académica es un momento clave que permite centrarse en los principales avances de la investigación y el panorama de la formación sobre la cuestión urbana en América Latina, y en la regió...
Book
From the mid 2000’s on, Ecuador has been facing critical changes in both political and institutional domains. National riskmanagement policy is consistent with a broader Latin-American trend in this area. In Ecuador, risk policy is particularly remodelledon the basis of the new Constitution. The inquiry of the politics of risk as well as the nation...
Chapter
Full-text available
La investigación y la formación en lo urbano regional en Colombia: entre avances marcados y grandes retos
Article
Full-text available
Ce vendredi noir, le 13 novembre 2015, au Bataclan, nous avons perdu un collègue et un ami, Matthieu Giroud, géographe de l'urbain à l'Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée. Notre peine est aussi grande que notre colère. Et puis la peur, celle du monde qui se dessine désormais après ces attaques. En hommage à Matthieu, dans la continuité du travail...
Article
Full-text available
On a black Friday, November 13th, 2015, at the Bataclan, we lost a colleague and friend, Matthieu Giroud, a geographer and urban scholar at Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée. Our sadness is as deep as our anger. There is also fear, fear of the world being born after these attacks. As a tribute to Matthieu, and a continuation of the work we had s...
Article
Geography of risk acknowledges social and political aspects as key drivers, aside the always-dominant hazard-related environmental elements. Both contextual and social construction approaches allow addressing socially driven conditions and contingent processes of risk construction, which are closely related with the production of space. By embodyin...
Article
Full-text available
1. L’adaptation : coquille vide et simple levier… Diffusee par les travaux du GIEC a partir du tournant des annees 2000, l’adaptation est promue par le Grenelle de l’environnement (lois 2009 et 2010) comme strategie de lutte contre les consequences territoriales du changement climatique. La montee en puissance de la notion et son operationnalisatio...
Article
Full-text available
Se constituye la noción de vulnerabilidad a raíz de corrientes académicas críticas a partir de finales de los años 1960. Como concepto progresista del análisis de riesgo, contribuye a poner de realce la organización, las relaciones sociales y la estructura causal, alejándose del espacio de la amenaza natural, para entender las lógicas sociales impe...
Article
En la oportunidad de los 40 años del Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - IRD en Ecuador, es de notar la tradición de cooperación en el ámbito de los riesgos. A partir de los años 1990 se desarrollan colaboraciones orientadas a las ciencias sociales, a la problemática ambiental y urbana, y a las vulnerabilidades y gestión de riesgos. Los p...
Article
Full-text available
Me ubico en la literatura que considera el riesgo como una producción territorial (social y espacial). El riesgo no solamente es una combinación estática de una amenaza y de elementos de vulnerabilidad, sino que es el producto de procesos complejos, de relaciones sociales y al ambiente. El riesgo no es natural, hay que sacar "lo natural" de los rie...
Article
Full-text available
Son bien conocidas las dificultades políticas, sociales, económicas que atraviesa Venezuela desde el 2001 y la llegada de Chávez. Pero también hubo estragos muy fuertes en los años 1980 y 1990, la inestabilidad y la crisis bancaria, siendo el "Caracazo" de 1989 un hito significativo en la historia política reciente del país, y de la región. La prov...
Article
Full-text available
La adaptación al cambio climático se impone tanto en las instituciones internacionales como en la academia o en la acción pública, nacional y local. La implementación de estrategias locales de adaptación en Francia es una marca de las leyes Grenelle de l'Environnement. Mientras se cuestionan las relaciones entre sociedades y ambiente, mientras se c...
Article
Full-text available
Ce poster a été réalisé dans le cadre du programme de recherche Changement Environnemental et Stratégies d'Adaptation en Région (CESAR), mené au laboratoire SET sur la période 2012 – 2014, et cofinancé par le Conseil Régional d'Aquitaine. Au moyen d'un regard de sciences humaines et sociales, le programme se concentre sur l'élaboration et l'applica...
Article
Full-text available
From February 2014 on, isolated and violent riots are striking Venezuela. Its historical, socio-political and economical contexts allow making connexions with current Latin-American challenges. Stemming from a socio-historical and geographical perspective, a contextual and prospective analysis of such violence brings a better understanding of the e...
Article
Full-text available
http://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/territorios/article/viewFile/2555/2144 This paper investigates a discrepancy concerning resilience. International institutions such as ISDR try to promote resilience as a notion useful for preventing disasters. And some searchers, mainly coming from ecology, such as Resilience Alliance group, found the no...
Article
Full-text available
¿Cuál puede ser la contribución de las ciencias sociales al estudio del ambiente, de los riesgos y del cambio climático? Puede hacer hincapié en las dimensiones sociales y humanas de los asuntos. También puede tratar de las interacciones entre sociedades y medio ambiente. De hecho, es el objeto de la geografía. Pero frente a una conceptualización d...
Article
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Article
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La primera parte consiste en una caracterización de las prácticas de gobernanza metropolitana del sector de la vivienda. Adoptaré 2 puntos de vista privilegiados: él de las autoridades e instituciones públicas, y él de los demás actores privados. La segunda parte abre un espacio para pensar en el peso del contexto y en la identificación de factores...
Article
Full-text available
In risk studies, a large scope of approaches has already been defined, from hazard-centered to socially rooted analysis; being social scientists’ focus on vulnerability more obvious from the late 1960s on. The present epistemological article locates risk causes in society and states that the production of risks is two fold: these are both material...
Article
Full-text available
Although the comparison is a daily activity for most of the people, it is pretty much difficult to set out a protocol of comparison in social sciences. The core topics of the contribution relate with methodology of construction, and with practices of comparison and its implications. These thoughts are based on my own experience as a training French...
Article
Full-text available
Geographical approaches of risk are shaped by political and cultural concerns that frame social science assessments from the 1960s on. Since the 1990s, as it gets globalized, the environmental issue becomes hegemonic and performative. In a context of political and cultural concerns, modernity in tension, and intensifying globalization, territories...
Article
Full-text available
On the basis of scientific literature and fieldwork related with urban environmental risk, housing issues and informal trade in Latin-American cities (mainly Caracas, but also México, Buenos Aires and São Paolo), informality appears to be a double-edge notion. It allows building critical knowledge on social stratification and power relations, as we...