Julien Etienne

Julien Etienne
The London School of Economics and Political Science | LSE · Centre for Analysis of Risk and Regulation (CARR)

PhD

About

35
Publications
32,320
Reads
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334
Citations
Citations since 2016
13 Research Items
255 Citations
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Introduction
I am a visiting fellow at the London School of Economics, and an independent consultant contributing to policy research, evaluations and impact assessments, in particular for EU institutions.
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - present
https://www.julien-etienne.com
Position
  • Freelance
Description
  • I provide independent and evidence-based findings, formulated clearly and with nuance, for policymakers to weigh and draw from. My tools are the concepts and methods of the social sciences, which I have practised extensively as an academic, a government advisor and a consultant.
March 2019 - September 2020
ICF International
Position
  • Consultant
Description
  • Leading bids and projects for European institutions and UK departments and agencies.
January 2016 - March 2019
ICF International
Position
  • Consultant
Description
  • Leading bids and projects for European institutions and UK government departments and agencies.

Publications

Publications (35)
Presentation
Full-text available
Article
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The UK has been a leader in regulatory innovation. In a number of areas it has developed regulatory solutions that have helped deliver positive outcomes for businesses, consumers and the economy. Other countries have drawn lessons from the UK approach to regulation. The UK can also learn from regulatory approaches in comparable countries, looking i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study took the form of a rapid evidence assessment on what drives trust and what poses a barrier to trust among consumers, as relevant to the food industry and food regulator. Many different trust concepts, terms and definitions were identified in the literature. These include generalised trust, social trust, political trust, distributed trust...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents the findings from a review of approaches to the communication of uncertainty in the context of advice to decision-makers. The review was carried out to support the work of the Joint Nature Conservation Committee (JNCC) and other Statutory Nature Conservation Bodies (SNCBs). SNCBs should articulate and present scientific uncerta...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents the results from an exploratory study in 2016 on clear communication of scientific assessment results. It had a specific focus on the communication of scientific uncertainties in EFSA scientific opinions. Qualitative methods were applied to the design and communication of an opinion summary and uncertainty statements related to...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the main elements, merits, and limitations of ’pure’ single case studies and comparative studies of a small number of cases. The argument is illustrated with the examples of a case study and a comparative study. The former focuses on administrative law applicable to hazardous industrial sites in France; the latter explores th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report summarizes the work carried out on the study “Preparation of best practices on the protection of animals at the time of killing”, on behalf of the European Commission (DG SANTE). The study has provided, assessed and evaluated the necessary information to elaborate elements for best practices on the protection of animals at the time of k...
Article
Full-text available
Tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in animal farming and its impact on public health is a key priority for EFSA and other public health authorities in Europe. This study is a contribution to the joint effort by EFSA and EU member state authorities to address the issue. Focusing on the EU farming sector, it documents perceptions of the risks of...
Research
Full-text available
A short piece on conceptual and analytical issues one encounters when approaching the topic of (in)consistency of regulatory practices (e.g. enforcement). This was written to serve as background and introduction to three research studies on consistency, on behalf of the British Food Standards Agency.
Article
Full-text available
For regulators, gathering information about the activities they regulate is crucial. For businesses, sharing information across can help address common issues better. Yet, businesses would generally not willingly share sensitive information with regulators or competitors. To overcome such reluctance, one may set up forums or channels of communicati...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Across the UK in 2006, the FSA introduced Remedial Action Notices (RANs) into domestic legislation that gives effect to EU food hygiene regulations. RANs may be used to address breaches of EU hygiene regulations, or where inspection under the hygiene regulations is being hampered. At the time RANs could only be served to premises approved under EC...
Article
The factors explaining decentralized enforcement – the monitoring and reporting of illegalities in organizations by employees – remain poorly understood. This article contributes to filling this gap by presenting a study of workers reporting to regulatory authorities incidents that take place in British and French high hazard industries. The articl...
Article
Full-text available
Detecting non-compliant behaviors is an important step in the enforcement of regulations. The literature on the subject is vast yet also narrow in its approach, in the sense that it has built on the assumption that regulators would always want to maximize information quantity and quality, while acting under two fundamental constraints: the regulato...
Article
Full-text available
Recent institutionalist scholarship has theorized the liberalization or “disorganization” of capitalism as the result of shifts in economic actors’ “logic of action” towards opportunism. Little attention has been given to the reverse possibility that shifts in economic actors’ “logic of action” away from opportunism might contribute to “embedding”...
Article
Responsive Regulation translated an ongoing academic debate about behavior orientation and regulatory enforcement into a synthetic framework. Yet ethnographic studies reveal that ambiguity pervades regulator–regulatee interactions and suggest that the reality of regulatory encounters may be too ambivalent to fit the picture of the regulatory “game”...
Article
The article intends to present the debate on behaviour modification in the regulation studies literature, at a time of renewed interest among regulators for new ideas and strategies. As the financial crisis has led to the most public critique yet of the rational choice view of individuals that has informed regulation in the last few decades, other...
Article
Full-text available
Rarely do discussions on state-society relationship meet with discussions on street-level encounters between members of civil society and state agents. This article intends to bridge this gap by discussing state-society relationships in Greece as they can be understood from a pattern of minor illegalities from the part of both state agents and memb...
Article
Full-text available
Despite a wealth of publications on compliance and noncompliance, regulation scholars still lack a consistent and comprehensive compliance theory and entertain a collection of partial and incompatible theories instead. This article is an attempt to improve this situation by taking up two interrelated challenges that compliance theorists are facing:...
Article
This paper explores the reasons of hazardous organizations for responding to state rules requesting them to report untoward events to public regulators. The literature on external reporting of untoward events remains remarkably limited, and this paper contributes to it by providing a rare empirical account of the micro-level factors and processes b...
Article
Institutionalist scholarship in political science has increasingly underscored the importance of agency in processes of institutional reproduction and change. This increasing “actor-centeredness” has so far not led to the development of a coherent theory of individual action that enables us to explain processes whereby shifts in logics of action oc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a theoretical framework for analysing regulatees’ responses to behavioural expectations set for them in public regulation. It identifies the main variables and mechanisms through which regulatory policy may influence individual choices. The article builds on Siegwart Lindenberg’s goal framing theory. The theoretical argument is...
Article
Full-text available
Though often overlooked by political scientists, the issue of regulatory compliance is the subject of a wide range of interdisciplinary literature, which is presented and discussed here. The empirical works available on the subject are copious and diverse, but wanting in a cumulative approach. The field lacks a consistent theoretical framework to a...
Article
The field of organisational reliability analysis lacks proper qualitative methods in order to interpret data on normal operational organisations and produce diagnoses regarding their reliability. Due to the peculiarities of catastrophic events, and especially their low frequency and multi-causality, such interpretations and diagnoses could not rest...
Article
In the aftermath of the AZF accident which occurred in Toulouse, France on 21 September 2001, several initiatives have been taken to reform French industrial risk policy. The reorganization of control agencies has been a crucial aspect of these efforts. In this paper, I intend to produce a reliability diagnosis regarding the delivery of operating p...
Article
Full-text available
1. Summary Primary care is a multi-dimensional field of public intervention in health policy, with a number of important issues to deal with like cost-effectiveness, access equity and prevention. Recent Swiss health policies (cantonal and federal) have been characterised by many interventions in primary care, such as information campaigns addressin...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
This project will investigate how and where food consumed in Lincolnshire is produced, how that is currently and projected to be impacted by extreme weather resulting from rising temperatures, and ways the food supply in Lincolnshire could be made more resilient to such events. The project will be a highly collaborative exercise with local stakeholders involved at all stages.