Julien Claude

Julien Claude
Université de Montpellier | UM1 · Institut des Sciences de l’Évolution Montpellier (ISEM)

Doctor

About

161
Publications
70,171
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Introduction
My research is at the intersection of statistics and evolution. I am interested in changes in biodiversity from an ecological, evolutionary, and conservation point of view. Long term and short term evolution of South-east Asian wildlife motivates a large part of my research. I am also developing free solutions for documenting and studying phenotypic variation and changes using morphometrics (especially in R).
Additional affiliations
November 2005 - present
faculty of sciences, University of Montpellier
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Biostatistics, phylogenetics, vertebrate anatomy, evolution

Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Animals are exposed to different visual stimuli that influence how they perceive and interact with their environment. Visual information such as shape and colour can help animals detect, discriminate, and make appropriate behavioural decisions for mate selection, communication, camouflage, and foraging. Previous research indicates that at least som...
Article
Rhinoceroses are among the most endangered mammalian species today. Their past diversity is well documented from the Eocene onward, although their evolutionary history is far from being fully understood. Here, we elucidate the systematic affinities of a Pleistocene rhinoceros species represented by a partial skeleton from 709±68 kya archaeological...
Article
Calissounemys matheroni gen. et sp. nov. (Testudines) is described on the basis of a skull and shell elements from the Upper Cretaceous of Var, southern France. This new taxon is assigned to the family Compsemydidae and characterized by a thick-boned, robust skull, a shallow temporal emargination, a crista supraoccipitalis not extending beyond the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Fitness-related traits tend to have low heritabilities. Conversely, morphology tends to be highly heritable. Yet, many fitness-related performance traits such as running speed or bite force depend critically on morphology. Craniofacial morphology correlates with bite performance in several groups including rodents. However, within species, this rel...
Article
Full-text available
Yakemys multiporcata n. g. n. sp. is described on the basis of shell elements from the upper part of the Phu Kradung Formation (basal Cretaceous), Khorat Plateau, NE Thailand and assigned to Macrobaenidae. The new taxon is unusually large for an early macrobaenid (with an estimated carapace length about 70 cm) and is characterized by a large, round...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Herbicides have been continuously and intensively used in Thailand’s agriculture, leading to a potential hazard to human and non-target organisms. Prior studies using sentinel species showed that frogs living in herbicide-contaminated paddy fields had higher residues and changes in morphological and physiological status. In this study, we monitor t...
Article
The rice field crab is considered a pest that disrupts rice production in paddy fields in tropical regions. The crab is also used as a stable food source by local people in many countries in Southeast Asia. For both of these roles, a good knowledge of the crab’s reproductive biology is necessary to manage populations in their natural habitats. This...
Article
Full-text available
The geoemydid turtles of the Eocoene Messel Pit Quarry of Hesse, Germany, are part of a rich Western European fossil record of testudinoids. Originally referred to as “ Ocadia” kehreri and “ Ocadia” messeliana , their systematic relationships remain unclear. A previous study proposed that a majority of the Western European geoemydids, including the...
Article
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Leptospirosis has been recognized as a major public health concern in Thailand following dramatic outbreaks. We analyzed human leptospirosis incidence between 2004 and 2014 in Mahasarakham province, Northeastern Thailand, in order to identify the agronomical and environmental factors likely to explain incidence at the level of 133 sub-districts and...
Article
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An isolated first costal turtle plate from the Early Cretaceous of Kut Island, Gulf of Thailand, is reported and assigned to Trionychoidae gen. et sp. indet. The morphology of the plate and comparison with turtle assemblages of the Khorat Group support the correlation of the vertebrates-bearing beds of Kut Island with the Sao Khua Formation, as alr...
Article
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Stratigraphical and palaeontological researches on the continental Upper Cretaceous beds of the Castigno valley (Villespassans, Hérault, southern France) began in the 1890s with the work of the local researcher Jean Miquel. The study of the dinosaur remains from that locality by Charles Depéret in 1900 greatly added to the knowledge of the Late Cre...
Article
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Over the last 25 years, researchers, mostly paleontologists, have developed a system of rank-free, phylogenetically defined names for the primary clades of turtles. As these names are not considered established by the PhyloCode, the newly created nomenclatural system that governs the naming of clades, we take the opportunity to convert the vast maj...
Preprint
Full-text available
Animals are exposed to different visual stimuli that influence how they perceive and interact with their environment. Visual information such as shape and colour can help the animal detect, discriminate and make appropriate behavioural decisions for mate selection, communication, camouflage, and foraging. In all major vertebrate groups, it has been...
Article
Full-text available
Quantifying phenotypes is a common practice for addressing questions regarding morphological variation. The time dedicated to data acquisition can vary greatly depending on methods and on the required quantity of information. Optimizing digitization effort can be done either by pooling datasets among users, by automatizing data collection, or by re...
Article
We investigated the embryological development of Esanthelphusa nani (Naiyanetr, 1984), a common ricefield crab in northern Thailand, using confocal laser scanning microscopy. The development of E. nani can be completed in eggs within 12 d resulting in a hatchling stage corresponding to the megalopa stage. Pre-organogenetic stages were characterized...
Article
Full-text available
The size and shape of organs is tightly controlled to achieve optimal function. Natural morphological variations often represent functional adaptations to an ever-changing environment. For instance, variation in head morphology is pervasive in insects and the underlying molecular basis is starting to be revealed in the Drosophila genus for species...
Preprint
Full-text available
The size and shape of organs is tightly controlled to achieve optimal function. Natural morphological variations often represent functional adaptations to an ever-changing environment. For instance, variation in head morphology is pervasive in insects and the underlying molecular basis is starting to be revealed in the Drosophila genus for species...
Article
The link between performance, morphology and their sources of variation is a major target of evolutionary functional biology. In vertebrates, many studies have linked in vivo bite force to skull morphology, mostly at the interspecific level. Within species, however, the ontogeny of bite force, in relation to the development of the mandible, remains...
Article
Full-text available
Cardichelyon rogerwoodi is an enigmatic fossil turtle from the late Paleocene to early Eocene of North America. Previous analyses suggested affiliation with Testudinoidea, in particular the big-headed turtle Platysternon megacephalum , based on the presence of multiple musk-duct foramina and a large head. We here highlight previously undocumented c...
Article
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The management of endangered species is complicated in the marine environment owing to difficulties to directly access, track and monitor in situ. Population genetics provide a genuine alternative to estimate population size and inbreeding using non-lethal procedures. The long-snouted seahorse, Hippocampus guttulatus, is facing multiple threats suc...
Article
Giant tortoises have been found from the Plio-Pleistocene sediments of Tha Chang sandpits, Nakhon Ratchasima Province, Thailand. These tortoises are represented by several individuals and are described based on carapace, plastron, limb bones, and isolated plates. Three different morphotypes of epiplastral projection are recognized, pertaining to di...
Article
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We studied here the effect of predation risk on size and shape during the development of the Cyprinid fish (Barbonymus gonionotus). In the experiment, juvenile silver barbs (Barbonymus gonionotus) were developing either together or not together with the predator snakehead fish (Channa striata) during 25 days. Predation was limited by isolating the...
Article
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The Rattini tribe comprises some of the most specious genera in the mammalian kingdom. Many of these species are also highly morphologically conserved. As a result, identifying Rattini tribe animals, particularly those of the Rattus genus, to species level is extremely difficult. Problems with identification of conservative morphologies, particular...
Article
Full-text available
Background In the last 20 years, a general picture of the evolutionary relationships between geoemydid turtles (ca. 70 species distributed over the Northern hemisphere) has emerged from the analysis of molecular data. However, there is a paucity of good traditional morphological characters that correlate with the phylogeny, which are essential for...
Article
Several Late Pleistocene and Holocene South-East Asian subfossil deposits are known to contain important osteological assemblages of Monitor lizards (Varanus sp.) possibly accumulated by past human populations. Indeed, thanks to their large sizes, Monitor lizards are supposed to have been an important source of meat intake for past hunter-gatherer...
Article
Little is known about leptospirosis prevention at the community level in Thailand. In this study we aimed to investigate knowledge and practices of study subjects comprising, leptospirosis patients, their neighbors, village health volunteers and community leaders regarding leptospirosis prevention and control in Maha Sarakham Province, Thailand, in...
Article
With more than 50 extant turtle species, Southeast Asia is currently a hotspot of turtle biodiversity. However, the distribution areas of most species are decreasing as a consequence of human activities. The causes of this decline are multiple: habitat and natural resources destruction, introduction of invasive species, hunting, etc. Historical dat...
Article
Full-text available
Morphological traits are frequently used as proxies for functional outputs such as bite force performance. This allows researchers to infer and interpret the impacts of functional variation, notably in adaptive terms. Despite their mechanical bases, the predictive power of these proxies for performance is not always tested. In particular, their acc...
Article
In this paper, we report on a new Early Cretaceous vertebrate locality, Phu Din Daeng, in Nakhon Phanom Province, NE Thailand. The Phu Din Daeng site has yielded a diverse vertebrate assemblage, including sharks (Heteroptychodus steinmanni), bony fishes (Pycnodontiformes; Sinamiidae cf. Siamamia and ?Vidalamiinae, and Ginglymodi), adocid turtles, i...
Article
The reduction in biodiversity from land use change due to urbanization and agricultural intensification appears to be linked to major epidemiological changes in many human diseases. Increasing disease risks and the emergence of novel pathogens result from increased contact among wildlife, domesticated animals, and humans. We investigated the relati...
Article
The core of the fossil record of Teleosauridae, a family of thalattosuchian crocodylomorphs, is well known from western Tethyan marine deposits of the Jurassic. Outside this province, their fossil record is patchy and in need of revision, with specimens from Russia, Madagascar, and Asia. Peipehsuchus teleorhinus is known from the Early or Middle Ju...
Article
Full-text available
A new xinjiangchelyid turtle, Kalasinemys prasarttongosothi n. gen. n. sp., is described on the basis of skull and shell material from the Upper Jurassic Phu Kradung Formation at Phu Noi locality, Kalasin Province, in NE Thailand. This second xinjiangchelyid turtle from Phu Noi is distinct from Phunoichelys thirakhupti by the smooth shell surface,...
Article
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Mice from the Orkney archipelago exhibit an important diversity regarding molar shape. While on some islands mice display a usual dental pattern, teeth from other islands display additional cusplets and unusual phenotypes that may constitute case studies for evaluating the potential functional relevance of dental changes. We developed a multifacete...
Article
Full-text available
The identification at species level of subfossil remains of lizards from tropical regions currently suffers from strong limitation linked to the lack of comprehensive work conducted on the osteology of modern taxa. The aim of this study is to provide osteological criteria allowing for the specific identification of the subfossil remains of Sundalan...
Article
Full-text available
The present 3D Dataset contains the 3D models analyzed in the article entitled "One skull to rule them all? Descriptive and comparative anatomy of the masticatory apparatus in five mice species based on traditional and digital dissections" (Ginot et al., Journal of Morphology, https://doi.org/10.1002/jmor.20845).
Article
Full-text available
Developmental instability, as measured by fluctuating asymmetry is generally considered to increase with genetic and environmental stresses. Few studies have, however, addressed the role of asymmetry in altering organism performance. Here, we measured bite force performance in three strains of inbred and outbred mice derived from wild ancestors. We...
Article
Full-text available
Murine rodents display a unique cranial morphology and masticatory musculature. Yet detailed myological descriptions are scarce, especially considering the great diversity of the subfamily and the use of the house mouse and brown rat as model organisms. The masticatory musculature in these two species has been thoroughly described, which allows com...
Article
Full-text available
Sexual selection is considered the major cause of sexual dimorphism, but recent observations suggest that natural selection may play a more important role in the evolution of sex differentiation than previously recognized. Therefore, studying the trade-offs between natural selection and sexual selection is crucial to a better understanding of the e...
Article
Full-text available
Rodentia is a species-rich group with diversified modes of life and diets. Although rodent skull morphology has been the focus of a voluminous literature, the functional significance of its variations has yet to be explored in live animals. Myomorphous rodents, including murids, have been suggested to represent “high-performance generalists.” We me...
Article
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Self-righting, the capacity of an animal to self-turn after falling on its back, is a fitness-related trait. Delayed self-righting can result in loss of mating opportunities or death. Traits involved in self-righting may therefore be under selection. Galápagos giant tortoises have two main shell morphologies - saddleback and domed – that have been...
Article
Full-text available
We describe here a new turtle from the early Eocene of Wutu, Shandong Province, China. This turtle with a full row of well-developed inframarginal scutes is assigned to the basalmost testudinoids while stem testudinoids were believed to disappear by the Palaeocene–Eocene boundary. This account shows that stem testudinoids crossed this boundary in t...
Preprint
Protochelys Lydekker, 1889 from the Stonesfield Slate (middle Bathonian) is the oldest British turtle and the only record to date of fossil epidermal shell scales preserved isolated from underlying bone. Although known since the 1840s, these remains have never been properly described, figured or compared with other taxa. Here, we provide a thorough...
Article
Full-text available
Differences in biological performance, at both intra- and inter-specific levels, have often been linked to morphology but seldom to behavioural or genotypic effects. We tested performance at the intraspecific level by measuring bite force in the African pygmy mouse, Mus minutoides. This species displays an unusual sex determination system, with sex...
Article
Abstract The circulation of mammarenaviruses in rodent populations of the Mekong region has recently been established, with a genetic variant of Wēnzhōu virus, Cardamones virus, detected in two Rattus species. This study tests the potential teratogenic effects of Wēnzhōu infection on the development of a Murid rodent, Rattus exulans. Using direct v...
Article
Full-text available
Modern turtles are composed of two monophyletic groups, notably diagnosed by divergent neck retraction mechanisms. Pleurodires (side-necked turtles) bend their neck sideways and protect their head under the anterior margin of the carapace. Cryptodires (hidden-necked turtles) withdraw their neck and head in the vertical plane between the shoulder gi...
Conference Paper
Modern turtles are divided into two main clades, which find their origin as early as the Middle Jurassic. These two groups have independently developed complex double-bend neck retraction mechanisms. Pleurodires (side-necked turtles) fold the neck sideways and tuck the head under the anterior margin of the carapace. Cryptodires (hidden-necked turtl...
Article
Full-text available
Oceanic islands are often inhabited by endemic species that have undergone substantial morphological evolutionary change due to processes of multiple colonizations from various source populations, dispersal, and local adaptation. Galápagos marine iguanas are an example of an island endemic exhibiting high morphological diversity, including substant...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we use geometric morphometric method to establish morphological differences between natural populations of Nile tilapia from two extreme environmental conditions (high temperature and salinity) in Kenya, and compare them to two populations from regions experiencing less extreme conditions. To determine genetic influence on morphology...