Julien Allard

Julien Allard
E-Phys

About

38
Publications
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Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Key points: Spinal cord lamina I neurons receiving dense input from nociceptors and projecting to the parabrachial area at the ponto-mesencephalic junction form the major ascending pain-related pathway in rodents. Lamina I spinoparabrachial (SPB) neurons have never been characterized in mice, despite the growing and extensive use of this species t...
Article
In urethane-anaesthetised rats continuous infusion of saline into the bladder (6 ml h -1) evoked periodic sharp rises in intravesicular pressure accompanied by rhythmic bursting of external urethral sphincter (EUS) EMG and expulsion of urine from the urethral meatus. Microinjection of the GABA agonist muscimol (250 pmol) into the caudal ventrolater...
Article
Dopamine and oxytocin have established roles in the central regulation of penile erection in rats; however, the neural circuitries involved in a specific erectile context and the interaction between dopamine and oxytocin mechanisms remain to be elucidated. The medial preoptic area (MPOA), supraoptic nucleus (SON) and paraventricular nucleus (PVN) o...
Article
Ejaculatory-like rhythmic contractions of the bulbospongiosus (BS) muscle and penile erection can be elicited in the urethane-anesthetized rat, following spinal cord transection, upon electrical stimulation (ES) of the dorsal penile nerve (DPN). The aim of this work was to investigate this reflex in anesthetized mice. Adult C57BL6 mice were anesthe...
Article
To assess the potentiation of erectile responses induced by electrical stimulation (ES) of the dorsal penile nerve (DPN) in the urethane-anaesthetized rat by the selective melanocortin receptor 4 agonist MB243. Intracavernosal and blood pressures (ICP and BP, respectively) were monitored in urethane-anaesthetized rats after complete spinal cord tra...
Article
Ejaculation is a reflex mediated by a spinal control center, referred to as a spinal ejaculation generator. During intercourse, the spinal ejaculation generator integrates the sensory inputs that are necessary to trigger ejaculation. At the time of ejaculation, it coordinates the sympathetic, parasympathetic, and somatic outflow to induce the two p...
Article
The paper entitled "Melanotan II: investigation of the inducer and facilitator effects on penile erection in anaesthetised rat" by François Giuliano et al, which was published online on 23 May 2005, has been withdrawn at the authors' request.
Article
Ejaculation is a reflex mediated by a spinal control center, referred to as a spinal ejaculation generator. This spinal ejaculation generator coordinates sympathetic, parasympathetic and motor outflow to induce the two phases of ejaculation, i.e., emission and expulsion. In addition, the spinal ejaculation generator integrates this outflow with inp...
Article
To assess the effects of the alpha 1-adrenoceptor antagonists alfuzosin and tamsulosin on the physiological events associated with ejaculation in the rat, because when these drugs are used for treating symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia in men they may affect ejaculation by impairing bladder neck closure and seminal vesicle contraction. In cl...
Article
Apomorphine delivered in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) induces penile erection in rats, suggesting a role of dopaminergic projection to the PVN in the control of penile erection. We assessed whether the selective inhibitor of monoamine oxidase B, selegiline, could enhance the erectile activity induced by dopamine delivery in...
Article
Edg-2 is a member of the G-protein-coupled seven-transmembrane receptor family recently identified in oligodendrocytes. Here we show that both in vitro and in vivo, Edg-2 transcripts are not detected during early stages of oligodendroglial development, but are expressed only in mature oligodendrocytes, shortly before the onset of myelination. Lysop...
Article
LP(A1) (also termed Edg-2 or VZG-1) is a G-protein-coupled receptor for lysophosphatidic acid and its gene transcripts have been found selectively expressed by mature myelin-producing cells. We have raised in rabbit a polyclonal antibody against a sequence unique to LP(A1) and common to rat, mouse, and human orthologues. In Western blots, LP(A1) im...
Article
Full-text available
An exclusive central site of action for the proerectile effect of apomorphine, including not only the brain but also the spinal cord, is supported by extensive experimental data. Assuming that the mechanisms of action of apomorphine are similar in humans and animal models, its use for the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED) validates the emergin...
Article
Vaginal sexual arousal is a vasocongestive and neuromuscular event controlled by facilitatory parasympathetic and inhibitory sympathetic inputs. Autonomic preganglionic parasympathetic and inhibitory sympathetic fibers to the vagina and clitoris originate in the spinal cord in the sacral parasympathetic nucleus at the sacral level and in the dorsal...
Article
Apomorphine exerts pro-erectile effects by acting on neurons in the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus. In spinal cord injured rats we assessed whether apomorphine also directly activates the spinal autonomic and somatic neurons controlling penile erection Intracavernous and blood pressure was monitored in groups of 10 anesthetized rats to...
Article
Drugs acting within the central nervous system (CNS) that reduce the sympathetic antierectile flow and enhance the parasympathetic proerectile flow to the penis may restore penile erection in cases of erectile dysfunction of both psychogenic and organic origin. The best characterized of such drugs is the dopaminergic agonist apomorphine, which acts...
Article
Full-text available
The use of the D1/D2 dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine for the treatment of erectile dysfunction provides strong support in favor of a participation of the dopaminergic system in the control of sexual function. However, the exact involvement of dopamine in the control of sexual motivation and genital arousal in males is unknown. Experimental da...
Article
Full-text available
The use of the D1/D2 dopamine receptor agonist apomorphine SL for the treatment of erectile dysfunction provides a strong support in favour of a participation of the dopaminergic system in the control of sexual function. However, the exact involvement of dopamine in sexual motivation and in the control of genital arousal in humans is unknown. In co...
Article
The understanding of the pathophysiology of female sexual dysfunction suffers from the lack of a convenient model for the study of female genital sexual response. In this study, systemic arterial blood pressure (BP) as well as partial oxygen tension, temperature, and blood engorgement of the vagina [using laser-Doppler flowmetry in arbitrary units...
Article
Full-text available
Considering the presence of dopaminergic receptors in the lumbosacral spinal cord, we tested whether apomorphine could exert a proerectile effect by acting at the spinal level. Intracavernous (ICP) and blood pressures (BP) were measured in anesthetized rats. ICP rises were quantified (duration, percentage of ICPmaximum/meanBP (ICPmax/BPx100), area...
Article
Edg-2 is an heptahelical receptor whose spatio-temporal distribution during rat brain development is consistent with a role in the control of myelination. We have now identified two splice variants of Edg-2 mRNA in rat brain that encode two receptor isoforms differing by a stretch of 18 amino acids in the NH2-terminal extracellular tail of the rece...
Article
Edg-2 is an heptahelical receptor whose spatio-temporal distribution during rat brain development is consistent with a role in the control of myelination. We have now identified two splice variants of Edg-2 mRNA in rat brain that encode two receptor isoforms differing by a stretch of 18 amino acids in the NH2-terminal extracellular tail of the rece...
Article
By screening an olfactory bulb cDNA library using dopamine receptor probes, we isolated the cDNA coding for the rat counterpart of an orphan receptor known as Edg-2, homologous to G protein-coupled receptors. In situ hybridization analysis showed that Edg-2 mRNA expression is restricted to myelinated structures, e.g. corpus callosum or peripheral n...
Article
HL-60 cells were cultured in normal and inositol-deficient media. The inositol-deficient cells showed reduced sodium pump activity, as measured by ouabain-sensitive 86Rb+ uptake. The protein kinase C inhibitors staurosporine and H7 did not affect uptake in either normal or inositol-deficient cells. However, U73122, a steroidal inhibitor of phosphoi...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Hello everyone,
I am recording wide dynamic range and nociceptive specific spinal cord neurons innervating the hind paw in anesthetized mice. I am currently trying to backfire those neurons from the cervical cord to confirm (or not) that they are projection neurons. I use home made micro bipolar stimulating electrodes (Ag or Ag/Cl or Pt/Ir). Success rate is low...Would you recommend to perform monopolar stimulation rather than bipolar? Would you see an advantage to stick to an old fashioned Ag/Cl rather than Pt/Ir electrode?
all advises welcome. Many thanks for your help.
Julien