Julie Soutourina

Julie Soutourina
Atomic Energy and Alternative Energies Commission | CEA · Centre d'Etudes de Saclay

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40
Publications
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Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Mediator is a conserved coregulator playing a key role in RNA polymerase (Pol) II transcription. Mediator also links transcription and nucleotide excision repair (NER) via a direct contact with Rad2/XPG endonuclease. In this work, we analyzed the genome-wide distribution of Rad26/CSB and Rad1-Rad10/XPF-ERCC1, addressing the question of a potential...
Preprint
Despite intensive research of DNA repair after UV in eukaryotes, a framework to quantitatively describe the dynamics in vivo is still lacking. We developed a new data-driven approach to analyse CPD repair kinetics over time in Saccharomyces cerevisiae . In contrast to other studies that consider sequencing signals as an average behaviour, we introd...
Preprint
Full-text available
Transcription is coupled with DNA repair, especially within nucleotide excision repair (NER). Mediator is a conserved coregulator playing a key role in RNA polymerase (Pol) II transcription. Mediator also links transcription and NER via a direct contact with Rad2/XPG endonuclease. In this work, we analyzed the genome-wide distribution of Rad26/CSB...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in DNA have large-ranging consequences, from evolution to disease. Many mechanisms contribute to mutational processes such as dysfunctions in DNA repair pathways and exogenous or endogenous mutagen exposures. Model organisms and mutation accumulation (MA) experiments are indispensable to study mutagenesis. Classical MA is, however, time c...
Article
Mre11-Rad50-Xrs2 (MRX) is a highly conserved complex with key roles in various aspects of DNA repair. Here, we report a new function for MRX in limiting transcription in budding yeast. We show that MRX interacts physically and colocalizes on chromatin with the transcriptional co-regulator Mediator. MRX restricts transcription of coding and noncodin...
Article
Dysfunctions of nuclear processes including transcription and DNA repair lead to severe human diseases. Gaining an understanding of how these processes operate in the crowded context of chromatin can be particularly challenging. Mediator is a large multiprotein complex conserved in eukaryotes with a key coactivator role in the regulation of RNA pol...
Article
In this issue of Cell, Casellas and colleagues provide insights into the structural and functional aspects of the mammalian multi-subunit Mediator complex, a conserved and essential transcriptional coregulator. Combining cryo-EM, genetic, and genomic analyses, the work sheds light on Mediator's mode of action as a functional bridge between enhancer...
Article
Full-text available
Transcription and maintenance of genome integrity are fundamental cellular functions. Deregulation of transcription and defects in DNA repair lead to serious pathologies. The Mediator complex links RNA polymerase (Pol) II transcription and nucleotide excision repair via Rad2/XPG endonuclease. However, the functional interplay between Rad2/XPG, Medi...
Article
Alterations in the regulation of gene expression are frequently associated with developmental diseases or cancer. Transcription activation is a key phenomenon in the regulation of gene expression. In all eukaryotes, mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription (Mediator), a large complex with modular organization, is generally required for transcrip...
Article
Mediator is a multisubunit complex conserved in eukaryotes that plays an essential coregulator role in RNA polymerase (Pol) II transcription. Despite intensive studies of the Mediator complex, the molecular mechanisms of its function in vivo remain to be fully defined. In this review, we will discuss the different aspects of Mediator function start...
Article
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Mediator is a large coregulator complex conserved from yeast to humans and involved in many human diseases, including cancers. Together with general transcription factors, it stimulates preinitiation complex (PIC) formation and activates RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription. In this study, we analyzed how Mediator acts in PIC assembly using in...
Article
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Mediator is a large multiprotein complex conserved in all eukaryotes, which has a crucial coregulator function in transcription by RNA polymerase II (Pol II). However, the molecular mechanisms of its action in vivo remain to be understood. Med17 is an essential and central component of the Mediator head module. In this work, we utilised our large c...
Article
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The BYpass of Ess1 (Bye1) protein is a putative S. cerevisiae transcription factor homologous to the human cancer-associated PHF3/DIDO family of proteins. Bye1 contains a Plant Homeodomain (PHD) and a TFIIS-like domain. The Bye1 PHD finger interacts with tri-methylated lysine 4 of histone H3 (H3K4me3) while the TFIIS-like domain binds to RNA polyme...
Article
Full-text available
Mediator is a large multiprotein complex conserved in all eukaryotes. The crucial function of Mediator in transcription is now largely established. However, we found that this complex also plays an important role by connecting transcription with DNA repair. We identified a functional contact between the Med17 Mediator subunit and Rad2/XPG, the 3' e...
Article
Full-text available
RNA polymerase (Pol) III synthesizes the tRNAs, the 5S ribosomal RNA and a small number of untranslated RNAs. In vitro, it also transcribes short interspersed nuclear elements (SINEs). We investigated the distribution of Pol III and its associated transcription factors on the genome of mouse embryonic stem cells using a highly specific tandem ChIP-...
Article
Gene transcription is highly regulated. Altered transcription can lead to cancer or developmental diseases. Mediator, a multisubunit complex conserved among eukaryotes, is generally required for RNA polymerase II (Pol II) transcription. An interaction between the two complexes is known, but its molecular nature and physiological role are unclear. W...
Article
The switch from cellular proliferation to differentiation occurs to a large extent through specific programs of gene expression. In fission yeast, the master regulator of sexual differentiation, ste11, is induced by environmental conditions leading to mating and meiosis. We show that phosphorylation of serine 2 (S2P) in the C-terminal domain of the...
Article
Recent advances in elucidating the structure of yeast Pol I and III are based on a combination of X-ray crystal analysis, electron microscopy and homology modelling. They allow a better comparison of the three eukaryotic nuclear RNA polymerases, underscoring the most obvious difference existing between the three enzymes, which lies in the existence...
Article
In vitro, without Mediator, the association of general transcription factors (GTF) and RNA polymerase II (Pol II) in preinitiation complexes (PIC) occurs in an orderly fashion. In this work, we explore the in vivo function of Mediator in GTF recruitment to PIC. A direct interaction between Med11 Mediator head subunit and Rad3 TFIIH subunit was iden...
Article
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The yeast URA2 gene, encoding the rate-limiting enzyme of UTP biosynthesis, is transcriptionally activated by UTP shortage. In contrast to other genes of the UTP pathway, this activation is not governed by the Ppr1 activator. Moreover, it is not due to an increased recruitment of RNA polymerase II at the URA2 promoter, but to its much more effectiv...
Article
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TFIIS is a transcription elongation factor that stimulates transcript cleavage activity of arrested RNA polymerase II (Pol II). Recent studies revealed that TFIIS has also a role in Pol II transcription initiation. To improve our understanding of TFIIS function in vivo, we performed genome-wide location analysis of this factor. Under normal growth...
Article
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The transcription initiation and elongation steps of protein-coding genes usually rely on unrelated protein complexes. However, the TFIIS elongation factor is implicated in both processes. We found that, in the absence of the Med31 Mediator subunit, yeast cells required the TFIIS polymerase II (Pol II)-binding domain but not its RNA cleavage stimul...
Article
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Capping of nascent pre-mRNAs is thought to be a prerequisite for productive elongation and associated serine 2 phosphorylation of the C-terminal domain (CTD) of RNA polymerase II (PolII). The mechanism mediating this link is unknown, but is likely to include the capping machinery and P-TEPb. We report that the fission yeast P-TEFb (Cdk9-Pch1) forms...
Article
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RNA polymerase (pol) III, assisted by the transcription factors TFIIIC and TFIIIB, transcribes small untranslated RNAs, such as tRNAs. In addition to known pol III-transcribed genes, the Saccharomyces cerevisiae genome contains loci (ZOD1, ETC1-8) associated to incomplete pol III transcription complexes (Moqtaderi, Z., and Struhl, K. (2004) Mol. Ce...
Article
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RSC is an essential, multisubunit chromatin remodeling complex. We show here that the Rsc4 subunit of RSC interacted via its C terminus with Rpb5, a conserved subunit shared by all three nuclear RNA polymerases (Pol). Furthermore, the RSC complex coimmunoprecipitated with all three RNA polymerases. Mutations in the C terminus of Rsc4 conferred a th...
Article
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D-Tyr-tRNATyr deacylase cleaves the ester bond between a tRNA molecule and a D-amino acid. In Escherichia coli, inactivation of the gene (dtd) encoding this deacylase increases the toxicity of several D-amino acids including D-tyrosine, D-tryptophan, and D-aspartic acid. Here, we demonstrate that, in a Deltadtd cell grown in the presence of 2.4 mm...
Article
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Cell growth inhibition by several d-amino acids can be explained by an in vivo production of d-aminoacyl-tRNA molecules. Escherichia coli and yeast cells express an enzyme, d-Tyr-tRNA(Tyr) deacylase, capable of recycling such d-aminoacyl-tRNA molecules into free tRNA and d-amino acid. Accordingly, upon inactivation of the genes of the above deacyla...
Article
Cell growth inhibition by severald-amino acids can be explained by an in vivo production of d-aminoacyl-tRNA molecules.Escherichia coli and yeast cells express an enzyme,d-Tyr-tRNATyr deacylase, capable of recycling such d-aminoacyl-tRNA molecules into free tRNA andd-amino acid. Accordingly, upon inactivation of the genes of the above deacylases, t...
Article
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D-cysteine, a powerful inhibitor of Escherichia coli growth, is decomposed in vitro into pyruvate, H2S, and NH3 by D-cysteine desulfhydrase. To assess the role of this reaction in the adaptation of the bacterium to growth on D-cysteine, the gene of the desulfhydrase was cloned. It corresponds to the open reading frame yedO at 43.03 min on the genet...
Article
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In Escherichia coli, tyrosyl-tRNA synthetase is known to esterify tRNATyr with tyrosine. Resulting d-Tyr-tRNATyr can be hydrolyzed by ad-Tyr-tRNATyr deacylase. By monitoring E. coli growth in liquid medium, we systematically searched for other d-amino acids, the toxicity of which might be exacerbated by the inactivation of the gene encodingd-Tyr-tR...
Article
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The Saccharomyces cerevisiae YDL219w (DTD1) gene, which codes for an amino acid sequence sharing 34% identity with the Escherichia coli D-Tyr-tRNA(Tyr) deacylase, was cloned, and its product was functionally characterized. Overexpression in the yeast of the DTD1 gene from a multicopy plasmid increased D-Tyr-tRNA(Tyr) deacylase activity in crude ext...
Article
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The yihZ gene of Escherichia coli is shown to produce a deacylase activity capable of recycling misaminoacylated D-Tyr-tRNATyr. The reaction is specific and, under optimal in vitro conditions, proceeds at a rate of 6 s-1 with a Km value for the substrate equal to 1 microM. Cell growth is sensitive to interruption of the yihZ gene if D-tyrosine is a...
Article
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According to their role in translation, tRNAs specifically interact either with elongation factor Tu (EFTu) or with initiation factor 2 (IF2). We here describe the effects of overproducing EFTu and IF2 on the elongator versus initiator activities of various mutant tRNAMet species in vivo. The data obtained indicate that the selection of a tRNA thro...
Article
Full-text available
Plasmid constructions and cloning All cloning were done using the Gateway Invitrogen cloning method. Wild-type MED11 gene was amplified from YPH499 genomic DNA using oligonucleotides matching the gene sequence initiation codon and following codons for the 5' forward primer and the stop codon and preceding codons for the 3' reverse primer. The oligo...