Julie Dean Rosati

Julie Dean Rosati
US Army Corps of Engineers · Coastal & Hydraulics Laboratory

BSc, MSc Civil Engr, PhD Ocean

About

110
Publications
47,818
Reads
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1,929
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
1051 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
August 1981 - present
US Army Corps of Engineers
Position
  • Research Hydraulic Engineer

Publications

Publications (110)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents numerical simulation studies on wave attenuation and setup/runup in wetland and vegetated by using a one-dimensional (1-D) wave model (CSHORE) and a 2-D wave spectral model (CCHE2D-Coast). Two wave breaking criteria implemented into the two models are examined by simulating wave heights and setup in a vegetated laboratory flume....
Article
The year 2017 was an extremely active hurricane season with five hurricanes that reached major hurricane strength (Category 3 or higher) on the United States (U.S) or the Caribbean coast. This paper focuses on the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) preparation and response to the three most destructive events (Hurricanes Harvey, Irma, and Maria)....
Article
Full-text available
This presentation and paper describes the capacity of natural and nature-based features (NNBF) to reduce coastal storm hazards. Through a synthesis of existing literature and studies, as well as meta-analysis and traditional data analysis where possible, the salient characteristics and capabilities of NNBF at reducing storm surge, wave action, and...
Article
Full-text available
Vegetation plays an important role in reducing wetland and coastal erosion. It is well-known that vegetation in coastal regions acts as a buffer to reduce wave impact and wave setup, as waves are deformed and energy of waves is attenuated through vegetation zones. Modeling wave deformation and transformation through vegetation zones can quantify wa...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of coastal vegetation on wave attenuation have been well acknowledged and quantified. However, the studies on the effects of vegetation on wave setup and runup are still limited. Wave setup contributes to the elevated water level during a storm event. Flume tests (Wu et al. 2011) show that vegetation reduces the wave setup and neglectin...
Article
US Army Corps of Engineers Coastal Storm Risk Management (CSRM) projects have reduced coastal vulnerability and helped communities anticipate and mitigate toward improved resilience. This study proposes the Coastal Resilience Index (CRI) to quantify storm damage reduction benefits due to beach restoration projects in the context of resilience. The...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report documents a numerical modeling study investigating sediment transport and morphology change adjacent to Merrimack Inlet, Newburyport, and nearshore in the vicinity of Salisbury Beach and Plum Island, Massachusetts. Concerns at the site include beach erosion, shoreline retreat on Plum Island downdrift of and within the inlet, and reduced...
Chapter
Beach nourishment comprises the placement of sediment in the nearshore to advance the shoreline seaward and is usually placed in response to beach erosion which may be naturally or anthropogenically induced. Nourishment with compatible sediment has the advantage of maintaining the beach system in a nearnatural condition and can provide benefits to...
Article
Full-text available
A large number of initiatives exist at the federal level to provide resilience tools to communities and decision makers, but quantitative assessments of resilience are limited. There is a need for objective evaluation of coastal systems that includes the community, economy, and environment. To meet this need, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers researcher...
Article
The Civil Works mission area of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) spans multiple programs including navigation, flood risk management, infrastructure construction and operation, and environmental stewardship–including restoration and regulation of protected waterways. The national scope of USACE activities means that habitat preservation and...
Article
Full-text available
Brutsché, K.E.; Wang, P.; Rosati, J.D., and Beck, T.M., 2015. Evolution of a swash zone berm nourishment and influence of berm elevation on the performance of beach-nearshore nourishments along Perdido Key, Florida, USA. A nourishment was placed within the swash zone along eastern Perdido Key, Florida, in 2011–2012 using maintenance-dredged materia...
Conference Paper
: Two nearshore berm nourishments were placed at Fort Myers Beach and Perdido Key Florida, USA, as part of Regional Sediment Management practices. At Fort Myers Beach, a bar-like berm was placed offshore, while at Perdido Key a swash-zone berm was placed approximately half-way between the mean water line and berm crest to maximize the potential for...
Research
Full-text available
The US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is responsible for the management of the Nation’s water resource infrastructure and is presently challenged to continue the safe operation and management of that aging infrastructure. These challenges span from changes in climate patterns to increased environmental concerns, greater coastal population densitie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Conceptual Regional Sediment Budget • Documents patterns and rates of sediment transport, dredging and placement, and volumetric change • Developed in the Sediment Budget Analysis System (SBAS) for rapid dissemination and viewing ABSTRACT METHODS (concluded) A Conceptual Regional Sediment Budget (CRSB) was developed for coastal beaches, bays and es...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A Conceptual Regional Sediment Budget (CRSB) was developed for coastal beaches, bays and estuaries extending from Virginia to Maine, USA, as part of the North Atlantic Coast Comprehensive Study. Hurricane Sandy made landfall on October 30th, 2012 near Brigantine, New Jersey and generated severe beach erosion and property damage throughout this regi...
Article
Full-text available
The US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) is responsible for the management of the Nation’s water resource infrastructure and is presently challenged to continue the safe operation and management of that aging infrastructure. These challenges span from changes in climate patterns to increased environmental concerns, greater coastal population densitie...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Coastal Modeling System (CMS) is an integrated numerical modeling system for simulating nearshore waves, currents, water levels, salinity and sediment transport, and morphology change. The CMS was designed and developed for coastal inlets and navigation applications, including channel performance and sediment exchange between inlets and adjacen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The navigation mission of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) was established in 1824 to provide safe, relia-ble, and efficient waterborne transportation systems. Today the USACE manages over 40,000 km of coastal and inland navigation channels, dredging 174 Million cubic meters of sediment costing $1,322 Million in 2011. The Coastal Inlets Res...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The hazard imposed by storms may be worsened with an increase in frequency and magnitude of future hurricanes. The C2SHORE numerical model is applied during this study to estimate the sediment transport pathways during differing storm conditions, incorporating both high-energy wave-driven processes and current-dominated over-topping conditions. The...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Damon Point in Grays Harbor has experienced continued evolution towards the existing navigation channel and the land intrusion into the harbor posts potential threat to navigation and port operation. Numerical modeling study was conducted to investigate the hydrodynamics, sediment transport, and morphology change at the harbor near the navigation c...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal Louisiana is geologically unique in the United States because its complex shallow geologic structure is the result of fluvial deposition (Mississippi and Atchafalaya Rivers) and marine reworking over thousands of years. Other characteristics include the preponderance of fine sediment, relative youth, and shallow nearshore slope. It has been...
Article
Full-text available
Historical shoreline and bathymetric survey data were compiled for the barrier islands and passes fronting Mississippi Sound to identify net littoral sand transport pathways, quantify the magnitude of net sand transport, and develop an operational sediment budget spanning a 90-year period. Net littoral sand transport along the islands and passes is...
Chapter
Full-text available
Natural and human-related causes of beach erosion are discussed and illustrated by examples. Sea level rise, trapping of sand by natural inlets and migration of natural inlets are the most pervasive natural causes. Construction of navigation works, followed by reduction in sediment delivery to the coast and subsidence induced by ground fluid extrac...
Article
Full-text available
A regional sediment budget for St. Augustine Inlet and St. Johns County, Florida, was developed for the 1999 to 2010 period. Development of the sediment budget had three main objectives: characterize the transport pathways and magnitudes for the 1999 to 2010 period, compare to an earlier sediment budget for 1974 to 1995 (Srinivas and Taylor 1998),...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change-mediated impacts originating from terrestrial and marine sources interact at the coast to influence coastal habitats (Nicholls et al., 2007; Rosenzweig et al., 2007; Figure 3-1; Table 3-1). On the landward side, increased temperatures and altered precipitation patterns interact with changing land-use and land-cover practices to affec...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Historical shoreline and bathymetric survey data were compiled for the barrier islands and passes fronting Mississippi Sound to identify net littoral sediment transport pathways, quantify the magnitude of net sand transport, and develop an operational sediment budget spanning a 90-year period. Beach erosion along the east side of each island and sa...
Article
Problems of constructing a sediment budget for an inlet is often a challenge due to constraints on data collection, quality of data, and assumptions one is willing to consider. Existing literature does not provide a systematic foundation for equations considered and often engineers and geologists typically do not properly consider the mathematical...
Article
Full-text available
This is the third report, Report 3, in a series of four reports toward the Verification, and Validation (V&V) of the Coastal Modeling System (CMS). All details of the V&V study specific to the hydrodynamic modeling are provided in this report. The primary goal of this study task was to perform a comprehensive assessment of the predictive skills of...
Article
Full-text available
This is the fourth report in the series of four reports, toward the Verification, and Validation (V&V) of the Coastal Modeling System (CMS). This report contains details of a V&V study conducted to assess skills of the CMS sediment transport and morphology change for a wide range of problems encountered in coastal applications. The emphasis is on c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Historical shoreline and bathymetric survey data were compiled for the barrier islands and passes fronting Mississippi Sound to develop a regional sediment budget spanning a 90-year period. Net littoral sand transport along the islands and passes is primarily unidirectional (east-to-west). Beach erosion along the east side of each island and sand s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Improvements to coastal-estuarine channels such as deepening and widening increase channel reliability, allow transit of larger vessels at greater speeds, and improve the local and regional economy. However, these benefits are often accompanied by an increase in the rate of channel shoaling, the need to find dredged material placement sites, and en...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) initiated the Regional Sediment Management (RSM) program in October 1999 to evaluate the implementation of regional approaches to sediment and project management within the USACE. The RSM Program has flourished from a single USACE District evaluation to a national paradigm shift which progresses the USACE from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
East Harbor is a tidally restricted estuary north of Truro, MA, on Cape Cod. The Harbor is connected to Cape Cod Bay by a culvert with 2.2 m2 cross-sectional area and 200 m length leading to a poorly flushed marsh area which empties into East Harbor. The natural inlet on the north end of the estuary was closed via construction of a dike in 1869, wh...
Article
Full-text available
Fire Island, New York, is a 50-kilometer-long barrier island that has remained positionally stable without any formation of breach inlets for nearly 200 years. Some researchers have attributed its stability to a major supply of sand moving onshore from relatively deep water (i.e., >10 m depths). Others have demonstrated via sediment budgets that th...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated the potential increase in shoaling and associated sources of sediment as a result of proposed channel improvements for the Houma Navigation Channel in the vicinity of Cat Island Pass, Louisiana. Using morphologic change data and historical maintenance dredging rates, historical and forecasted with-deepening sediment budgets wer...
Conference Paper
The Romanian Black Sea coast including the Danube Delta region has been severely impacted by erosion, habitat loss and pollution. The Romanian Ministry of Environment (RME) recently sought solutions to these challenges through Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) planning. In 2008, Black & Veatch (BV) was awarded a United States Trade and Deve...
Article
Full-text available
Dredged material confined disposal facilities (CDFs) represent a major capital and operating investment for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE). As such, they need to be managed in a manner that maximizes the useful life of the facilities, as well as economic, material, and manpower resources. In some areas of the United States, confined dispo...
Article
Barrier islands that overlie a compressible substrate, such as islands in deltaic environments or those that overlay mud or peat deposits, load and consolidate the underlying subsurface. Through time, the elevation and aerial extent of these islands are reduced, making them more susceptible to future inundation and overwash. Sand washed over the is...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study evaluated the present and future functionality of the Sabine Pass jetties considering planned deepening of the Sabine-Neches Waterway Navigation Channel from 42 to 48 ft mean low water (MLW) and possible rehabilitation of the jetty system. The Sabine Pass jetties were constructed to their full length (East jetty, 25,270 ft; West jetty, 2...
Article
A critical component of flood protection in some coastal areas is expected to be the potential contribution of wetlands to the lowering of surges as they propagate inland from the coast. Consequently, an accurate method to quantify the effect of wetlands on coastal surge levels is required. The degree to which wetlands attenuate surge is the subjec...
Article
Present criteria for acceptable grass covered levee overtopping are based on average overtopping values but do not include the effect of overtopping duration. This paper applies experimental steady state results for acceptable overtopping to the case of intermittent wave overtopping. Laboratory results consisting of velocities and durations for acc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A decadal-scale model is developed to represent evolution of barrier islands, inlets, and inlet deltas. Sensitivity tests of the model reproduce essential aspects of how barrier islands evolve depending on bay infilling or expansion. The model is applied to the four-inlet system in Barataria Bay, Louisiana, USA, in which the bay is known to have in...
Article
Full-text available
Aspects of northern Gulf of Mexico (NGOM) (Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, and Florida panhandle) processes and barrier islands that are pertinent to their geomorphologic response are contrasted with the broader knowledge base summarized by SCHWARTz (1973) and LEATHERMAN (1979, 1985). Salient findings from studies documenting the short-term (storm...
Article
Full-text available
The US Army Corps of Engineers' navigation mission is to provide safe, reliable, and efficient waterborne transportation systems (channels, harbors, and waterways) for the movement of commerce, national security needs, and recreation. Federally maintained channels through as many as 600 coastal inlets and through bays, estuaries, and rivers are the...
Thesis
Full-text available
Barrier islands that overlie a compressible substrate load and consolidate the underlying subsurface. Through time, the elevation and aerial extent of these islands are reduced, making them more susceptible to inundation and overwash. Sand washed over the island and onto backbarrier marsh or into the bay or estuary begins the consolidation process...
Chapter
Beach nourishment comprises the placement of sediment in the nearshore to advance the shoreline seaward and is usually placed in response to beach erosion which may be naturally or anthropogenically induced. Nourishment with compatible sediment has the advantage of maintaining the beach system in a nearnatural condition and can provide benefits to...
Article
Full-text available
The critical width of a barrier island is defined as the smallest cross-shore dimension that minimizes net loss of sediment from the island over periods from decades to centuries. This concept is of importance for large-scale restoration of barrier islands which involves rebuilding these islands to a specified geometry. Within constraints of coasta...
Conference Paper
Back matter pages come after the papers or chapters in a published work and may include appendixes, references, and indexes.