Julie Sarno Owens

Julie Sarno Owens
Ohio University · Department of Psychology

PH.D.

About

89
Publications
30,105
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3,719
Citations
Citations since 2017
30 Research Items
1802 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
We examined the predictive utility of the Behavior Assessment System for Children‐2 Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (BASC‐2‐BESS) and Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in identifying students with a mental disorder. Data were collected in a two‐stage study over 34 months with kindergarten‐12th grade (K–12) students (aged 5–19...
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Peer victimization is critical to study in early and middle childhood as it is associated with adjustment and behavioral problems in adolescence. Because much victimization occurs outside of the purview of adults, self-report measures are important assessments of this construct; however, there is limited evidence for the psychometric properties of...
Article
Objective To evaluate the appropriateness of parent-reported diagnosis of ADHD as a surveillance tool. Method We assessed agreement over time and concordance of parent-reported diagnosis against Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM)-based criteria. We compared concordance of diagnosis and DSM-based criteria by child characteristics, including tr...
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Many students with social, emotional, and behavioral problems receive school-based services. Multi-Tiered System of Support (MTSS) is the one most frequently referenced systems for coordinating services. The goal of this framework is to effectively match assessment and services to the needs of individual students. In many schools this process is li...
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Technology-based supports offer promise for helping elementary school teachers implement Tier 2 interventions to address challenging student behavior. The Daily Report Card Online (DRCO) platform is a cloud-based web application designed to support teachers’ adoption and implementation of a high-quality daily report card (DRC) intervention through...
Article
Although intensive interventions can be more costly than less intensive interventions, for some individuals, they may be more cost-effective. We extend the examination of differential cost-effectiveness to teacher consultation by examining the association between teacher-level characteristics (baseline knowledge, beliefs, skills) and change in targ...
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Multi-tiered behavioral classroom interventions are particularly important for students with or at risk for ADHD or other externalizing behaviors. Teachers often use these interventions infrequently or not as designed, and little is known about the barriers and facilitators to their use, especially from the teachers' perspective. Using an explorato...
Article
This study examined bidirectional associations between cross‐racial friendships and children's social and academic adjustment. Participants were 583 elementary school‐age children in western Canada, or the midwestern United States (4–10 years; 279 girls; 143 Asian, 88 Black, 65 Hispanic or Latinx, 171 White, 116 mixed). Children's adjustment (socia...
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Adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) experience academic difficulties, but there are limitations to current methods of measuring these problems. The parent-rated Adolescent Academic Problems Checklist (AAPC) is a particularly promising measure, as the items were derived from concerns of parents and teachers of adolescent...
Article
Research predominantly focuses on problematic behaviors in children with symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to explain why they are disliked by their classroom peers. By contrast, the current study explores characteristics of peers that are associated with them disliking classmates with ADHD symptoms. To do so, we undertook...
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There has been an increase in school mental health research aimed at producing generalizable knowledge to address longstanding science-to-practice gaps to increase children's access to evidence-based mental health services. Successful dissemination and implementation are both important pieces to address science-to-practice gaps, but there is concep...
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Inter-rater agreement about children’s symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is crucial for accurately identifying and treating children with this condition. Decades of empirical research demonstrate that parents and teachers rarely agree about children’s ADHD symptoms, yet few studies have tested the factors that relate to pa...
Article
Objective This study aimed to (1) examine benchmarks for the benefits of the Daily Report Card (DRC) within a therapeutic recreation setting, that is, the Summer Treatment Program (STP) and (2) explore differences in baseline characteristics and treatment outcomes among optimal and suboptimal responders. Benchmarks were examined for children’s DRC...
Article
This study evaluated whether an organization intervention was a mediator of change for grade point average (GPA) in a randomized clinical trial of a school-based treatment program for adolescents with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). A demographically diverse sample of 148 participants (105 males) with a diagnosis of ADHD were recru...
Article
Multi-component training interventions such as the Challenging Horizons Program (CHP) improve organization skills and academic functioning of middle school students with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, few studies have investigated treatment for high school students. We explored the extent to which CHP adapted for high sch...
Article
Objective: Social and academic functioning are linked in elementary school, and both are frequently impaired in children with elevated symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This study evaluated the Making Socially Accepting Inclusive Classrooms (MOSAIC) program, a classroom intervention to support children’s social and academ...
Article
Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in elementary school-age children are associated with poor relationships with classroom peers, as indicated by poor social preference, low peer support, and peer victimization. Less is known about how friendship patterns relate to ADHD symptoms, or how friendships may buffer risk for negat...
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Establishing a positive peer climate in elementary school classrooms is an important goal for educators because peer dynamics are thought to affect academic learning. Thus, it is important to (a) understand the relationship between children's peer dynamics and academic functioning, and (b) identify teacher practices that influence both peer process...
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The goals of the study were to (a) examine teacher-reported acceptability of a daily report card (DRC) intervention for a student in their classroom prior to and during implementation; (b) examine factors that predict acceptability; and (c) explore the relations between teacher-reported acceptability, student and teacher characteristics prior to im...
Article
Disruptive student behavior in middle school is associated with negative outcomes including poor grades, low achievement scores, dropout, lost teaching time, teacher burnout, and societal expenditures. Classroom Behavior Management (CBM) strategies are effective at reducing disruptive behavior, decreasing teacher stress, and increasing achievement...
Article
Emotion dysregulation is associated with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and confers risk for behavior problems and functional impairment; however, there is little guidance on best practices for measurement in adolescents. We developed a parent-report version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS-P)). Evidence of rel...
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The goal of this pilot study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a multi-component consultation package in improving teachers’ classroom management skills, particularly among teachers with lower baseline levels of knowledge, skills, and intervention-supportive beliefs. Participants were 58 elementary school teachers (93% female; 50% non-Hispanic W...
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In this study, we (a) describe patterns of challenging student behaviors (classwide and for a target student with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder [ADHD]) and teacher behaviors (i.e., praise, commands, and responses to challenging behavior) in kindergarten through Grade 5 classrooms, (b) examine the relations between these behaviors, and (c...
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In this pilot study, we conducted a randomized controlled trial to examine the effects of a school-based engagement intervention on parent adherence to recommendations for children screened for social, emotional, behavioral, and adaptive problems at kindergarten entry. The aims were to evaluate the impact of an enhanced feedback session on parents’...
Article
The goals were to (a) replicate the findings of previous research with regard to the Consultee/Teacher Version of the Interpersonal Power Inventory (IPI), and (b) advance the literature by examining IPI scores about a current consultation relationship. Sample 1 included 99 elementary school teachers (44.4% Hispanic) who completed the IPI. Results r...
Article
Previous literature suggests that children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) exhibit a positive bias (PB), defined as an over-estimation of one’s own ability as compared with actual ability. However, it is possible that the larger discrepancy (i.e., PB) in children with ADHD is accounted for by lower competence levels rather than...
Article
The goal of this study was to use novel approaches that do not require the use of arbitrary cut-points (i.e., latent profile/transition analysis) to evaluate the prevalence and stability of the positive illusory bias (PIB) in young adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 326 middle-school students diagnos...
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Youth and adults with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) experience academic and social impairment and engage in risky behaviors. Emotion dysregulation (ED) is associated with ADHD and may contribute to these impairments and behaviors. Although many measures of ED exist, little is known about the physiological bases of ED, in the conte...
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We examined (a) the utility of teacher ratings on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; Goodman in J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 40:1337–1345, 2001. doi:10. 1097/ 00004583-200111000-00015) and BASC-2 Behavioral and Emotional Screening System (BESS; Kamphaus and Reynolds in Behavior assessment system for children-second edition: be...
Article
Objective: Youth with ADHD exhibit positive bias, an overestimation of ability, relative to external indicators. The positive bias construct is understudied in adolescents, particularly in the domain of driving. Study is needed as youth with ADHD experience greater negative outcomes in driving relative to typically developing teens. Method: Posi...
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Inattention may contribute to emotion recognition deficits in children with ADHD. In the current study, we compared the viewing patterns for emotion stimuli between children with and without ADHD and examined the relationship between viewing patterns, emotion knowledge accuracy, response time, and ADHD symptoms. Eye-tracking technology recorded vie...
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Abstract Although significant progress has been made with respect to our understanding of categorization and concept learning behavior in adults, much less is known about how this key capacity plays out with respect to more restrictive populations. This is unfortunate because much may be revealed about the nature of concept learning by examining th...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between ADHD symptoms and impairment within a sample that includes children in early childhood (n = 250), middle childhood (n = 269) and adolescence (i.e., high school; n = 269). Nested multivariate regression analyses were used to examine the extent to which each ADHD symptom dimension (in...
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The current study examined the utility and incremental validity of parent ratings on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Disruptive Behavior Disorders rating scale completed at kindergarten registration in identifying risk status as defined by important criterion variables (teacher ratings, daily behavioral performance, and quarterly g...
Article
Classroom behavior management strategies are effective in reducing impairment and improving functioning in children with or at risk of ADHD. Although these interventions are well established, there is significant concern about the integrity with which teachers implement these strategies. Possible barriers to integrity include limitations in teacher...
Article
Using a within-subjects design and validated vignettes, this study examined the relative effects of four training and consultation conditions (i.e., consultation with key opinion leaders, consultation with observation and performance feedback, consultation with motivational interviewing, and professional development-as-usual) on teachers' (N = 157)...
Article
Using a multistudy approach, we examined the utility of the Impairment Rating Scale (IRS; Fabiano et al., 2006) as a screening tool for detecting kindergarten children who are at risk for social, emotional, academic, and behavioral problems. In Study 1 (N = 568), we evaluated the concurrent validity, discriminant validity, and diagnostic efficiency...
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We investigated whether symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are pathways through which deficits in inhibition and working memory are associated with teacher- and parent-rated social impairment in children. Participants were 64 children (55 % males; 53 % with ADHD) in grades 3-6. Consistent with our hypotheses, the associatio...
Chapter
Students with ADHD and other emotional and behavioral disorders exhibit serious social, behavioral and academic problems in school and are at elevated risk for many poor long-term outcomes. Although there are models and guidelines for organizing services for these youth and guiding intervention decisions, we propose that they have limitations and s...
Chapter
We are pleased to bring to you this second edition of the Handbook of School Mental Health, with each of us involved in careers that emphasize bringing effective programs and services to promote students’ positive behavior, health, mental health, and academic success in the most universal setting, “where they are,” in schools. We have all been deep...
Chapter
Over the last 10–15 years, there has been significant momentum in the development and implementation of school mental health (SMH) programs, both nationally and internationally (e.g., Kumar et al., 2009; Weist, Lindsey, Moore, & Slade, 2006; Wells et al., 2011). The impetus has been based largely on the prevalence of mental health ailments among ch...
Chapter
Response to Intervention (RTI) refers to a collection of practices aimed at the timely identification of student problems to enhance achievement and behavioral outcomes in a cost-effective manner. The purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate how evidence-based classroom interventions for youth with ADHD can be applied using the RTI framework. To a...
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Epidemiological data indicate that mental health problems affect approximately 15-25% of school-aged children in the United States (e.g., Roberts, Attkisson, & Rosenblatt, 1998); yet only 20% of youth in need receive mental health services (e.g., Mills, Stephan, Moore, Weist, Daly, & Edwards, 2006). Universal screening, when paired with effective e...
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The purpose of this research was to update the Pelham and Fabiano (2008) review of evidence-based practices for children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. We completed a systematic review of the literature published between 2007 and 2013 to establish levels of evidence for psychosocial treatments for these youth. Our re...
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Educational policies mandate the consideration of accommodations so that students with disabilities become proficient in the objectives outlined by state academic content standards and demonstrate proficiency on high-stakes assessments. However, neither policies nor empirical research provide sufficient guidance for educators to effectively select...
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This study examined impairment in multiple domains of functioning in children with and without ADHD who present with high or low levels of sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) while taking into account the total symptom ratings of ADHD. Participants were 584 children in kindergarten through eighth grade (55.7 % male, 91.7 % Caucasian), drawn from five ar...
Article
In this paper, we propose an implementation science research agenda as it applies to school mental health (SMH). First, we provide an overview of important contextual issues to be considered when addressing research questions pertinent to the implementation of mental health interventions in schools. Next, we critically review three core implementat...
Article
This study examined the percentage of children who respond positively to a daily report card (DRC) intervention and the extent to which students achieve incremental benefits with each month of intervention in a general education classroom. Participants were 66 children (87% male) with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder or disruptive behavior...
Chapter
When a reader selects a book about cultural competence or responsiveness, the characteristics that typically come to mind are race and ethnicity. The saliency of race and ethnicity is understandable given that by the year 2050 nearly 50 % of the population of the United States will be comprised of racial and ethnic minority populations (U.S. Census...
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This study examined help-seeking and perceived barriers to children's mental health service utilization in a large sample of parents living in rural communities who are at various stages in the help-seeking process. The goals were to (a) obtain a demographic profile of at-risk kindergarteners and their parents, (b) examine parent-reported help-seek...
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This study examined the relationship between clinically significant symptom change (rated by youth and parents), severity of client-defined primary presenting problems (i.e., Target Complaints), and perceived change in therapy. Participants were 117 adolescents receiving outpatient therapy and their parents. Participants completed the following mea...
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In a pre–post design study, we examined the effectiveness and sustainability of a school mental health program for youth with or at-risk for ADHD (n = 41) when implemented over the course of 4 years by district-employed school mental health professionals (SMHPs) in a rural community. In the program, children received a daily report card (DRC) inter...
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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic childhood disorder with impairment experienced early in childhood and persisting though adolescence. Due to the chronic nature of the disorder and the associated functional problems that manifest in the school setting, school mental health practitioners are in an optimal position to facil...
Article
This study examined positive self-perceptions in relation to depressive symptoms and attributional style in a sample of 88 boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) assessed at baseline and at a 2- to 3-year follow-up. Change in boys' self-perceptions of competency in the scholastic, social, and behavioral domains was examined as a...
Article
In the last several decades, investigators have made remarkable strides in developing and evaluating school-based prevention and intervention strategies for elementary school-age youth focused on the development of healthy social, emotional, and behavioral skills. Although there has been rigorous exam-ination of the efficacy of some of these pro-gr...
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This study examined the relation between reliable change in symptoms and reliable change in functioning in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; N=64) who were enrolled in a school-based mental health program that included a daily report card intervention, teacher consultation, and behavioral parenting sessions. Parents and...
Article
This study examined the relation between clinically significant (CS) change in symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and reliable change in multiple domains of functioning in children who participated in the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD. Children with CS change in...
Article
This study examined whether children with symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) demonstrate positive illusory perceptions of their own competence and others' competence. Participants (67 children with ADHD symptoms; 40 non-ADHD children) completed the Self-Perception Profile for Children and rated actors' competence in videos...
Article
This study examined the effectiveness of a treatment program comprised of several components based on evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for disruptive behavior problems delivered to youth participating in a school mental health program in an underserved community in the Appalachian region. Participants were 117 children in kindergarten through 6th g...
Article
This study examined teachers’ acceptability of evidence-based and promising treatments for children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Teachers (N=156) from 11 elementary schools read a vignette describing a boy with symptoms typical of combined type ADHD. Using the Intervention Rating Profile-10, teachers rated the acceptability...
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This pilot study presents a community's attempt to enhance their school mental health partnership by collaborating with a university to implement the Youth Experiencing Success in School (Y.E.S.S.) Program, a school mental health program composed of evidence-based treatments (EBTs) for children with disruptive behavior problems (Owens et al, in pre...
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Despite significant functional problems in multiple domains, children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) unexpectedly provide extremely positive reports of their own competence in comparison to other criteria reflecting actual competence. This counterintuitive phenomenon is known as the positive illusory bias (PIB). This article p...
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Using focus group methodology, this study examined parents’ perceptions of a behavioral parenting program offered in a rural, Appalachian community to parents of children with disruptive behavior problems. Parents were asked to comment on barriers to participation, strengths and weaknesses of the parenting program, and recommendations for program i...
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This article examines the effectiveness of an evidence-based behavioral treatment package for children with inattentive and disruptive behavior problems when delivered in the context of a school-based mental health program. Child symptomatology and functioning are assessed in a treatment group (n = 30) and a waitlist control group (n = 12) across m...
Article
There are many challenges to transporting evidence-based treatments from laboratories into real-world settings. However, if we hope to make our evidence-based treatments accessible and available to children and usable by community professionals, effectiveness research is imperative. We argue that schools represent an ideal real world setting in whi...
Article
Examined the diagnostic utility of DSM-IV-TR symptoms in the prediction of DSM-IV-TR ADHD subtypes and ODD to: (a) Assess the relative utility of parent and teacher ratings, and (b) Examine the utility of individual symptoms as inclusion and exclusion criteria. Parent and teacher versions of the Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale were compl...
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The present study examined the relationships among gender, inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, depressive symptoms, and biases in perceptions of scholastic competence in children. Participants were 38 children with predominantly inattentive symptoms (IA), 59 children with predominantly hyperactive/impulsive symptoms or a combination of hyperact...
Article
One hundred ninety-five boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared with 73 comparison boys (M = 9.83 years, SD = 1.30) on self-perceptions relative to a teacher-rated criterion. Emphasis was placed on ADHD subgroup comparisons according to level of aggression, academic achievement, and depression compared with control b...
Article
One hundred ninety-five boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared with 73 comparison boys (M = 9.83 years, SD = 1.30) on self-perceptions relative to a teacher-rated criterion, Emphasis was placed on ADHD subgroup comparisons according to level of aggression, academic achievement, and depression compared with control b...
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The authors examined academic task persistence, pretask expectancies, self-evaluations, and attributions of boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as compared with control boys. Participants were 83 ADHD boys and 66 control boys, all normally achieving. Prior to the task, performance expectancies were assessed. After a success-fa...
Article
The authors examined academic task persistence, pretask expectancies, self-evaluations, and attributions of boys with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as compared with control boys. Participants were 83 ADHD boys and 66 control boys, all normally achieving. Prior to the task, performance expectancies were assessed. After a success-fa...
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Using a subsample of 105 children and their parents (100 mothers, 57 fathers) from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD (the MTA), the value of parents' baseline cognitions as predictors of children's treatment outcome at 14 months was examined. Measures of parents' cognitions about themselves, their ADHD children, and their parenti...
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One of the primary barriers to evaluating child sexual abuse prevention programs is the limited availability of measurement tools with demonstrated psychometric properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the internal and test-retest reliability of the “What If” Situations Test (WIST) to determine its utility as an evaluation tool for...
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To determine the extent to which preschool-aged boys and girls can benefit from instruction in personal safety. Data compiled from five previous studies were employed. Four hundred and six preschoolers were pretested and participated in either the Behavioral Skills Training program (BST; Wurtele, 1986) or a control program. Children were posttested...