Julie Glanville

Julie Glanville
Independent consultant in information retrieval

BA Hons, PGDipLib, MSc
Training in searching; Literature search strategy development; Literature searches for systematic reviews

About

251
Publications
76,853
Reads
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31,401
Citations
Introduction
My main research interests are the methods of effective information retrieval for identifying evidence for systematic reviews, economic evaluations and models and technology assessments. I am also a trainer in searching to inform systematic reviews, focusing on strategy design and testing, particularly search filters. I was a co-convenor of the Cochrane Information Retrieval Methods Group (2010 - 2022). I am a co-editor of the ISSG Search Filter Resource and of the SuReInfo resource.
Additional affiliations
April 2008 - June 2020
The University of York
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • I coordinated YHEC's information and review services to customers who required literature searches and reviews of all types. I managed hundreds of reviews ranging from rapid reviews to systematic reviews to inform submissions to reimbursement agencies such as NICE, as well as indirect and mixed treatment comparisons. I was also an active trainer and researcher into systematic review methods, specifically information retrieval.
January 1994 - March 2008
University of York, United Kingdom
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • I managed information retrieval support for systematic reviews and technology assessments within CRD and to external customers, and set up and managed CRD’s NHS Economic Evaluation Database. As part of this role, I designed and undertaken hundreds of searches for systematic reviews. I also carried out training and research into information retrieval for the purpose of conducting systematic reviews.
October 1989 - December 1993
The University of York
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Developing databases, managing and conducting information retrieval, research.
Education
September 1982 - August 1983
Northumbria University
Field of study
  • Librarianship and Information Science
September 1982 - August 1983
The University of York
Field of study
  • Computers and the Man-machine Interface
September 1978 - June 1981
The University of York
Field of study
  • English

Publications

Publications (251)
Chapter
In 1993, before the establishment of Cochrane (formerly the Cochrane Collaboration), only 19 000 reports of randomized controlled trials were readily identifiable (i.e. indexed as such) in MEDLINE, though there were many more within the database. In 1996, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) was launched, in the Cochrane Lib...
Article
Full-text available
There has been no extensive synthesis of studies evaluating the cost of chronic hand eczema (CHE). This review evaluated the societal costs, healthcare resource utilisation, missed work time and job loss due to CHE. MEDLINE and 16 other databases and websites were searched in October 2020 for studies meeting prespecified inclusion criteria. Studies...
Article
Full-text available
This systematic review and network meta-analysis aimed to estimate the relative efficacy of dry cow antimicrobial therapies, registered in Canada and/or the United States, to cure existing intramammary infections (IMI) in dairy cattle. The controlled trials examining all-cause cures of existing IMI present at dry-off were eligible. Five databases a...
Article
Background Evidence syntheses of all types have their foundation in literature searches. Literature searching is developing in line with the growing use of evidence synthesis and is also informed, as a field of work, by the spirit of being evidence-based. Increasing numbers of research papers about information retrieval are being published, and kee...
Article
Full-text available
The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, published in 2009, was designed to help systematic reviewers transparently report why the review was done, what the authors did, and what they found. Over the past decade, advances in systematic review methodology and terminology have necessitated an update t...
Article
Full-text available
The methods and results of systematic reviews should be reported in sufficient detail to allow users to assess the trustworthiness and applicability of the review findings. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement was developed to facilitate transparent and complete reporting of systematic reviews an...
Article
Full-text available
The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, published in 2009, was designed to help systematic reviewers transparently report why the review was done, what the authors did, and what they found. Over the past decade, advances in systematic review methodology and terminology have necessitated an update t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Urbanization is increasingly putting pressures on biodiversity, ecosystems and ecosystem services. Evidence indicates that green and blue spaces can support the mental health of urban residents. Policy makers, city planners, other decision makers, healthcare professionals, and land managers now face a major challenge to maintain and enhance natural...
Article
Full-text available
Green spaces have been put forward as contributing to good mental health. In an urban context, space is a scarce resource while urbanisation and climate change are increasingly putting pressure on existing urban green space infrastructures and increasing morbidity caused by mental health disorders. Policy makers, designers, planners and other pract...
Article
The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, published in 2009, was designed to help systematic reviewers transparently report why the review was done, what the authors did, and what they found. Over the past decade, advances in systematic review methodology and terminology have necessitated an update t...
Article
Full-text available
The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement, published in 2009, was designed to help systematic reviewers transparently report why the review was done, what the authors did, and what they found. Over the past decade, advances in systematic review methodology and terminology have necessitated an update t...
Article
Full-text available
This updated systematic review assesses the effects of pharmacological interventions for drug-using offenders. Methods Systematic review protocols and conventions of the Cochrane Collaboration were followed to identify eligible studies. Studies were pooled in a meta-analysis to assess the impact of pharmacological interventions on drug use and cri...
Article
Full-text available
Background Filtering the deluge of new research to facilitate evidence synthesis has proven to be unmanageable using current paradigms of search and retrieval. Crowdsourcing, a way of harnessing the collective effort of a ‘crowd’ of people, has the potential to support evidence synthesis by addressing this information overload created by the expone...
Article
Purpose This systematic review (SR) assessed the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of cell-based therapy to manage limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD), a sight-threatening orphan condition most frequently associated with severe chemical or thermal burns. LSCD has historically been treated by transplanting limbal tissue. In 1997, a new treatmen...
Article
Full-text available
Background: High prices of pharmaceutical products are an increasing challenge in high- and low-income countries. Governments in many countries have implemented pricing policies to ensure affordability of medicines to patients and healthcare systems. The World Health Organization published in 2015 the Guideline on Country Pharmaceutical Pricing Po...
Article
Introduction The Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews contains two search filters to find randomized controlled trials (RCT) in Ovid MEDLINE: a sensitivity maximizing RCT filter and a sensitivity and precision maximizing RCT filter. The RCT search strategies were originally published in 1994 have been adapted and updated, most recently in 2008....
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The Cochrane Handbook of Systematic Reviews contains search filters to find randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in Ovid MEDLINE: one maximizing sensitivity and another balancing sensitivity and precision. These filters were originally published in 1994 and were adapted and updated in 2008. To determine the performance of these filters,...
Preprint
Background: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) Statement, published in 2009, was designed to help systematic reviewers transparently report why the review was done, what the authors did and what they found. Over the last decade, there have been many advances in systematic review methodology and terminolo...
Preprint
The methods and results of systematic reviews should be reported in sufficient detail to allow users to assess the trustworthiness and applicability of the review findings. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement was developed to facilitate transparent and complete reporting of systematic reviews an...
Article
Full-text available
Background The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) is compiled from a number of sources, including PubMed and Embase. Since 2017, we have increased the number of sources feeding into CENTRAL and improved the efficiency of our processes through the use of APIs, machine learning and crowdsourcing. Objectives Our objectives were...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This review represents one in a family of three reviews focusing on the effectiveness of interventions in reducing drug use and criminal activity for offenders. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of interventions for female drug-using offenders in reducing criminal activity, or drug use, or both. Search methods: We searched 12...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccination against putative causal organisms is a frequently used and preferred approach to controlling bovine respiratory disease complex (BRD) because it reduces the need for antibiotic use. Because approximately 90% of feedlots use and 90% of beef cattle receive vaccines in the USA, information about their comparative efficacy would be useful f...
Article
Full-text available
A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to determine the efficacy of selective dry-cow antimicrobial therapy compared to blanket therapy (all quarters/all cows). Controlled trials were eligible if any of the following were assessed: incidence of clinical mastitis during the first 30 DIM, frequency of intramammary infection (IMI) at cal...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis to determine the comparative efficacy of antibiotics used to control bovine respiratory disease (BRD) in beef cattle on feedlots. The information sources for the review were: MEDLINE®, MEDLINE In-Process and MEDLINE® Daily, AGRICOLA, Epub Ahead of Print, Cambridge Agricultural and Biologica...
Article
Full-text available
A systematic review and network meta-analysis were conducted to assess the relative efficacy of internal or external teat sealants given at dry-off in dairy cattle. Controlled trials were eligible if they assessed the use of internal or external teat sealants, with or without concurrent antimicrobial therapy, compared to no treatment or an alternat...
Article
Full-text available
A systematic review and network meta-analysis were conducted to assess the relative efficacy of antimicrobial therapy given to dairy cows at dry-off. Eligible studies were controlled trials assessing the use of antimicrobials compared to no treatment or an alternative treatment, and assessed one or more of the following outcomes: incidence of intra...
Poster
Full-text available
Various studies have been conducted on the relationship between exposure to the nature and human health and well-being. Simultaneously, the heterogeneity of objectives, theoretical frameworks, and research methods make the comparison of results and establishment of overall messages difficult. Research on the relationship between urban green and blu...
Chapter
This chapter outlines some general issues in searching for studies; describes the main sources of potential studies; and discusses how to plan the search process, design and carry out search strategies, manage references found during the search process, correctly document the search process and select studies from the search results. It provides ad...
Book
Full-text available
The revised edition of the Handbook offers the only guide on how to conduct, report and maintain a Cochrane Review. The second edition of The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions contains essential guidance for preparing and maintaining Cochrane Reviews of the effects of health interventions. Designed to be an accessible resou...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This review represents one from a family of three reviews focusing on interventions for drug-using offenders. Many people under the care of the criminal justice system have co-occurring mental health problems and drug misuse problems; it is important to identify the most effective treatments for this vulnerable population. Objectives:...
Article
Objectives: Life story work involves gathering information about a person, their history and interests, and producing a tangible output, usually a book. It is used increasingly in dementia care. However, theory about if, how, and why it affects outcomes is poorly developed, making the choice of evaluation methods and appropriate outcomes difficult...
Article
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the relative effects (benefits and harms) of all surgical treatments used in the management of extracapsular hip fractures in adults, using a network meta-analysis of randomised trials, and to generate a hierarchy of interventions according to their ou...
Article
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the relative effects (benefits and harms) of all surgical treatments used in the management of intracapsular hip fractures in adults, using a network meta-analysis of randomised trials, and to generate a hierarchy of interventions according to their ou...
Article
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To determine the relative effects (benefits and harms) of different designs, articulations, and fixation techniques of arthroplasties for treating hip fractures in adults. This will include assessment of the relative effects (benefits and harms) of the following...
Article
Background: Information specialists frequently translate search filters from one interface to another. Publications advise that translation can be complex and should be undertaken carefully. Objectives: To investigate the issues arising when translating the Cochrane Embase RCT search filter from one interface (Ovid) to another (Embase.com). Met...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Cochrane Reviews take a systematic and comprehensive approach to identifying studies that meet the eligibility criteria for the review. Members of the Cochrane Information Retrieval Methods Group (IRMG) have recently updated the Cochrane Handbook chapter on methods for searching and selecting studies. The chapter reflects the IRMG's a...
Article
Objective: The objective of this study was to assess current Cochrane Review practice in identifying and incorporating information from clinical trial registers. Study design and setting: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess a sample of new or updated intervention reviews from all Cochrane Review Groups up to February 1, 2017. Two ass...
Article
Background Evidence synthesis reviews in health care rely on the efficient identification of research evidence, particularly evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs). There are no recently validated filters to identify RCTs in the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL Plus). Objectives To develop, test and valid...
Article
Objectives This study investigated which databases and which combinations of databases should be used to identify economic evaluations (EEs) to inform systematic reviews. It also investigated the characteristics of studies not identified in database searches and evaluated the success of MEDLINE search strategies used within typical reviews in retri...
Chapter
Identifying diagnostic studies suitable for inclusion in a systematic review is a fundamental step to ensure the validity of the review findings in terms of minimising publication bias or similar threats to accuracy. Since there are no dedicated databases of diagnostic test accuracy studies, biomedical databases, such as MEDLINE/PubMed and Embase,...
Article
Objectives To estimate the relative effectiveness of enzalutamide in chemotherapy-naive metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer by conducting a systematic literature review and a network meta-analysis (NMA). Methods A systematic literature review identified randomized controlled trials comparing enzalutamide, abiraterone/prednisone, radium...
Article
Clinical trial data are essential for assessments of the effectiveness of healthcare interventions. Information about ongoing or completed, but not yet formally published, trials has been more difficult to identify until the development of clinical trials registers and portals. This paper summarises research evidence on identifying sources of trial...
Article
Introduction: Systematic review methods are now being used for reviews of food production, food safety and security, plant health, and animal health and welfare. Information retrieval methods in this context have been informed by human healthcare approaches and ideally should be based on relevant research and experience. Objective: This narrativ...
Article
Introduction Health technology assessments (HTAs) are increasingly used by Norwegian health authorities as the evidence base when prioritizing which health care services to offer. HTAs typically consist of a systematic review of the effects and safety of two or more health care interventions, and an economic evaluation of the interventions, based o...
Article
Full-text available
Authors’ response to comments letter to the editor from Nachman KE et al.
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To estimate the cost of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) and related signs and symptoms in infants to the third party payer and to parents. Study design To estimate the cost of illness (COI) of infant FGIDs, a two-stage process was applied: a systematic literature review and a COI calculation. As no pertinent papers were fo...
Article
Background Effective study identification is essential for conducting health research, developing clinical guidance and health policy and supporting health-care decision-making. Methodological search filters (combinations of search terms to capture a specific study design) can assist in searching to achieve this. Objectives This project investigat...
Technical Report
Background- In the UK and internationally there is widespread acceptance of the value of economic evaluations to inform decisions about health care interventions. The general methods of economic evaluation of health care interventions are now well established. By contrast, approaches to social care economic evaluation are substantially less well de...
Article
Background: In the UK and internationally there is widespread acceptance of the value of economic evaluations to inform decisions about health care interventions. The general methods of economic evaluation of health care interventions are now well established. By contrast, approaches to social care economic evaluation are substantially less well de...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study was designed to assess the sensitivity of three Ovid MEDLINE search filters developed to identify studies reporting health state utility values (HSUVs), to improve the performance of the best performing filter, and to validate resulting search filters. Methods: Three quasi-gold standard sets (QGS1, QGS2, QGS3) of relevant stu...