Julie Gilchrist

Julie Gilchrist
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | CDC · National Center for Injury Prevention and Control

MD

About

91
Publications
33,232
Reads
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5,835
Citations
Citations since 2017
2 Research Items
2262 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Additional affiliations
July 1997 - present
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Education
July 1997 - June 1999
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Field of study
  • Epidemic Intelligence Service Program
July 1994 - June 1997
July 1990 - July 1994
UT Southwestern Medical School
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (91)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Falls are the leading cause of traumatic brain injury (TBI) for children in the 0-4 year age group. There is limited literature pertaining to fall-related TBIs in children age 4 and under and the circumstances surrounding these TBIs. This study provides a national estimate and describes actions and products associated with fall-relat...
Article
About 1 in 5 child deaths is a result of unintentional injury. The leading causes of unintentional injury death vary by age. This report provides national fatal and nonfatal data for children and teens by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Prevention strategies for the most common causes are highlighted. Opportunities for lifestyle clinicians to effecti...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To describe the circumstances, characteristics, and trends of emergency department (ED) visits for nonfatal, playground-related traumatic brain injury (TBI) among persons aged ≤14 years. Methods: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2013, was examined. US Cens...
Article
Full-text available
*OPEN ACCESS FULL TEXT: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5495145/* Background: Drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury death among US children. Multiple studies describe decreased drowning risk among children possessing some swim skills. Current surveillance for this protective factor is self/proxy-reported swim sk...
Article
Full-text available
Sports-related injuries can have a substantial impact on the long-term health of student-athletes. The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) monitors injuries among college student-athletes at member schools. In academic year 2013-14, a total of 1,113 member schools fielded 19,334 teams with 478,869 participating student-athletes in NCAA...
Article
To describe the reach of the Heads Up "Concussion in Sports: What You Need to Know," online course and to assess knowledge change. Online. Individuals who have taken the free online course since its inception in May 2010 to July 2013. Descriptive, uncontrolled, before and after study design. Reach is measured by the number of unique participants an...
Article
Sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries (SRR-TBIs) are a growing public health problem affecting persons of all ages in the United States. To describe the trends of SRR-TBIs treated in US emergency departments (EDs) from 2001 to 2012 and to identify which sports and recreational activities and demographic groups are at higher risk f...
Article
Full-text available
Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death among children in the United States. The use of recommended safety practices can reduce injuries. Children often learn behaviors from media exposure. Children's movies released in 1995-2007 infrequently depicted appropriate injury prevention practices. The aim of this study was to determine if i...
Conference Paper
Background/Purpose: Drowning is the second leading cause of unintentional injury death among U.S. children. Multiple studies have shown decreased drowning risk among children who possess some swimming skills. Current surveillance for this protective factor is self/proxy-reported swim skill rather than observed in-water performance; however, researc...
Article
Background In the U.S., almost 4,000 persons die from drowning annually. Among those 0–29 years, drowning is in the top three causes of unintentional injury death. Methods To describe racial/ethnic differences in drowning rates by age of decedent and drowning setting, CDC analyzed 12 years of mortality data from 1999 through 2010 for those ≤ 29 ye...
Article
In the United States, almost 4,000 persons die from drowning each year. Drowning is responsible for more deaths among children aged 1-4 years than any other cause except congenital anomalies. For persons aged ≤29 years, drowning is one of the top three causes of unintentional injury death (2). Previous research has identified racial/ethnic disparit...
Article
Full-text available
Background Data limited to emergency department and inpatient visits undoubtedly underestimate the medical charges associated with traumatic brain injury. The objective of this study was to estimate the direct medical charges of pediatric traumatic brain injuries across all clinical settings in one large, pediatric hospital in the United States. M...
Chapter
Drowning is the fifth leading cause of unintentional injury death in the United States of America (USA). In 2010, a total of 4,038 persons drowned – including 256 persons who drowned while boating. This corresponds to a death rate of 1.3/100,000 population. The age-adjusted death rate has remained relatively stable for the 15 years preceding 2010,...
Article
Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report MMWR. 2012;46:933-937. 1 table omitted. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/PDF/wk/mm6146.pdf. Unintentional suffocation is the leading cause of injury death among children aged <1 year in the United States, accounting for nearly 1,000 infant deaths annually. Since 1984, an estimated fourfold increase has been...
Article
Foreign object ingestion is a common reason for visiting an emergency department; however, wire grill-cleaning brush bristles are an uncommon foreign object. This report describes a series of twelve cases identified in a single hospital system from July 2009 through June 2012. Patients included six males and six females; ages ranged from 11 to 75 (...
Article
Injuries to children caused by batteries have been documented in the medical literature and by poison control centers for decades.1, 2 Of particular concern is the ingestion of button batteries,* especially those ≥20 mm in diameter (coin size), which can lodge in the esophagus, leading to serious complications or death.³⁻⁵ To estimate the number of...
Article
Background In 2009, more than 9000 children and adolescents 0–19-years-old in the USA died from an unintentional injury—with the main causes including motor vehicle crashes, suffocations, drownings, poisonings, fires, and falls. The National Action Plan for Child Injury Prevention (NAP) was drafted to guide essential actions needed to reduce the bu...
Article
Background: Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death in the United States for persons aged 1-19 years and the fifth leading cause of death for newborns and infants aged <1 year. This report describes 10-year trends in unintentional injury deaths among persons aged 0-19 years. Methods: CDC analyzed 2000-2009 mortality data from the N...
Article
Full-text available
To examine the risk behaviors associated with participation in the "choking game" by eighth-graders in Oregon. We obtained data from the 2009 Oregon Healthy Teens survey, a cross-sectional weighted survey of 5348 eighth-graders that questioned lifetime prevalence and frequency of choking game participation. The survey also included questions about...
Chapter
Tracy suffered a concussion playing high school basketball in her junior year. Her eyes were focused on reaching for a rebound, and Tracy didn't see the other player before she collided with her and hit her head. “I went to school the next day after the game, but I felt really sick.” The feelings of nausea, dizziness, and blurred vision were famili...
Conference Paper
Learning Areas: Epidemiology Implementation of health education strategies, interventions and programs Public health or related education
Conference Paper
Introduction: The "choking game" is an activity in which persons strangulate themselves to achieve (non-erotic) euphoria through brief hypoxia. The activity can cause long-term disability and death. To assess the awareness and prevalence of this behavior among 8th graders in Oregon, the Oregon Public Health Division asks about familiarity with and...
Article
Pools with lifeguards are often perceived to represent a safe environment for swimming. To examine how often fatalities occurred in pools with lifeguards and what factors were common in these incidents. Case series. USA. A case was defined as a death in a swimming pool with at least one lifeguard that occurred in the USA from 2000 to 2008. Potentia...
Article
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Heat illness is a leading cause of death and disability among U.S. high school athletes. To examine the incidence and characteristics of heat illness among high school athletes, CDC analyzed data from the National High School Sports-Related Injury Surveillance Study for the period 2005-2009. During 2005-2009, the 100 schools sampled reported a tota...
Article
The Military Training Task Force of the Defense Safety Oversight Council chartered a Joint Services Physical Training Injury Prevention Working Group to: (1) establish the evidence base for making recommendations to prevent injuries; (2) prioritize the recommendations for prevention programs and policies; and (3) substantiate the need for further r...
Article
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in December, 2008, released the 'CDC Childhood Injury Report: Patterns of Unintentional Injuries among 0-19 year olds in the United States, 2000-2006'. The CDC childhood injury report provided significant information to work of practitioners, policy-makers, elected officials, and researchers to u...
Article
To estimate the incidence of dog bites in the USA and compare it with similar estimates from 1994. Nationally representative cross-sectional, list-assisted, random-digit-dialed telephone survey conducted during 2001-2003. Weighted estimates were generated from data collected by surveying 9684 households during 2001-2003 and compared with results fr...
Conference Paper
Background: The media have reported a number of deaths of early adolescents from playing the choking game, which is an attempt to obtain a brief euphoric state by strangling oneself using a noose or being strangled by another person. One survey indicated that 11% of youth reported playing the game. This is the first investigation of the number and...
Article
Full-text available
Neuromuscular and proprioceptive training programs can decrease noncontact anterior cruciate ligament injuries; however, they may be difficult to implement within an entire team or the community at large. A simple on-field alternative warm-up program can reduce noncontact ACL injuries. Randomized controlled trial (clustered); Level of evidence, 1....
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to present a detailed examination of unintentional injuries in infants < or = 12 months of age treated in emergency departments. We conducted a retrospective analysis of data for infants < or = 12 months of age from the National Electronic Surveillance System-All Injury Program for 2001-2004. Sample weights provided...
Article
The "choking game" is defined as self-strangulation or strangulation by another person with the hands or a noose to achieve a brief euphoric state caused by cerebral hypoxia. Participants in this activity typically are youths (Andrew & Fallon, 2007). Serious neurologic injury or death can result from engaging in this activity. Recent news media rep...
Article
Full-text available
This study was conducted to estimate the burden of non-canine-related bite and sting injuries in the U.S.; describe the affected population, injury severity, and bite or sting source; and provide considerations for prevention strategies. Data were from the 2001 through 2004 National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AI...
Article
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To characterize children's bunk bed-related injuries. Data are from the 2001-2004 National Electronic Injury Surveillance System - All Injury Program. Cases were defined as children aged 0-9 years treated for a non-fatal, unintentional injury related to a bunk bed. An estimated 23 000 children aged 0-9 years were treated annually in emergency depar...
Article
Venomous and nonvenomous snakes are found throughout most of the United States. While the literature on treatment is robust, there is not a current national epidemiologic profile of snakebite injuries in the United States. National estimates of such injuries treated in emergency departments (EDs) are presented along with characteristics of the affe...
Article
Full-text available
Each year an estimated 328,500 infants age 0-12 months are treated for unintentional injuries in emergency departments (EDs): one infant every minute and a half. The leading cause, overall and by month of age, was fall-related injury. The second leading cause was 'struck by or against.' The majority of patients were injured at home. Younger infants...
Chapter
Participation in sports, recreation, and exercise is an important part of a healthy, physically active lifestyle; however, injuries due to sports and recreational activities are a significant public health problem. Injuries can occur as a result of organized sports activities in schools, clubs, or leagues; but many injuries also occur in informal s...
Article
An estimated 2.7 million non-fatal unintentional sports and recreational injuries are treated in U.S. hospital emergency departments (EDs) annually. However, little is known about the number of sports and recreational injuries resulting from violent behavior. Data for 2001-2003 on sports and recreational injuries were obtained from the National Ele...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study is to compare national estimates of the incidence of self-reported all-cause and activity-specific injuries in adults with differing leisure-time physical activity levels. Data were analyzed from the 2000 to 2002 National Health Interview Survey. Leisure-time physical activity levels were categorized as active, insufficiently a...
Article
Participation in high school sports helps promote a physically active lifestyle. High school sports participation has grown from an estimated 4 million participants during the 1971-72 school year to an estimated 7.2 million in 2005-06. However, despite the documented health benefits of increased physical activity (e.g., weight management, improved...
Article
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We examined the major causes of and risk factors for death among migrants who died while making unauthorized border crossings into the United States from Mexico. Decedents were included in the study if (1) their remains were found between January 1, 2002, and December 31, 2003, in any US county along the 650-mi (1040-km) section of the US-Mexican b...
Article
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To characterise and provide nationally representative estimates of persons with non-fatal horse related injuries treated in American emergency departments. The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) is a stratified probability sample comprising 66 hospitals. Data on injuries treated in these emergency departme...
Article
Full-text available
To determine the number of fatalities related to roller coasters and examine factors common to multiple incidents. A case was defined as the death of a person, which was associated with a roller coaster in the United States between 15 May 1994 and 14 May 2004. Cases were identified from four (1) Consumer Product Safety Commission, (2) Lexis-Nexis,...
Article
Full-text available
To quantify and characterize injuries resulting from paintball game related activities among persons >/=7 years in the United States. Hospitals included in the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS); these are composed of a stratified probability sample of all hospitals in the United States with emergency departments. Using NEISS, n...
Article
We conducted a systematic review to assess the evidence for the effectiveness of stretching as a tool to prevent injuries in sports and to make recommendations for research and prevention. Without language limitations, we searched electronic data bases, including MEDLINE (1966-2002), Current Contents (1997-2002), Biomedical Collection (1993-1999),...
Article
We reviewed evidence regarding risk factors associated with incidence of knee injuries both to assess the effectiveness of prevention strategies, and to offer evidence-based recommendations to physicians, coaches, trainers, athletes, and researchers. We searched electronic data bases without language restriction for the years 1966 - September 1, 20...
Article
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To characterize sports and recreation related (SR) injury episodes in the US population. SR activities are growing in popularity suggesting the need for increased awareness of SR injuries as a public health concern for physically active persons of all ages in the US population. The National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) is a face-to-face household...
Article
Full-text available
Leading causes of fatal and non-fatal injury among US children aged <15 years were compared. A descriptive study was conducted using nationally representative data on injury related deaths (National Vital Statistics System) and on non-fatal injury related emergency department visits (IEDV; National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury P...
Article
Health promotion policies--including laws that regulate safe products, environments, and behaviors--are among the most effective mechanisms for reducing childhood injuries for large segments of the population. In this article, five examples of safety legislation and regulation to reduce childhood injury are described. Two such efforts are aimed at...
Article
To review the published and unpublished evidence regarding risk factors associated with shin splints, assess the effectiveness of prevention strategies, and offer evidence-based recommendations to coaches, athletes, and researchers. We searched electronic data bases without language restriction, identified citations from reference sections of resea...
Article
Full-text available
To summarize breeds of dogs involved in fatal human attacks during a 20-year period and to assess policy implications. Dogs for which breed was reported involved in attacks on humans between 1979 and 1998 that resulted in human dog bite-related fatalities (DBRF). Data for human DBRF identified previously for the period of 1979 through 1996 were com...
Article
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Bicycle-related head injuries cause >150 deaths and 45 000 nonfatal injuries among children in the United States annually. Although bicycle helmets are highly effective against head injury, only 24% of US children regularly wear one. Georgia mandated bicycle helmet use for children, effective July 1993. During that summer, 1 rural Georgia community...
Article
Previous studies on alcohol, tobacco, and violence suggest that children's behavior can be influenced by mass media; however, little is known about the effect of media on unintentional injuries, the leading cause of death among young persons in the United States. To determine how injury prevention practices are depicted in G-rated (general audience...