Julie Arsenault

Julie Arsenault
Université de Montréal | UdeM · Faculty of Veterinary Medicine

DVM, MSc, PhD

About

125
Publications
14,551
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1,699
Citations
Citations since 2016
91 Research Items
1293 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250

Publications

Publications (125)
Article
Contexte Echinococcus spp., dont E. multilocularis, sont des parasites zoonotiques transmis par des canidés sauvages qui connaissent actuellement une émergence. Étant donné qu'ils peuvent causer des lésions sévères et de la mortalité en l'absence de traitement, la découverte récente du premier cas humain d'infection à E. multilocularis au Québec so...
Article
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) test is commonly used for detection of antibodies to Salmonella Dublin in individual bovine milk samples. However, little is known about its accuracy when used on bulk tank milk for determining herd-level S. Dublin status and when evaluated without assuming a perfect reference test. The objectives of this s...
Article
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Calves born on Eastern Canadian dairy farms that are not kept in the herds are traditionally sold through auction markets and are raised for meat purposes such as veal calves. Since February 2020, a new Canadian federal regulation has forbidden calves <9 d old to be sold through auction markets. However, in the absence of a real-time birth registry...
Article
The growing number of honey bee colonies and beekeepers in Canada has led to a great diversity of beekeeping practices. All beekeeping operations, however, need to implement consistent management measures for the control of diseases. The objective of this study was to document the actual disease management practices of beekeeping productions in sou...
Article
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Cats that spend time outdoors and dogs are particularly at risk of exposure to ticks and the pathogens they transmit. A retrospective study on data collected through passive tick surveillance was conducted to estimate the risk of exposure to tick-borne pathogens in cats and dogs bitten by blacklegged ticks (Ixodes scapularis) in the province of Que...
Article
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Coxiella burnetii is a zoonotic agent responsible for human Q fever, a potentially severe disease that can lead to persistent infection. This cross-sectional study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence to C. burnetii antibodies and its association with potential risk factors in the human population of five regions of Québec, Canada. A serum bank com...
Article
The bacterium Coxiella burnetii (C. burnetii) can infect a wide range of animals, most notably ruminants where it causes mainly asymptomatic infections and, when clinical, it is associated with reproductive disorders such as abortion. It is also the etiological agent of Q fever in humans, a zoonosis of increasingly important public health concern....
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Although future production of dairy goats is influenced by kid-rearing practices, little is known regarding which practices maximize kid growth, welfare, and future production success. The objectives of this survey study were to (1) identify common rearing practices of Canadian commercial dairy goat farms and evaluate their associations with 6 farm...
Article
In northern Australia, wild dog populations potentially interact with domestic dogs from remote communities, which would create opportunities for disease transmission at the wild–domestic interface. An example is rabies, in the event of an incursion into northern Australia. However, the likelihood of such wild–domestic interactions is ambiguous. Hy...
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Background: Canine blood donors can be infected by various vector-borne or other pathogens that could be an important cause of morbidity and death in transfusion recipients. Hypothesis/objectives: To estimate and predict positivity to transmittable blood-borne pathogens in blood units collected from blood donor dogs in Canada. Animals: Six tho...
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The objectives of the study were to describe the regional and provincial incidence rates and the weekly distribution of 842 reported West Nile virus (WNV) cases in horses in Canada between 2003 and 2019. This study also investigated characteristics of cases reported to the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) between 2015 and 2019. The western re...
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The definition of a high risk clone for antibiotic resistance dissemination was initially established for human medicine. We propose a revised definition of a high risk clone adapted to the One Health context. Then, we applied our criteria to a cluster of enrofloxacin non susceptible ETEC:F4 isolates which emerged in 2013 in diseased pigs in Quebec...
Article
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Cats represent a potential source of Coxiella burnetii , the aetiological agent of Q fever in humans. The prevalence and risk factors of C. burnetii infection in farm, pet and feral cats were studied in Quebec, Canada, using a cross-sectional study. Serum samples were tested using a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for the presenc...
Article
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Australia, home to the iconic dingo, is currently free from canine rabies. However northern Australia, including Indigenous communities with large free-roaming domestic dog populations, is at increased risk of rabies incursion from nearby Indonesia. We developed a novel agent-based stochastic spatial rabies spread model to evaluate the potential sp...
Article
Free‐roaming domestic dogs in Indigenous communities of northern Australia have the potential to spread diseases at the wild–domestic dog interface. Hunting activities with domestic dogs, commonly practiced in Indigenous communities, also create opportunities for wild–domestic dog interactions in the bush, providing pathways for potential disease s...
Article
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Background Since the discovery of the Mik antigen, several studies have described blood incompatibilities unrelated to the AB system in cats. Objective To estimate the prevalence of cats with non‐AB incompatibilities associated with naturally occurring alloantibodies (NOAb), and to begin mapping the corresponding feline erythrocyte antigens (FEA)....
Article
The bacterium Coxiella burnetii has been associated with reproduction disorders in dairy cattle. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Québec, Canada, to estimate the prevalence of C. burnetii in dairy cows from C. burnetii RT-PCR-positive and/or ELISA-positive herds. As a secondary objective, the associations between C. burnetii-positivity and...
Conference Paper
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Le Québec produit 80% des veaux lourds au Canada. Les élevages de veaux lourds présentent: un taux de mortalité de 8-10% et un taux de morbidité jusqu'à 60%. L'objectif de l'étude était l'évaluation des caractéristiques et de la santé des veaux vendus lors de la vente aux encans. Deux visites aux encans de Saint-Hyacinthe et de Saint Isidore ont ét...
Article
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Salmonella is a foodborne pathogen commonly associated with poultry products. The aims of this work were to (i) estimate the impact of critical steps of the slaughter process on Salmonella detection from broiler chicken carcasses in two commercial poultry slaughter plants in Quebec, Canada; (ii) investigate the presence of Salmonella in the slaught...
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Listeria monocytogenes is the etiological agent of listeriosis, a major foodborne disease and an important public health concern. Contamination of meat with L. monocytogenes occurs frequently at the slaughterhouse. Our aims were; 1) to investigate the distribution of L. monocytogenes in the processing areas of four swine slaughterhouses; 2) to desc...
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Aims: Describe the temporal trends in E. coli pathotypes and antimicrobial resistance detected in isolates from diseased-pig cases submitted to the EcL from 2008 to 2016, in Quebec, Canada, and investigate the presence of spatio-temporal and phylogenetic clusters. Methods and results: Detection of 12 genes coding for virulence factors in pathoge...
Article
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Australia is currently free of canine rabies. Spatio-ecological knowledge about dingoes in northern Australia is currently a gap that impedes the application of disease spread models and our understanding of the potential transmission of rabies, in the event of an incursion. We therefore conducted a one-year camera trap survey to monitor a dingo po...
Article
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Although antimicrobial resistance is an increasing threat in equine medicine, molecular and epidemiological data remain limited in North America. We assessed the prevalence of, and risk factors for, shedding multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extended-spectrum -lactamase (ESBL) and/or AmpC β-lactamase-producing E. coli in healthy horses in Quebec, Canad...
Article
Objectives This study aimed at (1) describing the local risk of West Nile virus (WNV) infection in humans based on previous case reports and (2) investigating the spatial clustering of cases in the five most affected administrative regions of Quebec, Canada, for the 2011–2016 period. Methods Human WNV cases declared to the Ministry of Health and S...
Article
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This study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of Livestock-Associated Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (LA-MRSA) in retail chicken meat and broiler chickens from the Province of Quebec, Canada, and to characterize LA-MRSA isolates. A total of 309 chicken drumsticks and thighs were randomly selected in 2013 from 43 retail stores in...
Article
Kid rearing is the foundation of goat milk production, yet little is known about how to raise replacement does efficiently to make healthy and productive dairy animals. This study aimed to identify the common rearing practices of Canadian commercial dairy goat farms (≥40 goats/farm), from birth to weaning, and to determine best management practices...
Article
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Background Control of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) represents a tremendous challenge. The trend is now toward managing the disease collectively. In Quebec, area and regional control and elimination (ARC&E) initiatives started in 2011; diagnostic testing, including ORF5 sequencing, and sharing of information among stakeholder...
Article
Paratuberculosis is a worldwide infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium avium ssp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Various ruminant species can be affected by the disease, and the diagnosis of the disease is challenging in the absence of a gold standard test. The aim of this systematic review protocol is to determine the accuracy of the direct and indir...
Article
Sequencing of ORF5 gene is widely used and considered essential for diagnostics and control of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) in Canada. The objective of this study was to position Quebec ORF5 sequences of PRRS virus within Canada and worldwide diversity. Overall, 76.8% of the 5204 sequences gathered from Quebec (n = 5031), On...
Article
Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) is the etiological agent of paratuberculosis of domestic and wild ruminants. Map strains are segregated into 2 main groups or strain types referred to as sheep (S) type and cattle (C) type. Few small ruminant Map strains have been genetically characterized to date. The present study was undertak...
Article
Decreasing the health burden caused by foodborne pathogens is challenging and it depends on the identification of the most significant hazards and food sources causing illnesses, so adequate mitigation strategies can be implemented. In this regard, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) has developed the Establishment-based Risk Assessment (ERA...
Article
Objective: This survey aimed to understand hunting practices involving domestic dogs in remote Indigenous communities in northern Australia and, in the context of disease transmission, describe the domestic-wild dog interface and intercommunity interactions of hunting dogs during hunting activities. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 13 hunter...
Article
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Background Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is a major threat to the swine industry. It is caused by the PRRS virus (PRRSV). Determination and comparison of the nucleotide sequences of PRRSV strains provides useful information in support of control initiatives or epidemiological studies on transmission patterns. The alignment of...
Article
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Climate change has been linked with the establishment and geographical expansion of zoonotic diseases, an example of which is the well-documented increase in human cases of Lyme disease in Quebec, Canada. As temperatures continue to increase in Quebec, it is anticipated that several zoonotic diseases will be affected. In response to the growing zoo...
Article
Objectives: This study investigated the prevalence of Escherichia coli (E. coli) colistin resistance and mcr-1 and mcr-2 genes among extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC-producing E. coli isolates recovered from chicken feces in Canada (Quebec), Senegal and Vietnam, and evaluated the susceptibility pattern of the colistin-resistant E. coli is...
Article
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a global health issue, particularly when it affects critically important antimicrobials such as third-generation cephalosporins (3GC). The objective of this study was to characterize Escherichia coli isolates from healthy chickens in Québec in farms where ceftiofur has been administered to chickens in ovo over a lo...
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Background Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in food-producing animals is a global public health issue. This study investigated AMR and virulence profiles of E. coli isolated from healthy chickens in Vietnam. E. coli were isolated from fecal samples collected in five chicken farms located in the provinces of Hoa Binh, Thai Nguyen and Bac Giang in the...
Article
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) has a major economic impact on the swine industry. The important genetic diversity needs to be considered for disease management. In this regard, information on the circulating endemic strains and their dispersal patterns through ongoing surveillance is beneficial. The objective of this pr...
Article
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Escherichia coli is a normal inhabitant of the intestinal microbiota of chickens, a small proportion of which may be avian pathogenic E. coli (APEC) or potential extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC), capable of causing disease in humans. These E. coli may also be resistant to antimicrobials of critical importance in human or veterinary health...
Data
PCR primers used for screening and identification of blaCTX-M subtypes. (DOC)
Data
Methodological approach used in this study. * For 3 faecal samples, 11 drinking water samples, 4 of rinsing water samples and 2 swabs, no lactose + colony growth on MacConkey agar. These samples were then inoculated into TSB + bile salt broths to remove bacteria other than E. coli, but no culture could be obtained. ** From 1 faecal sample and 2 dri...
Data
Prevalence of nonsusceptibility at the sample and farm levels in potential ESBL/AmpC-producer Escherichia coli from healthy chickens in the region of Dakar, Senegal. aCategory of human antimicrobials importance according to the World Health Organization (WHO) [37]: (I) Very High Importance, (II) High Importance, (III) Moderate Importance. bAntimicr...
Data
Prevalence of AMR genes by samples of origin. AMR, antimicrobial resistance; No., Number; %, prevalence expressed in percentage; Tetracycline resistance gene tetC was not detected in any isolate. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Dingoes and wild-living dogs in Australia, which include feral domestic dogs and dingo-dog hybrids, play a role as reservoirs of disease. In the case of an exotic disease incursion—such as rabies—these reservoirs could be a threat to the health of humans, domestic animals and other wildlife in Australia. Disease spread models are needed...
Data
List of studies included, main extracted data and complementary studies reporting duplicated data.
Data
Data extracted from Level 3, excluding location.
Data
Quantitative estimates for the 3 key topics of interest, i.e., home range, density or population size and contact or interactions.
Article
This study evaluated virulence and resistance profiles of Escherichia coli in chicken carcasses from three retail systems in Vietnam. Fresh chicken carcasses from traditional markets and fresh and frozen chicken carcasses from supermarkets were sampled in Vietnam. E. coli isolates from carcass rinses were characterized for extraintestinal pathogeni...
Article
Full-text available
Background Although antimicrobial resistance is increasingly common in equine medicine, molecular and epidemiological data remains scarce. Objectives We estimated the prevalence of, and risk factors for, shedding of multidrug resistant (MDR), extended spectrum β‐lactamase (ESBL)‐producing, and AmpC β‐lactamase‐producing, or some combination of the...
Article
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis of public health concern worldwide. Toxoplasma gondii can be transmitted to humans through the consumption of raw or undercooked meat, but little is known about the risk associated with various meat commodities consumed by Canadians. We set out to estimate the prevalence and risk factors of T. gondii-positive status of r...
Article
Paratuberculosis is a chronic infectious enteritis of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). In sheep, the antemortem detection of the infection is challenging given the slow progression of the disease and the lack of sensitive, specific, and cost-effective validated tests. We adapted an in-house real-time PCR (rtPCR...
Article
The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a trap-neuter-return (TNR) event on the size of free-roaming rural cat colonies in Quebec. This prospective randomized, controlled study included 18 cat colonies around barns and stables that were randomly assigned to either a TNR group (10 colonies of 7 to 27 cats; 14.3 cats on average) or...
Article
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Clostridium perfringens ranks among the three most frequent bacterial pathogens causing human foodborne diseases in Canada, and poultry meat products are identified as a source of infection for humans. The objective of the current study was to estimate the proportion of broiler chicken flocks, carcasses and various environmental samples from critic...
Article
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Avian pathogenic Escherichia coli (APEC), a subset of extraintestinal pathogenic E. coli (ExPEC), are the etiologic agent of avian colibacillosis, one of the main causes of economic losses in the poultry industry. The aim of this study was to characterize E. coli isolated from diseased chickens in Senegal to elucidate their virulence potential and...
Article
Jamestown Canyon and snowshoe hare viruses are two emerging human pathogens associated with cases of neuroinvasive disease in North America. This study aimed to identify environmental and individual risk factors for seropositivity to these arboviruses in humans and pet dogs from Québec, Canada, 2012–2014. In humans, areas with moderate densities of...
Article
The Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is developing a risk assessment model aimed at quantifying the food safety risk associated with food establishments under its jurisdiction. To support the development of this model, the current study was undertaken to quantify the relative importance of selected criteria considered for inclusion in the mod...