Julian Culp

Julian Culp
American University of Paris

Doctor of Philosophy

About

51
Publications
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Introduction
Julian Culp is Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the American University of Paris. He received his PhD and Habilitation in Philosophy from the University of Frankfurt. His book publications are Global Justice and Development (Palgrave, 2014) and Democratic Education in a Globalized World (Routledge, 2019).

Publications

Publications (51)
Chapter
Der Begriff Supranationalität entstammt politisch-rechtlichen Kontexten und bezeichnet die Eigenschaft einer jenseits des Nationalstaates angesiedelten politisch-rechtlichen Autorität, Maßnahmen ergreifen und Gesetze erlassen zu können, die für Nationalstaaten einen (unmittelbar) verbindlichen Charakter haben.
Chapter
John Rawls wurde 1921 in Baltimore im Bundesstaat Maryland als zweiter von fünf Söhnen geboren. Nach dem Besuch einer privaten und einer öffentlichen Schule in Baltimore wechselte Rawls an die religiöse Kent School im Bundesstaat Connecticut. Wie sein älterer Bruder Bill studierte Rawls in Princeton, wo er 1943 sein Studium mit einem Bachelor of Ar...
Chapter
Martha Craven Nussbaum (1947–) ist in New York City geboren und wuchs in einer gut situierten, protestantischen Familie in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania, auf. Sie begann 1964 ihr Studium am Wellesley College in Massachusetts, zog allerdings 1966 nach New York City, wo sie zunächst eine Stelle in einem Repertoiretheater annahm. Noch im gleichen Jahr setzt...
Article
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Philosophical conceptions of educational justice are centered at the intersection of political philosophy and philosophy of education. They justify moral‐political rights to education and sometimes also determine who is responsible for their realization through which kinds of pedagogical practices or systemic educational reform. This article concen...
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In Democratic Education in a Globalized World (Routledge, 2019) I defend a discourse theory of global justice as the appropriate normative ground for conceiving educational justice and citizenship education under conditions of economic and political globalization. In addition, I articulate democratic conceptions of global educational justice and ci...
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This article explores the contribution of Jürgen Habermas’ discourse theory of morality, politics, and law to theorizing educational justice. First, it analyzes Christopher Martin’s discourse-ethical argument that the development of citizens’ discursive agency is required on epistemic grounds. The article criticizes this argument and claims that th...
Article
O artigo começa com análises críticas de duas concepções amplamente empregadas de educação para a cidadania. Primeiro critica uma concepção exclusivamente doméstica de educação para a cidadania democrática como inadequada para preparar futuros cidadãos para as suas vidas em ambientes políticos e econômicos globalizados. Depois argumenta que a conce...
Article
The article shows the interlacement of political philosophy and philosophy of education by justifying educational justice as central normative ground for analyzing educational policies as well as by defending a democratic conception of educational justice. In order to ground the importance of the concept of educational justice, the article explains...
Article
This article first of all illustrates how Israeli history schoolbooks fail to represent or misrepresent the culture of Palestinian citizens of Israel, and then explains the ways in which such mis- or non-representation hinders the cultivation of vital democratic virtues like empathy. Following that, the article identifies three obstacles for render...
Article
Nussbaum’s moral cosmopolitanism informs her capability-based theory of justice, which she uses in order to develop a distinctive model of cosmopolitan democratic education. I characterize Nussbaum’s educational model as a ‘statist model,’ however, because it regards cosmopolitan democratic education as necessary for realizing democratic arrangemen...
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This introduction expounds educational problems that arise from transnational migration. It argues that it is high time to critically analyze normative issues of and in education under conditions of globalization because dominant approaches in normative philosophy of education tend to suffer from both a nationalist bias and a sedentary bias. The co...
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Lyotard defines being postmodern as an ‘incredulity toward metanarratives’. Such incredulity includes, in particular, skepticism vis-à-vis Enlightenment ideals like autonomy. Motivated by such skepticism, several educational scholars put into question education for autonomy as it is practiced in the formal settings of national school systems. More...
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Pluralistic theories of global distributive justice aim at justifying a plurality of principles for various subglobal contexts of distributive justice. Helena de Bres has recently proposed the class of disaggregated pluralistic theories, according to which we should refrain from defending principles that apply to the shared background conditions of...
Article
Contexts of violent, intractable conflict such as those present in Israel, Nigeria, or Iraq represent times of severe crisis. Reducing the high indices of violence is very urgent, but the attempts of establishing peaceful arrangements in the short- or medium-term usually fail. Peace education, by contrast, is a long-term endeavor to resolve violent...
Chapter
This chapter examines the Discourse-Theoretic Rationale, presenting it as a novel moral rationale for certain forms of international development practice. This discourse-theoretic, internationalist moral rationale agrees with theorists of global distributive justice that participation in certain forms of international development practice can count...
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http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2016v15n1p50 The practice-independent approach to theorizing justice (PIA) holds that the social practices to which a particular conception of justice is meant to apply are of no importance for the justification of such a conception. In this paper I argue that this approach to theorizing justice is incompatible w...
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Rising powers like Brazil, China and India have recently made significant gains in their capabilities as states. Therefore many IR scholars are claiming that these powers must now contribute more to the provision of global public goods like a clean environment, free trade and human rights. This article will argue that reasonably democratic internat...
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In this article I argue that G.A. Cohen is mistaken in his belief that the concept of justice needs to be rescued from constructivist theorists of justice. In doing so, I rely on insights of John Rawls’ later work Political Liberalism and Rainer Forst’s discourse theory of justice. Such critical engagement with Cohen’s critique of constructivism is...
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Rising powers are fundamentally shifting the relations of power in the global economic and political landscape. International political theory, however, has so far failed to evaluate this nascent multipolarity. This article fills this lacuna by synthesizing empirical and normative modes of inquiry. It examines the transformation of sovereignty exer...
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Interview of Katrin Flikschuh, Rainer Forst and Darrel Moellendorf by Valentin Beck and Julian Culp for Global Justice: Theory Practice Rhetoric (TPR)
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Rising powers like India and Brazil have recently been gaining considerable economic and political power. This has led to the emergence of a nascent multipolarity in global affairs. Theorists of global distributive justice, however, continue to focus almost exclusively on the responsibility of the established powers for combating global poverty and...
Chapter
This chapter examines a transnational conception of global justice. Transnationalism is distinctive in that it recognizes a plurality of contexts of justice1 beyond the state and holds that genuinely traranational2 relations — that is, relations beyond the state that involve at least one public or private non-state agent — may constitute such conte...
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In this chapter I will defend the thesis that there are good reasons to support certain forms of the practice common among states of giving and receiving official development assistance (ODA). These reasons are grounded in the discourse-theoretic, internationalist account of global justice laid out in Chapter 5 and represent a novel moral rationale...
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This chapter assesses the ‘globalist’ conception of global justice, which holds that egalitarian principles of distributive justice are globally valid among individuals. Globalists defend individualistically conceived egalitarian principles of distributive justice that are characterized either by the endorsement of a presumption of equality or by t...
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The last chapter began the endeavor to identify a compelling conception of global distributive justice by scrutinizing Globalism. The globalist conception of global justice has contributed significantly to the emergence of a common awareness among political philosophers and theorists that in an age of globalization a theory of justice must include...
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In this chapter I present a discourse theory of international justice.1 Such a theory — which I call ‘discourse-theoretic Internationalism’ or ‘democratic Internationalism’ — represents an internationalist conception of global justice characterized both by intranational principles of justice that are valid only within all states and international p...
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When we use the concept of development descriptively, such as when we speak about how the previous month’s weather has developed, we tend to use terms like ‘transition’, ‘changeover’, ‘trend’, or ‘change’. These comments about development are descriptive, not evaluative. However, when we use the concept of development normatively, then we are makin...
Book
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Defending a procedural conception of global justice that calls for the establishment of reasonably democratic arrangements within and beyond the state, this book argues for a justice-based understanding of social development and justifies why a democracy-promoting international development practice is a requirement of global justice.
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The evidence of laboratory experiments of behavioral economists shows that individuals behave reciprocally. These data put into question the pure self-interest thesis of human motivation of the homo oeconomicus model and call for alternative models. Focusing on the explanation of reciprocal behavior in Trust Games, this article proposes two directi...

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Projects (2)
Project
The project explores theories of global justice. It addresses such as global distributive justice, Western-centrism and justifications of international development practices.