Julia Martin-Ortega

Julia Martin-Ortega
University of Leeds · Sustainability Research Institute

Full Professor
@ProfJuliaMO1

About

134
Publications
50,997
Reads
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3,220
Citations
Introduction
Julia’s research focuses on the relationships between society and water systems, and has a strong interdisciplinary and policy-relevance emphasis. Main research lines: 1) How to assess the impacts of changes in water systems on human welfare. 2) How economic tools and principles can best be applied to attain sustainable water management. 3) How changes in the provision of ecosystem services compromise the capacity of communities to use and enjoy them and how they adapt to these changes.
Additional affiliations
October 2018 - October 2018
University of Leeds
Position
  • Professor
July 2015 - present
University of Leeds
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2010 - June 2015
James Hutton Institute
Position
  • Senior Environmental Economist

Publications

Publications (134)
Article
Nature-based Solutions (NBS) have been increasingly advocated as means of achieving a greener and sustainable future. Although discussion on the definition, scale and applicability of NBS in country and city-level agendas are ongoing, NBS have received less attention in terms of them supporting country-level approaches to Disaster Risk Reduction (D...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence of the impact arising from environmental research is increasingly demanded. Exchanges between science providers and actors that use scientific knowledge to address environmental problems are recognized as a key component of the mechanisms through which impact occurs. Yet, the role of interactions between science and policy actors in delive...
Article
This article intervenes in the persistent hierarchy of epistemological worth that produces scientific knowledge as meaningful, and knowledge from arts or humanities as marginal, or illustrative. The specific trans-disciplinary project we discuss brings together environmental social sciences with performance-based Forum Theatre methods to explore ‘v...
Article
Full-text available
Global water security presents a complex problem for human societies and will become more acute as the impacts of climate change escalate. Water security connects the practical water and sanitation challenges of households to the dynamics of global hydroclimates and ecosystems in the Anthropocene. To ensure the successful deployment of attention an...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents and overview and analysis of data on peatland restoration costs based on projects funded through the Petaland Action programme in Scotland.
Article
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Food systems worldwide are vulnerable to Phosphorus (P) supply disruptions and price fluctuations. Current P use is also highly inefficient, generating large surpluses and pollution. Global food security and aquatic ecosystems are in jeopardy if transformative action is not taken. This paper pivots from earlier (predominantly conceptual) work to de...
Article
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River networks are among Earth’s most threatened hot-spots of biodiversity and provide key ecosystem services (e.g., supply drinking water and food, climate regulation) essential to sustaining human well-being. Climate change and increased human water use are causing more rivers and streams to dry, with devastating impacts on biodiversity and ecosy...
Article
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Ecosystem degradation represents one of today’s major global challenges, threatening human well-being and livelihoods worldwide. To reverse continuing degradation, we need to understand its socio-economic consequences so that these can be incorporated into ecosystem management decisions. This requires links to be made between our understanding of h...
Article
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Ecosystem restoration and, in particular, peatland restoration, are considered a promising greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation strategy to move towards net zero emissions. To remain within acceptable limits for projected warming scenarios, inaction with respect to GHG mitigation in the short term implies a need for even larger removals of GHGs in the l...
Article
Compensating land managers for the provision of public goods is currently one of the European Union’s flagship policies, and one that that resonates across the globe more generally in the effort to meet Sustainable Development Goals. Despite having been central to the EU’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) for several decades now, Agri-Environment S...
Article
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Background Interest in impact evaluation has grown rapidly as research funders increasingly demand evidence that their investments lead to public benefits. Aims This paper analyses literature to provide a new definition of research impact and impact evaluation, develops a typology of research impact evaluation designs, and proposes a methodologica...
Article
Full-text available
Agriculture is both the cornerstone of global food security and one of the main drivers of environmental degradation. To address existing and potential environmental impacts of agriculture, policymakers are increasingly focussing on influencing farmers’ behaviour to adopt best management practices (BMPs). One of the strategies adopted is the provis...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Understanding costs of peatland restoration is very important to inform economic analysis to inform decisions on allocation of (public) budgets to restoration. Information on costs of peatland restoration is currently patchy and fragmented, and often based on small sample size. This report presents an analysis of what represents, to the best of our...
Article
Efforts to tackle diffuse water pollution from agriculture are increasingly focusing on improving farmers' awareness under the expectation that this would contribute to adoption of best management practices (BMPs) and, in turn, result in water quality improvements. To date, however, no study has explored the full awareness-behaviour-water quality p...
Article
An exemplar of nature-based solutions (NBS) is natural flood management (NFM), for which interest is growing worldwide. As with many NBS, implementing NFM requires the participation of support of multiple stakeholders. However, we lack understanding about the views and expectations of the many stakeholders who might be expected to enable or impleme...
Article
Full-text available
Background Interest in impact evaluation has grown rapidly as research funders increasingly demand evidence that their investments lead to public benefits. Aims This paper analyses literature to provide a new definition of research impact and impact evaluation, develops a typology of research impact evaluation designs, and proposes a methodologica...
Presentation
Three minutes clip explaining the concept of Payments for Ecosystem Services in a very simple way https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gzNWnREZ2xI&t=26s
Presentation
Este sencillo video explica el concepto de Pago por Servicios Ambientales en tres minutos: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CBBLL7nM3Gk&t=117s
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report summarises first results from an analysis of a database on peatland restoration with a focus on restoration costs. We have compiled a database that includes information from 90 unique peatland restoration projects covering 194 restoration sites in Scotland, of which data from 166 sites was suitable for an analysis of restoration costs....
Article
Environmental policies in the realm of land management are increasingly focussing on inducing behavioural change to improve environmental management outcomes. This is based, implicitly or explicitly, on theories that suggest that pro-environmental behaviour can be understood, predicted and altered based on certain factors (referred to as determinan...
Article
Full-text available
We explore a novel means of understanding the roles of stakeholders in sustainability transformations. Conventional readings of stakeholders may not reflect the complexity of social-ecological systems otherwise acknowledged in sustainability science and leave it difficult to read the roles they play in transformations. Our approach attempts to reme...
Article
Full-text available
Stated preference methods are frequently employed to measure people's willingness to pay (WTP) for ecosystem services. However, these techniques are also criticized for following a simplified approach, which often ignores the role of complex psychological and sociological factors, such as general environmental attitudes and place identity beliefs....
Article
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Large numbers of dams for hydroelectric power production are currently planned or under construction in many areas around the world. While positive and negative social and environmental impacts of dams are increasingly well understood, little is known about attitudes of the general public towards dams, even though benefits to wider society are ofte...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report evaluates two funded soil sampling and training schemes for farmers carried out in Northern Ireland: the EU Exceptional Adjustment Aid (EAA) Soil Sampling and Analysis Scheme (EU EAA SSAS), which ran during 2017-18 and included a nation-wide pilot and a targeted scheme in the Upper Bann catchment; and the DAERA-funded Colebrooke and Str...
Article
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Forests and trees are key to solving water availability problems in the face of climate change and to achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. A recent global assessment of forest and water science posed the question: How do forests matter for water? Here we synthesize science from that assessment, which shows that forests and wa...
Article
Ecosystems can buffer against adverse events and, by so doing, reduce the costs of risk-bearing to society; benefits which have been termed 'insurance value'. Although the terminology is recent, the concept is older and has its roots in ecological resilience. However, a synthesis of studies through the lens of the insurance value concept is lacking...
Book
Full-text available
Nature Based Solutions (NBS) are classified by the European Commission (EC) as addressing societal challenges by providing solutions that are inspired and supported by nature, which are cost-effective, simultaneously provide environmental, social, and economic benefits and help build resilience. Implementation of NBS across urban and rural landsca...
Article
Full-text available
The chaotic distribution and dispersal of phosphorus (P) used in food systems (defined here as disorderly disruptions to the P cycle) is harming our environment beyond acceptable limits. An analysis of P stores and flows across Europe in 2005 showed that high fertiliser P inputs relative to productive outputs was driving low system P efficiency (38...
Article
Despite the increasing scholarly attention that Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are receiving, little is yet known about the process of price setting. This is key knowledge that relates directly to the economic efficiency of an instrument that is spreading widely worldwide. Through a meta-analysis of payments for forest watershed services in...
Article
Full-text available
The estimation of marginal utility of income in discrete choice experiments is of crucial importance for the estimation of willingness to pay (WTP) and welfare estimates. Despite this central importance, there are only few investigations into the impact of the design of the cost attribute vector on choices and WTP estimates. We present a conceptual...
Article
Ecosystem services (ES) has established itself as the predominant paradigm for framing environmental research and policy-making. Its rapid popularization is raising concerns about the possibility that it might lead to nature commodification. These concerns have been associated with a broader agenda for the neoliberalization of conservation, but res...
Article
Full-text available
Peatlands are the most efficient terrestrial carbon store. They also provide multiple benefits such as clean water and habitat for wildlife. However, historically peat has been used for fuel and today peatland landscapes continue to be adversely affected by burning, drainage, and forest plantation. These activities result in very large areas of pea...
Article
Full-text available
Diffuse water pollution from agriculture (DWPA) is a major environmental issue worldwide causing eutrophication, human health problems, increased water treatment costs and reducing the recreational potential of water bodies. In addition to penalties and provision of incentives, policy efforts are increasingly focusing on raising land managers’ awar...
Article
Relational values have recently emerged as a novel concept for research on human-environment relationships, seeking to understand ethical principles that may foster environmental stewardship, coupled with a recognition of nature’s contributions to people. At present, most empirical research on relational values uses qualitative methods. Here we rev...
Article
A growing body of research suggests that people’s values may be important predictors of their preferences regarding water governance and policy. However, this assertion is rarely tested empirically. The present study summarises the results of a large-scale quantitative study on the link between public water policy preferences and people’s values, b...
Article
Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) are becoming increasingly widespread as they are being promoted by government and non-governmental organization across the globe. Alongside this, an academic debate has unfolded regarding how PES ought to be conceptualized and defined. Using the first survey of environmental professionals on this topic, we expl...
Article
Despite several decades of research and financial commitment, diffuse water pollution remains a major problem threatening the health and resilience of social-ecological systems. New approaches to tackle diffuse pollution emphasise awareness raising and provision of advice with the aim of triggering behavioural change. However, empirical evidence on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Economic valuation is frequently employed to provide evidence of people's preferences for environmental goods. However, it is also often criticised for providing a simplified representation of preferences, with many factors that affect value formation not accounted for. This is the case of environmental attitudes and especially place identity perce...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Economic valuation is frequently employed to provide evidence of people's preferences for environmental goods. However, it is also often criticised for providing a simplified representation of preferences, with many factors that affect value formation not accounted for. This is the case of environmental attitudes and especially place identity perce...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) is globally of increasing interest. However, little is known about the views and expectations of professionals and practitioners expected to enable or implement this concept. Since these individuals design, select, shape and deliver environmental management, their views and expectations are criti...
Article
The Water Framework Directive aims to achieve ’good status’ for all water bodies in the European Union. However, exemption clauses enable member states to delay protective measures and to lower water quality objectives. The ambiguity of exemption clauses has lead to a plurality of approaches across the continent. They differ as to their political o...
Article
Full-text available
Restoration offers opportunities for securing and enhancing critical ecosystem services provided by peatlands, such as carbon storage, water retention and water quality, and support for biodiversity and wildlife. A comprehensive valuation encompassing the relevant public benefits of restoration and how these compare with it is lacking to date, leav...
Article
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Prioritising human well-being while avoiding further damage to the planet is a key challenge in the era of climate change. This paper examines the role of energy as an intermediary between climate change and socio-economic outcomes, with the ultimate goal of identifying ways of decoupling human well-being from energy use. Building on Max-Neef’s “Hu...
Article
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Economics plays a double role in the field of water management, firstly as a powerful analytical tool supporting water allocation and policy decisions, and secondly in the form of policy instruments (water pricing, markets, etc.). This Special Issue presents a platform for sharing results connecting excellent interdisciplinary research applied to d...
Article
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Ecosystems degradation represents one of the major global challenges at the present time, threating people’s livelihoods and well-being worldwide. Ecosystem restoration therefore seems no longer an option, but an imperative. Restoration challenges are such that a dialogue has begun on the need to re-shape restoration as a science. A critical aspect...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report summarizes the findings of research aimed at investigating the public’s views and values regarding peatland restoration. It is based on a survey implemented in spring 2016 with a representative sample of the Scottish population. The purpose of this research is to inform environmental practice and decision-making regarding peatland resto...
Article
Full-text available
Values have been identified as important factors to estimate preferences within water governance and to assess the political legitimacy of water governance in a given time and location. The present study applies an interdisciplinary ‘value landscapes approach’ to water governance in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil, using conflicts around the const...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the summer of 2016, over 150 environmental professionals from across the UK responded to an online survey designed to capture ideas and attitudes about the ‘Payments for Ecosystems Services’ (PES) concept and practice. These respondents have a range of job roles and professions, ranging from policy-makers through to academics and consultants. Th...
Article
Most conservation efforts today recognise the need to involve the public if conservation is to succeed in the long-term. A common approach has been to try to educate the public on why they should care. However, information campaigns are often not effective in changing opinions, let alone behaviour. In this paper, we try establishing the basis for a...
Article
Full-text available
The Water Framework Directive (WFD) is the core legislative instrument in the European Union for the protection of water resources. Adopted in 2000, its objectives were to achieve “good status” for water bodies by 2015 and prevent any further deterioration. However, the European Commission and some stakeholders are rather dissatisfied with the impl...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental change requires adaptive responses that are innovative, forward-looking and anticipatory, in order to meet goals for sustainability in socio-ecological systems. This implies transformative shifts in understanding as conceptualised by the idea of ‘double’- or ‘triple-loop learning’. Achieving this can be difficult as communities often...
Article
Complex, social-environmental issues can be classified as ‘wicked problems’ because they are incorrigible and hugely challenging for policy makers. Here we re-evaluate what makes problems wicked and assess various theoretical and pragmatic approaches that have been advanced to tackle them. We do so with the aim of contributing new insights to theor...
Article
Full-text available
Participatory scenario planning (PSP) is an increasingly popular tool in place-based environmental research for evaluating alternative futures of social-ecological systems. Although a range of guidelines on PSP methods are available in the scientific and grey literature, there is a need to reflect on existing practices and their appropriate applica...
Article
Full-text available
Community-based natural resource management (CBNRM) is a concept critical to managing social-ecological systems but whose implementation needs strengthening. Scenario planning is one approach that may offer benefits relevant to CBNRM but whose potential is not yet well understood. Therefore, we designed, trialed, and evaluated a scenario-planning m...