Julia Hood

Julia Hood
Public Heath - Seatle & King County

About

25
Publications
1,951
Reads
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612
Citations
Citations since 2017
11 Research Items
378 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Context: Despite the massive scale of COVID-19 case investigation and contact tracing (CI/CT) programs operating worldwide, the evidence supporting the intervention's public health impact is limited. Objective: To evaluate the Public Health-Seattle & King County (PHSKC) CI/CT program, including its reach, timeliness, effect on isolation and quar...
Article
Full-text available
We examined patterns of genetic clustering among individuals diagnosed with HIV between 2010 and 2018 using data from King County, Washington’s National HIV Surveillance System. Among 2,371 individuals newly diagnosed with HIV, 231 (10%) experienced unstable housing or were living homeless at the time of diagnosis. Among the 1,658 (70%) people with...
Article
Background: Clinic-imposed barriers can impede access to medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD). We evaluated a low-barrier buprenorphine program that is co-located with a syringe services program (SSP) in Seattle, Washington, USA. Methods: We analyzed medical record data corresponding to patients who enrolled into the buprenorphine program in i...
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Full-text available
The Medical Monitoring Project (MMP) is an HIV surveillance system that provides national estimates of HIV-related behaviors and clinical outcomes. When first implemented, MMP excluded persons living with HIV not receiving HIV care. This analysis will describe new case-surveillance-based methods to identify and recruit persons living with HIV who a...
Article
Background: Many state and local health departments now promote and support the use of HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), yet monitoring use of the intervention at the population level remains challenging. Methods: We report the results of an online survey designed to measure PrEP use among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Washington State. D...
Article
Background: As one strategy to improve the health and survival of people who inject drugs, the King County Heroin & Opioid Addiction Task Force recommended the establishment of supervised injection facilities (SIF) where people can inject drugs in a safe and hygienic environment with clinical supervision. Analyses for other sites have found them t...
Article
Background Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is a highly effective HIV prevention strategy, but it is unclear how best to deliver PrEP to key populations. Drawing upon a cross-sectional survey of transgender women (TW) in Detroit, USA, and experience of a PrEP clinic that serves this population, this manuscript describes the following: (1) the risk p...
Article
The estimated burden of chronic disease among people living with HIV (PLWH) varies considerably by data source, due to differences in case definitions, analytic approaches, and underlying patient populations. We evaluated the burden of diabetes (DM) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) in two large data systems that are commonly queried to evaluate hea...
Article
Methamphetamine use is a key driver of HIV transmission among men who have sex with men (MSM). We evaluated trends in incident HIV diagnosis rates among methamphetamine using and nonusing MSM and assessed the relationship between methamphetamine use and demographic, behavioral, and clinical characteristics among MSM newly diagnosed with HIV. We ana...
Article
Objectives: To assess how integration of HIV surveillance and field services might influence surveillance data and linkage to care metrics. Methods: We used HIV surveillance and field services data from King County, Washington, to assess potential impact of misclassification of prior diagnoses on numbers of new diagnoses. The relationship betwee...
Article
The transformation of HIV from a fatal disease to lifelong disease has resulted in an HIV-infected population that is growing and aging, placing new and increasing demands on public programs and health services. We used National HIV Surveillance System and US census data to project the demographic composition of the population of people living with...
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Full-text available
Background: Identifying and treating genital infections, including sexually transmitted infections (STI), among newly diagnosed human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals may benefit both public and individual health. We assessed prevalence of genital infections and their correlates among newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals enrol...
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The impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on HIV care patients, aged 18-64, was evaluated in three jurisdictions with Medicaid expansion (Chicago, New York State, and Washington) and three jurisdictions without Medicaid expansion (Georgia, Texas, and Virginia) using data from the Medical Monitoring Project. Multivariate regression models were use...
Article
Objective: HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is efficacious, but uptake has been slow. In Washington State, most insurance plans, including Medicaid, pay for PrEP, and the state, support a PrEP drug assistance program. We assessed trends in PrEP awareness and use among MSM in Washington. Design and setting: Serial cross-sectional survey conduct...
Article
In light of observational evidence showing an association between human papillomavirus (HPV) and HIV acquisition risk, the potential of HPV vaccination as a HIV prevention strategy is being considered. However, the relationship between HPV and HIV infectiousness is unclear. In this analysis, the relationship between HPV and anogenital HIV shedding...
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Full-text available
Simultaneous condom and hormonal contraception usage ('dual method use') maximises protection against pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI), although there is concern that promotion of this strategy could result in diminished condom use and inadvertently increase STI risk. In this study, we (1) assessed how the use of dual methods, ver...
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Full-text available
Systematic analysis of STD programme data contributes to a national portrait of sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention activities, including research and evaluation specifically designed to optimise programme efficiency and impact. We analysed the narrative of the 2009 annual progress reports of the US Comprehensive STD Prevention Systems co...
Article
Using data from Botswana's largest HIV testing and counseling (HTC) provider, Tebelopele, we evaluate populations served and gender-specific correlates of testing HIV-positive among clients of two programs: standalone centers and outreach testing. Client records from January to June 2007 (n = 47,890) were evaluated by HTC program and gender. Bivari...
Article
Background and purpose: HPV vaccine coverage for females has increased in the U.S., although challenges to achieving high coverage remain. HPV vaccine coverage continues to lag behind that of other routinely recommended adolescent vaccines and these gaps in coverage are widening. To inform strategies to improve uptake, we explore correlates of vac...
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Full-text available
Background Simultaneous use of condoms and other contraceptive methods (“dual use”) provides the maximum protection against unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted disease (STD). Some studies show condom use wanes among dual users, thus potentially increasing STD risk. The purpose of this study is to (1) demonstrate how the composition of c...
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Full-text available
Background Monitoring HPV vaccine uptake can identify potential disparities in coverage and guide vaccine implementation efforts. While there are several national estimates of HPV vaccine uptake among US women, there are few data on vaccination status in relation to sexual behaviour. We analysed receipt of HPV vaccine and intent to get vaccinated b...
Article
Stigma has long accompanied sexually transmissible infections (STI) and hindered prevention and control efforts. It not only acts as a formidable barrier to STI testing, treatment and disclosure, but has a multitude of consequences for the health and quality of life of infected individuals. This review summarises the literature related to STI stigm...
Article
Although the Internet is one of the most commonly accessed resources for health information, finding information on local sexual health services, such as sexually transmitted disease (STD) testing, can be challenging. Recognizing that most quests for online health information begin with search engines, the purpose of this exploratory study was to e...
Article
The quadrivalent human papillomavirus virus vaccine was recently licensed for use in males in the United States. This study reviews available published literature on acceptability among parents, health care providers, and young males. Among 23 published articles, half were conducted in the United States. The majority (87%) used quantitative survey...

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