Julia Halamova

Julia Halamova
Comenius University Bratislava · Institute of Applied Psychology

Prof. MA. PhD.

About

59
Publications
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329
Citations
Introduction
Julia Halamova works at the Institute of Applied Psychology, Faculty of Social and Economic Sciences, Comenius University in Bratislava in Slovakia. She has also her own private psychotherapy pratice.

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Police officers routinely face stressful and possibly traumatic events in their work which may result in them experiencing compassion fatigue. The aim of this study was to explore compassion fatigue experiences in police officers, along with the stressful factors that may lead to compassion fatigue and the coping strategies they use in combating co...
Article
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Mindfulness-Based Compassionate Living (MBCL) is an intervention developed to teach individuals to cope with physical, mental, emotional or relational stress in a healthy way. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of a short-term online version of the MBCL intervention on level of self-criticism and self-compassion in a non-clinical co...
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Objectives The COVID-19 pandemic is having an unprecedented detrimental impact on mental health in people around the world. It is important therefore to explore factors that may buffer or accentuate the risk of mental health problems in this context. Given that compassion has numerous benefits for mental health, emotion regulation, and social rel...
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There is no previous research exploring the relationship between self-criticism and pupillary reactivity. Biomarkers such as pupillary reactivity inform about the quantity of the information being processed. Potentially, they can improve predictions of self-criticism levels and identification of pathological levels of self-criticism. The goal of ou...
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The COPE Inventory (Carver et al., 1989) is the most frequently used measure of coping; yet previous studies examining its factor structure yielded mixed results. The purpose of the current study, therefore, was to validate the factor structure of the COPE Inventory in a representative sample of over 2,000 adults in Slovakia. Our second goal was to...
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Whether the Anger Superiority Effect prevails over the Happiness Superiority Effect has been the subject of much discussion. Problems with the research design and methodology used in this type of research could account for differences in the results. This face-in-the-crowd study attempted a more ecologically valid design using nine multiplied ident...
Article
Introduction: Helping professionals are at high risk of being affected by the negative aspects of helping such as compassion fatigue. To date, no study has provided a comprehensive overview of compassion fatigue and compared the prevalence among different helping professions. Objectives: The aim of this study was to explore the prevalence and di...
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Background Historically social connection has been an important way through which humans have coped with large-scale threatening events. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, lockdowns have deprived people of major sources of social support and coping, with others representing threats. Hence, a major stressor during the pandemic has been a sense...
Article
Without a reliable and valid instrument of compassion and self-compassion, it is hard to conduct quality research in compassion even though it is a rapidly growing area of interest in many scientific fields. However, recently the Sussex-Oxford Compassion Scales (SOCS; Gu et al., 2020) were developed, with two parallel versions for compassion (SCOS-...
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Even though self-compassion and self-protection are associated with well-being and mental and physical health, qualitative research in this area is very rare. As no study has compared self-compassionate and self-protective responses during the two-chair technique, the aim was to analyze participants’ subjective responses in reacting to self-critici...
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Level of self-criticism has a significant impact on people’s psychopathology because severe self-criticism activates the sympathetic nervous system, and that further stimulates the physiological and psychological stress response which lead to impairment of mental health and wellbeing (Singer & Klimecki, 2014). Therefore, self-criticism is widely st...
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The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance of the Self-Compassion Scale by IRT differential test functioning in ten distinct populations (n = 13623 participants) from ten different countries: Australia (n = 517), China (n = 321), Czech Republic (n = 5081), Germany (n = 2510), Italy (n = 384), Portugal (n = 512), Slovakia (n...
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Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is a massive global health crisis with damaging consequences to mental health and social relationships. Exploring factors that may heighten or buffer the risk of mental health problems in this context is thus critical. Whilst compassion may be a protective factor, in contrast fears of compassion increase vulnerabi...
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The Emotion Focused Training for Self-Compassion and Self-Protection (EFT-SCP) is an intervention developed to increase skills of self-compassion and protective anger with the aim to decrease self-criticism. This novel intervention was developed on the basis of the latest findings on self-criticism from Emotion-focused therapy and previous programs...
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Although mobile applications are increasingly being used as a viable option for improving individuals' psychological health, there is a lack of research in this area. This qualitative study analysed user experiences of mobile mental health applications (MHapps) among the English-speaking general population of 462 participants using the critical inc...
Article
The aim of this study was to test the multilevel multidimensional finite mixture item response model of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) to cluster respondents and countries from 13 samples ( N = 7,714) and from 12 countries. The practical goal was to learn how many discrete classes there are on the level of...
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In this exploratory research study, we developed an instrument to investigate people’s confidence in safeguarding measures [Confidence in Safeguards Scale (CSS)] and we adapted an instrument measuring perceived risk of coronavirus [perceived risk of coronavirus scale (PRCS)] that was originally based on a perceived risk of HIV measure. We then expl...
Article
Criticism and self-criticism have far reaching impacts on wellbeing and emotional balance. In order to create better interventions for criticism and self-criticism, more in-depth knowledge about these two constructs is required. The goal of our study was to examine three associations for criticism and self-criticism. The data were collected from a...
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Compassion Mind Training (CMT) is a therapeutic approach to guide highly self-critical individuals to generate compassion. The goal was to probe the efficacy of a short-term, online version of the CMT on self-compassion and self-criticism in a non-clinical population. We conducted a randomized controlled trial with pre-, post-measurements and two-m...
Article
In this study, different factor analysis models were employed to test the Self-Compassion Scale (SCS) in 11 distinct populations (n = 15,266) in different countries. The results strongly suggest that the most appropriate use of the SCS is to measure levels of Self-Compassionate responding (positive items) and Self-Uncompassionate responding (negati...
Article
The aim of the study was to describe the spontaneous facial expressions elicited by viewers of a compassionate video in terms of the respondents’ muscular activity of single facial action units (AUs). We recruited a convenience sample of 111 undergraduate psychology students, aged 18-25 years (M = 20.53; SD = 1.62) to watch (at home alone) a short...
Article
Objectives. The Mindful Self-Compassion (MSC) program is an empirically-developed group intervention aimed to cultivate self-compassion. Sample and setting. A randomized control trial was conducted with pre-, post-measurements, and two-month follow-up. A total of 122 participants were recruited from a general community by convenience sampling. They...
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The purpose of this study was to examine the measurement invariance of the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) in terms of Item Response Theory differential test functioning in thirteen distinct samples (N = 7714) from twelve different countries. We assessed differential test functioning for the three FSCRS subscales...
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Objective Our goal was to investigate the heart rate variability differences among participants with different levels of self-criticism during exposure to self-critical, self-protective, and self-compassionate guided imagery. Methods Convenience sample of 89 psychology students was collected with the provision of course credits. The participants u...
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This study explores the relationship between self-criticism, self-reassurance, and the face scanning patterns participants use to recognize photos of happiness. Forty-two participants were being recorded by eye-trackers while watching photos of happy and neutral facial expressions. Participants also completed the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking...
Article
The study analyzes the relationship between level of self-criticism and success in recognizing six primary emotions and neutral emotion in photographs from the Umeå University Database of Facial Expressions. The 134 participants were recruited from the general community using availability criteria. They completed the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attac...
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Emotion Focused Training for Self-Compassion and Self-Protection (EFT-SCP) is a novel intervention developed on the basis of the latest findings on self-criticism from Emotion-focused therapy and existing programs designed to cultivate compassion. EFT-SCP is designed to encourage participants to cultivate self-compassion and protective anger as a w...
Article
The study explores the relation between participants’ level of self-criticism, self-reassurance, and eye gaze when looking at photographs of primary emotions. Participants completed The Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) and then a facial-emotion expression task while their eye movements were being recorded by an ey...
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Emotion-Focused Training for Emotion Coaching (EFT-EC) is based on Emotion-focused Therapy findings and was developed to help participants deepen their emotional skills. The goal was to examine the efficacy of a 12-week EFT-EC group program the level of emotion intelligence, self-compassion and self-criticism in a student population. A quasi-experi...
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Although the research on compassion is growing, there is a lack of knowledge about how non-expert people perceive compassion. Therefore, the aim of the study was to explore compassion from the perspective of non-experts. Our sample consisted of 56 non-expert participants (Slovaks and Czechs) in 10 focus groups and we conducted a Consensual Qualitat...
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Objectives. The study focuses on the analysis of facial expressions elicited by a compassionate video stimulus. Sample and setting. There was a convenient sample of 151 respondents aged from 18 to 59 years old (M= 25.17; SD = 7.81). Respondents watched a compassionate video stimulus and their faces were recorded through webcams online at home in th...
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There is considerable evidence that self-criticism plays a major role in the vulnerability to and recovery from psychopathology. Methods to measure this process, and its change over time, are therefore important for research in psychopathology and well-being. This study examined the factor structure of a widely used measure, the Forms of Self-Criti...
Article
Full-text available
Our goal was to investigate the efficacy of a Mindfulness-Based Intervention (MBI) in the form of a short-term, online intervention using exercises from Mindfulness-Based Stress-Reduction program on self-compassion, self-reassurance and self-criticism in a non-clinical population. We conducted pre-, post- and two-month follow-up measures of self-co...
Article
The study verifies the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the Self-Compassion and Self-Criticism Scales (SCCS) using item response theory, factor analysis, and scale validity. The survey sample was collected by convenience sampling and consisted of 514 participants (27% men and 73% women) with a mean age of 26.16 years (SD = 8.32). A...
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The full-text of the article is available here https://rdcu.be/WX1o There is considerable evidence that self-criticism plays a major role in the vulnerability to and recovery from psychopathology. Methods to measure this process, and its change over time, are therefore important for research in psychopathology and wellbeing. This study examined th...
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The aim of our study was to explore the first three associations for the following two stimulus words: compassion and self-compassion. In addition, we were interested in whether the participants would conceptualise these words more in terms of emotions, cognitions, or behaviours. The sample consisted of 151 psychology students. A consensual qualita...
Conference Paper
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Abstract: BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Even though recruitment is a vibrant business that is growing even during the economic crisis, there are just a few studies about the recruitment agency sector. This study observed the relationship between stress, leadership and personality within a privately owned employment agency. METHOD: 254 employees over 18 yea...
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The authors report the development and robust evaluation of the psychometric properties of the Sense of Community Descriptors Scale, which, as one of the few scales that measures the psychological sense of community regardless of context, can be utilized in all kinds of communities for assessing community intervention effectiveness. The Sense of Co...
Article
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The present study verifies the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the Self-Compassion Scale through item response theory, factor-analysis, validity analyses and norm development. The surveyed sample consisted of 1,181 participants (34% men and 66% women) with a mean age of 30.30 years (SD = 12.40). Two general factors (Self-compassion...
Article
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1. Objectives The study verifies the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the The Forms of Self-criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) through item response theory, IRT factor analysis, the validity of the scale and the development of norms. 2. Sample and setting The survey sample consisted of 1,181 participants (34% me...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives. The study verifies the psychometric properties of the Slovak version of the The Forms of Self-criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS) through item response theory, IRT factor analysis, the validity of the scale and the development of norms. Sample and setting. The survey sample consisted of 1,181 participants (34% men and...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, there has been a significantly increased interest in the interdisciplinary and international concept termed “sense of community”. The reason is that sense of community is associated with a large number of positive consequences on individuals and communities as well as society in general. Although the psychological sense of commun...
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Physical and psychological suffering often sheds doubts on the belief that the world was created by the almighty, omniscient, benevolent, and perfectly good God. The theism takes as granted that God does not intervene in most instances to prevent evils from happening for various good reasons. J. Salamon has recently suggested that God's sense of ju...
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ROJKA, Ľ., HALAMOVÁ, J.: Why God Created the World so Badly. Studia Aloisiana, 5, 2013, 1, s. 17–30. The so called problem of evil, in which the existence of physical and psychological suffering discredits that the world was created by an omnipotent, omniscient, and perfectly good God, and disruptes the overall Christian conception of human life. T...
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Objectives. The goal of this qualitatively oriented research study was to understand subjective experience of building community as found in the accounts of Community Building Workshop and Community Building Event (CBW/E) attendants. Subjects and setting. Attendants (n=18) from United Kingdom, Germany, United States and a few with not stated nation...
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Emotion focused couples therapy or Emotionally focused therapy for couples (EFTC) is short-term 8 to 20 sessions, structured therapy originally developed in 1980's by Leslie Greenberg and Sue Johnson. It is one of the most empirically based types of couple therapy. Research has found that 70-75% of couples who undergo EFTC, will recover from distre...
Article
The study deals with a religious conversion of members of the Catholic Charismatic movement. This movement is characterised by the integration of those aspects of spirituality, which draw on traditional religious life as well as on the spirituality of new religious movements. The consensual qualitative research was used for analyses of thirty stori...
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Current psychological concepts often emphasise the importance of close personal relationships and social context in creating self. The study focuses on the relationships and the influence of the relationship contexts (relationships in family, religious group, ideal group, Slovak current society, God etc.) on forming the perceived self. 128 members...
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The review study is focused on theoretical approaches concerning psychological sense of community. The author analyses the theory of community psychologists McMillan and Chavis (1986), theory of cultural anthropologist Turner (1995) and theory of psychiatrist Peck (1995). The presented article is the second part of a work on psychological sense of...
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The study is focused on phenomenon of psychological sense of community, more specifically on historical background of interest in it, methodological approaches and research findings concerning the phenomenon, The author also defines sense of community and diversifies the term from another related terms. In the part dealing with methodological appro...
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The main purpose of the presented study was to examine the relationship between two concepts of psychological sense of community in various groups: the theory of psychological sense of community by D. McMillan and D. Chavis (1986) measured by the Chertok's Perceived Sense of Community Scale (1999) and the Scott Peck's notion of community (1994, 199...
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The presented study analyses the dimensionality and the psychometric properties of the Perceived Sense of Community Scale (Chertok, 1999) translated into Slovak language. The author's purpose was also to stimulate and make a use of the scale accessible for broader scientific community in socio-cultural context of Slovakia. The 30 scale items were a...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Is there anybody willing to share data using long form of Self-compassion scale from Kristin Neff? We have already examined measurement invariance and differential test functioning of Self-compassion scale for Slovak, Czech and Dutch translations. The research findings are quite interesting so it would be nice if you provide us with your data to enrich our research study with your sample. Than you would be one of the authors. Thank you very much Julia

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