Julfikar Haider

Julfikar Haider
Manchester Metropolitan University | MMU · Department of Engineering

BEng MA PhD

About

122
Publications
32,563
Reads
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979
Citations
Citations since 2017
95 Research Items
793 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
Graphite/Cu bonding is essential for the fabrication of graphite-based plasma-facing parts and graphite-type commutators. Transient liquid phase bonding of graphite/Cu has been conducted separately with Ti/Cu/Ti and Ti/Cu/Ni/Ti multi-foils. The interfacial microstructure and mechanical properties of the bonded joints have been characterized. For th...
Article
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is an incurable retinal condition caused by excessive blood sugar that, if left untreated, can result in even blindness. A novel automated technique for DR detection has been proposed in this paper. To accentuate the lesions, the fundus images (FIs) were preprocessed using Contrast Limited Adaptive Histogram Equalization (...
Article
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The conventional heating system is inefficient as the major part of the heating coil lies out-side the vessel it is placed on. This research article proposes a new single-coil multi-tapped induction heating system. This novel induction heating system is facilitated by a half-bridge resonant converter controlled by zero-voltage switching (ZVS). The...
Article
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Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cervical marginal fit of porcelain laminate veneer (PLV) restorations made from two different types of CAD/CAM ceramic laminates: CEREC C PC and E.max (LD). Materials and Methods: This in-vitro experiment used a total of 32 human maxillary first premolars that were clean and free of any crack...
Article
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To provide stability and a continuous supply of power, the detection and classification of faults in the transmission lines (TLs) are crucial in this modern age. It is required to remove a faulty section from a healthy section to provide safety and to minimize power loss due to the fault. In the contemporary world, machine learning (ML) is extensiv...
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The enormous number of automobiles across the world has caused a significant increase in emissions of greenhouse gases, which pose a grave and mounting threat to modern life by escalating global warming and polluting air quality. These adverse effects of climate change have motivated the automotive sector to reform and have pushed the drive towards...
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Objectives This study investigated potential variations in polymerisation of light- and dual-cured (LC and DC) resin cements photoactivated through four CAD/CAM restorative materials as a function of substrate thickness. Methods Four CAD/CAM materials [two resin composites CeraSmart (CS) and Grandio Blocs (GB); a polymer infiltrated ceramic Vita E...
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Enhancing the accuracy of the battery state of charge (SOC) estimation is essential in developing more effective, dependable, and convenient electric vehicles. In this paper, a hybrid CNN and gated recurrent unit-long short-term memory (CNN-GRU-LSTM) approach, which is a recurrent neural network (RNN) based model with an explainable artificial inte...
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Objective Three-dimensional (3D) printing is increasingly being utilised in the dental field because of its time-saving potential and cost effectiveness. It enables dental practitioners to eliminate several fabrication steps, achieve higher precision, and attain consistency in complex prosthetic models. The properties of 3D-printed resin materials...
Preprint
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Diabetes is a chronic disease that continues to be a primary and worldwide health concern since the health of the entire population has been affected by it. Over the years, many academics have attempted to develop a reliable diabetes prediction model using machine learning (ML) algorithms. However, these research investigations have had a minimal i...
Article
The natural fiber extracted from water hyacinth waste could be used for making natural fiber polymer composites. The main intent of this manuscript is to develop polymer composite materials reinforced by aquatic wastewater hyacinth natural fibers having varying lengths. The water hyacinth fibers were extracted using a mechanical drum extractor foll...
Article
In this paper, a study was carried out to investigate the surface roughness and material removal rate of low carbon NiTi shape memory alloy (SMA) machined by Wire Electro Spark Erosion (WESE) technique. Experiments are designed considering three parameters viz, spark ON time (SON), spark OFF time (SOFF), and voltage (V) at three levels each. The su...
Article
Damaged/injured tissues within the body are being replaced or reinforced by metallic orthopaedic implants. A bioresorbable implant is able to dissolve within the body, unlike its traditional counterparts. Bulk metallic glasses (BMGs) possess incredible properties, including high biocompatibility by virtue of their amorphous structure and absence of...
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Methods: Forty-eight acrylic blocks having central holes with a nominal diameter of 4 mm and a depth of 2 mm were prepared. The holes of the acrylic blocks were filled with Biodentine, which was prepared following the guidelines provided by the manufacturer. Then, the specimens were divided into six groups (n = 8). Groups 1, 2, and 3, Tetric N-Cer...
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Objectives This study investigated the effect of ageing in three food-simulating liquids (FSLs) on mechanical properties of three prosthodontic CAD/CAM polymer composites intended for construction of implant-supported frameworks. Methods Materials investigated were: (i) a carbon fibre-reinforced composite (CarboCAD 3D dream frame; CC), (ii) a glas...
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One of the major challenges encountered during friction stir processing (FSP) is the establishment of a process parameter window in order to achieve processed surfaces with an acceptable quality as it is an exhaustive task that involves enormous resources, time, and efforts. Sometimes this task is so difficult that the trial may run into futility....
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Today, electric driven motorbikes (e-motorbikes) are facing multiple safety, functionality and operating challenges, particularly in hot climatic conditions. One of them is the increasing demand for efficient battery cooling to avoid the potential thermal stability concerns due to extreme temperatures and the conventional plastic enclosure of the b...
Preprint
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Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by female anopheles mosquito bites. Various plasmodium parasites spread in the victim’s blood cells and keep their life in a critical situation. If not treated at the early stage, malaria can cause even death. Microscopy is a familiar process for diagnosing malaria, collecting the victim’s blood samples,...
Article
Diabetic Retinopathy (DR) is a major complication in human eyes among the diabetic patients. Early detection of the DR can save many patients from permanent blindness. Various artificial intelligent based systems have been proposed and they outperform human analysis in accurate detection of the DR. In most of the traditional deep learning models, t...
Article
The formation of brittle intermetallics is a challenge for the direct joining of commercially pure titanium (CpTi) and Inconel 718 (IN718) alloy. In the present work, dissimilar weldments using the P-TIG (Pulsed-Tungsten Inert Gas) welding technique were produced, with elemental Niobium (Nb) as an interlayer. The insertion of Nb acted as a barrier...
Article
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This study aimed to evaluate the colour stability of polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture base reinforced with ZrO2 nanoparticles, E-glass fibres, and TiO2 nanoparticles at various concentrations over 180-day storage in Steradent™ (STD) denture cleaner or coffee (CF). A total of 130 disc-shaped specimens were fabricated at various filler concentr...
Preprint
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The increasing trend of the use of synthetic products may result in an increased level of pollution affecting both the environment and living organisms. Therefore, from the sustainability point of view, natural, renewable and biodegradable materials are urgently needed to replace environmentally harmful synthetic materials. Jute, one of the natural...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing trend of the use of synthetic products may result in an increased level of pollution affecting both the environment and living organisms. Therefore, from the sustainability point of view, natural, renewable and biodegradable materials are urgently needed to replace environmentally harmful synthetic materials. Jute, one of the natural...
Article
Full-text available
Photovoltaic (PV) systems-based energy generation is relatively easy to install, even at a large scale, because it is scalable in size and is thus easy to transport. Harnessing maximum power is only possible if maximum power tracking (MPPT) functionality is available as part of the power converter control that interfaces the PV panels to the grid....
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One of the most widely used materials for the fabrication of prosthetic dental parts is acrylic resin. Its reasonable mechanical and physical properties make it a popular material for a wide range of dental applications. Recently, many attempts have been made to improve the mechanical and biological properties of this material, such as by adding fi...
Article
ABSTRACT This study aimed to estimate the effect of cobalt nanoparticles (Co NPs) with different concentrations against multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogenic bacteria. Three isolates of Staphylococcus aureus (gram-positive), Proteus spp. (gram-negative), and Escherichia coli (gram-negative) bacteria were extracted from various clinical examples util...
Article
This paper provides an in-depth review of the natural colourants covering their classifications, sources, extraction techniques, application techniques in relation to different textile fibres and their advantages and challenges. The academic readers will find here an overview of the latest developments in extraction and application techniques of a...
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This study aimed to estimate the effect of cobalt nanoparticles (Co NPs) with different concentrations against multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogenic bacteria. Three isolates of Staphylococcus aureus (gram-positive), Proteus spp. (gram-negative), and Escherichia coli (gram-negative) bacteria were extracted from various clinical examples utilizing rou...
Article
The direct joining of CpTi and Inconel 718 is challenging due to the formation of brittle TixNiy in the fusion zone. For the TIG welding of CpTi/IN718 joints in the present work, the use of Nb as an interlayer served as a barrier, resulting in the complete suppression of brittle TixNiy which is responsible for immediate failure of the CpTi/IN718 di...
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This study aimed to compare the antimicrobial effect of an aqueous extract Red Roselle calyx (RE), Chlorhexidine (CH), Amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (ACA), Tetracycline (Tet), and Metronidazole (Met)on Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans), Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Enterococcus faecalis (E. faecalis) bacteria. The bacterial inhibition zones (...
Article
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Aim Close adaptation of cemented CAD/CAM restorations to their abutments is highly dependent on precise impressions and accurate replicas of teeth and adjacent oral tissues. This in-vitro study compared the effect of two die materials, as physical replicas of prepared teeth, on internal and marginal adaptations of zirconia copings to their correspo...
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As a promising optical method used in a variety of applications surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors are employed over a wide range of boundaries. This research proposes a highly sensitive SPR based sensor with a novel hybrid structure using transition metal dichalcogenides (e.g. WSe2, PtSe2) along with black phosphorene (BP) through comprehensi...
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When PMMA denture base acrylics are exposed to oral environments for prolonged periods, the denture base absorbs water, which has a negative influence on the denture material and the degree to which the denture base will be clinically effective. This study assessed the water sorption, desorption, and hygroscopic expansion processes within PMMA dent...
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Induction heating (IH) is a process of heating the electrically conducting materials especially ferromagnetic materials with the help of electromagnetic induction through generating heat in an object by eddy currents. A well-entrenched way of IH is to design a heating system pertaining to the usage of ferromagnetic materials such as stainless steel...
Chapter
Plastics and polymeric materials have a wide range of applications in the macro, micro, as well as nanoworld. The criteria, quality, durability, cost, performance, and environmental effect of these plastics and polymeric components (part of a product) or a product depend on the raw material and their processing technique (development, recycle etc.)...
Chapter
Environmental pollution by plastic waste is causing a major issue around the world. In this article, focus was given on the re-use of plastics to minimize or prevent the plastic waste. First, the plastic materials are classified based on the origin, functional characteristics and recycling characteristics. A general overview on the rationale for us...
Article
In this study, the effects of tool geometry such as rake angle, and cutting parameters such as depth of cut on the cutting forces were studied and correlated with the built-up edge during the material removal process of a rock-like workpiece. Cutting or scratch tests were performed on low and high strength simulated rock-like materials using a tung...
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In this era of COVID19, proper diagnosis and treatment for pneumonia are very important. Chest X-Ray (CXR) image analysis plays a vital role in the reliable diagnosis of pneumonia. An experienced radiologist is required for this. However, even for an experienced radiographer, it is quite difficult and time-consuming to diagnose due to the fuzziness...
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The ease of controlling waveguide properties through unparalleled design flexibility has made the photonic crystal fiber (PCF) an attractive platform for plasmonic structures. In this work, a dual analyte channel’s highly sensitive PCF bio-sensor is proposed based on surface plasmon resonance (SPR). In the proposed design, surface plasmons (SPs) ar...
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The output of a photovoltaic array is reduced considerably when PV panels are shaded even partially. The impact of shading causes an appreciable loss in power delivery, since the PV panels are connected in series and parallel to contribute to the required voltage and power for the load. The prevailing research on mitigating the shading impact is mo...
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In a dissimilar welded joint between Ni base alloys and titanium, creep failure is a potential concern as it could threaten to undermine the integrity of the joint. In this research, the mechanical heterogeneity of a Pulsed TIG welded joint between commercially pure titanium (CpTi) and Inconel 718 (IN718) with a vanadium (V) interlayer was studied...
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Biochar obtained from the oxygen-deficient thermochemical processing of organic wastes is considered to be an effective reinforcing agent in biocomposite development. In the present research, biocomposite film was prepared using sugarcane bagasse pyrolyzed biochar and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), and its electrical and mechanical properties were assess...
Article
This paper introduces an intelligent computational approach to automatically authenticate fingerprint for personal identification and verification. The feature vector is formed using combined features obtained from Gabor filtering technique and deep learning technique such as Convolutional Neural Network (CNN). Principle Component Analysis (PCA) ha...
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During restorative treatment, premolars restored with resin filling materials using the conventional incremental-fill technique take longer restoration time and undermine the integrity of the tooth. The aim of this study was to assess fracture resistance of premolars restored by various types of novel bulk-fill composite resin materials. Forty-eigh...
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Natural renewable materials can play a big role in reducing the consumption of synthetic materials for environmental sustainability. Natural fiber-reinforced composites have attracted significant research and commercial importance due to their versatile characteristics and multi-dimensional applications. As the natural materials are easily rotten,...
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is study aimed to evaluate potential impacts of calcium oxide nanoparticles (CaO-NPs) at different dosages on predentin thickness, number of blood vessels, periodontal ligament thickness, and blood glucose level of Wistar rats. Twelve rats were randomly gathered into four groups, untreated (control) and CaO-NP-treated groups at three concentrations...
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is study aimed to evaluate potential impacts of calcium oxide nanoparticles (CaO-NPs) at different dosages on predentin thickness, number of blood vessels, periodontal ligament thickness, and blood glucose level of Wistar rats. Twelve rats were randomly gathered into four groups, untreated (control) and CaO-NP-treated groups at three concentrations...
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Statement of Problem: Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) denture resins commonly fracture as a result of the denture being dropped or when in use due to heavy occlusal forces. Purpose: To investigate the effects of E-glass fibre, ZrO2 and TiO2 nanoparticles at different concentrations on the fracture toughness and impact strength of PMMA denture base....
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This paper proposes a three-port Zeta-KY dc-dc converter which is fed with hybrid sources like photovoltaic (PV) cells and batteries. The converter proposed here is a multi-input single-output (MISO) structure which harnesses the benefits of Zeta and KY converters. The combination of these converters is highly advantageous since the Zeta converter...
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Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties of high-impact (HI) heat-cured acrylic resin (PMMA) reinforced with silane-treated zirconia nanoparticles. Methods: Forty-five PMMA specimens reinforced with zirconia were fabricated and divided into three groups: Pure HI PMMA (control group), PMMA reinforced with...
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Rapid increase in scholarly publications on the web has posed a new challenge to the researchers in finding highly relevant and important research articles associated with a particular area of interest. Even a highly relevant paper is sometimes missed especially for novice researchers due to lack of knowledge and experience in finding and accessing...
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Artificial biomaterials are being developed for use in denture base with symmetrical properties to restore the aesthetics and functionalities. The rough surface of denture base resin promotes the adhesion of microorganisms and plaque accumulation. This study aimed to explore the consequences of polishing times on the surface roughness of high-impac...
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The aim of this work was to evaluate the flexural strength and surface hardness of heat-cured Polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) modified by the addition of ZrO2 nanoparticles, TiO2 nanoparticles, and E-glass fibre at different wt.% concentrations. Specimens were fabricated and separated into four groups (n = 10) to measure both flexural strength and s...
Experiment Findings
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The existing solutions for reducing total harmonic distortion (THD) using different control algorithms in shunt active power filters (SAPFs) are complex. This work proposes a split source inverter (SSI)-based SAPF for improving the power quality in a nonlinear load system. The advantage of the SSI topology is that it is of a single stage boost inve...
Article
The influence of titanium alloy (Ti–5Al–2.5Sn) and commercially pure titanium (cpTi) as fillers on dissimilar pulsed tungsten inert gas weldments of Ti–5Al–2.5Sn/cpTi was investigated in terms of microstructure, mechanical/nano-mechanical properties, and residual stresses. A partial martensitic transformation was observed in the weldments for all t...