Juhani Ihanus

Juhani Ihanus
University of Helsinki | HY

PhD in Psychology
Assoc. Prof. of Cultural Psychology

About

108
Publications
6,529
Reads
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228
Citations
Introduction
Juhani Ihanus currently works at the University of Helsinki. His research interests concern 'History of Psychology and Psychoanalysis', 'Biblio/Poetry Therapy and Narratives', 'Psychohistory, Politics and Leadership', 'Psychoanalytic Theories', and 'Edward Westermarck'.

Publications

Publications (108)
Article
The archive and psychoanalysis are reconnected in a new framework. The archaeological metaphor of psychoanalysis, the traditional view of archives as storehouses of historical items, and the notion of memory as storage are revised according to the conceptions of fluid and dynamic archival and memory systems. A combination of psychoanalytic models a...
Article
This compilation of the passages from Lloyd deMause's letters to his German colleague and translator Aurel Ende gives a view of deMause, at the end of the 1970s and beginning of the 1980s, in his relation to German psychohistory as well as to pre-and perinatal psychology, primal therapy, and psychoanalysis. The letters also touch upon deMause's ins...
Article
This article is a continuation to the earlier one, published in The Journal of Psychohistory (Vol. 48, No. 4, 2021), titled "I Really Feel I Understand What's Going on in History." Like the previous article, this is also based on the letters sent by Lloyd deMause to his German colleague and translator, sociologist Aurel Ende. Another boulder of suc...
Article
Be still my tongue: here it profits not to tell the whole truth with clear face unveiled. —Pindar, Nemean, 5, episode 1. To rhetorical questions a concrete answer—here Putin is a Soviet. —Laine (2007, 72).
Article
Full-text available
From the perspective of poetry therapy, the author relates Western views of poetic time, rhythm, literary creation, and metaphoric language to ancient Chinese conceptions of literature and to the haiku tradition. The author analyzes and develops practical approaches to using haiku for therapeutic, rehabilitative, and preventive purposes. In haikus,...
Article
The focus of this article is on Howard F. Stein’s ideas about culture as a system using symbols, cults, and rituals as therapies and problem-solving strategies, in healing the traumas of a culture in trouble. This symbolic and psychoanalytically oriented cultural anthropological approach is presented, for example, in Stein’s works The Dream of Cult...
Article
This article analyzes some psychohistorical aspects of Vladimir Putin’s childhood, “secret services” experience, and savior mindset, as reflected in his leadership. The urge for war to defend the Motherland against the enemies and secure Russian honor is based on false mythological justification and group fantasy. The re-enactments of WWII transgen...
Article
A reply to David Beisel's and Paul H. Elovitz's comments on the author's article "Putin, Ukraine, and fratricide."
Chapter
A personal route to psychohistorical research autobiographically narrated by one of the European psychohistory builders.
Article
The article gives an overview of psychoanalytic pedagogy and its applications to children’s homes, formal education, and psychoanalytic training in Europe before WWII. Psychoanalysis and academic developmental psychology did not share common ground, the “learning” paradigm being strange to most psychoanalysts. Nowadays, psychoanalytic insights add...
Article
The article first traces the traditional psychoanalytic meaning of anxiety and its repression. A new concept, “virtual anxiety,” is expli- cated and situated onto the current technocultural scenes and global themes of anguish. Anxiety is seen as a continuous background “noise,” repeatedly emerging as a conscious distressing feeling, no longer as...
Book
Full-text available
Includes:PART ONEAN OUTLINE OF FINNISH PHILOSOPHY BEFORE 18091.1. Prehistory1.2. Christianity Arrives1.3. The Academy of TurkuPART TWOFROM IDEALISM TO NATIONALISTIC AND LIBERAL CONSTRUCTIONS OF THE STATE2. 1. Varieties of ldealism: Franzén, Lagus, and Hartman2.2. Romanticism in Turku: Bergbom, Ottelin, Arwidsson, and Hwasser2.3. J. J. Tengström's T...
Article
Full-text available
This article concerns the therapeutic potential of metaphor in group poetry therapy, concentrating on the poetry therapy process of people diagnosed with schizophrenia. The data was collected in a one-year poetry therapy group. The main questions were: (1) What kind of therapeutic potential can metaphors offer in group poetry therapy? (2) What are...
Article
This article concerns the different psychological effects of the coronavirus pandemic. The transformation of the virus into something graspable by the human mind can occur through fantasies, language, images, governmental scenarios, and therapeutic support. The author exemplifies coping strategies in political leaders’ imagery, pandemic dreams, and...
Article
A personal reminiscence of Lloyd deMause and his contributions to psychohistory. It examines deMause’s ideas about the tasks and domains of psychohistory, as well as his conceptions of childrearing, group-fantasy, wars, and leaders as poison containers. His career is compared with the journey of the mythical Greek hero Odysseus.
Article
The article presents the author’s academic connections and positions as well as how he became involved with psychohistory, combining his psychological training with his literary and historical studies. The participation in the Conventions of the International Psychohistorical Association (IPA), as well as his psychohistorical publications and exper...
Article
Human-animal sexual relations have a long history since the dawn of human civilization. Violent aspects in such relations have been approached from different viewpoints of religion, ethics, legislation, animal welfare, and scientific research. To grasp the developmental and motivational bases of pain-inflicting relations to living sentient animals,...
Book
This book is about the transformative functions of words, literature, writing, and biblio/poetry therapy, approaching the subject through narrative and cultural psychology, storytelling, and shareable meaning making. The dialogic mind is described as trembling in a textual web of memories, metaphors, fantasies, transferences and poetic language, an...
Article
This article is a comment on Paul H. Elovitz's "The Making of Psychohistory: Origins, Controversies, and Pioneering Contributors."
Article
Full-text available
The article concentrates on the first Finnish psychobiog-raphy, which was published by the young literary and cultural critic Tatu Vaaskivi (1912–1942) in 1937. This work on 1939 Nobel Prize literature winner Frans Eemil Sillanpää is more like a psychological novel than a strict academic study. Vaaskivi based his work on the interviews with the aut...
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The philosopher John Searle has called Freud’s idea about repressed contents “incoherent,” “factually empty,” and “implying dualism.” Thus he has been seen as a critic of psychoanalysis. This view is questioned in the present article. Searle shares the central ideas of psychoanalysis, and the differences between him and Freud are conceptual. Proble...
Article
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The scope and limits of neuropsychoanalysis are studied through the concept of the “psychic apparatus.” This is a central concept in psychoanalytic thinking, but neither Freud nor present-day neuropsychoanalysts have been able to tell whether or not it refers to a neural “thing.” The authors argue that it refers not only to the brain, but also to p...
Article
Full-text available
In: Bollettino di Studi Sartriani, 9, 2013, pp. 53-76. For psychoanalysts, for researchers outside the psychoanalytic realm, as well as for laymen, the most lasting part of Freud's work has been his view concerning the role of the unconscious in human life. However, there is deep confusion about its actual status. A significant reductionist emphasi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Games are part of many peoples' lives and many different outcomes are related to them, such as enjoyment, learning and addiction, depending on who is making the evaluation. The special character of games is the experience they provide. Thus scholars in different fields are interested in understanding what constitutes such an experience. Yet even if...
Article
Neuropsychoanalysis focuses on the neural counterparts of psychoanalytically interesting phenomena and has left the difference in the metaphysical presuppositions between neuroscience and psychoanalysis unexamined. The authors analyse the logical possibilities concerning the relation between the brain and the mental unconscious in terms of the seri...
Article
This conversation about poetry/writing therapy germinated from many discussions between two authors with long experience in the field. Their conversation has an essentially European quality, deepened by cultural differences. They talk about fundamental principles and values used in their practice and professional writing; their own personal writing...
Article
Martti Olavi Siirala, psychoanalyst and psychiatrist, and a dissident in terms of Finnish cultural life, died in Helsinki on August 18, 2008, at the age of 85. He was born in Liperi, eastern Finland, on November 24, 1922. This obituary outlines his life, professional career, and literary production.
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between neuroscience and psychoanalysis is studied by taking “the new mechanism of neuroscience” under scrutiny. That new trend stresses that neuroscientific explanations are mechanistic explanations in particular. Since the issue of psychological mechanisms lies at the core of psychoanalysis, it is crucial to study the relationshi...
Article
Full-text available
The idea of unconscious fantasy plays a central role in psychoanalysis. In terms of cognitive orientation, however, the logic behind it is difficult to determine because psychoanalysis has not succeeded in establishing how and where such fantasies exist. This article introduces the reasons why psychoanalysts think in terms of unconscious fantasies:...
Article
The contribution of stories in biblio-poetry therapy practice and in enhancing personal development is the focus of this paper. Writing, telling and listening to stories open up possibilities for change and new learning windows. Through expressive and communicative stories, therapeutic and developmental dia- and polylogism can expand one's imaginat...
Article
This article examines the origins and early development of psychoanalytically inspired psychohistory from the late 1950s to the early 1970s. It focuses on Erik H. Erikson, Bruce Mazlish, and Robert Jay Lifton and illustrates their contributions to psychoanalytic psychohistory. Erikson, Mazlish, and Lifton were core members of the Wellfleet group, a...
Article
The distinction between implicit (non-conscious) and explicit (conscious) knowledge made by cognitive scientists is applied to the psychoanalytic idea of repressed contents. The consequences of repression are suggested to have been caused by implicit representations. Repressed memories can also be treated in terms of explicit representations, which...
Article
The distinction between implicit (non-conscious) and explicit (conscious) knowledge made by cognitive scientists is applied to the psychoanalytic idea of repressed contents. The consequences of repression are suggested to have been caused by implicit representations. Repressed memories can also be treated in terms of explicit representations, which...
Article
The institution of psychoanalysis has included controversies, dissensions and expulsions at both the theoretical-methodological and personal-organizational levels. There have also been several intra- and intergroup conflicts in the history of psychoanalysis, and in constructing and patterning the future of psychoanalytic knowledge. In the context o...
Book
In this collection of articles Juhani Ihanus gives a plethora of psychological ideas, insights and associations concerning Russian history, society and culture. Psychohistorical issues such as childrearing, emotional development, group processes, defenses and fantasies and aggressive-libidinal delegations have scarcely been touched upon in Russian...
Book
Based on extensive research this work gives a detailed account and a reappraisal of Edward Westermarck's thought. Westermarck had versatile relations to Victorian evolutionists (Wallace, Tylor, Spencer), and to British social anthropologists (Frazer, Haddon, Rivers, Malinowski) and psychologists (Shand, Sully). Westermarck was a pioneer of anthropo...
Article
Storytelling and active listening in interaction processes have been a vital core of biblio/poetry therapy long before current narrative therapies. The invention of the self and others through expressive resources inherent in language is incorporated in this article within biblio/poetry therapy. Especially poetic communication conveys, through text...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
To examine the theoretical and interdisciplinary foundations of biblio/poetry therapy, and the expressive and transformative functions of language in reading, writing and storytelling