Juerg Schweri

Juerg Schweri
Swiss Federal University for Vocational Education and Training

PhD

About

57
Publications
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556
Citations

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Apprenticeship systems are essentially based on the voluntary participation of firms that provide, and usually also finance, training positions, often incurring considerable net training costs. One potential, yet under-researched explanation for this behavior is that firms act in accordance with the norms and expectations they face in the local lab...
Research
Full-text available
[English below] Der vorliegende Bericht beschreibt, wie sich die individuellen Chancen und Risiken auf dem Schweizer Arbeitsmarkt für Personen mit unterschiedlichen Bildungsverläufen unterscheiden -- und wie sich diese Unterschiede über die letzten 20 bis 25 Jahren verändert haben. In einem ersten Schritt zeichnen wir anhand von verschiedenen Daten...
Article
Apprenticeships are the core track of the Swiss educational system at the upper-secondary level, made possible by the fact that many Swiss firms voluntarily provide appropriate training positions. However, firms’ training provision differs substantively between the language-cultural regions within Switzerland. This feature of the Swiss apprenticesh...
Article
Full-text available
Standardized curricula define the set of skills that must be trained within a training occupation and thus are a key regulatory element of apprenticeship systems. Although clear economic rationales support the usage of such curricula, they necessarily impose costs, especially on firms that train apprentices, but do not use the full set of skills in...
Article
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Fernunterricht, eine erschwerte Lehrstellensuche und Abschlussprüfungen unter stark veränderten Bedingungen: Die Corona-Pandemie setzt der Berufsbildung zu. Die wirtschaftliche Rezession gefährdet zudem das Lehrstellenangebot und macht es für junge Berufsleute schwieriger, den Einstieg in die Arbeitswelt zu finden. Entsprechend steigt die Jugendarb...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Um den Bedarf an Arbeitskräften mit Tertiärabschluss sicherzustellen und die Attraktivität der Berufsbildung zu erhöhen, soll die Berufsmaturität (BM) weiter gestärkt werden. Der vorliegende Trendbericht untersucht, welche Faktoren das erfolgreiche Absolvieren einer BM und den anschliessenden Übertritt in die Tertiärstufe begünstigen oder hemmen.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Per poter soddisfare la domanda di personale con una formazione terziaria e per aumentare l'attratti va della formazione professionale, la maturità professionale (MP) necessita di un consolidamento. Il presente rapporto sulle tendenze esamina i fattori che favoriscono o inibiscono lo svolgimento della MP e il successivo passaggio alla formazione te...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Pour répondre aux besoins en personnel bénéficiant d'un titre de degré tertiaire et accroître l'attrait de la formation professionnelle, il est souhaitable de renforcer la maturité professionnelle (MP). Ce rapport de tendance explore les facteurs qui favorisent ou, au contraire, entravent la réussite d'une MP et la transition vers le degré tertiair...
Article
Full-text available
This paper compares career expectations and career outcomes of Swiss healthcare assistants (HCA), an occupation created to increase the supply of nurses. We investigate whether HCAs can predict their own professional careers two years ahead by eliciting their expectations for a range of career alternatives, including nursing and other studies. Poly...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Der Schweizerische Versicherungsverband (SVV) hat sich zum Ziel gesetzt, die «Skills der Zukunft» mit dem Zeithorizont 2030 für die Versicherungsbranche zu erheben. Auf Basis von beobachtbaren Trends, welche potentiell Einfluss auf die Entwicklung der Assekuranz bis 2030 haben, wurde zunächst ein «Szenario 2030» identifiziert, das diejenigen Trends...
Research
Full-text available
Die Covid-19-Pandemie führt zu einer Rezession der Wirtschaft und zu zunehmender Jugendarbeitslosigkeit. Diese betrifft besonders junge Arbeitnehmende, die nach Abschluss ihrer Ausbildung neu in den Arbeitsmarkt eintreten. Diese Übersicht stellt die Mechanismen vor, die dazu führen können, dass ein schlechter Berufseinstieg sich langfristig negativ...
Article
Recent literature suggests that vocational education and training (VET) provides individuals with smoother transitions into the labour market but lower wages over the lifecycle, compared to general education. A possible mechanism explaining lower wages is horizontal mismatch, defined as a mismatch between the type of qualifications acquired by indi...
Article
Full-text available
Betriebe und Berufsverbände spielen eine zentrale Rolle für das Entstehen und Funktionieren dualer Berufsbildungssysteme. Im vorliegenden Artikel werden zunächst die wichtigsten Gründe vorgestellt, die in der aktuellen Debatte zur Erklärung des betrieblichen Engagements verwendet werden. In einem zweiten Schritt werden diese Argumente mit jenen ver...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Final report on recent costs and benefits of apprenticeship training for training companies
Article
Full-text available
Over the last 15 years, research on the effects of different types of education on labour market integration and labour market outcomes has evolved. Whereas much of the early work analysed school-to-work transition outcomes, the Focus of more recent studies has shifted to the relationship between educational achievement and mid- and long-term labou...
Preprint
Full-text available
Apprenticeship systems are essentially based on the voluntary participation of firms that provide (and usually also finance) training positions, often incurring considerable net training costs. One potential, yet under-researched explanation for this behavior is that firms act in accordance with the norms and expectations they face with in the loca...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent literature suggests that vocational education provides individuals with smoother transitions into the labor market but lower wages over the lifecycle. A possible mechanism explaining lower wages is horizontal mismatch, defined as a mismatch between qualifications acquired by individuals and those required for their current job. Some studies...
Article
Full-text available
We study the effect of ex ante expected wages rather than realized wages on the decision to pursue a nursing college education in Switzerland. On average, wage expectations reflect observed market wages, but with large dispersion among individuals. We collected data from a full cohort of healthcare trainees in their third year of training on upper-...
Article
Flexibilität und Mobilität gelten auf dem Arbeitsmarkt heutzutage als Grundvoraussetzungen für eine langfristig erfolgreiche Berufslaufbahn. Der Beitrag geht der Frage nach, ob Personen mit einer Berufsausbildung in der Schweiz diesbezüglich Nachteile haben gegenüber Personen mit Hochschulabschluss. Mit Daten des Schweizer Haushaltspanels wird im B...
Research
Full-text available
Working Paper in IZA DP Series, published June 2015
Article
Full-text available
Do apprenticeships convey mainly general or also firm- and occupation-specific human capital? Specific human capital may allow for specialization gains, but may also lead to allocative inefficiency due to mobility barriers. We analyse the case of Switzerland, which combines a comprehensive, high-quality apprenticeship system with a lightly regulate...
Article
Full-text available
La Confédération prévoit de cofinancer substantiellement les cours de préparation aux examens fédéraux dans la formation professionnelle supérieure. Ses subventions seront versées directement aux participants. Quels effets faut-il attendre de ce nouveau mode de financement? D’une part, la charge financière des candidats aux examens en sera allégée....
Article
Full-text available
Der Bund plant, die Vorberei­tungskurse für die eidgenössischen Prüfungen in der höheren Berufsbildung neu in erheblichem Ausmass mitzufinanzieren. Die Auszahlungen sollen dabei direkt an die Kurs­teilnehmenden gehen. Welche Auswirkungen sind von dieser neuen Finanzierung zu erwar­ten? Einerseits würden die Kursteilnehmenden finanziell entlastet. A...
Article
To examine the work values of Swiss healthcare assistant students, who, at the end of their vocational education in hospitals and nursing homes, choose to pursue a registered nurse degree. A prospective, cross-sectional survey was administered to a full cohort of healthcare assistant students in their last year of study in the canton of Bern (n=272...
Article
http://repec.business.uzh.ch/RePEc/iso/leadinghouse/0081_lhwpaper.pdf
Article
We use a unique data set about the wage distribution that Swiss students expect for themselves ex ante, deriving parametric and non-parametric measures to capture expected wage risk. These wage risk measures are unfettered by heterogeneity which handicapped the use of actual market wage dispersion as risk measure in earlier studies. Students in our...
Chapter
Berufsbildungsforschung ist stark von Fragen der Praxis und der Politik geprägt. Hinter den tagesaktuellen Themen - etwa des nationalen Qualifikationsrahmens, des Ausbildungsplatzangebots, der Evaluationsforschung etc. - stehen aber in der Regel grundlegendere Fragestellungen, denen in der zumeist auftragsbezogenen Forschungsarbeit wenig Raum gegeb...
Article
Education policymakers are currently faced with the challenge of enabling young people with learning difficulties to achieve an upper-secondary level qualification. Switzerland has introduced a new type of combined school/work-based VET programme that lasts two years. One of the key pre-requisites for success of two-year VET programmes is the willi...
Article
Anhand des Jugend-Längsschnittdatensatzes TREE auf der Basis der PISA-2000-Erhebung untersuchen wir das Vorkommen, die Gründe und Auswirkungen von Berufswechseln im Übergang von der Lehre in den Arbeitsmarkt. Rund 9 Prozent der Lehrabsolventen, welche ein Jahr nach Lehrabschluss erwerbstätig sind, arbeiten in einem wesentlich anderen Beruf als dem...
Article
Full-text available
Anhand des Jugend-L�ngsschnittdatensatzes TREE auf der Basis der PISA-2000-Erhebung untersuchen wir das Vorkommen, die Gr�nde und Auswirkungen von Berufswechseln im �bergang von der Lehre in den Arbeitsmarkt. Rund 9 Prozent der Lehrabsolventen, welche ein Jahr nach Lehrabschluss erwerbst�tig sind, arbeiten in einem erheblich anderen Beruf als dem e...
Article
It is a widely held belief that apprenticeship training represents a net investment for training firms, the cost of which needs to be recouped after the training period. A new firm-level data set for Switzerland reveals large variation in net costs across firms and, remarkably, negative net costs for 60 per cent of all firms. We use these data to e...
Article
Full-text available
"The Swiss mass apprenticeship system is market based. The share of training firms as a percentage of all firms is therefore an indicator which receives much public attention. The share of training firms declined markedly from 1985 to 2001, dropping from 24.7 to 17.6%. This has often been interpreted as a sign of firms' decreasing willingness to tr...
Article
The latest study investigating the cost-benefit ratio of apprenticeship training for Swiss companies has shown that most apprentices offset the cost of their training during their apprenticeship on the basis of the productive contribution of the work they perform. Given this outcome, it is worth investigating why so many firms choose not to train a...
Article
Purpose – The classical form of dual vocational training in Switzerland is on-the-job training combined with theoretical education in a school. In order to be an attractive educational choice for both enterprises and pupils, the apprenticeship model has to be constantly adapted to the demands of the labour market. As a potential model for future ap...
Article
Full-text available
It is a widely held opinion that apprenticeship training represents a net investment for training firms, and that therefore firms only train if they have the possibility to recoup these investments after the training period. A recent study using a new firm-level dataset for Switzerland showed, however, that for 60 percent of the firms, the apprenti...
Article
Full-text available
Eine bildungsökonomische Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse der dualen Lehre in Schweizer Unternehmen hat gezeigt, dass bei der Mehrzahl der Lehrverhältnisse die Ausbildungskosten schon während der Lehrzeit durch die produktive Leistung des Lehrlings im Betrieb gedeckt werden können. Angesichts dieser Resultate kann man sich schwerlich vorstellen, dass potenzie...
Article
Full-text available
Surprisingly little is known about the relation between grades and wages. This relation is analysed using a sample of ca. 1'700 individuals that graduated in Swiss universities in 1998. Testing different operationalisations of the grade variable, we find a significant and robust effect of grades on the annual wage one year after graduation. When wa...
Article
This article analyses the initial results of a questionnaire sent to apprenticeship training firms on the cost and benefits associated with this type of training in Switzerland. The results show that the net cost of such training does not exhibit the same pattern for all firms. Larger companies in particular show a higher net cost by the end of the...
Article
Full-text available
There is an increasing literature showing that higher wage risk for occupational and educational groups is associated with higher mean wages, while positive skewness is associated with a lower mean wage. This can be explained by workers' risk aversion. We replicate these findings for Switzerland. The approach of risk augmented Mincer earnings equat...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The cost-benefit ratio of apprenticeship training is a decisive factor in company willingness to provide an adequate number of apprenticeship positions for Swiss dual-track VET programmes. We collect data on the costs and benefits for companies involved in apprenticeship training. In addition to estimating an aggregate cost-benefit ratio of apprenticeship training for all Swiss companies, we estimate cost-benefit parameters for the most frequently chosen occupations (around twenty-five 3-year and 4-year VET programmes for the Federal VET Diploma and ten 2-year VET programmes for the Federal VET Certificate). Key variables taken into account when determining gross costs, productive output of learners and net benefit to host companies are duration of training (2-year, 3-year or 4-year apprenticeships), the year of training (1st, 2nd, 3rd, or 4th), the economic branch of activity, the company size and the region where the apprenticeship takes place.
Project
This project, funded by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF, No. 100017_153323), focuses on the on-the-job trainers, key-persons in the dual VET system. Although host companies play a decisive role in dual-track VET programmes at upper-secondary level, not much research has been done on them and in particular little is known about those who play a key role in the learning process: VET trainers. Our study pursues various objectives. First of all, we seek to understand who VET trainers are, what factors influenced them to work in this capacity and what pathways they took. The study will also focus on their day-to-day activities at the host company and identify the various roles they play in apprenticeship training. Emphasis will also be placed on how they go about training learners (imparting knowledge and know-how). Finally, we shall focus on the role that VET trainers play in the professional socialisation of learners during the school-to-work transition. This socialisation process takes place at various levels: when learners enter the working environment for the first time, when they learn standards and codes applying to the occupation, and more generally when they become more accustomed to working life and employment.