Judit Padisak

Judit Padisak
University of Pannonia, Veszprém · Department of Earth and Environmental Science

DSc

About

273
Publications
98,251
Reads
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10,339
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2012 - August 2012
Jinan University (Guangzhou, China)
Position
  • guest professor
July 1998 - present
University of Pannonia, Veszprém
Position
  • Professor (Full)
May 1995 - June 1998
Hungarian Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (273)
Article
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In the tropics, seasons are delimitated by the extent of rainfall resulting in seasonal differences in water parameters shaping phytoplankton community dynamics. Dry periods can intensify eutrophication and often result in seasonal or even perennial cyanobacterial dominance. This study was developed to evaluate phytoplankton response to trophic sta...
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Zoosporic fungi of the phylum Chytridiomycota (chytrids) regularly dominate pelagic fungal communities in freshwater and marine environments. Their lifestyles range from obligate parasites to saprophytes. Yet, linking the scarce available sequence data to specific ecological traits or their host ranges constitutes currently a major challenge. We co...
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Phytoplankton, the ecological group of microalgae adapted to live in apparent suspension in water masses, is much more than an ecosystem's engineer. In this opinion paper, we use our experience as phytoplankton ecologists to list and highlight the services provided by phytoplankton, trying to demonstrate how their activity is fundamental to regulat...
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The presence of oral contraceptives (basically applying estrogens and/or progestogens) poses a challenge to animals living in aquatic ecosystems and reflects a rapidly growing concern worldwide. However, there is still a lack in knowledge about the behavioural effects induced by progestogens on the non-target species including molluscs. In the pres...
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Global warming and eutrophication contribute to the worldwide increase in cyanobacterial blooms, and the level of cyanobacterial biomass is strongly associated with rises in methane emissions from surface lake waters. Hence, methane metabolizing microorganisms may be important for modulating carbon flow in cyanobacterial blooms. Here, we surveyed m...
Article
The desiccation of the Mediterranean Basin at the end of the Miocene was a milestone in the evolution of the Mediterranean sandfly fauna. This severe environmental change should have notably influenced their paleobiogeography as well as paleoecology and might have triggered the rapid speciation of the ancestors of the extant European sandfly specie...
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The presence of sex steroid hormones in aquatic ecosystems is of rapidly growing concern worldwide since they can affect the different non-target species including cladocerans. Although data are available on the effects of estrogens on the well-established ecotoxicological model organism Daphnia magna, the molecular or behavioural alterations induc...
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Land-use imposes an important potential threat on the aquatic ecosystems of riverine habitats. In this study, DNA metabarcoding was used to assess the effect of land-use on diatom assemblages, with a special focus on cropland area as an integrative proxy for several direct-acting pressures. The so-called taxonomy-free approach was tested using exac...
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The amazing morphological diversity of phytoplankton has to be considered an evolutionarily driven compendium of strategies to cope with the strong variability and unpredictability of the pelagic environment. Phytoplankton collects unicellular and colonial photosynthetic organisms adapted to live in apparent suspension in turbulent water masses. Tu...
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There is hardly any sunshine exposed surface on this Earth, be it water or terrain, which would not support some biota. Still, many habitats offer harsh conditions requiring specialized physiological adaptations to survive. These environments are referred to as extremes; often inhabited by extremophilic organisms. In this review, characteristic spe...
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This paper offers a brief overview of the contributions provided by widely recognised phyto-plankton ecologists to honour the memory of an undisputed leader in the field of aquatic sciences: Colin S. Reynolds. Colin passed away quite unexpectedly in December 2018 causing a wave of sorrow that rapidly circulated among friends and colleagues all over...
Article
A new marine strain of picoplanktonic algae, PMPFPPE4, was isolated from a mixed net-phytoplankton sample taken from the upper euphotic layer of the southeastern Adriatic Sea. Evaluation of the new strain included morphological investigation (by light and electron microscopy), phylogenetic analysis (utilizing plastid 16S rRNA and nuclear 18S rRNA g...
Article
Full-text available
There is hardly any sunshine exposed surface on this Earth, be it water or terrain, which would not support some biota. Still, many habitats offer harsh conditions requiring specialized physiological adaptations to survive. These environments are referred to as extremes; often inhabited by extremo-philic organisms. In this review, characteristic sp...
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Picocystis salinarum is a globally widespread picoplanktonic green alga of saline lakes. This tiny alga has been recorded in four continents, and in some cases, it has become the dominant phytoplankton species. We examined the ecophysiology of a Kenyan strain of P. salinarum, collected from Lake Nakuru. The photosynthetic activity of the species wa...
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Assigning species to functional response groups in phytoplankton ecology reduces the number of functional units, which helps understand the processes that shape diversity and functioning of planktonic assemblages. Although the concept has become widespread in recent years, numerical characterization of the groups’ positions in the niche space remai...
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Abstract Saline lakes, among the most seriously endangered ecosystems, are threatened due to climate change and human activities. One valuable feature of these environments is that they constitute areas of high biodiversity. Ecologists are, therefore, under great pressure to improve their understanding of the effects of natural and anthropogenic di...
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Bacteria play key roles in the function and diversity of aquatic systems, but aside from study of specific bloom systems, little is known about the diversity or biogeography of bacteria associated with harmful cyanobacterial blooms (cyanoHABs). CyanoHAB species are known to shape bacterial community composition and to rely on functions provided by...
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In order to examine temporal patterns and the hydrological cycle of shallow soda pans, six pans in Hungarian Great Plain were sampled at monthly intervals over a period of 2.5 years. Water chemistry and physical parameters (temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, light, water color-Pt color-, turbidity, phosphorous and nitrogen forms, sili...
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Analysis of a long-term (1994–2014) data set of phytoplankton and zooplankton in the deep, dimictic, oligo- mesotrophic Lake Stechlin (Germany) revealed trend-like changes: phytoplankton biomass and resource use efficiency increased with proliferation of heterocytic cyanobacteria (Dolichospermum spp. and Aphanizomenon flos-aquae), and those of espe...
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In this study, driving forces and diversity patterns of a benthic diatom metacommunity across small freshwater lakes exhibiting environmental heterogeneity were investigated. Furthermore, local (LCBD) and species (SCBD) contributions to β-diversity and their driving parameters were assessed with abundance- and incidence-based analyses. Our results...
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The role of environmental control and spatial structuring may vary depending on dispersal mode within a metacommunity in stream systems. However, as a result of high seasonal variation in environment conditions and phenological features, there might be considerable seasonal changes in the relative importance of structuring factors. The objective of...
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The 18th workshop of the International Association for Phytoplankton Taxonomy and Ecology (IAP), the first ‘‘tropical’’ IAP ever, the third one outside Europe, and the first one in South America, was held in Natal, Brazil, from August 27 to September 3, 2017, and its main ecological theme was the Phytoplankton and its biotic interactions. The taxon...
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Extensive studies on the taxonomic resolution required for bioassessment purposes have determined that resolution above species level (genus, family) is sufficient for their use as indicators of relevant environmental pressures. The high-throughput sequencing (HTS) and meta-barcoding methods now used for bioassessment traditionally employ an arbitr...
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The diversification of Mediterranean Phlebotomus species occurred during the Neogene and Quaternary periods. The climatic and geographical history of the Mediterranean area plausibly influenced the climatic requirements of recent sand fly species. Our aim was to investigate the European zoogeography and the climate-based ecological groups of eight...
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Sandfly species are rare Mediterranean fauna elements in Hungary. While Phlebotomus species prefer warm summers and mild winters, larvae and imagoes are sensitive to solar radiation, direct heat and low air humidity. It was proposed that diurnal patterns of solar radiation and temperature determine the breeding site occurrence of Phlebotomus neglec...
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Shallow, saline inland lakes occur over large areas in Central-Europe and they bear exceptionally high biological conservation values. Climate change and anthropogenic activities threaten their natural conditions, or even their existence. These aquatic ecosystems are exposed to multiple stress like naturally high conductivity, pH and nutrient load...
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Caves are one of the potential natural shelters of overwintering mosquitoes. The aim of this study was to explore the diversity, seasonal abundance, gender ratio and the vector status of mosquito imagoes collected from 19 caves if the Bakony-Balaton Region, Hungary, based on data of a monograph covering nearly 30 years of sample collections. Culex...
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Phytoplankton communities respond rapidly to environmental selection at a given locality, and they are also shaped by spatial processes at certain scales. The extracted effect of environmental selection and spatial processes may vary if different classification approaches are applied to phytoplankton and the spatial scales. In this study, summer ph...
Article
Small soda lakes represent one of the most vulnerable ecosystem types due to their high hydrological sensitivity to climate change and anthropogenic interventions. Since diatoms are excellent bioindicators, determining the β-diversity and the structuring dynamics of diatom metacommunities can provide valuable information for conservation planning f...
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The impact of cumulative daily solar radiation (CDSR) on the biomass of river phytoplankton (Chl-a) in the growing season was studied using a large dataset of rivers in the Carpathian Basin. The amount of solar radiation was cumulated over the range of 1–60 days. The CDSR–Chl-a relationship could be described by linear regression and appeared to be...
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Photosynthetic performances of two fresh water red algal populations from freshwaters of the Carpathian basin were measured in this study. Populations were collected from different habitats: Bangia atropurpurea from Lake Balaton and Batrachospermum gelatinosum from the Tapolca stream. Their photosynthesis was studied in a wide range of temperature...
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A number of modelling results suggested thermocline shifts as a consequence of global climate change in stratifying lakes. Abundance and composition of the phytoplankton assemblage is strongly affected by the stratification patterns, and therefore, change in the thermocline position might have a substantial effect on this community or even on the w...
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Climate forecasts project a global increase in extreme weather events, but information on the consequences for ecosystems is scarce. Of particular significance for lakes are severe storms that can influence biogeochemical processes and biological communities by disrupting the vertical thermal structure during periods of stratification. An exception...
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Diatom-based ecological quality assessment methods have been implemented and used regularly in the Water Framework Directive. These indices use the species' abundance profiles along a specific environmental gradient, which they aim to assess. However, this approach has several problematic issues including the unstable and fast-changing diatom taxon...
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Aedes albopictus is an important vector of several diseases including dengue- and Chikungunya fever and is a potential vector of Zika-fever. The invasion dynamics of Aedes albopictus was reconsidered by comparing the temperature-related development of the mosquito with the observed real geographical distribution in Florida and in Italy. The potenti...
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Although species–area relationship (SAR) is among the most extensively studied patterns in ecology, studies on aquatic and/or microbial systems are seriously underrepresented in the literature. We tested the algal SAR in lakes, pools and ponds of various sizes (10⁻²–10⁸ m²) and similar hydromorphological and trophic characteristics using species-sp...
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Global warming affects the thermal stratification of freshwater lakes, and thus can lead to thermocline deepening. To follow the direct and indirect effects of thermocline shifts on processes at the sediment–water interface, the thermoclines in six of twelve lake enclosures were deepened by pumping warm surface water below the thermocline. Hypolimn...
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Phytoplankton and planktonic centric diatoms of Lake Stechlin have been extensively studied, while attached diatoms have received much less scientific interest. In the present study, the composition of benthic diatoms and their diversity metrics were determined and compared along the shoreline of the lake in spring 2013 and autumn 2014. Overall, 11...
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Leaf litter represents a significant energy source for headwater ecosystems. Its breakdown includes dissolution, microbial activity, fragmentation by shredders, and physical abrasion. As a consequence of red sludge spill that took place in October 2010 in Hungary, the fauna of Torna-stream was killed, offering a “natural laboratory” to measure mass...
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Aedes albopictus is the potential vector of several pathogens. Recently, the South Pannonian ecoregion has been the border of the east Mediterranean established range of the species. We aimed to determine the current range limiting factors, to predict the potential seasonality and to model the future distribution of the mosquito in the Carpathian B...
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The protection, preservation and restoration of aquatic ecosystems and their functions are of global importance. For European states it became legally binding mainly through the EU-Water Framework Directive (WFD). In order to assess the ecological status of a given water body, aquatic biodiversity data are obtained and compared to a reference water...