Jude Mary Cénat

Jude Mary Cénat
University of Ottawa · School of Psychology

Ph.D. in Psychology

About

124
Publications
36,572
Reads
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1,836
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2018 - December 2018
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
May 2014 - January 2017
Université du Québec à Montréal
Position
  • ...

Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Objectives The Ebola virus disease (EVD) is associated with major mental health consequences (e.g., depression, anxiety, PTSD). Studies have shown a need for relevant and effective programs to address mental health consequences associated to EVD. This systematic review aimed to describe programs implemented following EVD outbreaks and to evaluate t...
Article
The guidelines of an anti-racist care and treatment plan are summarised in the panel. These guidelines address the needs of professionals (eg, psychiatrists and psychologists) and students in terms of training to provide anti-racist mental health care. They integrate the results of research from the past 30 years on the racist experiences of Black...
Article
Importance As stated in the DSM-5, it is generally reported that the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is lower among Black individuals compared with the general population. However, Black individuals living in countries where they are considered a minority population group (eg, in Northern America and Europe) are underr...
Article
Objective We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the pooled prevalence of depression, anxiety, insomnia, PTSD, and Psychological distress (PD) related to COVID-19 among affected populations. Methods We searched articles in Medline, Embase, APA PsycInfo, CINAHL, Scopus, and Web of Science. Random-effects meta-analyses on the...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Depression is a common mental health problem causing significant disability globally, including in Canada. Prevalence estimates for depression within Black communities in Canada are unknown. This study determined the prevalence of depression in a sample of Black Canadians and the association between everyday racial discrimination experi...
Article
Refining the cultural safety concept to include an acknowledgement of both the discomfort inherent in training and care and the time needed to overcome multiple layers of oppression may partially buffer the feelings of failure or fraud that often arise from unrealistic expectations regarding equity, diversity and inclusion policies.
Article
KEY POINTS The terminologies commonly used in health research to define Black people in Canada today are neither precise nor accurate. Consequently, research on Black health may include individuals who do not identify as Black, which could limit its accuracy and usefulness. The term “Black individuals, people or communities” offers the possibili...
Article
Background The COVID-19 pandemic impacted mental health, but the global evolution of mental health problems during the pandemic is not known. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of longitudinal studies to evaluate the global evolution of mental health problems during the pandemic. Methods To conduct this systematic review, we search...
Article
More recently, the prolonged grief disorder (PGD) has been recognized as a mental health disorder following bereavement, which is distinct from depression and PTSD. However, the number and proposed symptom items vary across the ICD‐11 and the DSM‐5‐TR criteria for PG. The Traumatic Grief Inventory‐Self Report Plus (TGI‐SR+), which is an updated ver...
Article
Very little is known in Haiti and the Caribbean regarding child and lifetime sexual victimization. Using a nationally representative sample of adolescents and young adults aged 15-24, this study aimed to document the prevalence, risk factors and mental health correlates of lifetime and child sexual violence in Haiti. A national cross-sectional surr...
Article
Full-text available
Ebola virus disease (EVD) survivors and healthcare workers (HCWs) face stress, fear, and stigma during the COVID-19 pandemic that can induce severe symptoms of anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). We examined the prevalence and factors related to severe PTSD and anxiety symptoms, using a representative sample of survivors of the 2018-...
Article
Background Associated with high mortality rate, fear, and anxiety, Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is a significant risk factor for mental distress. This longitudinal study aims to investigate the prevalence and predictors associated with mental distress among populations affected by EVD outbreaks in the Province of Equateur in DR Congo. Methods Surveys...
Article
Full-text available
Some may think that discussions on the inhumane treatment of refugees of color can wait until after the war in Ukraine has ended. However, human lives are at risk every second and no refugee should be denied basic rights because of interactions between their identities and others’ ideological beliefs. In addition, experiences of racism within Ukrai...
Article
Objective To systematically review the prevalence of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) among Black children and adolescents compared to White, Latino and Asian children and adolescents. Method Peer-reviewed articles were identified in seven databases and included if they reported prevalence of ADHD among Black children and adolescent...
Article
Objectives: Black Canadians report experiencing various forms of racial discrimination disproportionately. This study aimed to: (a) examine the association between everyday racial discrimination and self-esteem; (b) test the mediating role of internalized racism and social support in the association between racial discrimination and self-esteem, a...
Article
Objective Anxiety disorders are highly prevalent worldwide but vary significantly by country and ethnoracial background. Minimal published data exist on the prevalence of clinically significant anxiety among Black people in Canada and none using validated measures. Therefore, this study sought to establish the frequency of clinically significant an...
Article
Background Studies examining both victimization and perpetration of dating violence among both women and men are virtually non-existent in Haiti. This study aimed to document the prevalence and factors associated with victimization and perpetration of dating violence (DV) among adolescents and young adults aged 15–24 years in Haiti. Participants a...
Article
Full-text available
Background While the mental health of immigrants is a growing issue that is attracting increasing interest from researchers, the same cannot be said for the mental health of immigrant students especially for international students. Indeed, the mental health of immigrant students and their use of mental health services are still poorly documented de...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives High mortality rates, anxiety and distress associated with Ebola virus disease (EVD) are risk factors for mood disorders in affected communities. This study aims to document the prevalence and risk factors associated with depressive symptoms among a representative sample of individuals affected by EVD. Design Cross-sectional study. Set...
Article
It is true that Black men may have difficulties seeking help, consulting psychologists and psychiatrists, because mental health problems and specifically depression are still taboo in many communities. Seeking help is often perceived as a weakness. But I realise through my experiences as a Black clinical psychologist that many more Black men would...
Article
Evidence has shown that symptoms of grief co-occur with posttraumatic growth following loss. Using latent class analysis among a Togolese sample of middle-aged/older widowed persons, we identified three classes along their experiences of grief-growth interaction (combined grief/growth, predominantly growth, and low-medium growth classes). The combi...
Article
Full-text available
The perspective of key players such as caseworkers and community facilitators on the reasons for the overrepresentation of Black youth in child welfare is little known. This study explores the reasons why Black youth are overrepresented in child welfare in Ontario (Canada) through the perspectives of caseworkers and community facilitators. We analy...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives On July 24, the Ministry of Health of the Democratic Republic of the Congo declared the end of the 2018 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) outbreak in the Equateur Province. Conducted seven months after, this study aimed to examine knowledge and misconceptions related to EVD in a representative sample of affected communities in order to develop e...
Article
Full-text available
Few instruments assess community resilience. In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the capacity of communities to support resilience of members deserves to be assessed to develop programs for improving mental health of affected populations. This article presents the development of the Ottawa-Community Resilience Scale (O-CRS), its underlying facto...
Article
The prevalence and correlates of different forms of racial discrimination among Black Canadians are unknown. This article aims to examine the prevalence of different forms of racial discrimination (daily, major and microaggressions) and their association with self-esteem and satisfaction with life among Black Canadians. A convenience sample of 845...
Article
Full-text available
When people living in poverty are asked to describe their living conditions, mental health issues quickly come to mind (grief, sadness, anger, fear, bitterness, frustration, discontent, anxiety, and emotional damage consisting of low mood and depression, fatigue, hypersensitivity, sleep difficulties and physical pain). Although the association betw...
Article
Full-text available
University students constitute a higher risk population for mental health problems, especially for depression. Given the lack of literature addressing such issues in France, this study estimated the prevalence rates of depression, its sociodemographic correlates in French university students [FUS], and examined whether resilience resources moderate...
Article
Background . Mechanisms worsening the development of Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms among individuals affected by high-mortality epidemics are unclear. This study examined the prevalence of PTSD and related risk factors among populations affected by the Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, and investigated whether peritraumatic distre...
Article
Recent trends in grief research have been exploring how symptoms of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) and depression co-occur in bereaved individuals using Latent Class Analysis (LCA). However, the PGD criteria have kept undergoing changes and the newest DSM-5 PGD criteria have not been captured in these studies. Also, previous LCA-grief studies have...
Article
Background COVID-19 peritraumatic distress (CPD), an emerging trauma-related psychopathology, involves immediate physiological arousal as well as emotional and cognitive responses to the threat of the COVID-19 outbreak. This study examined the prevalence of and temporal changes in CPD, its early and follow-up predictors and the extent to which it w...
Article
Objectives: Currently, there is little data on the mental health consequences of the pandemic in low-and middle income countries (LMICs). This study aims to examine the pooled and separate prevalence and determinants of depression during the pandemic in samples from four LMICs. Methods: Participants (N= 1267, 40.9% women) were recruited from the D...
Article
Full-text available
Since the revision of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-20-R), few studies have examined its validity and none yet its gender invariance. This study addressed these critical issues among 502 Nigerian university students (50.4% of females, Mage = 22.10 years). Confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) demonstrated that a one-, tw...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeEbola virus disease (EVD) is associated with high anxiety and multiple bereavement that can induce severe psychological distress (SPD) in individuals living in affected communities. Using data from the EVD and Mental Health project (EboMH), this study assessed the prevalence and determinants of SPD symptoms in a representative sample of adul...
Article
Full-text available
Background Although social and structural inequalities associated with COVID-19 have been documented since the start of the pandemic, few studies have explored the association between pandemic-specific risk factors and the mental health of minority populations. Aims We investigated the association of exposure to the virus, COVID-19-related discrim...
Article
Full-text available
The current article focused on examining the potential benefits of the End-of-Life (EoL) informal caregiving, communication, and ritualistic behaviors in adaptation to the conjugal bereavement across two different cultural-background contexts: France and Togo, West Africa. The investigation adopted a transnational approach including a total of 235...
Article
Context : Child sexual abuse (CSA) is an important public health problem associated with an array of negative consequences. Although prevalence rates are well established from North America, few studies have focused on the extent of CSA and associated outcomes in youth from France. Objectives : This study aimed to: 1) estimate the prevalence of CS...
Article
The overrepresentation of Black children in child protection services has been reported continuously in western societies, but remains poorly understood. This systematic review's objective was: 1) to confirm or refute the existence of racial disparities and the overrepresentation of Black youth in child protection systems in countries where Black c...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic is causing unprecedented cumulative deaths and leaving behind millions of bereaved families and individuals. Moreover, the pandemic is disrupting social fabrics in the conventional way we mourn our deads. In this context therefore, how can psychologists, psychiatrists and other health care professionals help bereaved families...
Article
Complex trauma is a major risk factor for mental and physical health of children and adolescents. Those who have experienced complex trauma are also at greater risk of experiencing other traumas and problems lifelong, including relationship and professional integration problems. This article analyzes the risks of complex trauma faced by children an...
Article
Objective Studies have documented the significant direct and indirect psychological, social, and economic consequences of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in many countries but little is known on its impact in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) already facing difficult living conditions and having vulnerable health systems that create...
Article
Objectives: Child sexual abuse is a prevalent issue that may affect multiple dimensions of the victim’s life. Past studies suggest that child sexual abuse is associated with a heightened risk of sustaining dating violence, yet no studies were conducted in France to explore this issue. The aim of this paper was to document the association between ch...
Article
Full-text available
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19), with its complex and unique pathophysiology, is an emerging threat for global health and is affecting the health and social wellbeing of the population in unprecedented ways, one of the most noticeable of which is skyrocketing sales of alcoholic beverages. Increased alcohol drinking is strongly correlated with weak...
Article
Background Despite continuous reports showing the overrepresentation of Black children in the child welfare system in Ontario, Canada’s most populous and ethnically diverse province, knowledge in the factors contributing to this issue remain scarce. Objective This study aimed to explore questions relating to caseworker’s training on ethnocultural...
Article
Never before has there been such a high level of mobilization around mental health during an epidemic (Pappa et al. 2020). International agencies, with the UN General Secretary at the forefront, the Director of the World Health Organization, as well as researchers, policy makers and civil society leaders have all drawn attention to the need for men...
Article
The guidelines of an anti-racist care and treatment plan are summarised in the panel. These guidelines address the needs of professionals (eg, psychiatrists and psychologists) and students in terms of training to provide anti-racist mental health care. They integrate the results of research from the past 30 years on the racist experiences of Black...
Article
The current pandemic situation, which is already increasing the vulnerability of asylum seekers (Bhopal, 2020), constitutes a significant threat to their physical and mental health. This is an issue that needs to be addressed quickly to facilitate the integration of these asylum seekers and prevent long-term mental health problems related to anxiet...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has brought stress and anxiety to students, professors, and staff in universities. The effectiveness of members of research laboratories not directly involved in research on the virus may be impacted. At the University of Ottawa, laboratories have been affected by the shutdown of all non-essential activities. An experience in...
Article
Full-text available
Background With the introduction of the prolonged grief disorder (PGD) in the ICD-11 and most likely in the future DSM-5-TR, there is clinical need to examine cultural variations in grief phenomenon. We tested whether grief symptoms differ cross-culturally by examining the prevalence rates and predictors of PGD among French and Togolese bereaved in...
Article
Background The 2010 earthquake in Haiti caused significant human and material damages, thousands of deaths and injuries, and 1.5 million homeless. This systematic review and meta-analysis aim to synthesize research on the prevalence and factors associated with PTSD, depression, anxiety symptoms, and other mental health problems among survivors. Me...
Book
Full-text available
Ce guide contient 9 modules dont certains doivent être réalisés sur plusieurs séances. Le premier module présente les premiers secours psychologiques, très utiles en situation épidémique et qui permettent de répondre à des besoins psychologiques et sociaux immédiats des personnes durant une épidémie. Le deuxième module offre la possibilité d’une év...
Book
Full-text available
This guide contains 9 modules, some of which must be completed over several sessions. The module 1 presents psychological first aid, which is very useful in an epidemic situation and helps to meet people's immediate psychological and social needs during an epidemic. The second module offers the possibility of extensively assessing the needs of the...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the high vulnerability of the majority of countries in the Americas, countries belonging to the half with the lowest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) each, except Honduras, had less than 1,000 cases of COVID-19 as of May 6, 2020 6. However, some countries, such as Guatemala and Haiti, have recently seen a rapid increase in the number of cases d...
Article
The circumstances of coronavirus disease (COVID-19)-related deaths embed multiple traumatic characteristics, alongside several external factors that can disenfranchise individual grief. In this context, severe forms of traumatic distress, guilt, somatization, regret, anger, and unspecific symptoms not yet included in prolonged grief disorder (PGD)...
Article
Studies have shown that, in addition to being associated with a high mortality rate, Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) is also related with mental health problems. This study aimed to determine prevalence of mental health problems and associated factors among survivors and individuals affected by EVD. A systematic review of peer-reviewed empirical studies...
Article
The confinement measures seem unrealistic with the poor socioeconomic and health conditions in Haiti. In fact, the Haitian population is characterized by a chronic poverty level that reaches nearly 70% of households, which hinders access to health services and education [3]. This situation leads to the overpopulation of certain areas (e.g., Port-au...
Research
Full-text available
In 2004, a team of researchers from Johns Hopkins University (Eaton et al., 2004) published the 20-item revised version of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD-20-R) which was primarily uploaded to map onto the Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) diagnostic criteria in the DSM-IV-TR (Association Psychiatric Association [APA], 200...
Article
Introduction: The impact of loss by death in young adults has been under-investigated, although higher rates of traumatic deaths are reported at this developmental stage. This study examined the relative differential consequences of bereavement-related factors for Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder (PCBD) and depression. In addition, coping st...
Preprint
p> Background : Previous studies have indicated that university students constitute a higher risk population for mental health problems, especially for depression. Yet, there appears to be a lack of literature addressing a such issues in France. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence rates of depression, its sociodemographic correlates...
Preprint
p> Background : Previous studies have indicated that university students constitute a higher risk population for mental health problems, especially for depression. Yet, there appears to be a lack of literature addressing a such issues in France. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence rates of depression, its sociodemographic correlates...
Article
Background Studies have largely analyzed the association between globalization and mental health. However, the main focus has been on the challenges of migration trauma and living together into multicultural societies. Yet, Internet-related mental disorders are poorly studied, while Internet, as the main tool of 21st century globalization, is recon...
Article
Background With conflict driving millions of refugees away from their homes worldwide, there has been an increase in interest in the field of refugee trauma. However, while trauma and bereavement interlink, prior studies have focused on trauma and its related disorders (PTSD) and predictive factors. This paper reviewed up-to-date literature on the...
Article
In summer 2017, thousands of Haitian asylum seekers entered Canada irregularly after taking “The Road”, meaning a 11,000-kilometer pathway from Brazil to the U.S., often on foot and under difficult circumstances. This qualitative study examines how this pathway and associated multiple traumas (precariousness, imprisonment, injuries, sexual assault,...
Chapter
Les problématiques liées au corps, aux traumatismes et à la résilience sont transversales à toute l’Histoire d’Haïti. Ce pays a connu des traumatismes historiques (esclavage, colonisation, occupation), politiques (dictatures) et des traumatismes de la terre (séismes, inondations) où la mise à l’épreuve du corps a occupé une place centrale. Cette Hi...
Preprint
Background: The panel of bereavement expert researchers underscored the importance of cultural considerations to being deserved special attention when conducting research on diagnosis and intervention in cases of grief disorders (e.g., Persistent Complex Bereavement Disorder [PCBD]). This study addressed the insufficient empirical knowledge on this...
Article
Background In 2010, an important earthquake devastated Haiti and caused thousands of deaths. In a social context where women are particularly vulnerable, this cross-sectional study examined the associations between sexual assaults experienced by women before the earthquake, the earthquake exposure, the traumatic consequences, and their satisfaction...
Article
After the 2010 earthquake in Haiti, despite economic and relational precariousness, research noticed resilience among street children. This study assesses determinants of resilience among street children 4 years after the earthquake. One hundred twenty-eight street children aged 7–18 completed measures assessing life events, posttraumatic stress di...
Article
Few studies have explored potential associations between polyvictimization and cybervictimization and even fewer have involved in college-age sample. As it has been shown in the literature, polyvictimization is associated with higher psychological distress and lower resilience. This study is aimed to model the association between polyvictimization...
Article
Full-text available
Mental health professionals form an important component of the response teams currently working in the Democratic Republic of the Congo to treat what is historically the second-largest Ebola outbreak. They provide psychological treatment to patients under extraordinary conditions, helping them cope with anxiety and the daily death of other patients...
Presentation
La délocalisation des entreprises dans les pays à revenu faible et intermédiaire (PRFI) a pour objectif principal la productivité à faible coût. Ces entreprises n’ont souvent aucune politique pour maintenir la santé des travailleurs. Elles misent sur la main d’oeuvre à bon marché causés par le chômage endémique dans les PRFI. Les effondrements de b...
Article
Background Most of the scientific literature on cyberbullying and psychosocial consequences associated is based on samples of adolescents. Also, despite their contributions, the few studies with emerging adults were conducted with small or single-site samples. The present study aimed to document the prevalence of cyberbullying among college student...
Article
Assistons-nous au naufrage de l’Europe, du monde ou de ­l’humanité ? L’humanité étant en souffrance, ce syndrome ne peut être pris en charge que par une approche globale de la santé mentale du monde[2]. Lesdits « migrants » sont en détresse. Les États le sont également : ils souffrent d’inhumanité. Ce qu’on appelle aujourd’hui la crise migratoire e...
Article
Full-text available
La radicalisation violente est un phénomène social aux contours imprécis et au fort investissement politique, qui concerne principalement les jeunes en ce qui a trait au passage à l’acte. Plusieurs pays occidentaux composent avec ce phénomène en optant pour une réponse sécuritaire, dans laquelle une étroite collaboration entre le champ de l’éducati...
Conference Paper
Se basant sur plusieurs recherches quantitatives et qualitatives réalisées de 2011 à 2018 en Haïti, aux États-Unis et au Canada, cette présentation interroge les parcours de vulnérabilité des réfugiés du tremblement de terre de 2010 et ceux des problèmes politico-socio économiques, d’Haïti à l’Amérique du Nord, d’Haïti à l’Amérique Latine et d’Haït...
Article
Cyberbullying has become a significant public health issue among youth and is associated with numerous mental health problems. While the majority of studies explored its mental consequences using cross-sectional design, this article aims to investigate direct and indirect links between cybervictimization, psychological distress and substance use am...
Book
Le 12 janvier 2010, il est 16 heures 53, des élèves sont en route pour la maison, beaucoup de gens ont déjà quitté leur bureau, les rues sont bondées de monde, comme tous les mardis, la capitale haïtienne grouille. À ce moment précis, la première République des Caraïbes, Haïti, est frappée par un tremblement de terre de magnitude 7,0 sur l’échelle...
Article
Introduction: In recent years, the integration of resilience in several psychological and medical studies underscores a need for resilience assessment measures with robust psychometric properties. This study aimed to evaluate the underlying structure of the French version of the Resilience Scale (RS-14), a widely used measure to assess resilience...
Article
Full-text available
Not for the first time in recent history, the people of Haiti have been obliged to fall back on their resilience strategies in the aftermath of Hurricane Matthew. Following the powerful earthquake that struck the country on 12 January 2010, the entire population had to find the resources to survive in the face of extensive material damage and loss...
Article
In Haiti, as in several developing countries, the phenomenon of street children has become a major public health issue. These children are often victims of traumas and adverse life events. This article aimed to investigate traumas experienced by street children and their coping and resilience strategies used to deal with adversities in a logic of s...
Article
Abstract Background Adolescents in a dating relationship can interact anytime using information and communication technologies. Yet, despite associated potential benefits, this availability of means to reach out to their partner may also exacerbate possible conflictual exchanges, including dating violence through technology. This study aimed to doc...