Juan Carlos Oyanedel

Juan Carlos Oyanedel
Universidad Andrés Bello | UNAB · Faculty of Education and Social Sciences

PhD in Law, King's College London
Director, PhD in Education and Society. Universidad Andrés Bello

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88
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Publications

Publications (88)
Article
Full-text available
Trust and team communication are central aspects for the achievement of both individual and common goals, which affect not only work efficiency but also the well-being of its members. In addition, organizational justice could affect these indicators, as well as the perception of collective efficacy within organizations, in this case, schools. The p...
Article
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Physical activity plays an important role in the well-being and development of adolescents. Physical activity habits expressed in terms of frequency and duration are consistently associated with sociodemographic factors such as age, gender, and socioeconomic status. However, there is less evidence of the relationship between the type and context of...
Article
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The data comes from a survey applied to 1027 scientists working in Chile. The survey was originally distributed to 5571 scientists. The research was carried out with the purpose of explaining the entrepreneurial intention of the scientists. The survey consisted of 35 items in total, structured in five sections: (a) academic background and previous...
Article
Research has consistently found that gratitude predicts life satisfaction. Unfortunately, only a few underlying psychological processes (e.g., mediators) have been tested, using only cross-sectional designs. Nonetheless, novel methodological research argues that mediations should be tested using only longitudinal or experimental data. Thus, we exte...
Article
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This study examined the relationships between teacher motivation (TM) and perceived burnout of English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) teachers in Chile. A particular focus was given to demotivators and their impact on TM and burnout. The impact of COVID-19 was considered. Given that EFL teachers tend to be second language (L2) learners of English them...
Article
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The research aims to examine the relationships between the constructs of entrepreneurial intention according to the theory of planned behavior (TPB) model and subjective well-being (SW). The model used considers the works proposed by Liñán and Chen and Oyanedel, Vargas, and Paez, and a questionnaire was applied to 1043 people in an urban population...
Article
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The main objective of this study was to estimate the psychometric properties of the Emotional Fatigue Scale (ECE) in a sample of 1,308 Chilean university students and confirm the unifactorial structure of the scale. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were carried out. The ECE assessment had an internal consistency of 0.893 (Cronbach's Alp...
Article
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RESUMEN Se describe la producción en términos de revistas y artículos de la psicología social iberoamericana y se examina la evidencia bibliomé-trica que muestra un aumento de la producción, pero que coexiste con el peso dominante de la producción de EEUU y, en menor medida, europea, que constituyen el centro del sistema científico. El mayor peso d...
Book
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This book presents a set of studies examining the psychosocial determinants of Well-Being (WB). The literature on social relations and WB describes several concepts as associated with social belongingness (SB). Among them, we can find social cohesion (SCo), social integration (SI), social support (SS), social capital (SC), social or group identific...
Article
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Background: The relationship between physical activity habits and well-being is widely recognized; however, the interaction that these variables have with sociodemographic factors throughout life is only partially addressed in the literature, particularly in children and adolescents. The aim of this article is to analyze the moderating effect of s...
Article
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This study analyzes the relationship between work satisfaction, family satisfaction, and general well-being in high performance managers in Santiago, Chile. The importance of the satisfaction of intrinsic and extrinsic needs and motivations was examined to advance in the development of a positive organizational psychology, which investigates the fa...
Article
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Within Ajzen's Planned Behavior Theory framework, this article tests a model to estimate the predictors of entrepreneurial intention in academic scientists working in Chile. We adapted into Spanish the entrepreneurship intention questionnaire. We tested the entrepreneurship intention model on a sample of 1,027 scientists leading research projects f...
Article
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This article presents an exploratory model to classify public attitudes towards health systems financing and organization. It comprises 5 factors (pay-as-you-use, solidarity, willingness to contribute, mixed financing, and public provision) measured by 17 indicators, selected through Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling (ESEM) applied to a samp...
Article
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Improving citizens’ subjective well-being (SWB) has become an increasingly visible policy goal across industrialized countries. Although an increasing number of studies have investigated SWB at the individual level, little is known about subjective evaluation at social levels, such as the community and national levels. While the relationships betwe...
Article
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Materialism at work refers to a higher importance attached to extrinsic (e.g., money, fame, image) versus intrinsic (self-development, affiliation, community participation) employees’ ‘aspirations’. Research from self-determination theory has consistently found that materialism at work is strongly detrimental for both employees and organizations. F...
Article
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Among the different ways of coping with stress, religious coping has shown particularly the promising results; nonetheless, there are few validated instruments to assess it in non-English language. This article presents the psychometric properties of the Brief Religious Coping Scale (Brief-RCOPE) in Chilean adults exposed to stressful events. The s...
Article
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This paper presents a study about the relationship between attitudes toward safety regulations and job satisfaction among commercial motor vehicle operators in Chile. 318 truck drivers were recruited during 2012. Results show that the principal predictor of attitudes toward safety regulations is job satisfaction, after time driving in this occupati...
Article
This study explores how access, management and use of Information and Communication Technologies in secondary schools are related to the subjective well-being of adolescents. The central hypothesis of this work is that students attending schools with high digital development have higher levels of subjective well-being. To test this hypothesis, two...
Article
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Suicide, as one of the leading causes of death for the adolescent population, both in Chile and globally, remains a complex and elusive phenomenon. This research studies the association between positive and negative affect in relation with suicidal ideation and suicidal attempt, given that affectivity is a fundamental basis on which people make eva...
Article
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This monograph presents a set of studies that examine the psychosocial determinants of well-being. Navarro-Carrillo et al. (2020) analyzes in this monograph a classic issue: the association between different measures of socioeconomic status (i.e., objective and subjective) and psychological well-being. Objective SES is usually measured by income an...
Article
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Los delincuentes crónicos resultan ser los responsables de la mayor parte de la actividad criminal, además de ser los más persistentes y violentos. Existe escasa evidencia longitudinal que permita conocer cómo se manifiesta la cronicidad en agresores de violencia doméstica. El objetivo de esta investigación es identificar el criterio más adecuado p...
Article
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Literature reports that depressive symptoms may precede suicidal ideation. Several studies have identified social support and substance use as moderators of this relationship. However, no study has evaluated these variables together by testing how substance use can affect the moderating effect of social support in this relationship. The purpose of...
Article
This article examines the relationship between sexual satisfaction and gender, age, social status, being in stable relationships, intercourse frequency, and satisfaction with physical attractiveness (physical appearance and sex appeal). A self-report questionnaire was applied in a representative sample of 767 residents of Santiago (Chile), over 18...
Article
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Introducción: La migración adolescente en Chile es un fenómeno en desarrollo y cuyo estudio es incipiente. La importancia de investigar la migración adolescente tiene implicancias en términos de integración, adaptación y calidad de vida de los nuevos habitantes de Chile. Este artículo, que tiene como objetivo comparar el bienestar subjetivo y la sa...
Article
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Introduction: This cross-sectional study sought to examine the relationships between the perception of efficiency and quality of the service provided by the staff of the health system with users well-being (satisfaction with life), in the Chilean context. Based on the literature review, we hypothesized that satisfaction with the services provided...
Article
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The survey data derives from a newly-developed questionnaire of interaction mindset. Interaction mindset pertains to second language (L2) learners’ disposition towards the task and/or an interlocutor prior to and/or during task-based interaction [1]. The theoretical model is consisted of five factors: (a) peer interaction; (b) collaboration; (c) fo...
Article
Objective: The purpose of this study is the validation of a proposed additional item for the PWI-7 scale for measuring sexual satisfaction as a dimension of Personal Well-being. Methodology: An adaptation of the PWI-7 questionnaire was administered to adult inhabitants of urban areas of Santiago, Chile. Analysis consisted of exposition of descripti...
Article
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Fundamento: el sueño es reconocido como un indicador de calidad de vida y, en la vida cotidiana de un estudiante, adquiere gran relevancia por su relación con el funcionamiento cognitivo y las actividades académicas. Objetivo: identificar y evaluar los factores asociados a la calidad de sueño que presentan estudiantes chilenos de la carrera de Obs...
Article
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The student Burnout Syndrome is a response to chronic and severe stress linked to the role of the students and their academic context. This study aims at determining the prevalence and severity of the student Burnout Syndrome on a sample of midwifery students and its associated factors. The study is observational, cross-sectional, and analytical, w...
Article
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The data derives from a survey collected from 543 school-level teachers of English in Chile. The survey was originally distributed to 5435 teachers. The survey was developed with an aim of exploring teachers’ beliefs about how second language grammar should be taught. The survey consisted of 50 items in total, in four sections: (a) background infor...
Article
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La mayor participación de mujeres en la comisión de delitos, especialmente violentos, ha impulsado la necesidad de incrementar la investigación destinada a comprender este tipo de delincuencia. El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer la relación que existe entre el consumo de alcohol y drogas, ciertas dimensiones de la trayectoria criminal y r...
Preprint
This study investigated teachers’ beliefs regarding grammar instruction integrated into communicative teaching in an English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) context, with a focus on conflicting beliefs. First, a survey was designed and implemented to examine teachers’ beliefs about (a) L2 learning theories, (b) grammar instruction and communicative tea...
Article
This study investigated teachers’ beliefs regarding grammar instruction integrated into communicative teaching in an English-as-a-foreign-language (EFL) context, with a focus on conflicting beliefs. First, a survey was designed and implemented to examine teachers’ beliefs about (a) L2 learning theories, (b) grammar instruction and communicative tea...
Chapter
This chapter reports the effects of the judicial reform on trust in the courts in Chile between 2005 and 2007, using pseudo-panel data. It shows the estimation of the effects of the judicial reform on trust and confidence in the courts using structural equation modelling. Results show that socio-economic status shapes trust in the criminal justice...
Chapter
This chapter presents the relationship between confidence in the police and crime reporting during the period of the Criminal Procedure Reform. Scales were tested to assess trust and confidence in Carabineros and Policía de Investigaciones. Finally, a model predicting crime reporting was tested for several kinds of crime (street robbery, burglary,...
Chapter
This chapter reports the effects of the Chilean Criminal Procedure Reform on trust in the police. It reports the changes in public attitudes towards the police using a pseudo-panel model constructed with the data of the Chilean Crime Survey. The results show an increase in public trust towards police forces (Carabineros and Policía de Investigacion...
Chapter
This chapter presents the main results regarding the effects that a Criminal Procedure Reform had on trust in the courts in Chile. It uses public opinion, collected from crime surveys, to assess attitudes of both users of the system (victims) and general public. The results show that during the analysed period, trust in courts shows different paths...
Chapter
This chapter presents the main descriptive results of the effects of the Chilean Criminal Procedure Reform in four dimensions: victimisation and reporting practices, fear of crime, weapons ownership and public opinion about criminal justice actors. The results show changes across these indicators during the period of the reform, although there are...
Chapter
Crime and justice debates have shifted from control to prevention, meaning that areas previously left aside policy have made a comeback in terms of both analysis and policy formulations. One of these areas is the question about social order and the role of the criminal justice system on it. While originally part of the core of sociological thought...
Chapter
This chapter discusses how victimisation surveys could represent a reliable basis to analyse justice systems and assesses the effect of judicial reforms through the analysis of trust in law. The origins of crime surveys were deeply entwined with the appearance of rational choice models applied to crime prevention, such as situational crime preventi...
Chapter
Judicial reform has been a main effort in the framework of Latin American countries’ democratisation processes. This chapter focuses on the transformations occurred in the case of Chile and, particularly, in the process of implementation of the Criminal Procedure Reform. It contains four parts. The first part offers an overview of the debate follow...
Chapter
This chapter examines the main issues that arise from the analysis of trust in law with crime surveys. It presents a conceptual and methodological review of attitudes, opinions and behaviours and their relationship with the analysis of trust in law. It also discusses the main challenges that need to be solved in order to analyse a judicial reform w...
Book
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This book examines how judicial reform can be effectively assessed through a procedural justice approach. It provides a practical framework for assessment of judicial reform, examining a successful reform in Chile through large scale surveys and longitudinal research. Judicial reform is a key element to democratization and modernization processes i...
Article
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Having achieved the coverage challenges following compulsory policies and a financing system via demand subsidy conditioned to enrollment and attendance, but faced with the scenario of school segregation, Chile has set itself the goal of advancing towards the right to an inclusive education and of quality. In this article we identify and analyze th...
Article
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Objetivo: Sistematizar el proceso de implementación de una sala Gesell en un Tribunal de Familia chileno. Sujetos y Método: Estudio cualitativo, no experimental, exploratorio y descriptivo. Se entre vistaron 10 representantes de instituciones de la red interinstitucional del Tribunal de Familia de la ciudad de Melipilla. Para la selección de los p...
Article
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The different criminal trajectories are the result of the changes that occur in a person throughout his life. These deviations are observable through the shape that curves have got with regard to age-crime relationship. The objective of this research is to verify in what way the changes through the life development impact on how and when the crimin...
Article
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Objective: Self-control and grit have become two of the most important variables that explain success in different aspects of people's daily life (Duckworth and Gross, 2014). Self-control promotes delayed gratification and directly influences thoughts, emotions, and impulses. On the other hand, grit enhances the achievement of goals through perseve...
Article
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Background: Sleeping and studying are the day-to-day activities of a teenager attending school. Aim: To determine the quality of sleep and its relationship to the academic performance among students attending morning and afternoon shifts in a public high school. Material and methods: Students of the first and second year of high school answere...
Article
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Antecedentes: Un algoritmo puede definirse como un conjunto de operaciones y procedimientos que se deben seguir con el fin de resolver un problema. Objetivo: Conocer el cumplimiento del flujo de decisiones clínicas del protocolo preconizado en los algoritmos de derivación y de confirmación diagnóstica para la citología cervical atípica de signific...
Article
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El artículo presenta la validación en español del “Cuestionario sobre conducción eco-eficiente y actitudes sobre el uso de energía” (Ergonomics, 56(3), 507-521, 2013). El cuestionario fue auto-aplicado a una muestra de 141 estudiantes de cursos de licencia de conducir no profesional de Santiago de Chile, en agosto de 2013. Se realizó un análisis de...
Article
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School achievement gaps and school failure are problematic issues in Latin America, and are mainly explained by the socio-economic status (SES) of the students. What schools can do to improve school achievement and reduce school failure is a critical issue, both for school management and teacher training. In this study, we present the association o...
Article
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The link between job satisfaction and life satisfaction has been extensively explored in the relevant literature. However, the great majority of past research has been carried out using cross-sectional analyses, and almost exclusively in the Western world. Moreover, the underlying psychological mechanisms explaining the link are not yet completely...
Article
Background: In recent years Latin American countries have increasingly rejected the traditional prohibitionist paradigm of drug policy, reflecting its failure to reduce either consumption or trafficking. The extent to which these policy trends currently command pubic support is unclear, however. This article goes some way to filling this gap, prov...
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5039 Una modificación del coeficiente alfa de Cronbach por errores correlacionados A modification of Cronbach's alpha coefficient by correlated errors Sr. Editor: La presente carta se centra en el impacto de los erro-res correlacionados en la estimación de la confiabilidad de los puntajes del Índice de Bienestar Personal (PWI–7), reportada en Oyane...
Article
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Objective: identify the factors associated with subjective wellbeing in older adults. Method: analytical, cross-sectional study developed in Chile. The sample consisted of 20,351 seniors, who answered a question on overall life satisfaction in the National Socio-Economic Survey, 2011. Subjective wellbeing was correlated with health, demographic an...
Article
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RESUMEN Este estudio compara el bienestar subjetivo en Magallanes, Arica y Parinacota con el resto de las regiones de Chile utilizando los datos de la encuesta CASEN de 2011 sobre quintiles de ingreso, edad, sexo y un ítem de satisfacción con la vida. Los resultados evidencian que el bienestar subjetivo era mayor en Magallanes que en Arica y en el...
Book
La felicidad de los chilenos: Estudios sobre bienestar Vol. II busca completar lo expuesto en el primer volumen de esta colección, referido a recoger el trabajo de destacados investigadores de diferentes universidades chilenas que han dedicado sus esfuerzo al estudio del bienestar y las variables que se asocian a esta temática en nuestro país.Este...
Article
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OBJETIVO: Analizar las propiedades psicométricas de la escala PWI, tanto su versión de 7 como de 9 ítems de Tomyn y Cummins (2011) en estudiantes de II° año medio en Chile. METODO: Se aplicó la Escala a 4.964 estudiantes de este nivel de enseñanza, que corresponde a una muestra representativa de este grupo en Chile. Se realizaron análisis de confia...
Book
Este libro busca completar lo expuesto en el primer volumen de esta colección, referido a recoger el trabajo de destacados investigadores de diferentes universidades chilenas que han dedicado sus esfuerzo al estudio del bienestar y las variables que se asocian a esta temática en nuestro país. Los estudios sobre bienestar han ganado relevancia duran...
Article
Full-text available
The study analyzes the effect of criminal justice reform in confidence in justice and police in Latin America, since 1995 to 2013. This research question is relevant given the legitimate problems inherited by military governments in the region. In order to answer this question, first, a brief framework about legal system in Latin America is present...
Article
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This paper compares subjective well-being in the regions of Magallanes and Arica-Parinacota with the rest of the regions. It makes use of the National Socio-Economic Characterisation Survey (CASEN), which includes information about quintiles income, age, sex and overall life satisfaction. Results show that subjective well-being was higher in Magall...
Article
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Association between indexes of socioeconomic status, satisfaction with income and status, and psychological well-being (PWB) was examined in a representative sample of Chileans. Results confirm a positive association between socioeconomic status and satisfaction with income and status and PWB. Associations were stronger with PWB facets related to r...
Article
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Environmental protection and restoration are some of the major challenges faced by our society. To address this problem, it is fundamental to understand pro-environmental behaviors in the population, as well as the factors that determine them. There are, however, very few studies conducted in Latin America that are focused in understanding the envi...
Article
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CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Worldwide, there is no single strategy for optimal management of patients with ASCUS (atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance) cytology reports. The objective of this study was to determine the kind of clinical management conducted among women with a first ASCUS Pap smear report. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective...
Book
La felicidad de los chilenos (vol. I): estudios sobre bienestar realiza su aporte al presentar investigaciones nacionales desarrolladas por grupos de investigación de diversas universidades. Los temas abarcados en este libro buscan entregar un panorama de la amplitud que ha tomado el tema del bienestar en Chile, abordando aspectos referidos a la de...
Article
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Background: Personal well-being calculates quality of life in terms of the necessary conditions required to live well. Aim: To validate the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI) in a representative sample of vulnerable users of the public health system in Santiago, Chile. Material and methods: A probabilistic and multistage sample consisting of 400 i...
Article
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Background: Personal well-being calculates quality of life in terms of the necessary conditions required to live well. Aim: To validate the Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI) in a representative sample of vulnerable users of the public health system in Santiago, Chile. Material and Methods. A probabilistic and multistage sample consisting of 400 indivi...
Article
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Background: In 2006, the World Health Organization endorsed the concept of "sexual health" as a state of physical, emotional, mental and social well-being in relation to sexuality. Thus, it corresponds to a broader concept that the absence of disease, dysfunction or infirmity, being related to a general level of well-being. Despite the relevance of...