Juan L Núñez

Juan L Núñez
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | ULPGC · Department of Psychology and Sociology

Ph.D.
Head of the Laboratory “Motivation, Education and Health” (http://mes.ulpgc.es/).

About

161
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Introduction
Juan L. Núñez works at the Department of Psychology, Sociology and Social Work, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain. Currently, I am the head of the laboratory “Motivation, Education and Health” (http://mes.ulpgc.es/). My research interests focus on factors that promote human motivation and lead to greater performance and psychological well-being.
Additional affiliations
January 1995 - June 2020
Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to examine the predictive relation between teachers' motivational appeals (i.e., messages that appeal to a certain kind of motivation) and students' basic psychological need profiles and how the different profiles relate with students' well-being and grit. A total of 655 secondary students participated in the study....
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies have shown that teacher messages are related with many school-related outcomes, such as students’ engagement and performance. However, it is still unknown how the combination of different elements within teacher messages relate with these outcomes. Based on the message framing theory and the self-determination theory, the present s...
Article
Resumen Estudios previos han demostrado que los mensajes del profesorado están relacionados con múltiples variables a nivel escolar, entre ellas, la implicación y el rendimiento de los estudiantes. Sin embargo, aún se desconoce cómo la combinación de los distintos elementos de estos mensajes se relaciona con estas variables. Fundamentado en la teor...
Article
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“If you work hard you will learn interesting facts”.“Unless you work hard you will get into trouble”. These are examples of engaging messages teachers use to encourage engagement among their students. These kind of messages have been recently addressed by researchers, yet the reason why teachers use certain messages remains unexplored. This study a...
Article
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The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyse the relationships between the satisfaction of psychological basic needs, physical education, academic controlling motivation, and self-esteem, and to propose a prediction model in line with the postulates from the hierarchical model found in the self-determination theory. The participants were 61...
Article
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Framed within the theoretical support of the Self-determination Theory (SDT) this study aimed to analyze the relationship between the satisfaction of basic psychological needs, the self-determined motivation towards physical education, and the physical self-concept of Spanish teenagers. For this, 618 students, aged from 10 to 14 years-old (M = 11.6...
Article
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In sports, one of the social agents who can pressure an athlete for perfection in their performance is their coach. However, perfectionism has many potential negative consequences such as excessive concerns over even minor mistakes. The purpose of this study is to test a sequential model: the motivational context (i.e., task- and ego-involving clim...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Teachers’ communicative style has been recently addressed by researchers, yet the reason why teachers use a certain style remains unexplored. This study aimed to identify profiles of teachers’ communicative style and how these relate to teachers’ needs (autonomy, relatedness and competence) and students’ performance. The sample comprised a total of...
Article
Full-text available
There is a growing concern about the increasing decline in physical activity among adolescents. In the search for variables that may be related to physical activity, this study examined the influence of physical self-concept on objectively measured moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) of adolescents through the mediation of the needs satis...
Conference Paper
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En los últimos años, la implicación se ha convertido en un aspecto relevante debido a sus relaciones con otras variables en el contexto académico, tales como rendimiento, ajuste, abandono o bienestar. La implicación se refiere a la participación activa de un estudiante en una actividad de aprendizaje. Se trata de un constructo multidimensional de c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introducción: "Si estudias, podrás disfrutar de esta asignatura" "Si no estudias, terminarás repitiendo de curso". Estas frases son algunos ejemplos de los mensajes que puede emplear el profesorado. Investigaciones previas han observado que estos mensajes afectan al bienestar y rendimiento del alumnado. Sin embargo, estos estudios han explorado úni...
Book
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Las escuelas deben ser contextos de apoyo para el desarrollo, proporcionando condiciones que mejoren la capacidad de adaptación de los estudiantes y la salud mental, y, lo que es más importante, sin hacer el menor daño (Ryan & Deci, 2020). No podemos atrapar a los estudiantes en el aula, sino que tenemos que atraerlos para que se impliquen. Los par...
Article
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The objective of this study was to test a multilevel model about the relationship between teacher’s controlling style, the relatedness and group cohesion in students. In addition, the invariance of the hypothesized model was tested across six countries. The sample was composed of 3178 university students of both sexes, aged between 17 and 63, from...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to analyze the role that peer support plays in the incidence relationships between sociometric popularity and general self-concept based on sociometer theory. A total of 676 randomly selected secondary school students from the Basque Country (49.6% boys and 50.4% girls) between 12 and 18 years of age ( M = 14.32, DT =...
Article
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This study sought to analyze the predictive power of supporting student autonomy in physical education classes on the intention to be physically active based on motivational variables. The Self-Determination Theory was used as a theoretical framework. The study sample comprised 922 students of both sexes, aged between 14 and 18 years old (M = 14.95...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a physical activity-based intervention conducted during recess time for Spanish students with special needs. The intervention was designed to utilize an autonomy-supportive motivational style to promote feelings of autonomy and to contribute to increased physical activity involvement in these...
Conference Paper
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El presente trabajo presenta la planificación a lo largo de una temporada de un programa de entrenamiento psicológico en un equipo de voleibol masculino que compite en uno de los dos grupos de Liga FEV. El objetivo que perseguimos es el aprendizaje por parte de los 13 jugadores que componen la plantilla de las habilidades psicológicas necesarias pa...
Article
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This study identified clusters of adolescents who share similar cardiorespiratory fitness levels and analysed the relationships between cardiorespiratory fitness, inhibition, and math fluency in each of the clusters. The subjects were 490 high-school students aged 10-16 years. The mean age was 13.82 years (SD = 1.12). Latent class analysis identifi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To promote study, teachers can rely on loss-framed messages (e.g. if you don’t study, you’ll fail and will have to study in the summer) or gain-framed (e.g. if you study, you’ll be able to choose what to study when you finish high school). The aim of this study was to identify clusters of teachers who use similar messages and to analyse, between cl...
Article
Full-text available
This research has a dual purpose: to translate into Spanish and validate a classroom engagement measure and, over a semester, to analyse the effect of students’ perception of autonomy support on the need for autonomy and the effect of autonomy, in turn, on four types of engagement. Data were collected at three time points from 448 undergraduate stu...
Article
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Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between coaches’ interpersonal style and fear of failure in athletes. Methods: A sample of 340 athletes at the Federation Level with a mean age of 18.96 years (SD = 5.69 years.) comprised the sample. Athletes completed questionnaires related to fear of failure in sports as well a...
Article
Full-text available
Según la Teoría de la Autodeterminación (Deci y Ryan, 1985, 2002), el estilo interpersonal que utilice el educador puede tener un fuerte impacto en la motivación de los estudiantes. Los objetivos de este artículo fueron: (i) explicar la justificación y desarrollo de un programa de formación basado en esta teoría para promover el apoyo a la autonomí...
Conference Paper
“Si estudias, podrás elegir qué estudiar al terminar secundaria”; “si estudias, podrás disfrutar con esta asignatura”. Estos mensajes son ejemplos que pueden utilizar los profesores para animar a sus estudiantes a dedicar tiempo a las tareas escolares. En estudios previos se ha observado que los mensajes que utilizan los profesores en clase tienen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Promover que los niños y adolescentes en riesgo no abandonen sus estudios es un desafío para los expertos educativos. Por ello, diversos investigadores han diseñado intervenciones para mejorar el rendimiento académico y prevenir el abandono de los niños y/o adolescentes en situación de riesgo. En esta investigación realizamos una revisión sistemáti...
Conference Paper
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Objetivo. Una de las cualidades más importantes de la condición física es la aptitud física cardiorrespiratoria. En los últimos años, la aptitud física cardiorrespiratoria ha sido considerada una variable de interés en el contexto educativo por su relación con el control cognitivo y el rendimiento académico. El objetivo del estudio fue probar una s...
Article
RESUMEN Según la Teoría de la Autodeterminación (Deci y Ryan, 1985, 2002), el estilo interpersonal que utilice el educador puede tener un fuerte impacto en la motivación de los estudiantes. Los objetivos de este artículo fueron: (i) explicar la justificación y desarrollo de un programa de formación basado en esta teoría para promover el apoyo a la...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introducción: El modelo jerárquico de la motivación intrínseca y extrínseca establece tres niveles de generalidad para analizar la motivación humana: global, contextual y situacional. El dinamismo de la motivación se explica de acuerdo a las relaciones entre estos niveles. El objetivo de este estudio es probar los efectos recíprocos, arriba-abajo y...
Conference Paper
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La teoría de la autodeterminación establece que la implicación y la necesidad psicológica básica de autonomía del estudiante dependen de factores sociales como las actitudes que los docentes desarrollan en el aula. El apoyo a la autonomía se presenta como un determinante contextual esencial que genera múltiples consecuencias positivas para el estud...
Conference Paper
Introducción. Las altas tasas de fracaso académico es una preocupación de los investigadores ya que pueden tener consecuencias sociales e individuales como abandono escolar, sentimientos de fracaso, dificultad para el empleo o exclusión social. La situación de riesgo de los jóvenes aumenta esta probabilidad. Conocer las variables susceptibles de mo...
Conference Paper
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Introducción. Facilitar al alumnado de secundaria la consecución de un buen rendimiento académico es una prioridad desde hace años. Es por ello que, durante esta etapa académica, los profesores e investigadores se enfrentan al reto de diseñar y aplicar intervenciones que ayuden a optimizar el potencial académico del alumnado de secundaria. Objetivo...
Article
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Although applied self-efficacy research currently offers some promising avenues of study for Translatology (Jiménez Ivars and Pinazo Calatayud 2001; Atkinson 2012; Bolaños-Medina 2014), no specific translation self-efficacy scale (TSE) with adequate psychometric properties has been devised until now. The purpose of this study is, on the one hand, t...
Article
Full-text available
The hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation establishes three levels of generality to analyze human motivation (global, contextual, and situational). The dynamism of motivation is explained by means of the relations between the three levels. The purpose of this study is to test the reciprocal effects, top-down and bottom-up, betwee...
Article
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The executive functions of the homeless may be contributing to the success or failure of social integration processes. The goal of this study was to analyze the relationship between attachment and executive dysfunction in the homeless, specifically, to analyze the prevalence of adult attachment and executive dysfunction patterns, as well as the pre...
Article
Full-text available
The hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation establishes three levels of generality to analyze human motivation (global, contextual, and situational). The dynamism of motivation is explained by means of the relations between the three levels. The purpose of this study is to test the reciprocal effects, top-down and bottom-up, betwee...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were to examine the presence of clinical personality patterns and clinical syndromes in homeless, and to identify common personality profi les. Participants were 144 subjects, 35 women and 109 men (mean age = 42 years), all of them in a situation of chronic social exclusion, 67% were homeless for more than a year, and 33% mor...
Article
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Translation as a decision-making process, associated with problem-solving activity, has been approached by a relatively long tradition of scholars and is still at the core of process-oriented research in translation studies. After reviewing the main contributions on this subject, the concepts of ‘competence’ and ‘intrinsic motivation’ are analysed...
Conference Paper
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¿Cómo podemos mejorar las notas de Matemáticas de alumnos de secundaria? Dentro de los factores que afectan al funcionamiento académico de los alumnos, la calidad didáctica parece ser uno de los más importantes. Sin embargo, desde la teoría de la autodeterminación, no conocemos cuáles son los comportamientos que optimizan el potencial académico de...
Article
Full-text available
Math achievement and engagement declines in secondary education; therefore, educators are faced with the challenge of engaging students to avoid school failure. Within self-determination theory, we address the need to assess comprehensively student perceptions of teaching quality that predict engagement and achievement. In study one we tested, in a...
Article
Full-text available
Self-determination theory introduces a multidimensional view of motivation and explains how the different types of motivation can be promoted or hindered. Following Gagné et al. (2014), the purpose of this study was to create an abbreviated version of the Multidimensional Work Motivation Scale (MWMS) and to study the psychometric properties of the...
Article
Full-text available
Self-determination theory has shown that autonomy support in the classroom is associated with an increase of students’ intrinsic motivation. Moreover, intrinsic motivation is related with positive outcomes. This study examines the relationships between autonomy support, intrinsic motivation to learn and two motivational consequences, deep learning...
Conference Paper
De todas las variables que explican el rendimiento en Matemáticas, la calidad de la enseñanza es de máxima importancia. En el esfuerzo de mejorarla, muchos investigadores se han basado en la Teoría de la Autodeterminación. Sin embargo, no hay consenso a la hora de definir con precisión qué características del estilo docente llevan a un funcionamien...
Conference Paper
Introducción. El sinhogarismo se asocia a cierto grado de dificultad en el funcionamiento ejecutivo. Diversas investigaciones reportan altas correlaciones entre consumo de sustancias y disfunción ejecutiva. El objetivo del estudio es analizar la disfunción ejecutiva y su relación con el apego, el consumo de drogas en personas sin hogar (PSH) Mater...
Conference Paper
Introducción. Diversos estudios señalan una alta prevalencia de trastornos de la personalidad en la población de personas sin hogar (PSH), la mayoría de ellos señalan mayor presencia de los trastornos del grupo B. Los objetivos del estudio son: examinar la prevalencia del trastorno de personalidad paranoide (grupo A) en PSH y analizar la relación e...
Article
Full-text available
Why are some students more engaged in and adjusted to school than others? Why are some students more competent and why do they perform better than others? Self-determination theory is a theory of human motivation to explain students’ classroom behavior, learning process, and relationship with the environment. The goal of this paper is to review the...
Article
Full-text available
Research has shown that loneliness may impair mental health and psychosocial adjustment during adolescence. There is separate evidence of the role of relatedness and emotional repair as predictors of perceived loneliness during adulthood. The objective of the present study was to analyze the mediating role of relatedness between emotional repair an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The relationship between self-esteem and grades has been one of the central issues of research in the educational context. The goal of the study was to establish a causal ordering between self-esteem and grades in a longitudinal study.We accomplished this goal by using a cross-lagged two-wave design panel design. This design has been frequently use...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La literatura científica ha mostrado que fomentar un aprendizaje autónomo promueve la motivación del alumnado para aprender nuevos contenidos y esto, a su vez, conlleva pensar y procesar en profundidad estos contenidos. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue analizar el efecto mediador de la motivación intrínseca para aprender en la relación entre el...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La medición de la satisfacción de los grupos de interés en la Universidad y, en concreto, de los estudiantes, constituye un elemento esencial dentro de la política de calidad de los centros universitarios. El objetivo del presente trabajo fue descubrir las variables predictoras de la satisfacción de los estudiantes universitarios con su titulación....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Does competence and a fixed mindset predicts grades? Competence in the educational context, the feeling of being able to meet the school demands, has received a lot of attention from researchers, due to its effect on several outcomes such as performance, wellbeing or positive emotions.As well, research on students belief about the nature of intelli...
Article
Full-text available
Self-determination theory introduces a multidimensional view of motivation and explains how the different types of motivation can be promoted or hindered. Following Gagné et al. (2014), the purpose of this study was to create an abbreviated version of the Multidimensional Work Motivation Scale (MWMS) and to study the psychometric properties of the...
Article
Full-text available
What makes a student feel vital and energetic? Using the self-determination framework, we analyzed how the behavior and feelings of students depend on social factors such as the teachers' attitudes. The goal of the study was to test an integrated sequence over a semester in which teacher's autonomy support acts as a predictor of autonomy, which, in...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between intrinsic motivation, critical thinking and academic performance in music of secondary students. 494 students participated. Data were analyzed using structural equation mixture modeling. The results showed two groups or clusters of students, distinguished by their scores on intrinsic moti...
Conference Paper
Introducción. La exclusión social responde tanto a factores sociales como personales. Diversos estudios señalan la comorbilidad entre trastornos de personalidad y personas sin hogar. Los trastornos de personalidad del grupo B: antisocial, límite, histriónico y narcisista son los que presentan tradicionalmente una prevalencia mayor entre personas si...
Conference Paper
Introducción. La exclusión social grave y cronificada se asocia a cierto grado de desestructuración personal, similar a lo descrito como disfunción ejecutiva leve. El desarrollo evolutivo de las funciones ejecutivas depende, en gran medida, de la relación del niño o adolescente con el Otro. El estilo de apego inseguro, generalmente formado en la in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction - Students use different strategies to learn new content. Sometimes they use more superficial methods, such as repeating the material again and again until they remember it, whereas on other occasions they prepare and organize the material, carrying out a deeper learning. In superficial learning, students adopt a passive role and in de...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction – The self-determination theory (SDT) is a macro-theory of human motivation that establishes that the social factors such as the autonomy support satisfies the basic psychological need of autonomy. This, in turn, leads to an increase in individuals’ intrinsic motivation and psychological well-being. In classrooms where the teacher supp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Does intrinsic motivation predicts deep learning and subject vitality in University students? Self-determination macro-theory has been established as a theoretical framework to explain optimal functioning. Within this theory it has been posit that socials factors influence by nurturing versus thwarting people´s autonomy. In the educational context,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The relationships between social factors such as autonomy support, structure and involvement and the basic psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness) have been a topic of several studies in the self-determination theory framework. In some studies it has been posit that autonomy support, structure, and involvement predicts only auto...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was the translation of the Assessment Experiences Questionnaire (AEQ) into Spanish, and the analysis of its psychometric properties. We carried out this study because there is no questionnaire in Spanish which evaluates the experience of learning assessment. Participants were 329 university students. Results of the correlation...
Article
Full-text available
The goals of this research were to translate the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), and analyze the psychometric properties of the resulting Spanish version. A total of 330 students took part in this study. We performed a confirmatory factor analysis (WLSMV estimator) to test the factor structure, computed the ordinal alpha to evaluate e...
Article
Full-text available
The postulates of self-determination theory have been frequently gauged by a measure of motivation quality called self-determination index (SDI). This index relies on an interactional hypothesis. According to this hypothesis, intrinsic motivation and extrinsic motivation are not independent constructs; on the contrary, when one increases the other...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between intrinsic motivation, critical thinking and academic performance in music of secondary students. 494 students participated. Data were analyzed using structural equation mixture modeling. The results showed two groups or clusters of students, distinguished by their scores on intrinsic moti...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was the translation of the Assessment Experiences Questionnaire (AEQ) into Spanish, and the analysis of its psychometric properties. We carried out this study because there is no questionnaire in Spanish which evaluates the experience of learning assessment. Participants were 329 university students. Results of the correlation...
Article
Full-text available
What is the relationship between well-being and satisfaction of basic psychological needs overtime? The basic psychological needs theory is a subtheory of the self-determination theory that elaborates the concept of psychological needs and its relations to psychological health and well-being. The goals of this research was to establish the causal o...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were to translate into Spanish and analyze the psychometric characteristics of the Global Motivation Scale (GMS). In study 1, participants were 237 university students. Results of analysis of correlations between the seven subscales of the GMS supported the presence of a continuum of self-determination, and confirmatory facto...
Article
Full-text available
Partiendo de los postulados de la teoría de la autodeterminación y del modelo jerárquico de la motivación intrínseca y extrínseca, el objetivo de este trabajo fue analizar las relaciones entre la motivación intrínseca, el autoconcepto físico y la satisfacción con la vida en practicantes de ejercicio físico, al mismo tiempo que mostramos como se pue...
Article
Full-text available
The goals of this research were to translate the Mindfulness Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), and analyze the psychometric properties of the resulting Spanish version. A total of 330 students took part in this study. We performed a confirmatory factor analysis (WLSMV estimator) to test the factor structure, computed the ordinal alpha to evaluate e...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the principles of self-determination theory and the hierarchical model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation, the objective of this study was to analyze the relationship between intrinsic motivation, physical self-concept and life satisfaction in practicing physical exercise, while we show how you can use the free software R to test the hy...
Article
Full-text available
The goals of this research were to translate and analyze the psychometric properties of the Learning Climate Questionnaire (LCQ) and to develop a short form. The LCQ is a 15-item self-report measure that assesses autonomy support in educational settings. A total of 422 students (60 men and 362 women) took part in this study. Results showed evidence...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Self-determination macro-theory has been established as a theoretical framework to explain students´ optimal functioning. Within this theory, it has been posited that socials factors influence students’ well-being by nurturing versus thwarting the basic psychological needs. In the educational context, a critical social factor is the motivational cl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The goal of this research was to develop a short form of the Mindfulness Awareness Attention Scale by selecting five items. A total of 329 students (41 men and 288 women) took part in this study. First of all, we examine the factorial validity of the whole scale (15 items), then taking into account the factor loadings, corrected item-test correlati...