Juan Navarrete-Montalvo

Juan Navarrete-Montalvo
Universidad de Valparaíso (Chile) | CINV · Escuela de Administración Pública

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24
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157
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Publications

Publications (24)
Article
This paper studies the evolution of numeracy in Chile for cohorts born from the 1780s to the 1970s, providing a new series of this important indicator of human capital, essential to promote economic growth. This is the longest series currently available of any human capital indicator for Chile. It shows that numeracy was very low until the early tw...
Article
This article provides the first series for Chilean adult female height, for cohorts born from the 1860s to the 1990s, using a sample of around 4.600 women. The height of adult females increased by about 5 cm during this period, primarily during the 1860s-1880s and the second half of the twentieth century. This is the greatest improvement in women’s...
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This article provides the first series of Chilean adult male height for the whole of the twentieth century. The height of adult males increased by about 5.5 cm during the twentieth century, primarily during the second half of this period. This is the greatest improvement in biological welfare in Chilean history; Chilean males have never been as tal...
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This article shows how Chile experienced a profound nutrition transition within a short period of time. Before the early 1990s, the diet of most Chileans was poor in animal proteins and calcium. Today, Chileans enjoy a diet characterized by high consumption of meat and dairy products. The rapid rise in consumption of these products can be attribute...
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We provide the first estimates of gender income and land inequality in Chile during the first decades after independence, when Chile was a predominantly agrarian society. We have used a new source: the records of the first agricultural censuses ever made for any Latin American republic. We found that there were over six times more male landowners t...
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Este artículo estudia la posición de Chile dentro de las redes mundiales de cobre entre 1700 y la década de 1840. Durante este periodo, los niveles de producción eran bajos, si se los compara con los de 1850-1870 y el siglo XX, debido tanto a las pobres técnicas de extracción y refinado como a los altos costos de transporte. Sin embargo, el cobre c...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides the first series of Chilean adult male height for the whole of the twentieth century. The height of adult males increased by about 5.5 cm during the twentieth century, primarily during the second half of this period. This is the greatest improvement in biological welfare in Chilean history; Chilean males have never been as tal...
Article
Full-text available
This article shows that Chile experienced a profound nutrition transition within a short period of time. Before the early 1990s the diet of most Chileans was poor in animal proteins and calcium. Yet today Chileans enjoy a diet characterized by a high consumption of meat and dairy products. The sudden rise in consumption of meat and dairy products c...
Article
A sample of over 44 thousand Chilean marines was used to estimate the trend of mean heights from the 1820s to the 1890s. We confirm that there was height stagnation in the last decades of the nineteenth-century Chile despite sizeable per capita GDP growth; there were hidden nutritional costs to this economic growth. This situation resembles a simil...
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This article deals with the demographic consequences of the end of Chile's nitrate boom following the 1929 crisis. The traditional economic historiography has maintained that this crisis impacted heavily on nitrate production, and that in turn the crisis triggered a permanent exodus from the nitrate districts to other geographical zones. Contrary t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the demographic consequences of the end of Chile's nitrate boom following the 1929 crisis. The traditional economic historiography has maintained that this crisis impacted heavily on nitrate production, and that in turn the crisis triggered a permanent exodus from the nitrate districts to other geographical zones. Contrary to...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides the first series of adult male height for nineteenth century Chile. Our aim was to assess the trends indicated by height during this period, but also the relationship between stature and both GDP per capita and exports. Having analysed our data, our primary conclusions are that: there was a reduction in heights for cohorts bor...
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Full-text available
This article provides the first series of adult male height for 19 th -century Chile. Our aim was not only to assess the trends indicated by height during this period, but also the relationship between stature and both GDP per capita and exports. Having analysed our data, our primary conclusion is that there was a reduction in height for cohorts bo...
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The average height of a population has been recently taken as a good indicator of biological welfare, and therefore of standards of living and economic development. This article provides the first available series for Chile, providing the evolution of the average height of Chilean soldiers (male) born from the 1730s to the 1980s, using a sample of...
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This article assesses agricultural market income inequality by examining three untapped comprehensive agricultural censuses of all of Chile, undertaken in 1834, 1838 and 1852. Since there had been no Chilean income inequality measurements prior to 1860, this is a novel contribution. Given Chile's great dependence on the agricultural sector during t...
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This article assesses both agricultural income distribution and land distribution in Chiloé during the 1830s-1850s, comparing both variables with the rest of the Chilean provinces at that time, in a rather unexplored period in Chile’s agrarian historiography. We have used several untapped sources such as the Catastro (agricultural census). From thi...
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This articles makes a contribution to the study of family groups in developing economies by analysing the case of the Cousiño-Goyenechea business, one of the most important business groups in nineteenth century Chile. We provide evidence of how the original Cousiño's fortune was built, and how after being highly concentrated in copper and silver mi...
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This article assesses the state of the agrarian sector and the composition of the Chilean agrarian elite during the first half of the nineteenth century, a rather unexplored period in Chile’s agrarian historiography. We have used several untapped sources such as the Catastro (agricultural census) and El Agricultor. From the former we have built and...
Article
This articles makes a contribution to the study of family groups in developing economies by analysing the case of the Cousiño-Goyenechea business, one of the most important business groups in nineteenth century Chile. We provide evidence of how the original Cousiño's fortune was built, and how after being highly concentrated in copper and silver mi...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses Chile's entry into the international economy, the performance of the national economy and institutional change during the 1810–1830s. It argues that the country consolidated a successful process of entry into the expanding world economy. GDP per capita was poor, but alternative indicators suggest a more optimistic picture (e....
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El principal propósito de este artículo es determinar salarios reales y condiciones de vida de trabajadores de la construcción en Santiago de Chile al final del período colonial (c. 1788–1808). Con este objetivo en mente, hemos usado la metodología propuesta por Allen para calcular salarios reales en términos de ratios de bienestar. Nuestras princi...

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