Juan Pablo Luna

Juan Pablo Luna
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Instituto de Ciencia Política

PhD. Political Science

About

79
Publications
10,963
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1,605
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 2005 - present
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
While much research exists on the role of digital media use in protest movements, few studies compare the long-term impact of protests on online use of alternative and mainstream digital media. This holds particularly true in countries of the global south. Our study addresses this knowledge gap by examining the massive demonstrations that occurred...
Article
This final chapter of the edited volume summarizes each case study’s main contributions. It also provides comparative insights concerning the determinants of the presence or absence of a given type of electoral vehicle. Finally, the chapter discusses how the volume’s conceptual framework can advance our understanding of the processes of party build...
Article
There is currently a resurgence of interest in political parties. This resurgent interest embraces a minimalist definition of political party, according to which any group that competes in elections and receives a handful of votes qualifies as a party. Parties, however, are expected to contribute to democratic representation, and the party politics...
Article
Many contemporary party organizations are failing to fulfill their representational role in contemporary democracies. While political scientists tend to rely on a minimalist definition of political parties (groups of candidates that compete in elections), this volume argues that this misses how parties can differ not only in degree but also in kind...
Article
Many contemporary party organizations are failing to fulfill their representational role in contemporary democracies. While political scientists tend to rely on a minimalist definition of political parties (groups of candidates that compete in elections), this volume argues that this misses how parties can differ not only in degree but also in kind...
Article
Many contemporary party organizations are failing to fulfill their representational role in contemporary democracies. While political scientists tend to rely on a minimalist definition of political parties (groups of candidates that compete in elections), this volume argues that this misses how parties can differ not only in degree but also in kind...
Article
Full-text available
By replying to Kurt Weyland’s (2020) comparative study of populism, we revisit optimistic perspectives on the health of American democracy in light of existing evidence. Relying on a set-theoretical approach, Weyland concludes that populists succeed in subverting democracy only when institutional weakness and conjunctural misfortune are observed jo...
Article
Full-text available
The Sistema de Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental (Environmental Impact Assessment System—SEIA) evaluates all projects potentially harmful to human health and the environment in Chile. Since its establishment, many projects approved by the SEIA have been contested by organized communities, especially in the energy sector. The question guiding our rese...
Article
How do political candidates combine social media campaign tools with on-the-ground political campaigns to pursue segmented electoral strategies? We argue that online campaigns can reproduce and reinforce segmented electoral appeals. Furthermore, our study suggests that electoral segmentation remains a broader phenomenon that includes social media a...
Article
This article presents a characterization of three type of strategies (non-electoral, non-partisan electoral, and partisan) pursued by the right in contemporary Latin America. By analyzing the recent course of the party systems in the region, we also argue that the so-called turn to the right constitutes a process of power alternation generated by t...
Article
Full-text available
There is a resurgence of interest in political parties. This resurgent interest embraces a minimalist definition of political parties, according to which any group that competes in elections and receives a handful of votes qualifies as a party. Parties, however, are expected to contribute to democratic representation, and the party politics literat...
Chapter
The Political Economy of Taxation in Latin America - edited by Gustavo Flores-Macías June 2019
Article
Conditional Cash Transfers (CCTs) have spread through the developing world in the past two decades. It is often assumed that CCTs enjoy political support in the population precisely because they impose conditions on beneficiaries. This article employs survey experiments in Brazil and Turkey to determine whether, and in what contexts, making governm...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El proyecto de ley que regula el ejercicio del derecho a voto de los chilenos residentes en el extranjero, firmado por la presidenta Michelle Bachelet el 16 de Octubre de 2015, establece que el Servicio Electoral y los Consulados serán los principales responsables de informar a los compatriotas en el exterior sobre cuestiones fundamentales para el...
Article
Though there are many existing measures of state capacity, few capture its subnational territorial variation in a reliable and valid way. This article proposes a novel, survey-based, measurement strategy for state capacity that is tailored to address this limitation of existing measures, and apply it to contemporary Latin America. We describe cross...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyzes the evolution of state capacity in Peru during the recent commodity boom. Peru’s economic growth happened in a context in which inclusive democratic institutions were at play for the longest period ever registered in the country and at a time when political elites decided to invest considerable resources in developing state ca...
Chapter
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION In the introductory chapter to this volume, Centeno, Kohli, and Yashar emphasize the importance of political action and social context and their interaction with state institutions to explain state capacity and state performance for development. Drawing on this key insight, in this chapter we focus on the interactions between state act...
Article
This concluding essay proposes a reassessment of Guillermo O’Donnell’s treatment of horizontal and vertical accountability in his conceptualization of “delegative democracy.” In a situation that parallels that of the 1990s, today several Latin American democracies are characterized by the erosion of horizontal accountability under powerful presiden...
Article
The article describes Chile’s contemporary political crisis and provides an account of the recent events that triggered it. The author further presents a structural explanation of the crisis. While the re-politicization of inequality has helped trigger the contemporary crisis of legitimacy, this article argues that the root cause of the crisis is t...
Article
This paper employs survey experiments in Brazil and Turkey to determine whether, and in what contexts, making government transfers conditional on behavior of beneficiaries increases support among non-beneficiaries. As such, it examines whether variation in characteristics of government transfers --- unrelated to levels of redistribution --- affect...
Article
Full-text available
We present evidence on the distributive politics of social transfers implemented in the context of a capable bureaucracy and the absence of a clientelistic machine-party system; where the usual distinction between “core” and “swing” voter investments falls short. Using evidence from Chile, the paper illustrates a selective distributive politics sce...
Article
This paper revises the conceptualization of party system institutionalization, as defined in Mainwaring and Scully’s (1995) groundbreaking work. Regarding the rules of aggregation involved in conceptual structure, my argument resonates with Goertz and Mahoney’s (2012) identification of two different “cultures” in contemporary social science. They u...
Book
Millions of enfranchised people live in abject poverty in democracies around the world. Yet in representative democracies, the success or failure of political parties rests on their ability to effectively engage voters. In today's highly unequal and individualized societies, the diversity of voters along socioeconomic, religious, and other lines pr...
Article
The field of Latin American politics has undeniably achieved major advances in the last several decades. Nevertheless, one detects a growing intellectual unease and a sense that the excitement engendered by the pathbreaking work and heated debates of previous decades—focusing on authoritarianism, democratization, and market restructuring and relate...
Article
This brief article is designed to highlight an unfortunate discrepancy in the field of Latin American political economy. The field’s raison d’être has never been more compelling. Latin American societies have simultaneously been experiencing profound transformations—including democratic consolidation, demographic transition, and the growth of ident...
Article
This article analyses the Christian Democratic Party (PDC) and the Independent Democratic Union (UDI) of Chile, both of which could be considered religiously oriented parties. On the basis of the typology introduced in this special issue, we conclude that the PDC has oscillated between the “progressive” and “conservative” types. Meanwhile, the UDI...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the incorpora tion crisis that occurred in Latin America at the end of the twentieth century as a result of: changes in the economic model, the durability of electoral democracies and of inequalities; increasing expectations related to educational mobility, and the dissemination of new patterns of consumption. It is argued tha...
Article
This article explores the incorporation crisis that occurred in Latin America at the end of the twentieth century as a result of: changes in the economic model, the durability of electoral democracies and of inequalities; increasing expectations related to educational mobility, and the dissemination of new patterns of consumption. It is argued that...
Article
Full-text available
Mainwaring and Scully's concept of party system institutionalization (PSI) has greatly influenced the literature on parties and party systems. This article contributes to the “revisionist” literature on PSI by exploring the recent evolution of the concept's four dimensions in Chile. It finds that the Chilean party system is not homogenously institu...
Article
In this research note we present the characteristics of twenty-six congressional electoral campaigns during the 2009 Chilean national elections and then use them to create a typology of campaign types for incumbents and challengers. The evidence was collected through participant observation and in-depth interviewing with key actors in each district...
Article
Full-text available
In this research note we present the characteristics of twenty-six congressional electoral campaigns during the 2009 Chilean national elections and then use them to create a typology of campaign typesfor incumbents and challengers. The evidence was collected through participant observation and in-depth interviewing with key actors in each district....
Article
Full-text available
For the first time since the fall of Pinochet, the Chilean right has come to power via free elections. The long-ruling center-left coalition leaves behind many achievements, but also disturbing signs of a weakened party system.
Article
Full-text available
By analysing the socially segmented party–voter linkages deployed by the Unión Demócrata Independiente (Independent Democratic Union, UDI), a Chilean conservative party, this article demonstrates the usefulness of combining Kitschelt's party–voter linkage framework with Gibson's conceptual approach to conservative party electoral coalition-making....
Article
Full-text available
We thank Agustina Giraudy, Evelyne Huber, and Robert Kaufman, as well as participants of an APSA 2009 panel in which a previous version of the paper was presented for useful comments and insights. We also benefited significantly from comments made by participants of the ICP's permanent research seminar.
Book
Political parties provide a crucial link between voters and politicians. This link takes a variety of forms in democratic regimes, from the organization of political machines built around clientelistic networks to the establishment of sophisticated programmatic parties. Latin American Party Systems provides a novel theoretical argument to account f...
Article
The left turns represent a 'second incorporation crisis' for Latin American countries. The discontent emerging from the effects of market reforms implemented in the context of weak states and highly unequal societies has fuelled this crisis, along with citizens' widespread alienation with traditional parties and political elites. The left turns als...
Article
Full-text available
This research note presents a classification of Latin American parties and party systems, according to mainstream ideological currents and country-specific competitive patterns. This classification is based on a preliminary analysis of the results of an expert survey on Latin American party systems that was carried out from 2007 to 2009. We factor-...
Article
Full-text available
This research note presents a classification of Latin American parties and party systems, according to mainstream ideological currents and country-specific competitive patterns. This classification is based on a preliminary analysis of the results of an expert survey on Latin American party systems that was carried out from 2007 to 2009. We factor-...
Article
This study of Uruguay's Frente Amplio explores four central questions for the analysis of the “new Latin American left.” How did a leftist alternative emerge and grow inside an institutionalized party system? How do the socioeconomic and political factors that enabled the rise of the left in Uruguay differ from those observed in other Latin America...
Article
This study of Uruguay's Frente Amplio explores four central questions for the analysis of the "new Latin American left." How did a leftist alternative emerge and grow inside an institutionalized party system? How do the socioeconomic and political factors that enabled the rise of the left in Uruguay differ from those observed in other Latin America...
Article
This review essay concludes that the neo-institutionalist literature shows that the necessary preconditions for programmatic representation do not exist in Latin America. The inability to explain non-programmatic links between voters and political parties limits neo-institutional research. Existing work suffers because it narrows the study of progr...
Article
The year 2006 was marked by extraordinary electoral activity all over the continent. This year has also shown a higher than normal level of conflict between countries, amounting in some cases to serious diplomatic friction. In addition, there were evident domestic problems touching almost every country: enduring deficits of human development despit...
Article
Full-text available
The year 2006 was marked by extraordinary electoral activity all over the continent. This year has also shown a higher than normal level of conflict between countries, amounting in some cases to serious diplomatic friction. In addition, there were evident domestic problems touching almost every country: enduring deficits of human development despit...
Article
Full-text available
In this research note we present preliminary evidence on the characteristics of twenty-four congressionalelectoral campaigns during the Chilean national elections of 2005 and then utilize it to create atypology of campaign types for incumbents and challengers. The evidence was collected throughparticipant observation and in-depth interviewing in si...
Article
Full-text available
The authors combine elite and mass survey data to create indicators of representation for nine nations: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, and Uruguay. For the first time, a quantified measure of the extent to which political parties represent voters’ policy preferences in these countries is offered. The autho...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo constituye un primer intento por comparar los perfiles ideológicos de los partidos políticos chilenos y uruguayos, con el objetivo de describir los patrones de competencia partidaria que caracterizan a cada sistema. Aplicando un análisis factorial sobre las respuestas de los legisladores de ambos países construimos aquí tres ejes ideol...
Article
This paper analyzes an original dataset on the political targeting of sixteen social programs in Chile, both across time and space (345 municipalities). Our data demonstrates the joint presence of two criteria for allocating these resources: technocratic targeting and political targeting. Regarding the later, two subjacent objectives are sought: di...

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