Juan Francisco Gibaja

Juan Francisco Gibaja
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Departamento de Arqueología y Antropología

Doctor. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IMF-CSIC)

About

335
Publications
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3,577
Citations
Citations since 2017
124 Research Items
2097 Citations
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Publications

Publications (335)
Chapter
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El desenvolupament de les activitats econòmiques inherents a la implantació de les activitats agrícoles i ramaderes del neolític comporta una creixent especialització tècnica. Sovint, aquesta és visible a partir de l’explotació de recursos específics, del desenvolupament de tècniques adients per a la manufactura dels béns de consum i de noves modal...
Book
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Publication of an Early Mesolithic site situated on a river bank between two lakes. The chert used for tool production descend mainly from source situated on the foot of the Jura Mountains. Surprising is the high percentage of raw material from Eastern Austria (Vorarlberg) and of Alpine rock crystal
Article
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The development of the economic activities inherent to the establishment of Neolithic farming activities entails an increasing technical specialization. This is often visible through the exploitation of specific resources, the development of suitable techniques for the manufacture of consumption goods as well as new ways of using and consuming them...
Article
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Se presentan los resultados del estudio tecno-morfológico y traceológico realizado sobre un conjunto de piezas líticas talladas de la ocupación neolítica de La Atalaya (Muñopepe, Ávila). Este trabajo constituye la primera caracterización del utillaje lítico tallado de las más tempranas comunidades productoras del valle Amblés, un espacio localizado...
Book
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O Penedo Gordo, tamén chamado Penedo da Moura, é un afloramento rochoso exento no lugar de Feilas, na parroquia de Fumaces e A Trepa, concello de Vilardevós, no que foi localizada pintura rupestre ao aire libre en 2017. A Dirección Xeral de Patrimonio da Xunta de Galicia solicitou á Universidade de Vigo a elaboración dunha proposta de actuación, qu...
Chapter
Aunque los datos actuales para definir una neolitización temprana de la península Ibérica y del Mediterráneo occidental son realmente escasos, existen un conjunto de evidencias que permiten, al menos, plantear una serie de ideas o líneas de trabajo como base para proponer una hipótesis general del proceso de neolitización de esta zona. El objetivo...
Chapter
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The necropolis of the Barranco de la Mina Vallfera (Mequinenza, Zaragoza), excavated in 1984, is presented. The study of the two documented burials allows us to know the beginning of megalithism in the confluence of the Segre and Ebro rivers. The grave goods and the absolute dating allow us to situate the complex within the culture of the Sepulcros...
Article
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Este trabajo tiene como eje discursivo la información publicada sobre dos de las cinco piraguas neolíticas documentadas en el asentamiento neolítico de La Marmotta (Anguillara Sabazia, Lazio, Italia), y como este hallazgo puede darnos nuevos datos sobre la navegación y la expansión neolítica por el Mediterráneo. Se trata de un yacimiento excepciona...
Chapter
We present our experiences with a series of ‘forgotten groups’ that empower themselves through outreach activities. The authors coordinate or advise different activities, but the protagonists and promoters are those people, the ‘forgotten groups’. This work includes a description of objectives, methods and practices when coordinating inclusive outr...
Article
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The NeoNet dataset aims to provide a new research tool for the study of the pioneer farming front (i.e. Neolithisation) in the North Central and North Western Mediterranean basin by focusing on the period of transition from a foraging to a farming economy (ca. 7000 to 3500 cal BC). The complete dataset is formed by the elencoc14.tsv file, a datafra...
Article
Background: Interactions across the Pyreneans during the Middle-Neolithic (V-IV millennium BCE) have been described for a long time. Nevertheless, except for a few examples and attempts to describe it, the biological impact of these interactions on the human groups' make-up is not yet understood. The present work analyses the biological affinities...
Article
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North Macedonia is a crucial region for understanding the spread of agriculture into the Mediterranean and Central Europe. To date, however, the area has been subject to relatively limited archaeological research. Here, the authors present use-wear and archaeobotanical analyses on material from two Neolithic sites, Govrelevo and Vrbjanska Čuka, to...
Book
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Los proyectos de transferencia y divulgación científica constituyen en la actualidad una parte importante de la actividad de los investigadores de cualquier disciplina. En el presente volumen se reúnen una serie de trabajos focalizados en proyectos de divulgación científica que se han desarrollado en distintos ámbitos y orientados a diferentes sect...
Book
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Cluster of Excellence ROOTS/Kiel) Social interaction creates networks. Exchange networks are archaeologically reflected in the distribution of finds in space and time. The understanding of social networks in terms of their basic structure and development is essential for the consideration of inequality, violence or knowledge transfer in the prehist...
Article
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Les Guixeres de Vilobí (Sant Martí Sarroca, Penedès, Barcelona) es un yacimiento al aire libre de unos 2500 m2 de extensión, excavados en un 10 % aproximadamente. Su estratigrafía tiene 4 fases documentadas del Neolítico Antiguo Cardial, Neolítico Antiguo Epicardial, Neolítico Postcardial y Neolítico Final. Las ocupaciones se caracterizan por nivel...
Article
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In this work, we present the genesis, development, and results of a set of inclusive outreach activities developed through a puppet theatre play about the Neolithic. We present our methodology and techniques for outreach activities, showing the advantages of collaborative work and bottom-up approaches. The text also explains how the initiative was...
Article
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Cattle was one of the main species raised by the first Neolithic farmers in the Iberian Peninsula. In most of the sites, domestic Caprines were the basis of the economy, with cattle being a complement. However, there were some exceptions, especially in open-air settlements, where bovines were the main species bred. This is the case of the necropoli...
Article
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Vrbjanska Čuka is a tell site in the region of Pelagonia (Macedonia) established 8000 years ago by the Neolithic communities. Later it was used as an agricultural unit during the Roman era and the Middle Ages when it was also employed as a burial area. The excavations performed in the 1980s and during the last five years indicate a Neolithic farmin...
Article
La divulgación cuenta con colectivos olvidados. No es fácil llegar a ellos, pero es posible y, además, muy beneficioso para todas las partes implicadas. Esta es nuestra experiencia al respecto. https://theconversation.com/una-ciencia-democratica-es-una-ciencia-inclusiva-162685
Article
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Desperta Ferro. Arqueología e Historia. (https://www.despertaferro-ediciones.com/revistas/numero/arqueologia-e-historia-37-el-neolitico-en-europa/)
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Archaeological research has been carried out in the Eastern Rif (Morocco) since 1995 by a collaborative Moroccan-German research team. A major topic of the project is the transition from hunting-gathering to food production and related cultural developments. Innovations such as pottery and domesticated species appeared around 7.6 ka calBP. The cult...
Book
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L’any 2016 es va posar al descobert una cista intacta al Camp de la Bruna, a Lladurs (el Solsonès), a causa d’uns treballs agrícoles. Aleshores, el Servei d’Arqueologia i Paleontologia va decidir realitzar una excavació d’urgència per tal de documentar-la, intervenció que va proporcionar uns interessants resultats d’una cista del neolític mitjà-rec...
Article
Since 2013 we built a working group formed by researchers, educators, social workers, communicators and educational psychologists to bring archaeological research to all types of audiences, especially those with limited access to scientific dissemination programmes. In particular, we refer to people with psychological disorders or physical disabili...
Article
In this paper we present data from multi-isotopic analyses (⁸⁷Sr/⁸⁶Sr, δ¹⁸O, δ¹³C) of human individuals buried in the Neolithic communities of the north-eastern Iberian Peninsula. The sites researched were Bòbila Madurell, Can Gambús and Puig d'en Roca, all dated to the late 5th and early 4th millennia cal BC. The main objective was to explore chro...
Conference Paper
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Abstract: The archaeological research at Els Trocs cave is a good example of a successful transdisciplinary project. Together with a great team of specialists in different areas of knowledge, we present an update of our research process. The site is a cave that was occupied for more than two millennia, from the Early Neolithic (the end of the 6th m...
Article
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The retouching and resharpening of lithic tools during their production and maintenance leads to the production of large numbers of small flakes and chips known as microdebitage. Standard analytical approaches to this material involves the mapping of microartefact densities to identify activity areas, and the creation of techno-typologies to charac...
Article
The archaeological site La Marmotta (AnguillaraSabazia, Italy) is a singular place as regards the conservation and recovery of wood and plant remains. The exceptional preservation at the site allowed the recovery of five canoes and numerous objects related to navigation, house building, agriculture, hunting and craft activities. The wide range of a...
Article
One of the most important Neolithic necropolises in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula is La Feixa del Moro (3975-3790 cal. BC), located at 1335 mamsl in the Pyrenees (Juberri, Sant Julia de Lòria, Andorra). Within the scarcity of multiple simultaneous Neolithic burials, the main importance of La Feixa del Moro lies in the fact that it is one...
Article
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The Iberian Peninsula is one of the European regions with the highest number of documented Mesolithic burials so far. For more than a century, many research projects have been carried out by several national and international teams, that have located most of these burials in three different geographical areas: Valencia region, northern Spain and th...
Article
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There is a significant number of funerary contexts for the Early Neolithic in the Iberian Peninsula, and the body of information is much larger for the Late Neolithic. In contrast, the archaeological information available for the period in between (ca. 4800-4400/4200 cal BC) is scarce. This period, generally called Middle Neolithic, is the least we...
Article
Until recently, few studies have been made of lithic tools from Chalcolithic sites although they comprise a very abundant record in many productive and funerary contexts. However, it is now possible to go deeper into more aspects than merely typological ones. Use-wear analysis provides the possibility of inferring the functionality of certain lithi...
Article
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This article explores the changes that occurred in harvesting technology during the dispersal of the Neolithic in the Mediterranean basin. It does so through technological and use-wear analysis of flaked stone tools from archaeological sites dated between ca. 7000 and 5000 cal BCE, from the Aegean Sea to the westernmost coasts of Portugal. The main...
Article
The Holocene hunter-gatherers of the Maghreb are characterized by extensive use of wild plant resources; for food and for making containers, weapons and tools, ropes and fabrics. Some of the harvesting and processing operations of these materials can be performed with stone tools that leave traces on the tools. It is therefore possible to get infor...
Book
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This volume provides the reader with a multifaceted overview of the study of stone tools used by humans in the past. Including case studies from various geographic regions and different continents, and covering a wide range of chronologies, the contributions here are centred on the study of human communities based on a hunter-gatherer lifestyle. A...
Article
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Uno de los elementos más representativos del Neolítico Final-Calcolítico en buen parte del oeste de la Península Ibérica son las piezas bifaciales elaboradas en sílex. En el territorio portugués, estas piezas, llamadas tradicionalmente foicinhas, son ahora conocidas como “láminas foliáceas”. Muchos yacimientos de este periodo son poblados fortifica...
Article
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This study focuses on the role of faunal remains in funerary rituals in the Middle Neolithic necropolis of Bòbila Madurell (Sant Quirze del Vallès, Barcelona) (“Madurell Sur” and “Madurell Ferrocarril” sectors). Faunal remains recovered in these burials a priori inform about the different uses of animals in funerary rituals. Complete and partial an...
Conference Paper
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The Pre-Pottery to Pottery Neolithic transition (PPN to PN) in the Levant represents a key moment in the cultural evolution of the early farming societies in the Near East, witnessing the evolution from emerging to consolidated farming systems. The renewed excavations at Beisamoun reveal the importance of the site for reconstructing this transition...
Presentation
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This conference aims to be a meeting of researchers studying the Early Neolithic in Europe and surroundings areas, in relation with the neolithisation process in the continent. This process followed different rhythms and presented singularities in each geographic area, and was therefore a very complex phenomenon. In order to address this scientif...
Article
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Barremian-Bedoulian flint from the Vaucluse region (western Provence, SE France), is traditionally considered one of the most significant chrono-cultural markers of the Chassé en culture during the Middle Neolithic (end of the 5 th and beginning of the 4 th millennium BC). Diffusion of Provençal flints became massive during the first half of the 4...
Article
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The study of dental morphology has proven useful for reconstructing the biological profiles of ancient populations. In this work, we present the results obtained by analysing dental non-metric traits in many of the most important Mesolithic burial contexts from the Iberian Peninsula. Currently, a substantial debate is underway regarding the relatio...
Presentation
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Los análisis biomoleculares en registros arqueológicos son un ámbito de investigación en pleno apogeo. Tradicionalmente su estudio se relacionaba con análisis isotópicos del colágeno para paleodieta, de ADN y compuestos orgánicos para dataciones radiocarbónicas. Sin embargo, en los últimos años este ámbito ha experimentado una enorme revolución gra...
Article
Los programas de divulgación científica parecen preparados para todo tipo de público. Sin embargo, ciertos colectivos —p.e., personas con discapacidad física e intelectual, de la tercera edad, en riesgo de exclusión social, inmigrantes recién llegados— quedan habitualmente al margen de tales programas y no se piensa en ellos a la hora de diseñarlos...
Article
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The onset of the Holocene is marked by new human ecological adaptations that are associated with the origins of the Mesolithic in the Atlantic Iberia coast. During the Mesolithic, shellmidden deposits become one of the most relevant and interesting prehistoric archeological contexts, interpreted has the result of intensive human ecological exploita...
Article
In this article, a zooarchaeological and isotopic analysis is presented for 26 dog exemplars (Canis familiaris). These dogs were deposited in burial and ceremonial structures in the northeastern Iberian Peninsula during the Middle Neolithic, within the Pit Grave cultural horizon (ca. 4200–3600 cal BC). Four archaeological sites of the Catalonian co...
Article
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Истражувањата во 2017 година на локалитетот Врбјанска Чука кај Славеј, се надоврзаа на оние од претходната археолошка кампања, иако се добија многу позначајни податоци за стратиграфијата, архитектурата и стопанскиот живот во неолитот, доцната антика и средниот век. Тоа го овозможи мултидисциплинарниот пристап во истражувањата, коишто освен со елеме...
Chapter
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En la excavación realizada en 2005 en el dolmen de Menga se registró una pequeña colección de 11 piezas líticas talladas. Dos de ellas fueron halladas en la Estructura 5 (A/ DJ 14540.0083), una en el Corte 1 (A/DJ 14540.0015), dos en el Testigo Cortes 2-3 (A/DJ 14540.0095 y A/DJ 14540.0096) y una en el Entorno Menga-Viera (A/DJ 14540.0173 (4), desc...
Chapter
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Además de la industria lítica tallada ya descrita en el Capítulo 6, durante la excavación de 2005 se recogieron en el dolmen de Menga y su entorno 32 ítems de piedra de significación tecno-funcional y/o social. De estos 32 objetos, siete corresponden a industria lítica macrolítica, incluyendo un posible yunque y varios útiles empleados en actividad...
Conference Paper
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RESUMO: Os artefactos em sílex dos dólmenes da Lapa da Meruje (Vouzela) e de Antelas (Oliveira de Frades), cuja construção se atribui aos inícios do IV milénio a.C., foram analisados por forma a providenciar uma primeira imagem abrangente das estratégias de exploração, circulação e utilização do sílex no megalitismo da região de Lafões, uma das sub...
Chapter
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Les dades radiocarbòniques i la seva anàlisi durant el Neolític a les Valls d'Andorra Monografies del MAC 2, Barcelona 2018, ISBN: 978-84-393-9811-0 (PÀG. 91-100) INTRODUCCIÓ Andorra, tot i les reduïdes dimensions del seu terri-tori, compta amb un conjunt de jaciments neolítics que han esdevingut transcendents per a l'estudi de diferents fases del...
Chapter
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Los instrumentos líticos documentados en Feixa del Moro Monografies del MAC 2, Barcelona 2018, ISBN: 978-84-393-9811-0 (PÀG. 255-263) INTRODUCCIÓN En los últimos años el estudio del utillaje lítico tallado de contextos neolíticos ha sido abordado desde distintas perspectivas: la procedencia de las mate-rias explotadas, los sistemas técnicos emplead...