Juan F Gamella

Juan F Gamella
University of Granada | UGR · Departamento de Antropología Social

Ph.D.

About

110
Publications
113,977
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915
Citations
Citations since 2017
37 Research Items
476 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Additional affiliations
September 2010 - September 2011
University of California, Santa Cruz
Position
  • Researcher
November 2009 - present
University of Granada
Position
  • Professor
October 1991 - October 2009
University of Granada
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (110)
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Most Romani groups in Europe have experienced a decline of childhood mortality in recent decades. These crucial transformations are rarely addressed in research or public policy. OBJECTIVE This paper analyzes the timing and structure of the decline of childhood mortality of the Gitano people of Spain. METHODS The paper is based on the fa...
Article
Full-text available
In 1783, the King of Spain Carlos III enacted the last Royal Order for the control and assimilation of Gitanos or Calé. The law required that local authorities listed the Gitanos living in their counties. The resulting census is the most important document on the Spanish Romani written during the ancien régime. Unfortunately, its data has never bee...
Article
Full-text available
Spanish Gypsies [gitanos] are one of the main minorities and distinctive cultural groups in Spain. They constitute approximately 1.5% of the total population (500,000–700,000) and live in all regions and provinces. Here we present a model of the differential nuptiality patterns of gitanos, showing the importance of their marriage and kinship practi...
Article
Full-text available
Costly punishment of cheaters who contribute little or nothing to a cooperating group has been extensively studied, as an effective means to enforce cooperation. The prevailing view is that individuals use punishment to retaliate against transgressions of moral standards such as fairness or equity. However, there is much debate regarding the psycho...
Article
Background: The European market for cannabis derivatives is being transformed. The cultivation of cannabis within the EU and the shift of demand from hashish to domestic marihuana are key aspects of this transformation. Spain, formerly central to the trade of Moroccan hashish, is becoming a marihuana-producing country. The emergence of "import-sub...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Daily or near-daily cannabis users vary considerably in their daily dosage and use frequency, impacting both experienced effects and adverse consequences. This study identified heavy cannabis user groups according to consumption patterns and factors associated with class membership. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 400...
Article
For over five centuries the Gitanos/Calé of Spain have shown a marked preference for marrying within their ethnocultural community. In the last decades, however, various Gitano groups have experienced a rise in intermarriage that is transforming their families, their identities and their interactions with mainstream society. This paper analyzes thi...
Article
ABSTRACT For over five centuries the Gitanos/Calé of Spain have shown a marked preference for marrying within their ethnocultural community. In the last decades, however, various Gitano groups have experienced a rise in intermarriage that is transforming their families, their identities and their interactions with mainstream society. This paper ana...
Article
Full-text available
Humans often “altruistically” punish non-cooperators in one-shot interactions among genetically-unrelated individuals. This poses an evolutionary puzzle because altruistic punishment enforces cooperation norms that benefit the whole group but is costly for the punisher. One key explanation is that punishment follows a social-benefits logic: it is e...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans often punish non-cooperators in one-shot interactions among genetically-unrelated individuals. This so-called altruistic punishment poses an evolutionary puzzle because it enforces cooperation norms that benefit the whole group, but is costly for the punisher. Under the "big mistake" (or "mismatch") hypothesis, social behaviors such as punis...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Gitanos or Calé of Spain have shown a secular preference for marrying within their own ethnocultural community. Although mixed unions were known since the first decades of their presence in the country, the total level of intermarriage remained low (under 5%) and concentrated on some communities and families. However, in the last decades there...
Article
Full-text available
Using data from the family and genealogical reconstitutions of the Gitano population of 22 contiguous localities in eastern Andalusia, Spain, this study analysed the intensity, structure and historical evolution of consanguinity in 3056 couples formed from 1925 to 2006. Of these unions, 54.8% were consanguineous, and 28.7% involved relatives up to...
Preprint
Full-text available
Using data from the family and genealogical reconstitutions of the Gitano population of 22 contiguous localities in Eastern Andalusia, Spain, this paper analyzes the intensity, structure, and historical evolution of consanguinity in 3,056 couples formed from 1925 to 2006. Of these unions, 54.8% were consanguineous, and 28.7% involved relatives up t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans often punish non-cooperators in one-shot interactions among genetically-unrelated individuals. So-called altruistic punishment poses an evolutionary puzzle because it enforces a cooperation norm that benefits the whole group, but is costly for the punisher. Under the "big mistake" (or "mismatch") hypothesis, social behavior such as punishmen...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the emergence of “Roma health and wellbeing” as a focus of attention in European research and in policy and the possible detrimental consequences of action founded on a generic representation of “Roma health” Design/methodology/approach Based on discussions with and research conducted by scholars who...
Article
Humans differ greatly in their tendency to discount future events, but the reasons underlying such inter-in-dividual differences remain poorly understood. Based on the evolutionary framework of Life History Theory, influential models predict that the extent to which individuals discount the future should be influenced by socio-ecological factors su...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the 20th century Spain maintained some of the highest rates of consanguineous marriage in Europe. In many regions these rates were still high in the 1950s and 1960s but then decreased rapidly, and by the 1970s a generalized transformation in mating patterns was under way. In the following decades the marriage of persons closely related by birth...
Article
Full-text available
Most countries have signed the international treaties banning the production, distribution, and possession of cannabis. Several countries have nevertheless decriminalized the use of these drugs, and even implemented some forms of attenuated or “de facto” legalization, the best-known case being found in the Netherlands since 1976. These trends nonet...
Article
Full-text available
Casi todos los países del mundo han firmado los tratados internacionales que prohíben la produc-ción, distribución y posesión de cannabis. No obstante, algunos han ido despenalizado el uso de estas drogas, llegando incluso a desarrollar formas de legalización atenuada. El caso más conocido es el de Holanda, que implementó una legalización de facto...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen Este artículo indaga las causas de las altas tasas de abandono escolar de la minoría gitana española o calé que aparecen en los discursos de los miembros de una comunidad educati-va donde la presencia de alumnos de este grupo cultural es especialmente significativa. La relación entre matrimonio adolescente y abandono escolar ha sido puesta...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este artículo indaga las causas de las altas tasas de abandono escolar de la minoría gitana española o calé que aparecen en los discursos de los miembros de una comunidad educati- va donde la presencia de alumnos de este grupo cultural es especialmente significativa. La relación entre matrimonio adolescente y abandono escolar ha sido puesta de mani...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: En este artículo estudiamos la convergencia de la migración romá rumana posterior a 1989 con el desarrollo de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) a partir de ese mismo período. Para ello hemos partido del trabajo etnográfico previo realizado durante dos campañas entre 2003-2007 y 2013-2016 respectivamente con siete re...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In this paper we explore the convergence of the post-1990 transnational migration of Roma groups from Central and Eastern European countries, particularly Romania to the West, and the growing use by these populations of digital social media. We have followed some groups from Transylvania and Banat to their western diaspora in a long-term e...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores how a group of immigrant Roma women are shaping their reproductive lives in the transnational context generated by the migratory flows of post-1989 Romania. The analysis is based on the ethnographic reconstruction of the reproductive lives of 124 women from seven Roma family networks residing in Spain and connected with relative...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract Aim: Depression among older adults has serious implications, especially because suicide rates are higher in this group than in younger adults. Research has identified biological and social risk factors. However, studies addressing cultural and psychosocial factors associated with specific ethnic groups, such as Spanish Romani, are lacking....
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper explores how a group of immigrant Roma women are shaping their reproductive lives in the transnational context generated by the migratory flows of post-1989 Romania. The analysis is based on the ethnographic reconstruction of the reproductive lives of 124 women from seven Roma family networks residing in Spain and connected with relative...
Article
Full-text available
In the 20th century Spain maintained some of the highest rates of consanguineous marriage in Europe. In many regions these rates were still high in the 1950s and 1960s but then decreased rapidly, and by the 1970s a generalized transformation in mating patterns was under way. In the following decades the marriage of persons closely related by birth...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding how Indigenous populations perceive HIV/AIDS is of high relevance for the implementation of culturally appropriate interventions. The study analyzed the ways in which Indigenous Wayuu communities of Colombia socially perceive and respond to HIV/AIDS from their sociocultural realities and their knowledge of the illness. It analyzed qua...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans differ greatly in their tendency to discount future events, but the reasons underlying such inter-individual differences remain poorly understood. The evolutionary framework of Life History Theory predicts that the extent to which individuals discount the future should be influenced by socio-ecological factors such as mortality risk, environ...
Article
Full-text available
This study applied concept mapping (CM), a mixed methods approach, to examine how the members of a multi-ethnic educational community (students, families and teachers) define the causes for the high rates of early school leaving found among their Gitano or Spanish Romani students. The study had a participatory focus and aimed to generate a common f...
Article
In this paper we explore the convergence of the post-1990 transnational migration of Roma groups from Central and Eastern European countries, particularly Romania to the West, and the growing use by these populations of digital social media. We have followed some groups from Transylvania and Banat to their western diaspora in a long-term ethnograph...
Chapter
Full-text available
The chapter examines the role of kinship networks in the recent migration of Romanian Roma groups to the West. Our case study involves a group of people who self- ascribe as Roma, the descendants of a Roma couple originating in a Transylvanian town. In recent decades, about 1,000 people from this family network have created Roma ethnic enclaves in...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This paper offers a basic model of the main intersecting causes of the early abandonment and school failure of the Gitano or Spanish Romani adolescents. It is based on a long-term research in an educational community where the presence of Romani students has been particularly important. In this research, we studied how professors, parents...
Article
Full-text available
First, this paper estimates the dimensions of the market for cannabis in Spain using data on the extent of consumption and the main patterns of use of consumers. Then the paper reviews the hypothetical production and distribution costs of these drugs in different production regimes under different legal conditions. The review shows that current pri...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo se analiza en primer lugar las dimensiones que tiene el mercado de cannabis en España en base a los datos disponibles sobre la extensión del consumo y las pautas de uso de los consumidores. A continuación se repasan y comparan los costes de producción y distribución del cannabis en distintos regímenes de producción y diversas condi...
Article
Full-text available
HIV/AIDS has become visible among indigenous peoples in countries such as Canada, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, and, to a lesser extent, in Latin American countries. In Colombia, even though cases have been identified, the epidemiology and the perception indigenous communities have of HIV/AIDS have been scarcely studied. This article a...
Chapter
Full-text available
For the last two centuries, most evidences show that the use of Caló has been withering away from the Spanish Roma community (Gitanos). It is a well-known fact. But there are few data on the actual knowledge and use of Caló by Gitanos themselves. To study these processes we developed a questionnaire that included a Caló wordlist with 360 key terms...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes the results of research that used Concept Mapping to study the causes of the high rates of school failure among the students of the Gitano or Spanish Romani minority. A sample of 52 members of a school community—pupils, families and teachers—participated in the research. Data were collected in focus groups. Generated ideas were...
Article
Full-text available
Brachydactyly is an inheritable autosomal genetic malformation, either dominant or recessive. This article describes a gypsy family presenting with congenital brachydactyly. The study was conducted at the Sanitary District of Guadix, in Granada, Spain. The study subjects were four siblings (two women and two men), members of the same family and bel...
Article
Full-text available
Caló (also known as Romanó) is the mixed speech developed by Spanish Gitanos by articulating a Romani lexicon and Spanish morphosyntax (or Catalan, Portuguese, or Basque in the other varieties). Evidences point to the almost complete disappearance of Caló in the last two centuries. But there is scarce data on the knowledge and use of Caló by Gypsy/...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Using ethnographic, ethno-historical and demographic data from the study of seven family networks of Romanian Roma living in Spain in 2015 we have been able to complete the basic reproductive history of 115 Roma married women, and to analyze their efforts to postpone, space or stop definitively their pregnancies in order to obtain the offspring the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Impulsado por el Comité Nacional para la Prevención del Tabaquismo y con la financiación del Plan Nacional sobre Drogas, a lo largo del primer semestre de 2015 se construyó el primer informe évict con la participación de más de 40 expertos provenientes de diferentes contextos y campos de conocimiento, que han conformado el grupo de trabajo évict pa...
Article
Full-text available
Caló (also known as Romanó) is the mixed speech that Spanish Gitanos developed by combining a Romani lexicon with Spanish morphosyntax (Catalan or Basque in the regional varieties). For two centuries, Caló has been portrayed as being in a terminal state, but there is a lack of data on the knowledge and use of Caló by Gitano speakers. To begin filli...
Article
Full-text available
Probably the most important change that affected the Gitano people of Spain in its recent history has been the rapid decline in their infant and child mortality patterns. There is however an almost complete absence of studies on this process. Data is difficult to obtain, as ethnic affiliation is usually not recorded in parish or civil records, and...
Article
Probably the most important change that affected the Gitano people of Spain in its recent history has been the rapid decline in their infant and child mortality patterns. There is however an almost complete absence of studies on this process. Data is difficult to obtain, as ethnic affiliation is usually not recorded in parish or civil records, and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Reviews the situation of the Spanish Gitanos or Calé as a minority in transition, considering the construction of identity itself by a combination of a cultural definition of procreation and descent (blood), and by the experience of a process of differentiation in customs and values ("costums"). As many costums concerning gender relationships, work...
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies 83 cases of oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) in family networks of Gitanos in southeastern Spain, and analyzes their sustained inbreeding patterns and complex genealogical relationships. It is based in the family and genealogy reconstitution of the Gitano population of 22 contiguous localities using ethnographic and historical demog...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen: Los registros de población gitana elaborados a raíz de la Real Pragmática de 1783 conforman el principal documento sobre esta minoría de todo el Antiguo Régimen. Este artículo analiza los apellidos o nombres de familia que tenían las 12.037 personas gitanas incluidas en esos censos, de las que 756 habían fallecido. En total aparecen 567 di...
Article
Full-text available
El caló es el idioma mixto desarrollado por los gitanos entre los siglos XV y XVIII a partir de un léxico derivado del romaní que se articula mediante la morfosintaxis del castellano (o del catalán, el vasco o el portugués en sus otras variedades). Las evidencias apuntan a la paulatina desaparición de esta lengua en los dos últimos siglos, pero ape...
Article
Full-text available
Caló is the mixed language developed by Spanish Gypsies, Gitanos or Calé. It incorporates a Romany lexicon into the Spanish morphosintax (or Catalan or Basque in the regional varieties). All experts agree that Caló has been in a terminal state for over two centuries. But we lack data on the knowledge, and the use of Caló by its original speakers, a...
Article
Full-text available
El caló es el idioma mixto desarrollado por los gitanos entre los siglos XV y XVIII a partir de un léxico derivado del romaní que se articula mediante la morfosintaxis del castellano (o del catalán, el vasco o el portugués en sus otras variedades). Las evidencias apuntan a la paulatina desaparición de esta lengua a los dos últimos siglos, pero apen...
Article
Full-text available
Utilizando los expedientes matrimoniales de la diócesis de Granada, donde hemos encontrado información precisa sobre 13.947 uniones consanguíneas celebrados entre 1892 y 1963, en este artículo analizamos el proceso de control y regulación del matrimonio que ejerció la Iglesia católica en ese período, analizando las causas que se alegan para solicit...
Article
Full-text available
Literary scholar and professor of Spanish at the University of London, Richard Pym has produced the first full-length study in English of the early history of Spain's Gypsies or Gitanos. It covers the period from the first documented arrival of what were most likely patrilocal bands of "Egiptanos" to the lands of Aragon in 1425, to the last royal o...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines the export-import system of cannabis resin between Morocco and the EU through Spain. First, we will review what is known about the extent, location and organisation of cultivation and manufacture in Northern Morocco. It also explores the structure of the import industry using Spanish data. The chapter considers the type of org...
Article
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Los romá o gitanos constituyen la minoría étnica más numerosa, más pobre y con mayor crecimiento de todas las que viven en la Unión Europea, especialmente en los países de reciente incorporación. En este artículo estudiamos el carácter de la inmigración romá/gitana de Europa oriental a España y los perííodos analííticamente distintos de este proces...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In this paper we analyze the major drug policies that have been enacted in Spain over the last quarter of a century, specially those more directly related to cannabis, their social, political and economic contexts, and their main consequences. We apply to cannabis policies the conceptual distinctions introduced by MacCoun and Reuter in the...
Article
Full-text available
Spain was one of the first countries in Europe to decriminalize drug use and one of the last to embrace harm reduction. As such, Spain's drug policies often appear to be rather contradictory. In this paper we will review the current status of drug laws and the major drug policies that have been implemented in Spain over the last 25 years concerning...
Article
Full-text available
Spain was one of the first countries in Europe to decriminalize drug use and one of the last to embrace harm reduction. As such, Spain's drug policies often appear to be rather contradictory. In this paper we will review the current status of drug laws and the major drug policies that have been implemented in Spain over the last 25 years concerning...
Book
Full-text available
Estudio de una muestra intencional de 204 usarios experimentados de cánnabis, que han consumido esta sustancia durante 8 años por término medio. La media de edad es de 25 años, pero un 20% son mayores de 30. Las mujeres suponen el 43% de la muestra. Del análisis de sus trayectorias personales de consumo, de sus motivaciones para el inicio y continu...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo presentamos los primeros resultados de una investigación que utiliza el método de análisis histórico de eventos para estudiar los conflictos centrados en la minoría gitana en Andalucía y en España desde la transición democrática hasta hoy (1976-2000), entendiendo que tales conflictos revelan los procesos de exclusión social más int...
Article
Full-text available
Los usos de drogas psicoactivas y los problemas asociados suelen producirse en forma de ciclos u oleadas, con claros ascensos y descensos. Esta simple constatación rara vez se tiene en cuenta, no sólo para interpretar los datos sobre el comercio y consumo, sino para reaccionar y prever los problemas que estos ciclos causan. Hay al menos dos tipos d...