Juan Carlos Senar

Juan Carlos Senar
Natural Sciences Museum of Barcelona · Group of Evolutionary and Behavioural Ecology

PhD

About

307
Publications
94,089
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5,923
Citations
Introduction
I am currently studying how sexual selection and individual variation in personality can facilitate local adaptation, within the general topic of ecological speciation. I am also very interested in the analysis of plumage coloration as a signal of individual qualities.
Additional affiliations
January 1991 - present
Natural Sciences Museum of Barcelona
Position
  • Head of Department
January 1989 - December 1990
University of Glasgow
Description
  • PhD work
Education
January 1986 - December 1989
University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Social behaviour

Publications

Publications (307)
Article
Full-text available
The phenology of many species shows strong sensitivity to climate change; however, with few large scale intra-specific studies it is unclear how such sensitivity varies over a species’ range. We document large intra-specific variation in phenological sensitivity to temperature using laying date information from 67 populations of two co-familial Eur...
Article
The coping style of an individual in relation to potentially dangerous situations has been suggested to be inherited in a polygenic fashion, being SERT one of the candidate genes. In this paper, we assessed in free-living great tits Parus major the association between SNP290 in the SERT promoter and three standard fear-related behaviors, namely the...
Article
Full-text available
Identifying the molecular mechanisms involved in rapid adaptation to novel environments and determining their predictability, are central questions in evolutionary biology and pressing issues due to rapid global changes. Complementary to genetic responses to selection, faster epigenetic variations such as modifications of DNA methylation may play a...
Article
Full-text available
Home-range size is a key aspect of space-use, and variation in home-range size and structure may have profound consequences for the potential impact of damage and control strategies for invasive species. However, knowledge on home-range structure of naturalized parrot species is very limited. The aim of this study was to quantify patterns of home-r...
Article
Full-text available
Comparación de la dieta de los carboneros comunes en entornos urbanos y forestales en un hábitat mediterráneo El escaso éxito reproductor y la condición física deficiente de los pollos de paseriformes en entornos urbanos se han atribuido a la escasez de alimentos en estos ambientes y a la mala calidad de estos. No obstante, existen pocos datos deta...
Article
Full-text available
La plasticidad en la dieta de una especie invasora y las implicaciones para su gestión. El caso de la cotorra argentina en una ciudad mediterránea La flexibilidad del comportamiento puede ser un factor determinante en la invasión de un nuevo hábitat. Uno de los ejemplos más típicos de flexibilidad del comportamiento que favorece la invasión son los...
Article
Full-text available
While most of the knowledge on invasive species focuses on their impacts, little is known about their potential positive effects on other species. Invasive ecosystem engineers can disrupt recipient environments; however, they may also facilitate access to novel resources for native species. The monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) is a worldwide inv...
Article
Full-text available
Diet specialisation during brood rearing has important consequences on parental reproductive success and on the recruitment rate of offspring. However, very little is known about the long-term consistency of parents when feeding their offspring. Here, we used Mediterranean Great Tits Parus major to test the hypothesis that parents show a consistent...
Article
Full-text available
Una lámina de plástico fijada alrededor de los árboles puede impedir que las serpientes ataquen las cajas nido de las aves Se han diseñado varios artilugios para impedir que los mamíferos y las aves ataquen las cajas nido. A pesar de que las serpientes son uno de los depredadores más comunes de las aves que anidan en cavidades, siempre han sido dif...
Article
Full-text available
Bany amb fulles a la cotorra de Kramer Psittacula krameri Una de les principals accions en la cura i neteja del plomatge a les aus és el bany. Les aus poden banyar-se en aigua, neu, pols i fins i tot formigues. S’ha descrit més rarament el bany amb fulles, en què les aus aprofiten les gotes d’aigua acumulades a les fulles per banyar-se. Aquí descr...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanisation is increasing worldwide, and there is now ample evidence of phenotypic changes in wild organisms in response to this novel environment. Yet, the genetic changes and genomic architecture underlying these adaptations are poorly understood. Here, we genotype 192 great tits ( Parus major ) from nine European cities, each paired with an adj...
Article
According to current theory, the development of different conspicuous ornaments may provide multiple, redundant or unreliable information. However, multiple visual and acoustic traits have not often been tested at the same time. In this study, we analyse whether black tie size, yellow breast colour indexes (chroma and hue) and song parameters (repe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Identifying the molecular mechanisms involved in rapid adaptation to novel environments and determining their predictability are central questions in Evolutionary Biology and pressing issues due to rapid global changes. Complementary to genetic responses to selection, faster epigenetic variations such as modifications of DNA methylation may play a...
Article
Full-text available
Rates of phenotypic change are greater in cities than in any other habitat. Consequently, urban habitats are an ideal experimental area to study contemporary evolution and adaptation. A key question related to phenotypic changes in urban animals relates to the patterns of gene flow between the city and the natural habitats surrounding cities, but t...
Article
Full-text available
The genetic structure of animal populations has considerable behavioural, ecological and evolutionary implications and may arise from various demographic traits. Here, we use observational field data and molecular genetics to determine the genetic structure of an invasive population of monk parakeets, Myiopsitta monachus, at a range of spatial scal...
Article
Full-text available
Temporal variation in natural selection is predicted to strongly impact the evolution and demography of natural populations, with consequences for the rate of adaptation, evolution of plasticity, and extinction risk. Most of the theory underlying these predictions assumes a moving optimum phenotype, with predictions expressed in terms of the tempor...
Article
Full-text available
1. The integration and synthesis of the data in different areas of science is drastically slowed and hindered by a lack of standards and networking programmes. Long‐term studies of individually marked animals are not an exception. These studies are especially important as instrumental for understanding evolutionary and ecological processes in the w...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: • Understanding the role of behavioural flexibility in the invasion success of monk parakeets in hot climates. • Testing the ‘spillover effect’ applied to monk parakeets. • Suggesting management measures based on the diet and the “spillover effect”.
Article
We studied the relationship between temperature and the coexistence of great tit Parus major and blue tit Cyanistes caeruleus, breeding in 75 study plots across Europe and North Africa. We expected an advance in laying date and a reduction in clutch size during warmer springs as a general response to climate warming and a delay in laying date and a...
Preprint
Full-text available
The phenology of many species shows strong sensitivity to climate change; however, with few large scale intra-specific studies it is unclear how such sensitivity varies over a species' range. We document large intra-specific variation in phenological sensitivity to temperature using laying date information from 67 populations of two European songbi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The integration and synthesis of the data in different areas of science is drastically slowed and hindered by a lack of standards and networking programmes. Long-term studies of individually marked animals are not an exception. These studies are especially important as instrumental for understanding evolutionary and ecological processes in the wild...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND Nicarbazin is an anti‐coccidial product sometimes used as a contraceptive to reduce the size of feral pigeon populations. However, its effectiveness in reducing pigeon population size in cities has generated some controversy. Here, we evaluate its effectiveness in Barcelona city. RESULTS We set 23 feeding stations in which we provided n...
Article
Full-text available
Zoological gardens are home to a large number of vertebrate species and as such are suitable sites for both mosquito breeding and maintenance. They are excellent places for entomological studies of mosquito phenology, diversity and blood-feeding patterns, as well as for xenomonitoring. During 2016, we sampled mosquitoes in Barcelona Zoo and used mo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Urbanisation is currently increasing worldwide, and there is now ample evidence of phenotypic changes in wild organisms in response to this novel environment, but the extent to which this adaptation is due to genetic changes is poorly understood. Current evidence for evolution is based on localised studies, and thus lacking replicability. Here, we...
Article
Full-text available
Alien mosquito and vertebrate host species may create novel epidemiological scenarios for the transmission of pathogens naturally circulating in the invaded area. The exotic Monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) has established populations in Europe and is currently considered an invasive pest. Due to their high abundance in urban areas, Monk parakee...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Nest building is widespread among animals. Nests may provide receptacles for eggs, developing offspring and the parents, and protect them from adverse environmental conditions. Nests may also indicate the quality of the territory and its owner and can be considered as an extended phenotype of its builder(s). Nests may, thus, function as a sexua...
Article
Full-text available
Food is a main limiting factor for most populations. As a consequence, knowledge about the diet of invasive alien species determines the design of control measures. The Monk and Rose-ringed parakeets are two typical species of successful invasive parrots that are highly appreciated by people. Although some observations suggest that Monk parakeets r...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive species can have wide-ranging negative impacts, and an understanding of the process and success of invasions can be vital to determine management strategies, mitigate impacts and predict range expansions of such species. Monk parakeets (Myiopsitta monachus) and ring-necked parakeets (Psittacula krameri) are both widespread invasive species...
Article
Full-text available
Stable isotope analyses (SIAs) have been widely used in recent years to infer the diet of many species. This isotopic approach requires using diet to tissue discrimination factors (DTDFs) for each prey type and predator tissue, i.e., to determine the difference between the isotopic composition of the predator tissues and the different prey that con...
Article
Dozens of morphologically differentiated populations, subspecies and species of crossbills (genus Loxia) exist. It has been suggested that this divergence is due to variation in the conifer cones that each population specialises upon, requiring a specific beak size to efficiently separate the cone scales. If so, apparent survival should depend on b...
Presentation
Full-text available
Research in zoological preparation focuses on all those aspects aimed at improving protocols, and therefore requires knowledge regarding the impact of different preparation techniques on the quality of the specimen. The scientific value of the collections is intimacely related to the study in various fields of biological sciences. An example is the...
Book
Full-text available
La ciudad de Barcelona, capital científica de Cataluña, ha sido, es y será cuna de naturalistas científicos ilustres. A pesar de ubicarse en una desembocadura fluvial urbanizada en un alto porcentaje, se halla rodeada por los ríos Llobregat y Besós, la sierra de Marina, la sierra de Collserola, la montaña de Montjuïc y el Mar Mediterráneo. Este enc...
Article
Full-text available
Aquest article, a més de mostrar la importància dels pins en el cicle biològic de la llucareta Carduelis citrinella, té com objectiu posar en relleu el paper que té la pinassa Pinus nigra en la hivernada de l’espècie i en la reproducció extemporània, habitualment anomenada reproducció oportunista.
Article
Full-text available
Biological responses to climate change have been widely documented across taxa and regions, but it remains unclear whether species are maintaining a good match between phenotype and environment, i.e. whether observed trait changes are adaptive. Here we reviewed 10,090 abstracts and extracted data from 71 studies reported in 58 relevant publications...
Article
Breeding parameters for Monk Parakeets Myiopsitta monachus nesting in Barcelona, Spain, were collected for 651 nests over five breeding seasons. This invasive population has a high reproductive capacity compared with the species in the native range: fledging success was double, the percentage of pairs attempting second broods three times higher and...
Article
Full-text available
Many species only show sexual dimorphism at the age of maturity, such that juveniles typically resemble females. Under these circumstances, estimating accurate age-specific demographic parameters is challenging. Here, we propose a multievent model parameterization able to estimate age-dependent survival using capture–recapture data with uncertainty...
Article
Full-text available
Parasite-mediated competition has been reported to be one of the most harmful, although overlooked, impacts that alien species have on native ecosystems. Monk parakeets Myiopsitta monachus are successful invaders in Europe, where they have been introduced from South America. Colonial nests of these parrots may also host other species, e.g. the rock...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND The monk parakeet Myiopsitta monachus (Boddaert), native to South America is an invasive species in several European countries, causing crop damage and potential negative impacts on wildlife. Only Spain and Great Britain have regulations to control monk parakeets, thus fast growth and spread of populations are likely to occur on a wide s...
Article
Full-text available
En aquest article s’aporten dades històriques sobre l’origen i el tarannà del Grup Bages d’Anellament (GBA) i del paper que aquest ha jugat en l’estudi de l’ornitologia de muntanya. Alhora, completa alguns aspectes sobre la recent història de l’ornitologia catalana de l’últim terç del segle XX. El Grup Bages d’Anellament és un dels grups pioners qu...
Article
Full-text available
Solapamiento de nichos isotópicos entre el ruiseñor del Japón, invasivo, y los posibles competidores nativos Analizamos el solapamiento de nichos entre el ruiseñor del Japón, Leiothrix lutea, que es un ave exótica invasiva en expansión, y el petirrojo europeo, Erithacus rubecula, y la curruca capirotada, Sylvia atricapilla, que son especies nativas...
Article
Full-text available
Bird plumage is often very colourful and can communicate the quality of the bearer to conspecifics. These plumage-based signals of quality are composed of multiple pigments (e.g., melanin and carotenoids). Therefore, sex and age classes, which often show marked differences in plumage colouration, may have different dietary needs for the different p...
Technical Report
Full-text available
La finalidad del presente informe es dotar a la administración local de información precisa y veraz sobre la situación de los cotorras invasoras en el municipio de Málaga. Para ello se ha cuantificado la población, localizado los nidos o zonas de reproducción y se han analizado la evolución temporal de cada especie, para dotar a la administración d...
Technical Report
La finalidad del presente informe es dotar a la administración local de información precisa y veraz sobre la situación de los cotorras invasoras en el municipio de Málaga. Para ello se ha cuantificado la población, localizado los nidos o zonas de reproducción y se han analizado la evolución temporal de cada especie, para dotar a la administración d...
Article
Full-text available
Interspecific interactions between invasive and native fauna are poorly studied. Here we report six fatal attacks by Rose-ringed Parakeets Psittacula krameri, one of the most successful invasive avian species in Europe, on House Sparrows Passer domesticus and Blue Tits Cyanistes caeruleus in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Sparrows and tits were attac...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental change associated with urbanization is considered one of the major threats to biodiversity. Some species nevertheless seem to thrive in the urban areas, probably associated with selection for phenotypes that match urban habitats. Previous research defined different “copying styles” in distress behavior during the handling of birds. Th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Zoological gardens are areas potentially affecting the transmission of vector-borne pathogens as they concentrate a high diversity of animals, including animals maintained in captivity, wildlife and people, and provide environmental resources for mosquito breeding and maintenance. Here, we identified the relevance of both native and invasive mosqui...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The monk parakeet Myiopsitta monachus is an invasive species widely distributed across the world. Invasive populations have been reported from several European countries, but data on population sizes and trends are scarce and often outdated. From 2015 to 2017, we have conducted a census across Europe to update monk parakeet population sizes and ana...
Article
Full-text available
Epigenetic modifications can respond rapidly to environmental changes and can shape phenotypic variation in accordance with environmental stimuli. One of the most studied epigenetic marks is DNA methylation. In the present study, we used the MSAP technique to investigate the natural variation in DNA methylation within and among subspecies of the ho...
Poster
Full-text available
The ring-necked parakeet (Psittacula krameri) is an exotic, invasive pest species that has established feral populations worldwide. Estimating their juvenile and adult survival rates is important to understand their dynamics but young and adult females cannot be distinguished by plumage. We developed a multi-event capture-recapture model, accountin...
Article
Full-text available
Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2016.11.004 The diet of wild animals has been studied using many different strategies, approaches and methods in recent decades. In this regard, stable isotopes analysis (SIA) is becoming a widespread tool, but no study has yet, to our knowledge, compared diet estimations from SIA with direct observati...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Effective policy and management responses to the multiple threats posed by invasive alien species (IAS) rely on the ability to assess their impacts before conclusive empirical evidence is available. A plethora of different IAS risk and/ or impact assessment protocols have been proposed, but it remains unclear whether, how and why the outcomes o...
Article
Full-text available
Most examples of adaptation to the urban environment relate to plasticity processes rather than to natural selection. Personality, however, defined as consistent individual differences in behaviour related to exploration, caution, and neophobia, is a good behavioural candidate character to study natural selection in relation to the urban habitat du...
Article
Full-text available
Carotenoid-based ornaments have been proposed to signal the ability to find food. The good-parent hypothesis suggests that females may rely on these carotenoid-based traits to assess male parental quality. A key question is whether the quality of these ornaments correlates with their performance at the moment of breeding. In this study, we assessed...
Article
Full-text available
The increase in size of human populations in urban and agricultural areas has resulted in considerable habitat conversion globally. Such anthropogenic areas have specific environmental characteristics, which influence the physiology, life history, and population dynamics of plants and animals. For example, the date of bud burst is advanced in urban...
Data
Figure S1. Intensity of urbanisation according to (A) classification by scientists. Box plots show medians, quartiles, 5‐ and 95‐percentiles, and extreme values, and (B) CORINE land cover code (red = discontinuous urban, purple = industrial or commercial units, pink = green urban sites, brown = arable land and rice field, orange = agriculture lands...
Data
Figure S2. Distribution of study plots across Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.
Data
Table S1. Summary data for study plots. See Material and methods for definitions. Table S2. Correlation matrix of explanatory variables. Table S3. Mixed linear model investigating laying date in four passerines species (CF: Collared Flycatcher, GT: Great tit and PF: Pied Flycatcher) as a function of habitat characteristics (intensity of urbanisat...