Juan Calmaestra

Juan Calmaestra
University of Cordoba (Spain) | UCO · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

68
Publications
75,212
Reads
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1,396
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2012 - September 2015
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Position
  • Profesor Ayudante Doctor
January 2011 - present
Universidad de Córdoba (España)

Publications

Publications (68)
Article
Full-text available
Bullying is a social problem characterized by intentional aggression over time, usually in school contexts and in cyberspace (cyberbullying). There has been growing interest in preventing that phenomenon to reduce its adverse effects. Different studies and reports suggest that Physical Education may be a setting of interest to promote attitudes and...
Article
Las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación juegan un papel clave en el proceso de inclusión, y claramente en la educación inclusiva. Es necesario tener en cuenta la percepción que los docentes tienen sobre el uso de las TIC en sus clases. Para ello se propusieron dos objetivos: confirmar la estructura factorial del cuestionario utilizado;...
Article
Full-text available
O bullying é um problema social caracterizado pela agressão intencional que ocorre ao longo do tempo, geralmente em contextos escolares e no ciberespaço (cyberbullying). Tem havido um interesse crescente na prevenção deste fenômeno, a fim de reduzir os efeitos adversos. Diferentes estudos e relatórios sugerem que o tema da Educação Física pode ser...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to collect data about the prevalence of cyberbullying and the role of self-esteem, empathy, and social skills in predicting cybervictimization and cyberaggression in two different countries: Spain and Ecuador. Additionally, it compares the similarities found in both countries. A wide sample of adolescents from Secondary Educa...
Article
Background: Bullying is a social problem where there is a phenomenon of intentional aggression that occurs in all schools. It has multiple negative consequences for the victim’s psychological health. As school is a context for learning about life in society, strategies to prevent such attitudes and behaviours should be encouraged. Although some stu...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study is to discover the prevalence of cyberbullying among adolescents from Ecuador and Spain, and identify any differences by gender, school year, and ethnic-cultural background. A culturally-diverse group of 33,303 adolescents took part in the study (Ecuador = 10,918; Spain = 22,385). Our results show that in Ecuador, one in four,...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to analyze the levels of personal aggression and victimization, ethnic-cultural aggression and victimization, self-esteem, empathy, social skills and gender in adolescents as potential predictors of bullying in Spain and Ecuador. The wide pluricultural sample comprised secondary education students from both countries (N = 25,190, a...
Article
Full-text available
The present study contrasts personal bullying with ethnic-cultural bullying. A representative pluricultural sample from a Spanish adolescent population of Secondary Education took part in the study (N = 27369). The sample filled in the EBIPQ to measure personal bullying. Additionally, they filled in an adaptation of this questionnaire to measure th...
Preprint
Studying the predictors of cyberbullying is of great research interest; however, little is known about how these relationships function in different ethno-cultural groups within a similar context. Our study examines levels of cyber victimization, cyber aggression, self-esteem, empathy, and social skills as possible predictors of cyberbullying in va...
Chapter
Cyberbullying has been a research topic in Spain for approximately 10 years. The first major works on this topic were published by Ombudsman-UNICEF (2007) and Ortega-Ruiz et al. (2008). The first work (Ombudsman-UNICEF 2007) showed a very low incidence rate of cyberbullying – only 0.4% of the respondents could be considered as frequent victims of c...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo presenta un estudio de validación de una escala para evaluar las competencias docentes. Se conformó una muestra de 1,495 estudiantes universitarios de los grados de Educación infantil y primaria en Córdoba, España, los cuales respondieron a un cuestionario auto-informe. Se exploró y se confirmó la estructura factorial del instrumento...
Article
In Spain, few investigations have completed a longitudinal study. The main objective of this article is to make a comparison between two periods of time T1 (2008) and T2 (2011). 1848 students have taken part to our study. 861 participants were administered our survey questionnaire in T1 and 987 in T2. The sample was divided into three age groups :...
Article
Full-text available
Esta investigación pretende contribuir al conocimiento de la influencia del Practicumen el desarrollo de competencias por parte de los maestros y maestras en su formación inicial. Se expone una revisión de estudios en esta materia y la evolución de la metodología docente empleada en Practicum en la Facultad de Ciencias de la Educación de la Univers...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Introducción. El síndrome de burnout afecta negativamente al rendimiento académico. Se somete a estudio la relación entre burnout académico y la auto-percepción del desarrollo de competencias durante la formación inicial de maestros. Método. Una muestra de 274 estudiantes (edad media = 20.61 años) de los Grados de Educa-ción Infantil y Prim...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The burnout syndrome negatively affects the students' academic performance. The relation between academic burnout and the self-perception of skills in initial teacher training is subjected to analysis. Method: A sample of 274 students (average age= 20,61 years old) from the Bachelor Degree in Early Childhood Education and the Bachelor...
Chapter
Full-text available
Several criteria have been proposed for defining cyberbullying to young people, but no studies have proved their relevance. There are also variations across different countries in the meaning and the definition of this behavior. We systematically investigated the role of five definitional criteria for cyberbullying, in six European countries. These...
Article
Abstract Several criteria have been proposed for defining cyberbullying to young people, but no studies have proved their relevance. There are also variations across different countries in the meaning and the definition of this behavior. We systematically investigated the role of five definitional criteria for cyberbullying, in six European countri...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During last years have risen a lot of studies about Physical Dating Violence (PDV). Boys and girls are involved in these behaviors more than expected. However the most of this literature has not identified the severity of the aggression or the frequency in which it occurs. Some previous studies have pointed out that PDV follows an increasing aggres...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to examine students' perception of the term used to label cyberbullying, the perception of different forms and behaviours (written, verbal, visual, exclusion and impersonation) and the perception of the criteria used for its definition (imbalance of power, intention, repetition, anonymity and publicity) in three different European c...
Chapter
The introduction of new technologies in our society has changed the ways people interact with other people. Usually, these changes are positive but sometimes they are harmful. Cyberbullying is an example of that. The participants were 1671 pupils, split in three groups of age. Data is focused on differences between traditional bullying and cyberbul...
Conference Paper
Many recent studies have focused on the emotional consequences of bullying and cyberbullying on victims. However, few studies have analysed these feelings in relation to the specific kind of aggression. In this study we analyse the emotional impact of these phenomena on victims in relation to four types of aggressions: direct and indirect bullying...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the emotional impact caused to victims of bullying in its traditional form, both directly and indirectly, as well as bullying inflicted by use of new technologies such as mobile phones and the Internet. A sample of 1, 671 adolescents and young people responded to a questionnaire which asked if they had been victims of various forms of bu...
Article
Full-text available
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have generated new forms of communication. As in traditional communication scenarios, potentially harmful relational dynamics, such as intimidation and harassment between peers (cyberbullying), may develop in these scenarios. In addition, some of the characteristics of these new forms of communicatio...
Article
Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) have generated new forms of communication. As in traditional communication scenarios, potentially harmful relational dynamics, such as intimidation and harassment between peers (cyberbullying), may develop in these scenarios. In addition, some of the characteristics of these new forms of communicatio...
Article
Full-text available
Schools violence and bullying is a well known phenomenon in the society nowadays, and it is a classic investigation topic. But the ways that bullying is carry on have been evolved along the time and new forms of intimidation, harassment and maltreatment have risen. One of these forms is called cyberbullying. This article explores cyberbullying usin...
Article
En: Investigación en la escuela Sevilla 2008, n. 64 ; p. 93-103 Se presenta una investigación sobre la naturaleza, pervivencia y diferencias referidas a la edad y el sexo del fenómeno bullying entre escolares, a través del uso de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación. Partiendo de que estas herramientas son útiles para la educación y...
Article
Full-text available
Las TICs se han convertido en un elemento sustancial de la nueva sociedad del conocimiento y de la información. Este cambio profundo afecta a todas las dimensiones sociales y, por tanto, a la educación. En nuestra experiencia, mostramos algunas aplicaciones que facilitan el cambio en la orientación del aprendizaje. Las nuevas estrategias metodológi...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
Bullying prevention through physical education and relation with physical fitness, physical activity. Others aspectos like empathy, self-esteem.
Project
Objetivo General: Determinar la relación entre la inteligencia emocional de los profesores, la de sus alumnos y el nivel de Ciberbullying que se genera en sus aulas de clases. Objetivos específicos: 1. Determinar el nivel de inteligencia emocional (IE) de una muestra representativa de profesores y alumnos en la comuna de Tomé de Chile, y si existe relación entre las dos variables. 2. Determinar la disponibilidad léxica de una muestra de profesores y alumnos en 5 centros de interés relacionados con emocionalidad y su relación con la IE. 3. Determinar el nivel de ciberbullying en un grupo de estudiantes y su relación con la IE y la disponibilidad léxica.