• Home
  • AZTI
  • Marine Research Division
  • Juan Bald
Juan Bald

Juan Bald
AZTI · Marine Research Division

PhD in Biological Sciences

About

144
Publications
44,298
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,780
Citations
Introduction
PhD in Biological Sciences (University of Navarra) and Maitrise de Sciences de L´Environnement, Section Océanologie (University of Bordeaux I, France), develop my professional task in the Marine Research Unit of the AZTI since 1999. Areas of research: development of indicators for ICZM and European Directives and marine protection; marine and estuarine monitoring, pollution and water quality, environmental impact assessment, shellfish resource management and ecological modelisation.
Additional affiliations
November 1999 - present
AZTI
September 1994 - June 1995
Universidad de Navarra
Position
  • Alumno Interno
Education
November 2005
Universidad de Navarra
Field of study
  • Biology
September 1995 - September 1996
Université Bordeaux 1
Field of study
  • Biology
September 1991 - September 1996
Universidad de Navarra
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (144)
Article
Full-text available
Offshore wind energy is widely regarded as one of the most credible sources for increasing renewable energy production towards a resilient and decarbonised energy supply. However, current expectations for the expansion of energy production from offshore wind may lead to significant environmental impacts. Assessing ecological risks to marine ecosys...
Article
Effective planning and management strategies of the Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) stock in Arcachon Bay rely on a co-management approach, involving scientific advice and the fishing industry. In order to strengthen this management process, a specific compartmental single-species model has been developed to assess different management strate...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This deliverable (7.4) focuses on creating a framework for the development and implementation of education and public engagement (EPE) programs. To accomplish this task, we begin by developing a generic framework that is applicable to any type of EPE program. Owing to the general nature of such an endeavour, our methodology rests primarily on a fou...
Article
The production of energy from waves is gaining attention. In its expansion strategy, technical, environmental and socioeconomic aspects should be taken into account to identify suitable areas for development of wave energy projects. In this research we provide a novel approach for suitable site identification for wave energy farms. To achieve this...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The emerging marine renewable energy (MRE) industry, also known as ocean energy (mostly wave and tidal energy), yields many unknowns about its potential environmental pressures and impacts. Wave energy converters (WECs) are still perceived by regulators and other stakeholders as risky, particularly for some groups of species and habitats. In many c...
Poster
Full-text available
of the consenting process for ocean energy projects in Spain (left) and Portugal (right). Taken from Simas et al., 2015. Review of consenting processes for ocean energy in selected European Union Member States. International Journal of Marine Energy, 9: (0): 41-59. Wave Energy in the Southern Europe (WESE) Funded by the European Maritime and Fisher...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ocean energy development is one of the main pillars of the EU Blue Growth strategy. However, while the technological development of devices is growing fast, their potential environmental effects are not well-known. In the WESE project scope, Work Package 2 aims to collect, process, analyse and share environmental data (Electromagnetic fields, A...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The main objective of WP5 is the identification of the most suitable areas for the development and deploying of wave energy projects in the Portuguese and Spanish Atlantic area. Suitability maps contribute to a more efficient planning of future wave energy deployments. For that purpose, in a first phase publicly available information that could be...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The WP4 was focused on the development of an efficient guidance for planning and consenting procedures in Spain and Portugal for marine energy projects on environmental real risks and reduce environmental consenting uncertainty by integrating a Risk Based Approach. For that purpose, the first task included the identification of national Spanish and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Marine data are collected by different entities (institutes, governmental organizations, or private companies) using heterogeneous instruments and sensors installed in various observing platforms. However, apart from researchers’ experience reported in technical reports and published papers worldwide, it seems that no specific guidelines are availa...
Technical Report
Full-text available
WESE is a project funded under the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund focusing on how to overcome the non-technological barriers related with Wave Energy projects, specifically by carrying out environmental monitoring activities around wave energy converters (WECs) operating at sea, to improve knowledge on environmental pressures and impacts and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present deliverable identifies the information and data sources of relevance for the identification of suitable areas for the establishment of WE projects in the European Atlantic region, which considers the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) of Portugal, Spain, Ireland and UK. The aim of the present deliverable is the collation of the most relevan...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the WESE project scope, Work Package 3 aims to model electromagnetic and acoustic fields, as well as marine dynamics, in sites where Wave Energy Converters (WEC) are operating in real sea conditions in Spanish and Portuguese coastal waters, representing different types of technology, sites and, therefore, types of marine environments (onshore, n...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the WESE project scope, Work Package 2 aims to collect, process, analyse and share environmental data collected in sites where Wave Energy Converters (WEC) are operating in real sea conditions in Spanish and Portuguese coastal waters, representing different types of technology, sites and, therefore, types of marine environment (onshore, nearshor...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the context of European WESE project, this presentation includes the main outputs of the analysis and improvement of the consenting process for the Wave Energy Projects in Spain and in Portugal
Presentation
Full-text available
In the context of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD 2008/56/EC), a multidisciplinary study was carried out, with researchers from different disciplines, bringing together solutions for management practitioners in the Basque coastal zone (SE part of the Bay of Biscay). This area was selected as case-study and divided into Marine Reportin...
Poster
Full-text available
Maritime activities included as Blue Economy sectors should be performed in a sustainable way. Marine (or Maritime) Spatial Planning (MSP) approach intends to facilitate space for new activities overcoming the potential competition and conflicts between ocean energy sector and other marine users. The objectives of the research were: Provide a nove...
Poster
Full-text available
The environmental impacts of wave energy converters are still largely unknown, being a barrier that could hinder their deployment. The objective of the present work was the development of a framework and a tool for quantifying and analysing the ecological risks of three technologies: oscillating water columns, oscillating wave surge converters, an...
Poster
Full-text available
In the context of European WESE project, the poster includes the main outputs in relation to analysis and improvement of the consenting proccess for wave energy project in Spain and in Portugal
Technical Report
Full-text available
Despite the clear benefits of marine renewable energies (MRE), opposition has often been posed to MRE development projects. This opposition has hindered and even slowed down the process to Europe´s energy transition towards clean energies. Wave energy is, with a bit more than two decades of modern history, at an early stage of development. So far,...
Article
Marine renewable energy has considerable potential for enhancing the diversity of renewable sources, to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and combat climate change. While the technological development of wave energy converters is progressing rapidly, their environmental impacts are still largely unknown, which is a barrier that could hinder their...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Galparsoro, I., Á. Borja, I. Menchaca, J. Franco, M. C. Uyarra, A. Uriarte, G. Chust y J. Bald, 2020. Elaboración del diagnóstico sobre el medio marino e identificación de líneas de trabajo futuras para la Estrategia de Biodiversidad de la CAPV 2030. Informe elaborado por AZTI para Ihobe. 96 pp + Anexos.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The ocean energy development is one of the main pillars of the EU Blue Growth strategy. However, while the technological development of devices is growing fast, their potential environmental effects are not well-known. The SafeWAVE project aims to improve the knowledge on the potential environmental impacts from Wave Energy projects. In the project...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The WP3 of the WESE project aimed to develop strategic research to address gaps in knowledge to improve modelling of potential cumulative pressures and environmental impacts of future WE deployments at larger scale. This deliverable reports the works of Task 3.1, aimed to investigate the EMF emitted by subsea power cables. The main goal of Task 3....
Technical Report
Full-text available
Currently, although environmental risks associated with the deployment and operation of single MRE devices are very low, the uncertainties associated with commercial arrays will require investigation as larger arrays are deployed. A risk-based approach to survey and consenting is an element of Adaptive Management (AM), which in turn is a structure...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The need of slowing down the global temperature increase due to climate change, has resulted in the search of new strategies to capture energy with low greenhouse gas emissions. In this line, ocean energy can both contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and foster economic growth in coastal areas (Magagna and Uihlein, 2015). While...
Presentation
Full-text available
Consenting is an important part of any ocean energy project. Due to a reduced number of devices at sea, lack of details about the potential impact to marine environment lead to cautious approaches on risk assessment. This can slow down consenting and delay or even prevent the deployment. Multiple, often simple, solutions could significantly improve...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As summarized in the Deliverable 2.1 (Vinagre et al., 2019)1, the Work Package 2 of the WESE project aims to collect, process, analyse and share the environmental data in three areas affected by different types of wave energy projects, i.e.: (1) oscillating water column device deployed offshore – MARMOK-A-5 developed by IDOM – in the Biscay Mar...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As summarized in the Deliverable 2.1 (Vinagre et al., 2019) , the Work Package 2 of the WESE project aims to collect, process, analyse and share the environmental data in three areas affected by different types of wave energy projects, i.e.: (1) oscillating water column device deployed offshore – MARMOK-A-5 developed by IDOM – in the Biscay Marine...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As summarized in the Deliverable 2.1 (Vinagre et al., 2019) , the Work Package 2 of the WESE project aims to collect, process, analyse and share the environmental data in three areas affected by different types of wave energy projects, i.e.: (1) oscillating water column device deployed offshore – MARMOK-A-5 developed by IDOM – in the Biscay Marine...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A Decision Support Tool (DST) for the identification of the most feasible areas for wave energy projects in the context of maritime spatial planning (MSP), has been developed and implemented. The DST is based on a conceptual model which considers the main environmental, technical, and socio-economic factors that could influence the suitability for...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In a new industry such as MRE, there may be interactions between devices and marine animals or habitats that regulators or stakeholders perceive as risky. In many instances, this perception of risk is due to the high degree of uncertainty that results from a paucity of data collected in the ocean. Because of this uncertainty, regulators continue to...
Chapter
Consenting and environmental impact assessment (EIA) procedures are two of the major non-technical barriers to the further expansion of offshore renewable energy (ORE). Risk-based consenting of offshore renewable energy (RiCORE) is a Horizon 2020 funded project which aims to promote the successful development of ORE in the European Union by develop...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present deliverable describes the information that could be of relevance for the assessment of suitable areas for the establishment of wave energy convertors facilities in Portugal and Spain. The aim of the identification of such information is to contribute as background information to the identification of the most suitable areas for the deve...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As part of the Data Platform development it is crucial to define the types of secondary data (results, reports and post-processed primary data) and how they are to be generated and delivered to the user by the platform. This document presents a list of secondary data, divided by work packages and their respective processing steps to be implemented...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Data measured by project partners must be structured for dissemination purposes and to ensure transferability with existing data platforms, such as, European Marine Observation and Data Network (EMODnet), Pan-European infrastructure for ocean & marine data management (SeaDataNet) and Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS). As the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present document provides a framework for a Data Platform and Data Management within the WESE project. This document follows some of the concepts of the H2020 programme, adapted to the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF), which is the major funding source of WESE. Environmental data will be collected in sites where devices are operatin...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report provides an overview of the state of affairs (1) with regards to the deployment of wet renewables and (2) marine energy storage systems; (3) how they affect abiotic and biotic compo-nents of the marine ecosystem and (4) developments and concepts on cumulative impact assess-ments related to marine renewable energy devices and (5) future...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report provides an overview of the state of affairs (1) with regards to the deployment of wet renewables and (2) marine energy storage systems; (3) how they affect abiotic and biotic compo-nents of the marine ecosystem and (4) developments and concepts on cumulative impact assess-ments related to marine renewable energy devices and (5) future...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the WESE project scope, Work Package 2 aims to collect, process, analyse and share environmental data collected in sites where Wave Energy Converters (WEC) are operating in real sea conditions in Spanish and Portuguese coastal waters, representing different types of technology, sites and, therefore, types of marine environment (onshore, nearshor...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present deliverable analyses the list of national Spanish and Portuguese key stakeholders contacts that has been identified and classified. The stakeholders’ database includes project developers and promoters (license applicants and specialist consultants), policy makers and regulators, consenting and surveying service providers (including tech...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the WESE project scope, Work Package 2 aims to collect, process, analyse and share environmental data collected in sites where Wave Energy Converters (WEC) are operating in real sea conditions in Spanish and Portuguese coastal waters, representing different types of technology, sites and, therefore, types of marine environment (onshore, nearshor...
Poster
Full-text available
On the 25th of June 2018, the European Commission has selected two new projects on clean ocean energy for funding under the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). While the first tidal farms in European waters are being deployed and more and more devices are being tested in water, the idea of obtaining clean energy through the oceans' waves i...
Article
Demand for renewable energy is increasing steadily and regulated by national and international policies. Offshore wind energy sector has been clearly the fastest in its development among other options, and development of new wind farms requires large ocean space. Therefore, there is a need of efficient spatial planning process, including the site s...
Poster
Full-text available
On the 25th of June 2018, the European Commission has selected two new projects on clean ocean energy for funding under the European Maritime and Fisheries Fund (EMFF). While the first tidal farms in European waters are being deployed and more and more devices are being tested in water, the idea of obtaining clean energy through the oceans' waves i...
Poster
The Mutriku Oscillating Water Column (OWC) Plant is an onshore infrastructure for wave energy harnessing promoted by the Basque Entity of Energy (Ente Vasco de la Energía, EVE). The facility is housed within a breakwater at the port of Mutriku (Basque Country, Northern Spain) and opened in July 2011. The plant consists of 16 turbines giving a total...
Article
Environmental data produced throughout monitoring activities in the framework of the implementation of Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EC (WFD) in Eastern Mediterranean (Greece) were used to assess the sensitivity and response of ecological indices against trace metals, eutrophication and multiple stress factors. The applied ecological indices in...
Article
Using a long-term (1995–2014) monitoring network, from 51 sampling stations in estuaries and coasts of the Basque Country (Bay of Biscay), the objective of this investigation was to assess the responsiveness of 83 variables in water (18), sediments (27), biota (26), phytoplankton (2), macroinvertebrates (5) and fishes (5) to different human pressur...