Joz Motmans

Joz Motmans
Ghent University | UGhent · Department of Languages and Cultures

PhD Social Science

About

116
Publications
36,271
Reads
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1,095
Citations
Citations since 2017
65 Research Items
1010 Citations
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Additional affiliations
October 2016 - present
Ghent University
Position
  • Guest Professor Gender Studies
Description
  • The Centre for Research on Culture and Gender supports research and scholarly exchange on questions of identity, difference and diversity in a globalized world from the perspective of critical inquiry and qualitative research methodology.
September 2012 - present
Universitair Ziekenhuis Ghent
Position
  • Scientific employee & coordinator of the Transgender Infopunt
January 2012 - present
University of Antwerp
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • https://www.uantwerpen.be/en/rg/ced/
Education
May 2002 - December 2010
University of Antwerp
Field of study
  • Social Sciences
October 2000 - June 2002
University of Antwerp
Field of study
  • Women's studies
October 1993 - June 1999
Ghent University
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology

Publications

Publications (116)
Book
Een complete reader over hoe het is om in Vlaanderen en Nederland te leven als trans persoon vandaag. Voor een breed publiek van geïnteresseerden. Er komen geregeld heel persoonlijke levensverhalen van transgender personen in de media. Op basis daarvan zou je kunnen denken dat er maar één weg, één soort transitie, één medisch traject is. In Het Tr...
Article
Full-text available
AbstractResearch on the transgender population is often limited to their medical care, and in particular to their mental well-being. The social and family environment in which a social gender role transition takes place is often overlooked. Although research is limited, this article reviews the existing literature on the family aspect of a gender t...
Article
While various studies have examined sexist, homophobic, lesbophobic, biphobic, and transphobic attitudes, no comprehensive research has yet combined all of these attitudes in all of their dimensions (cognitive beliefs, affect, and behaviour). Furthermore, most previous studies have failed to take the influences of respondents’ sexual orientation an...
Article
Research shows that HIV prevalence in transgender and non-binary persons is extremely high, with prevalence rates ranging up to 52.4% (Edwards et al., 2007). This high risk is associated with a number of (trans-specific) factors, such as stigma, discrimination, normative gender roles, involvement in sex work, a lack of knowledge about safe sex and...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To understand the experiences of both children and parents in families where one of the parent is transgender. Background A focus on the family environment can be found in research concerning transgender youth, but this focus is lacking in research on transgender adults. To our knowledge, research so far has not shed light on the experien...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Transgender healthcare is a rapidly evolving interdisciplinary field. In the last decade, there has been an unprecedented increase in the number and visibility of transgender and gender diverse (TGD) people seeking support and gender-affirming medical treatment in parallel with a significant rise in the scientific literature in this are...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction HIV prevalence and sexual risk have been estimated very high for transgender people. However, the limited sampling and data collection methods used in current research on transgender people potentially led to overrepresentation and generalisation of people at risk for HIV. Current HIV prevalence estimates in transgender populations are...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This article is by a group of trans and nonbinary researchers and experts in the field of trans health who have conducted an analysis of trans health research needs. Aims: To highlight topics that need further research and to outline key considerations for those conducting research in our field. Methods: The first author conducted semi-...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background This article is by a group of trans and nonbinary researchers and experts in the field of trans health who have conducted an analysis of trans health research needs. Aims To highlight topics that need further research and to outline key considerations for those conducting research in our field. Methods The first author conducted semi-s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Previous studies report vast mental health problems in sexual minorities. Representative national proportion estimates on self-identifying LGB+ persons are missing in Belgium. Lacking data collection regarding sexual orientation in either census or governmental survey data limits our understanding of the true population sizes of differe...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Much has been published on the surgical and functional results following Gender Affirming Surgery (‘GAS’) in trans individuals. Comprehensive results regarding sexual wellbeing following GAS, however, are generally lacking. Aim To review the impact of various GAS on sexual wellbeing in treatment seeking trans individuals, and provide...
Article
Full-text available
Background Previous studies report vast mental health problems in sexual minority people. Representative national proportion estimates on self-identifying LGB+ persons are missing in Belgium. Lacking data collection regarding sexual orientation in either census or governmental survey data limits our understanding of the true population sizes of dif...
Article
Wereldwijd worden bijna 11 miljoen mensen opgesloten in gevangenissen of andere detentiefaciliteiten. Deze gevangenispopulatie is heterogeen en bevat groepen gedetineerden die geconfronteerd worden met een verhoogde kwetsbaarheid als onderdeel van het detentieproces. Onder het acroniem 'LHBT' worden transgender personen door de Verenigde Naties , d...
Article
Full-text available
Research into access to and experiences with healthcare services of gender-diverse and trans individuals remains scarce. In this paper, self-reported experiences with general and trans-specific healthcare services were analyzed for differences between gender-diverse people, trans men, and trans women, using data from a five-country survey. More tha...
Article
Full-text available
Research on gender variant children and adolescents has stirred debate on the increased amount of referrals, the sex ratio in referrals, the impact of trans care on their psychological well-being, and the amount of children/adolescents who stop treatment. This retrospective study includes the number of referrals, first contacts at the outpatient cl...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectives Return to work (RTW) or work resumption after a work absence due to psychosocial or medical reasons benefits the well-being of a person, including transgender people, and is nowadays a major research domain. The objective is to examine, through an occupational lens, the literature reporting objective RTW outcomes and exper...
Article
Full-text available
Background Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, access to medical care is restricted for nearly all non-acute conditions. Due to their status as a vulnerable social group and the inherent need for transition-related treatments, transgender people are assumed to be affected particularly severely by the restrictions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods...
Article
Full-text available
Background and objectiveSince spring of 2020, the COVID‑19 pandemic has disrupted our day-to-day lives and led to negative consequences in various areas of life, including mental and physical wellbeing. In this article, we take a closer look at the situation of trans people, who – due to experiences with discrimination and marginalization as well a...
Article
Full-text available
All studies to date demonstrate a lack of access to care for transgender people. A few educational efforts in providing care to transgender people have been successful. However, one challenge in administering training is that there is almost no research on the need of healthcare providers (HCP) to acquire knowledge, as well as on the effect of trai...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, access to medical care was restricted for nearly all non-acute medical conditions. Due to their status as a vulnerable social group and the inherent need for transition-related treatments (e.g., hormone treatment), transgender people are assumed to be affected particularly severely by the res...
Book
Full-text available
Background In the Netherlands and Flanders, steps have been taken in recent years to bring stakeholders together to conduct research on intersex. The Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science, together with the Flemish government, called for a baseline measurement of attitudes and knowledge about intersex in the Dutch and Flemish population,...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we reflect upon the evolution from the Belgian trans law of 2007 to those of 2017 and beyond, giving adult citizens the possibility to have their self-determined gender legally recognised. The 2019 ruling of the Belgian Constitutional Court, condemning the Belgian State for being discriminatory against gender fluid and gender non-bi...
Article
Trans-specific language has evolved tremendously in the past decade, also reflecting a move away from a binary model for gender identity toward one that acknowledges gender diversity. Many of us who are professionals working in the field of transgender health frequently witness colleagues deviating from recommended best practices for working with t...
Book
Some people have a gender which is neither male nor female and may identify as both male and female at one time, as different genders at different times, as no gender at all, or dispute the very idea of only two genders. The most often heard umbrella terms for such genders are ‘non-binary’ or ‘genderqueer’ genders. This book looks to bring together...
Article
Full-text available
Background: High quality data pertaining to the size of the transgender and gender diverse (TGD) population are scant, however, several recently published studies may provide more reliable contemporary estimates. Aims: To summarize the estimated number and proportion of TGD individuals overall and across age groups, based on most accurate data. Met...
Article
Background There is a general lack of recommendations for and basic information tailored at sexologists and other health-care professionals for when they encounter trans people in their practice. Aim We present to clinicians an up-to-date overview of clinical consensus statements on trans health care with attention for sexual function and satisfac...
Article
Introduction: Transgender people who chose to proceed with gender affirming hormonal and/or surgical therapy, may face reduced options for fulfilling their parental desire in the future. The ideas and concerns of adult transgender people regarding fertility preservation and parental desire have never been reported in a large, non-clinical sample of...
Book
Sinds 1 januari 2018 wordt het privéleven van transgender personen in België beter beschermd ingevolge de wet van 25 juni 2017. De aanpassing van de registratie van het geslacht in de registers van de burgerlijke stand is niet langer gekoppeld aan medische voorwaarden. De afgifte van afschriften en uittreksels uit de akten van de burgerlijke stand...
Article
Objective: To study the considerations and concerns of transgender people regarding fertility preservation and parental desire in a large, nonclinical sample. Gender-affirming care can reduce fertility. Previous research on fertility in transgender people (mainly focused on people visiting health care professionals) shows low fertility preservatio...
Article
Full-text available
Transgender (trans) women (TW) were assigned male at birth but have a female gender identity or gender expression. The literature on management and health outcomes of TW has grown recently with more publication of research. This has coincided with increasing awareness of gender diversity as communities around the world identify and address health d...
Article
Background: Genderqueer and nonbinary () people have remained largely invisible in health research. Previous research shows worse outcomes on health indicators for trans people when compared with cisgender controls, but the differences between binary trans and GQNB individuals are inconclusive. Aims: To compare overall health and well-being of GQNB...
Article
Purpose: Bullying in the adult transgender population is well documented, but less is known about bullying in transgender and gender-diverse (TGD) youth. Studies have begun to explore experiences of bullying and the associated psychological distress in TGD youth; however, they often fail to distinguish among the separate groups within LGBT samples....
Article
Background: Research has shown that sexual risk behavior, as well as transition-related risk behavior, such as uncontrolled hormone use, auto-medication, and silicone injections, may lead to several adverse health outcomes for transgender persons. Transgender sex workers are a vulnerable group within the transgender population, who are at increased...
Article
Accurate estimates of the number and proportion of transgender and gender nonconforming people in a population are necessary for developing data-based policy and for planning and funding of health care delivery and research. The wide range of estimates reported in the literature is attributable primarily to differences in definitions. Other sources...
Book
Full-text available
Il y a dix ans, l’Institut pour l’égalité des femmes et des hommes a organisé une enquête à grande échelle sur la discrimination et les inégalités auxquelles sont confrontées les personnes transgenres en Belgique, publiée sous le titre Être transgenre en Belgique. Cette étude pionnière a été le point de départ de nombreuses mesures, initiatives et...
Book
Full-text available
Tien jaar geleden organiseerde het Instituut voor de gelijkheid van vrouwen en mannen een grootschalig onderzoek naar de discriminatie en ongelijkheden waarmee transgender personen in België worden geconfronteerd (gepubliceerd als ‘Leven als transgender in België’). Die pioniersstudie was het vertrekpunt voor heel wat maatregelen, initiatieven en a...
Book
Full-text available
Ten years ago, the Institute for the Equality of Women and Men organised a large-scale study into the discrimination and inequalities faced by transgender people in Belgium (published as ‘Being transgender in Belgium’). This pioneering study was the impetus for a range of measures, initiatives and recommendations concerning the legal situation of t...
Article
Full-text available
Experiences of family members are often overlooked in social research on gender transitions. The current article aims to address this gap by considering the experiences of partners during a gender transition, approaching this topic through role theory and the concepts of role ambiguity and role conflict. Seventeen partners and former partners were...
Article
In 2008 verkozen transgenderrespondenten in een Belgisch onderzoek de positie van transgenders op de arbeidsmarkt tot het voornaamste aandachtspunt in onderzoek en beleid. 1 Tien jaar later is het vinden van werk, en het behouden ervan, nog steeds één van de grootste uitdagingen voor transgenderpersonen.
Article
Een werkgever moet uiteraard niet wachten tot hij te maken krijgt met een transwerknemer. Met een proactief beleid voorkomt men eventuele latere problemen en bouwt men bovendien aan een open uitstraling. Werken aan een transvriendelijk imago kan simpel zijn.
Article
In recent years, an unprecedented increase in clinical research in transgender health linked to a substantial increase in the clinical need of transgender people (in the broadest sense, ie, transgender, transsexual, and gender diverse) has been reported. In consequence, new professional networks such as the European Professional Association for Tra...
Book
Full-text available
The Trans Health Survey is the result of the work of Transgender Europe (TGEU) and its partner organisations Women’s Initiative Supportive Group (WISG), Trans-Fuzja, Daniela Fundación, Gayten LGBT, and the Riksförbundet för homosexuellas, bisexuellas, transpersoners och queeras rättigheter (RFSL). Together, our goal was to provide a deeper understa...
Article
INTRODUCTION: Options for gender affirming therapy in trans men include social transitioning, mental coaching, hormonal therapy and gender affirming surgery. Research has concluded that gender affirming therapy is safe and feasible and generally leads to high satisfaction rates. However, research regarding the cost-effectiveness is scarce. AREAS CO...
Research
Full-text available
Need assesment of what trans people need from their local city council/policy.
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter focuses on a specific type of transgender family, where one of the parents has come out as being transgender. It discusses the characteristics of these families, as well as some of the difficulties transgender families encounter following the coming out and social gender role transition of a partner and/or parent. The importance of inv...
Article
What makes the difference? A gender-critical perspective on the theme of intersex In this article the different meanings are explored from a gender-theoretical perspective that have been attributed to the phenomenon of intersex in western thought. While pre-modern thought was characterised by a ‘one-sex-model’ and relative tolerance towards perceiv...
Chapter
The Ashgate Research Companion to Lesbian and Gay Activism provides scholars and students with a comprehensive and authoritative state-of-the-art review of the current research in this subject. Each of the 22 specially commissioned chapters develops and summarises their key issue or debate in relation to activism-that is the claims, strategies and...
Book
Full-text available
'Gender in the blender' is an innovative project on gender dealing with diversity. The basis is not the traditional divide between men and women, but the unique identity of the individual. Each individual is a combination of different gender aspects: sex, cultural influences, sexual orientation and psychological perception. The blender symbolises t...
Article
Full-text available
By performing secondary data analyses of existing medical, social, and state data, this study examined the sociodemographic profile of trans persons in Belgium and gains knowledge on those who are functionally invisible in traditional epidemiological studies or clinical samples. Based on medical interventions, post-operative transsexual persons wer...
Book
Full-text available
Internationaal onderzoek geeft aan dat een groot aantal transgender personen te maken krijgt met geweldervaringen (psychisch, verbaal, fysiek, seksueel of materieel). Dit onderzoek focust op geweldervaringen van transgender personen, met het doel dit fenomeen voor het eerst in België in kaart te brengen. In 2012 werd een aanvang genomen met het ond...
Book
Full-text available
The information brochure aims to be a practical tool, containing a number of tips and testimonies for employers and employees on transgender employees.
Book
Full-text available
De brochure is een praktisch instrument voor werkgevers en werknemers met tips, getuigenissen en andere nuttige informatie over transgenders.
Article
Introduction: Hormonal therapy is part of an established treatment of gender identity disorder, however outcome data regarding mortality and morbidity are scant. Methods: A specialist center cross-sectional study in 193 transsexual women and 128 transsexual men (mean age 42.5 years) assessing physical health and incidence of possible treatment rel...
Article
ntroduction: Quality of life in transsexual persons after transition is among the most important outcome factors. Methods: A specialist center cross-sectional study in 193 transsexual women and 128 transsexual men (mean age 42.5 years) after on average 7.4 years of cross-sex hormone therapy and 6.6 years since sex reassignment surgery (SRS), compa...
Chapter
Belgium and the Netherlands are generally classified as consensus democracies, with common characteristics such as a multiparty system based on religious and class cleavages, resulting in coalition government, a tradition of pillarization and strong corporatist arrangements. But in the 1960s their development started to diverge, and we argue that t...
Article
Full-text available
Studies show a positive impact of gender reassignment treatment on the quality of life (QOL) of transgender persons, but little is known about the influence of their socioeconomic status. First, to assess health-related QOL of transgender men and women and compare it with a general population sample, second, to investigate the differences between t...