Joyce C Abma

Joyce C Abma
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention | CDC · National Center for Health Statistics

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53
Publications
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Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Monitoring sexual activity and contraceptive use among teenagers aged 15-19 in the United States informs understanding of the risk of pregnancy. By 2018, the U.S. birth rate for teenagers dropped 72% from its peak in 1991 (1), paralleling a decline in the teen pregnancy rate (1,2). While this represents progress toward national goals, these rates a...
Article
Contraception is used to help prevent unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STI). Higher percentages of pregnancies to unmarried persons are unintended than for those who are married (1). Patterns of contraceptive use as reported by women, including differences by marital status, are well documented using National Survey of Fa...
Article
Full-text available
Objective—This report presents national estimates of sexual activity and contraceptive use among males and females aged 15-19 in the United States in 2011-2015, based on data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). For selected indicators, data are also presented from the 1988, 1995, 2002, and 2006-2010 NSFGs, and from the 1988 and 1995 N...
Article
Full-text available
Monitoring sexual activity and contraceptive use among U.S. adolescents is important for understanding differences in their risk of pregnancy. In 2013, the U.S. birth rate for teenagers aged 15-19 dropped 57% from its peak in 1991 (1), paralleling a decline in the teen pregnancy rate (1-2). But these rates are still higher than those in other devel...
Article
This paper seeks to determine factors associated with nonuse of contraception by women at risk of unintended pregnancy in the United States. This nonuse may be associated with about 900,000 unintended births in the US each year. The 2002 and 2006-2010 National Surveys of Family Growth were combined to yield a nationally representative sample of 9,6...
Article
This study analyzed the roles of trends in sociodemographic factors known to be related to the risk of a teen birth. The goal was to analyze the roles of these trends in maternal education, family structure and mother's age at first birth in the likelihood of adolescents becoming teen mothers across multiple birth cohorts of women covering the year...
Article
Full-text available
The pregnancy rate for U.S. women in 2009 was 102.1 per 1,000 women aged 15-44, the lowest level in 12 years; only the 1997 rate of 101.6 has been lower in the last 30 years. Rates for women under age 30 fell during 1990-2009, while rates for women aged 30 and over increased. Rates for teenagers reached historic lows in 2009, including rates for th...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster looks at the following questions: 1. How has childbearing to cohabiting women changed over the last 3 decades? 2. What percentage of nonmarital births were to cohabiting women? 3. What percentage of non-marital conceptions result in cohabitation or marriage at the time of the birth? 4. What proportion of births to cohabiting women are i...
Article
Key findings: Data from the 2006-2010 National Survey of Family Growth In 2006-2010, among sexually experienced women aged 15-44, roughly one in nine (11% or 5.8 million) women had ever used emergency contraception, up from 4.2% in 2002. Most women who had ever used emergency contraception had done so once (59%) or twice (24%). Young adult women ag...
Article
This paper reports results from a unique experiment conducted in the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) to gauge the effect of question format on men's reports of contraceptive use at last sexual intercourse. Respondents received separate questions about their own and their partners' contraceptive use or one combined question about either...
Article
This report shows trends since 1982 in whether a woman wanted to get pregnant just before the pregnancy occurred. This is the most direct measure available of the extent to which women are able (or unable) to choose to have the number of births they want, when they want them. In this report, this is called the "standard measure of unintended pregna...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2008, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. Tabular and graphical data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and described. In 2008, an estimated 6,578,000 pregnancies resulted in 4,248,000 live births, 1,212,000 induced ab...
Article
This report presents national estimates of sexual activity, contraceptive use, and births among males and females aged 15-19 in the United States in 2006-2010 from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). For selected indicators, data are also presented from the 1988, 1995, and 2002 NSFG, and from the 1988 and 1995 National Survey of Adolescent...
Article
Full-text available
Giving birth to a child during the adolescent years frequently is associated with long-term adverse consequences for the mother and her child that often are attributable in part to fragile family structure and limited social support and financial resources. Compared with infants born to adult women, infants born to adolescent females are at elevate...
Article
Key findings: Most teenagers received formal sex education before they were 18 (96% of female and 97% of male teenagers). Female teenagers were more likely than male teenagers to report first receiving instruction on birth control methods in high school (47% compared with 38%). Younger female teenagers were more likely than younger male teenagers...
Article
This report presents national estimates of sexual activity, contraceptive use, and births among males and females 15-19 years of age in the United States in 2006-2008 from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Selected data are also presented from the 1988, 1995, and 2002 NSFGs, and from the 1988 and 1995 National Survey of Adolescent Males...
Article
Sex education in schools and other places, as well as received from parents, provides adolescents with information to make informed choices about sex at a crucial period of their development. Using data from the 2006-2008 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), this report examines the percentage of male and female teenagers 15-19 years who receiv...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2005, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. Tabular data on pregnancy rates by age, race and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and briefly described. in 2005, an estimated 6,408,000 pregnancies resulted in 4.14 million live births, 1.21 million induced abo...
Article
Since research has shown that victims of violence are more likely to be involved in subsequent risky sexual behaviors, we hypothesized that coercive first intercourse would be associated with unintended first births. Using nationally representative data from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed female respondents aged 18-44 years...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2004, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. Data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) are used to interpret trends in teenage pregnancy and in total pregnancy and fertility rates. Tabular and graphical data on pregnancy rates by age, race and Hispanic origin, and...
Article
In the last 2 decades, the United States has seen an increase in childlessness and first births at older ages. Using the National Survey of Family Growth, we focus on women aged 35 – 44 who are voluntarily childless (expect no children and are fecund or contraceptively sterile). We compare these women to those who are involuntarily childless (fecun...
Article
This report presents national estimates of fertility, family formation, contraceptive use, and father involvement indicators among males 15-44 years of age in the United States in 2002 from Cycle 6 of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Data are also shown for women for purposes of comparison. Descriptive tables of numbers and percentages...
Article
Objectives—This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for teenagers 15-19 years, for 1990-2002, updating a national series of rates begun in 1976. Methods—Tabular and graphical data on pregnancies and pregnancy rates for teenagers 15-19 years by age, race, and Hispanic origin are presented and briefly described. Information on teenage pregnancie...
Article
This report presents national estimates of fertility, family planning, and reproductive health indicators among females 15-44 years of age in the United States in 2002 from Cycle 6 of the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). For selected indicators, data are also compared with earlier cycles of the NSFG. Descriptive tables of numbers and percen...
Article
This report presents national estimates of sexual activity, contraceptive use, and births among males and females 15-19 years of age in the United States in 2002 from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). Data are also presented from the 1988 and 1995 NSFGs, and from the 1988 and 1995 National Survey of Adolescent Males (NSAM). Descriptive t...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents national estimates of contraceptive use and method choice based on the 1982, 1995, and 2002 National Surveys of Family Growth (NSFG). It also presents data on where women obtained family planning and medical services, and some of the services that they received. Data were collected through in-person interviews with 12,571 men a...
Article
To explore the utility of using national data from high school students to explain changes in national declines in pregnancy rates. Although declines in teen pregnancy and birthrates in the 1990s have been welcome news to those interested in adolescent health and welfare, the reasons for these declines are not readily apparent. Previous attempts to...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-2000, updating a national series of rates extending since 1976. Tabular data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and briefly described. In 2000 an estimated 6,401,000 pregnancies resulted in 4.06 million live births, 1.31 million induced abo...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1990-99. Rates for 1991-97 are revised using populations consistent with the April 1, 2000, census; the revised populations are also used for the new 1998-99 rates. Tabular and graphic data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and described. In 19...
Article
Full-text available
In this analysis we have compared two attitudinal reports, from interviews two years apart, of the same event for consistency over time. We have looked at women's self-reports, and at their proxy reports for partners' attitudes as well. The inconsistent reports of women's own views tended to shift slightly toward more favorable reports at the secon...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents detailed pregnancy rates for 1996 and 1997 to update a recently published comprehensive report on pregnancies and pregnancy rates for U.S. women. Tabular and graphic data on pregnancy rates by age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status are presented and described. In 1997 an estimated 6.19 million pregnancies resulte...
Article
This report presents national estimates of sexual experience, contraceptive use, and selected aspects of sexual behavior among never-married males and females aged 15-19 years in the United States. Data are presented for the years 1988 and 1995 according to age, race and Hispanic origin, progress in school, and other relevant characteristics. Table...
Article
Full-text available
A number of checks can be done to assess reliability of attitudinal data pertaining to fertility. We ascertain how births that would be considered unintended, based on Time 1 reports of fertility intentions, are classified by respondents at a second interview after the birth occurred. The 1988 National Survey of Family Growth and a telephone reinte...
Article
Full-text available
Accurate information about trends over time in adolescent sexual behavior is essential to understand changes in adolescent pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases and to monitor the progress of health promotion activities in the United States Estimates from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), the National Survey of Adolescent Males (NS...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents national estimates of pregnancies and pregnancy rates according to women's age, race, and Hispanic origin, and by marital status, race, and Hispanic origin. Data are presented for 1976-96. Data from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) are used to show information on sexual activity, contraceptive practices, and infertil...
Article
Full-text available
This report presents key findings from a comprehensive report on pregnancies and pregnancy rates for U.S. women. The study incorporates birth, abortion, and fetal loss data to compile national estimates of pregnancy rates according to a variety of characteristics including age, race, Hispanic origin, and marital status. Summary data are presented f...
Article
Full-text available
Retrospective studies of pregnancy intendedness have revealed some characteristics that can help identify which women are more likely than others to experience an unintended birth. A comparison of these findings with those from a prospective analysis may shed greater light on the characteristics associated with unintended pregnancy. Data were taken...
Article
This report presents national data on adoption and adoption-related behaviors among ever-married women 18-44 years of age in the United States, according to selected characteristics of the women. Trends are shown in the prevalence of adoption and relinquishment of children for adoption. For 1995, the report shows demand for adoption and women's pre...
Article
Full-text available
While policymakers and researchers alike often seem to believe that young women's decision to initiate sexual intercourse is conscious and free of ambiguity, the actual degree of control that such young women exert over first intercourse has rarely been explicitly examined. The 1995 National Survey of Family Growth asked all women who had experienc...
Article
This report shows data on a wide range of topics from the 1995 National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG), including: pregnancy and birth, marriage, divorce, cohabitation, sexual intercourse, contraception, infertility, use of family planning and other medical services, and health conditions and behavior. The data in this report are based on in-person...
Article
Although the incidence of unwanted pregnancies has declined since the early 1970s (Pratt and Horn, 1985; Anderson, 1981; Westoff, 1981), large proportions of women continue to experience unwanted pregnancies (Forrest, 1987; Pratt, 1985). Of particular concern to researchers is the well-being of mothers and children from pregnancies that are unwante...
Article
Data from the 1990 National Jewish Population Survey are used to examine levels of and trends in Jewish fertility in the United States. Differences are examined between contemporary Jewish and non- Jewish fertility as well as within Judaism. Jewish fertility levels continue to be below those for all white American women, largely due to the substant...
Article
Data on a cohort of young mothers from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth were examined for use of alcohol, cigarettes and marijuana during pregnancies leading to first births. A substantial proportion of women (45 percent) were found to have used at least one of these substances. White women were more likely to use a substance during pregna...
Article
Researchers analyzed 1980 data on 9954 ever married Mexican American 20-44 year old women living in metropolitan statistical areas (MSA) in the US with at least 50 Mexican Americans to test a multilevel model of Mexican American fertility. The model included percent Mexican American and measures of ethnic cultural integration and constraints in lab...
Article
Acknowledgments: Funding for some of the analyses presented in this paper comes from NICHD Grant Number RO1 HD30861. We would like to thank John Marcotte for his statistical consultation and Sean Williams for the extensive help he has provided conducting the data analyses. The opinions expressed are the authors' views and do not reflect the positio...

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