Joyal Miranda

Joyal Miranda
Ryerson University · Faculty of Community Services - Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing

PhD

About

29
Publications
2,460
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467
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (29)
Article
To date, little is known in terms of viable treatments for insomnia in people living with HIV. The primary aim of this scoping review is to identify non-pharmacological treatments for insomnia in people living with HIV (PLWH). A framework by Arksey and O’Malley was used to guide the conduct of this scoping review. Seven studies were identified. Thr...
Article
Full-text available
Resumo Objetivos Descrever a experiência da implementação de um programa de treinamento de assistente de pesquisa voluntário para graduandos canadenses de Enfermagem, objetivando o desenvolvimento de habilidades de comunicação verbal e escrita, métodos de pesquisa e análise de dados, pensamento crítico e resolução de problemas, assim como o planeja...
Article
Full-text available
•Less than a quarter of psychological interventions are developed based on evidence.•Evaluation of the effectiveness of existing online mental health resources is required.•Front-line healthcare providers experienced severe mental distress during COVID-19.
Article
Background: Evaluations of interventions should be carefully designed and conducted to maintain a balance between internal and external validity, with the dual goal of minimising the influence of potential confounders and improving the generalisability or applicability of any findings to practice. Aim: To review strategies to promote balance bet...
Article
Background: Insomnia increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases. Stimulus control therapy (SCT) and sleep restriction therapy (SRT) are behavioural interventions which are effective for managing insomnia, but their effectiveness in alleviating symptoms precursor to or indicative of cardiovascular diseases is unknown. Aims: To evaluate the effe...
Chapter
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: Our main goal is to provide knowledge about the effectiveness and adoption factors of ICT interventions on SRH promotion and HIV/AIDS prevention among adolescents and young adults. Primary objective: To assess the effectiveness of ICT interventions for SRH promo...
Article
Chronic insomnia is characterised by difficulty initiating and maintaining sleep, waking up too early, non-restorative sleep, and daytime impairment, experienced for 6 or more weeks (American Academy of Sleep Medicine, 2005). Its prevalence is estimated at 50.0% of the general population worldwide (Irish et al, 2015; Kredlow et al, 2015). The exper...
Article
Patient-centered care involves the provision of treatments that are responsive to patients’ preferences. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Treatment Perception and Preferences measure. Participants (n = 128) completed the measure relative to pharmacological, educational, and behavioral treatments for the management of i...
Article
The overall purpose of this methodological study was to investigate the strengths and limitations of the randomized clinical trial design in examining the influence of treatment preferences on outcomes. The study was a secondary analysis of data obtained in two randomized clinical trials that evaluated behavioral therapies for insomnia. In both tri...
Article
Full-text available
Background Empirical evidence pertaining to the influence of treatment preferences on attrition, adherence and outcomes in intervention evaluation trials is inconsistent. The inconsistency can be explained by the method used for allocating treatment and measuring preferences. The current methodological study is designed to address these factors by...
Article
Full-text available
Background Long-term use of antiretroviral therapy, normal aging, and presence of certain risk factors are associated with metabolic disorders that predispose persons living with HIV to diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The emergence and progression of these disorders can be prevented by adopting healthy behaviours. Based on the theory of plann...
Article
Social support (SS) was investigated as a predictor of quality of life (QoL) and a moderator and mediator in the relationship between stressful life events (SLE) and QoL in persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). Data were obtained from 809 PLWHA in the course of interviews using standardized questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis indicated SS...
Article
The purpose of this methodological study was to examine the contribution of treatment allocation method (random vs. preference) on the immediate, intermediate, and ultimate outcomes of a behavioural intervention (MCI) for insomnia. Participants were allocated to the MCI randomly or by preference. Outcomes were assessed before, during, and after com...
Article
Preferences for treatment contribute to attrition. Providing participants with their preferred treatment, as done in a partially randomized clinical or preference trial (PRCT), is a means to mitigate the influence of treatment preferences on attrition. This study examined attrition in an RCT and a PRCT. Persons with insomnia were randomly assigned...
Article
Adherence to treatment is critical in determining the effects of behavioural therapy and may be affected by participants' preference for treatment. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which method of allocation to treatment (random vs. preference-based) influences adherence (exposure and enactment) to behavioural therapy. Parti...
Article
In the recent years, the Internet has been used as a medium to find sexual partners and engage in risky sexual behavior. This has changed the way in which men having have sex with men (MSM) seek sexual partners and has increased the number of high-risk sexual encounters. Therefore, developers of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-prevention interve...
Article
Participants’ preferences for treatment may deter enrollment in a randomized clinical trial (RCT). The Partially randomized clinical trial (PRCT) is proposed as an alternative design to increase enrollment rate and enhance representativeness of the sample. There is limited evidence supporting the advantages of the PRCT. This study aimed to examine...
Article
Differences in the conceptualization and operationalization of health-related concepts may exist across cultures. Such differences underscore the importance of examining conceptual equivalence when adapting and translating instruments. In this article, we describe an integrated method for exploring conceptual equivalence within the process of adapt...
Article
Full-text available
Participants’ preferences for treatment may deter enrollment in a randomized clinical trial (RCT). The Partially randomized clinical trial (PRCT) is proposed as an alternative design to increase enrollment rate and enhance representativeness of the sample. There is limited evidence supporting the advantages of the PRCT. This study aimed to examine...
Article
Random assignment of participants to experimental and comparison treatments is believed to enhance the comparability of the study groups on baseline characteristics. Despite its benefits, random assignment presents threats to validity. It ignores participants' treatment preferences. If not accounted for when participants are allocated to treatments...
Article
Random assignment of participants to experimental and comparison treatments is believed to enhance the comparability of the study groups on baseline characteristics. Despite its benefits, random assignment presents threats to validity. It ignores participants' treatment preferences. If not accounted for when participants are allocated to treatments...
Article
Systematic measurement of treatment preferences is needed to obtain well-informed preferences. Guided by a conceptualization of treatment preferences, a measure was developed to assess treatment acceptability and preference. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the treatment acceptability and preferences (TAP) me...
Article
The literature on preferences for behavioral interventions is limited in terms of understanding treatment-related factors that underlie treatment choice. The objectives of this study were to examine the direct relationships between personal beliefs about clinical condition, perception of treatment acceptability, and preferences for behavioral inter...
Article
The partial RCT is a modified design meant to account for participants' treatment preferences. Little is known about the factors that influence such preferences. This study investigated the extent to which participants are willing to be randomized and the factors that affect their treatment preferences. The quantitative and qualitative data collect...
Article
The partial RCT is a modified design meant to account for participants' treatment preferences. Little is known about the factors that influence such preferences. This study investigated the extent to which participants are willing to be randomized and the factors that affect their treatment preferences. The quantitative and qualitative data collect...
Article
Background: The integrated patient-centered evidence-based approach to care is integral to guide practice and enhance the quality of care. In this paper, a strategy to operationalize the integrated approach is described. Description of strategy: The strategy flows from the processes used to synthesize the best available evidence for intervention...

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