Jostein Jakobsen

Jostein Jakobsen
University of Oslo · Centre for Development and the Environment (SUM)

PhD

About

28
Publications
7,101
Reads
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241
Citations
Citations since 2017
27 Research Items
241 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
2017201820192020202120222023020406080
Additional affiliations
October 2021 - present
University of Oslo
Position
  • PostDoc Position
January 2020 - September 2021
University of Oslo
Position
  • Researcher
August 2015 - December 2019
University of Oslo
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
The global poultry industry culls approximately seven billion day-old male layer chicks annually. Superfluous to both egg and meat, male ‘brother’ layers constitute a momentous problem, simultaneously economical and ethical, to the poultry industry. In this article, we scrutinize present and proposed alternatives to routine killing involving multip...
Article
Full-text available
While authoritarian populism and its relationship to the rural world have gained analytical prominence recently, few have attempted a systematic exploration of how various authoritarian populisms emerge from, and are embedded within, dynamics of capital accumulation, state, and class struggle. Drawing on Poulantzas' approach to "state contradiction...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines conflicting conceptualizations of the human subject in political ecology and geography: Foucauldian views of "subject-making" and Gramscian views of "the person". While Foucauldian work holds that the more complete exertion of power, the more coherent subject-making, Gramscian historical-geographical perspectives counter that,...
Article
Full-text available
Food regime analysis is a prominent approach to the role of food and agriculture in global capitalism. Yet recent advancement within the approach has not received as much attention as it deserves outside of specialized circles of agrarian research. Food regime scholarship has over the last few years taken several steps to move away from its previou...
Article
Full-text available
Et ferskt utvalg av Antonio Gramscis Fengselsopptegnelser foreligger i norsk utgave, oversatt av Geir Lima. Utgivelsen gir oss mulighet til å stifte nytt bekjentskap med en av 1900-tallets viktigste marxistiske tenkere. Og dessuten: utforske Gramscis relevans i dag.
Article
Full-text available
The ‘grain hypothesis', postulated by James Scott, suggests that cereals are ‘political crops’ intrinsic to state formation. Drawing the classical agrarian political economy of maize into dialogue with recent more-than-human political ecology, we explore the grain hypothesis with empirical material from present day Malawi and India. The evolution a...
Article
Full-text available
The rapidly escalating production and consumption of meat across the world has drawn much attention in recent years. While mainstream accounts tend to see the phenomenon as driven by ‘natural’ processes of consumption pattern change through economic development, critical geographies have turned to exploring the uneven capitalist processes underpinn...
Chapter
This chapter discusses critical agrarian studies and political ecology, two of the most central academic fields responsible for charting land control, territorialization and extraction in the service of techno-capitalist development. These academic subfields, we can say, specialize in examining the parts and developmental trends of the Worldeater(s...
Chapter
The book concludes with reflections on human power in the face of the Worldeater, outlining in a more hopeful mode some of the possible ways out of its entrails. The conclusion responds to the crucial question: do humans have the power to resist the allure of the Worldeater and escape its entrails—and what can they do? The conclusion advocates the...
Chapter
In this chapter, we bring total extractivism into view of the militarization of nature. This involves an extensive review of research into the violent technologies of extraction, including studies of the requisite levels of land control and territorialization for sustaining and accelerating the present techno-capitalist trajectory. Through this rev...
Chapter
This chapter seeks to answer how and why the world is being consumed, digested and ultimately reconfigured. It presents the concept of the Worldeater(s) in its manifold forms through an extensive theoretical discussion of the metaphysics—spirit—and shape-shifting processes underpinning techno-capitalist development. While unconventional in academic...
Chapter
Full-text available
The earth and its inhabitants are on a trajectory of cascading socio-ecological crisis driven by techno-capitalist development. Presenting the aim and scope of this book, the introduction lays out the key conceptual issue of total extractivism, naming the spirit and amalgamation of violent technologies comprising the totalizing imperative and tensi...
Chapter
This chapter interrogates the subtle shifts and blurring lines between conventional extraction—mineral and hydrocarbon—and ‘green’ extraction—intensive agriculture and renewable energy. Through the careful assembly of extensive amounts of empirics straddling these modalities of extraction, we identify and uncover a crucial nexus. We argue that this...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces compounding aspirations as a key concept for interrogating complex and contradictory rural transformations in India. We argue that compounding aspirations are central to the conjunctural grounding of hegemonic processes of neoliberalisation in lived experience. Taking such aspirations as constitutive elements to hegemonic pr...
Book
Full-text available
Offering a thought provoking theoretical conversation around ecological crisis and natural resource extraction, this book suggests that we are on a trajectory geared towards total extractivism guided by the mythological Worldeater. The authors discuss why and how we have come to live in this catastrophic predicament, rooting the present in an origi...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution explores how new regions and crops are integrated in the contemporary food regime through a fieldwork-based approach to maize cultivation in rural Kar-nataka, South India. As an intrinsic part of the industrial grain-oilseed-livestock complex, maize is an important component of the contemporary food regime. I argue that the expans...
Article
The ‘meatification’ of human diets has been subject to increasing scholarly attention in recent years, along with its many impacts. While the rapidly expanding meatification in many Asian countries has been noted, the geographies of these processes have been left largely unexplored. This paper maps the changing geographies of meat with special focu...
Article
Full-text available
After seven decades as an independent democratic nation, India’s social landscape remains marred by persistent contradictions and inequalities. As the country moves from celebrating 70 years of independence towards its seventeenth general election in 2019, this article sets out to survey what democracy has done to India over the past 70 years. How...
Article
Full-text available
This contribution explores the role of the state in the contemporary food regime in light of critical theories of neoliberalisation. Heeding recent calls for downscaling food regime analysis, I suggest a Gramscian reinterpretation of recent right-to-food legislation in India on the backdrop of longer histories of capital, power and nature. I argue...
Article
Full-text available
This article develops an initial framework for a Gramscian and political ecological food regime analysis of India’s ongoing agrarian crisis. Criticizing readings of Polanyi in food regime analysis in light of Gramscian perspectives, I seek to contest food regime analysis’s approach to counter-movements. I suggest, further, that close attention to t...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter seeks to explore changing forms of Maoist mobilization in the plains of northern Telangana from the 1970s onwards. Bringing to view mutually constitutive relations between Maoist mobilization, the state and agrarian change, this chapter challenges the dominant view of the decline and collapse of the Maoists in northern Telangana.I argu...

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Archived project
Offering a thought provoking theoretical conversation around ecological crisis and natural resource extraction, this book suggests that we are on a trajectory geared towards total extractivism guided by the mythological Worldeater. The authors discuss why and how we have come to live in this catastrophic predicament, rooting the present in an original perspective that animates the forces of global techno-capitalist development. They argue that the Worldeater helps us make sense of the insatiable forces that transform, convert and consume the world. The book combines this unique approach with detailed academic review of critical agrarian studies and political ecology, the militarization of nature and the conventional and ‘green’ extraction nexus. It seeks radical reflection on the role of people in the construction and perpetuation of these crises, and concludes with some suggestions on how to tackle them.